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How to Best Utilize Ramadan During Menstruation

Hi! I'm Mahrukh Khalid, a junior at Bahria University. I love to write and make people feel good about themselves, so I'll do just that.

Menstruation and Fasting

In Sahih al-Bukhari, Volume 3, Book 31, Hadith number 171,
Hazart A'isha (RA) narrated:

"Sometimes I missed some days of Ramadan but could not fast lieu of them except in the month of Sha'ban ." Said Yahya, a sub narrator, "She used to be busy serving the Prophet."

This hadith, mentions of Hazrat Aisha (RA) missing fasts, as fasting is obligatory on every Muslim who has reached puberty, the only reason she could have missed her fast was due to menstruation.

Restrictions during Menses

As a Muslimah, during her menstruation she is not allowed to do the following things:

  • Praying

The Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) is reported to have said,

Narrated Hazrat `Aisha (RA):

The Prophet (ﷺ) said to me, "Give up the prayer when your menses begin and when it has finished, wash the blood off your body (take a bath) and start praying." (Sahih al-Bukhari, Book 6, Volume 1, Hadith number 327)

  • Fasting

    (as mentioned above in the topic : 'Menstruation and Fasting')

  • Touching the Quran without a barrier in between

Allah says in the Quran:

"Indeed, it is a noble Qur'an, In a Register well-protected; None touch it except the purified.

(Surah Waqi'ah, ayah 77-79)

  • Intercourse

Allah says in the Quran"

"And they ask you about menstruation. Say, "It is harm, so keep away from wives during menstruation. And do not approach them until they are pure. And when they have purified themselves, then come to them from where Allah has ordained for you. Indeed, Allah loves those who are constantly repentant and loves those who purify themselves."

(Surah Baqarah, ayah 222)

  • Tawaf of Ka'ba

The Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) is reported to have said,

Narrated Hazrat `Aisha (RA):

We set out with the Prophet (ﷺ) for Hajj and when we reached Sarif I got my menses. When the Prophet (ﷺ) came to me, I was weeping. He asked, "Why are you weeping?" I said, "I wish if I had not performed Hajj this year." He asked, "May be that you got your menses?" I replied, "Yes." He then said, "This is the thing which Allah has ordained for all the daughters of Adam. So do what all the pilgrims do except that you do not perform the Tawaf round the Ka`ba till you are clean." (Sahih al-Bukhari, Vol. 1, Book 6, Hadith 302)

Note: This article is not for sharing opinions or rulings, if you would like to further understand this topic, it is preferable you research and understand it more thoroughly.


Earning good deeds while Menstruating

The fundamental benefit of Ramadan is to earn good deeds despite the means. Allah has placed no restrictions on earning good deeds, whether it be repenting or helping someone in need, you get a reward for both acts. Thus a good act is an act of worship.

Here are a few suggestions on how you can earn good deeds while menstruating:

1. Listen to recitation

If you are uncomfortable reading the Quran with a barrier, you can listen to recitations, whether it be online or someone else reciting for you. Listening is equivalent to reciting as the brain functions in a way, that it repeats whatever it listens to.

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2. Teach Islam

Teaching was a characteristic of the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ), thus teaching others, whether they be Muslims, non-Muslims or children about Allah and His Messenger (ﷺ) is following the sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ).

3. Take care of the Others

Taking care of others is already considered an act of worship, but taking care of the people who are fasting or the elderly can help you earn more rewards.

4. Seeking knoweledge

Listening to Islamic lectures, reading islamic book or articles, overall learning about the religion is also considered an act of worship.

5. Do Dhikr

Continuously remembering Allah, by taking his names or attributes like 'La illaha illalah', 'SubhanAllah' or 'Subhana Rabyal Azeeem' etc. is an act of worship and carries great reward.

6. Make Dua'a

Allah says in the Quran:

“And your Lord says: Call on Me; I will answer your (prayer). But those who are too arrogant to serve Me will surely find themselves in Hell-in humiliation.”(Surah 40: Ayat 60)

Praying to Allah and asking for His help is a sign of humility and humbleness towards Allah, acknowledging the fact that only Allah has power to make our wishes come true is also an act of worship.

7. Read the Tafseer of Quran and Ahadith of Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ)

A muslimah while menstruating is permissible to touch the translation copy of Quran without the arabic 'kalam' of Allah. Thus she can read and understand the meaning/tafseer of the Quran and earn reward.

Reading the Ahadith or Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) teaches us about Islam, thus earns us reward.

8. Charity

Helping the needy through charity, whether it be donating to the mosque, orphanage or any social organization can help you earn reward.

I find sending a home-made dish to the mosque at the time of iftar a good option for Ramadan, as the poor people break their fast or eat at the mosque.

9. Taking care of Plants

Narrated Anas bin Malik:

Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) said, "There is none amongst the Muslims who plants a tree or sows seeds, and then a bird, or a person or an animal eats from it, but is regarded as a charitable gift for him." (Sahih-al-Bukhari, Volume 2, Book 39, Hadith Number 513)

With this hadith, it is apparent that taking care of plants is also a form of charity and thus an act of worship.



Hope you find this article beneficial, if there are any questions or misunderstandings you can ask in the comments below.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2017 Mahrukh Khalid

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