Updated date:

Facets of God Displayed in the Hebrew Aleph-Bet: Qoof, Resh, Sheen, and Tav


Tamarajo is an avid Bible Studier who loves nothing more than to seek out the treasures in God's Word and share them with others.



My favorite Biblical studies center around the ancient Hebraic roots of our Christian faith. Hebrew word studies, and the pictographs that they contain, can sometimes give us a more detailed and in-depth view of Biblical concepts.

There are a total of 22 letters in the Hebrew Aleph-Bet. This article will study the last four letters of the Hebrew Aleph-Bet in their pictograph form. These are "qoof", "resh", "sheen" and "tav". These also will present a unified lesson as it concerns the character of God.

Before we continue, please note that the words with Hebrew fonts are to be read from right to left. Knowing Hebrew won't be necessary, but it is helpful to know the directional aspect when describing the position of the letter within the word. When I mention the first letter, it will be the letter beginning on the right, and the last letter will be on the left.

It is also important to note that the fonts I am using in this article are modern Hebrew ones developed during the Babylonian captivity and are used in Israel today. In their most ancient form, these letters were actual images of the pictographs we will be studying.

Additionally, at the end of each section, there will be a video that furthers the lesson about each letter. These videos were produced by Jewish Jewels Ministries and hosted by Dr. Danny Ben-Gigi, former professor of Hebrew at Arizona State University.


"Qoof"—A Rising Sun

One of the pictures that represent the letter "Qoof" (ק") is an image of the sun coming up on the horizon, giving us the idea of something arising. It is also the first letter of the Hebrew word for arising.

Arise (קוּם) for our help, and redeem us for thy mercies' sake

— Psalm 44:26

Stephen's stoning in Acts chapter seven contains an interesting observation. Throughout Scripture, Jesus is seated at the right hand of the Father, denoting a position of authority. In verse 56 of this chapter, Stephen sees the heavens opened and "The Son of Man" standing at the right hand of God while his persecutors are furiously gnashing their teeth at him. Why does Jesus stand?

The Lord arises to contend, And stands to judge the people

— Isaiah 3:13

We can see, somewhat of, a courtroom setting where Jesus was arising to judge and plead Stephens cause.

Let God arise, Let His enemies be scattered

— Psalm 68:1

What is most spectacular is that at the end of this encounter, while being stoned to death, Stephen asks the Lord not to lay this to their charge.

We also see this concept of arising in the resurrection of Christ and defeating our enemies.

. . . Christ is risen from the dead. . . He has put all enemies under His feet . . .

— I Corinthians 15

Personal space as depicted by Hideto KOBAYASHI from Machida, Tokyo

Personal space as depicted by Hideto KOBAYASHI from Machida, Tokyo

"Qoof" is About Proximity

"Qoof" also speaks of proximity. Hebrew words speaking of near and far contain the letter "qoof" (קָ).

The Lord is near (קָרוֹב) to all who call upon Him,To all who call upon Him in truth.

— Psalm 145

Why do You stand afar off (רָחוֹק), O LORD?
Why do You hide in times of trouble?

— Psalm 10:1

The invitational part of this letter is for us to draw near to Him.

He is able also to save forever those who draw near to God through Him, since He always lives to make intercession for them.

— Hebrews 7:25

Fourbyfourblazer 4th day of Evangelism training at Huntington Beach provided by LivingWaters Ministry which encourages and equips Christians to share their faith biblically the way Jesus did by obeying Jesus command to "Go into all the world and prea

Fourbyfourblazer 4th day of Evangelism training at Huntington Beach provided by LivingWaters Ministry which encourages and equips Christians to share their faith biblically the way Jesus did by obeying Jesus command to "Go into all the world and prea

"Qoof" is About Holiness

"Qoof" is also the first letter of the word "holy."

Let them praise Your great and awesome name— He is holy. . . Exalt (lift up) the Lord our God, And worship at His footstool— He is holy . . . Exalt (lift up) the Lord our God, And worship at His holy hill; For the Lord our God is holy.

— Psalm 99:3,5,9

The concept of holiness is in agreement with the idea of proximity. Holiness is about drawing near to God and away from the world. It is described as a separation from the world and to the Lord.

“Come out from among them
And be separate, says the Lord.
Do not touch what is unclean,
And I will receive you.

— II Corinthians 6:17


"Resh"—the Top of the Head

"Resh"(ר) is a picture of a man's head signifying the top and most important.

Christ is head of the church; and He is the Savior of the body.

— Ephesians 5:23

"Resh"(ר) is the first letter in the Hebrew word for a prince.

His name will be called . . . Prince of Peace.

— Isaiah 9:6

"Resh" also can represent the conscious mind.

“For who has known the mind of the LORD? Or who has become His counselor?”

— Romans 11:34



"Sheen" (ש) is an image of teeth in the sense of chewing, consuming, devouring, and digesting.

The Hebrew word for fire is "esh" spelled with an "aleph" and "sheen" (אש"). The "aleph" indicates strength, and the "sheen" represents the idea of devouring so we can see that fire is a strong devourer.

For the LORD your God is a consuming fire.

— Deuteronomy 4:24

This verse is about God being a jealous God who wants every single part of us and does not wish to share us with anything in terms of worship. It gives us a view of God's intense passion for us.

"Sheen" is also the first letter of the word "shalom," In combination with the letter above, Jesus is our Prince (שַׂר-sheen and resh) of Peace (שָׁלֹֽום).

Shalom itself comes with an interesting pictograph revelation that is relative to what our Prince of Peace has done for us.

Shalom is spelled "Sheen", "lamed", "vav", and "mem".

"Sheen" means to consume, as was just noted.

"Lamed" is illustrated with shepherd staff and symbolizes teaching as well as authority.

. . . the people were astonished at His teaching, for He taught them as one having authority..

— Matthew 7:28-29

The third letter of shalom is a "vav," showing us a nail and communicating the idea of connecting.

And the final letter "mem" is a picture of water and can include the idea of chaos and turbulence like a raging sea.

You rule the raging of the sea;
When its waves rise, You still them.

— Psalm 89:9

If we put the concepts together, we can see that our Prince of Peace destroyed and consumed the authority that connected us to chaos.

. . . the Son of God was manifested, that He might destroy the works of the devil

— I John 3:8


"Tav" is a Cross

"Tav" (ת) is the final letter and a picture of a cross that symbolizes the covenant concept. It is appropriate and significant for "tav" to be the last letter of the Hebrew alphabet.

“It is finished!”

— John 19:30

At the cross, Christ finished and fulfilled all required to bring us back into fellowship with the Father. This letter brings us full circle considering Aleph-Bet begins with the letter "aleph" representing the Father.

Concerning the final letter bringing us full circle, "tav" is the Hebrew aleph-bet's 22nd letter. Pi, the ratio of the circumference of a circle, is 22 divided by 7,

The early Hebrew pictographs were being used long before the cross had been invented as a form of punishment. Crucifixion most likely began with the Persians in the 7th century B.C and was later adopted by the Romans. They had no idea that what they designed for a brutal, torturous death would be the place our Lord and Savior became the covenant sacrifice on our behalf.

I am God, and there is none like Me, Declaring the end from the beginning, And from ancient times things that are not yet done.

— Isaiah 46:9,10

Tav and the Gospel

In the symbol of the cross, we can see that Jesus is the embodiment of the meaning of covenant.

Jesus has become a surety of a better covenant.

— Hebrews 7:22

When we look at the Word of God in its entirety, it is a revelation of the God of covenants. The covenants all pointed to and culminated at the cross.

The story of life begins with God in a relationship (covenant) with humankind. Man is unfaithful to his terms of that relationship with God and the life that sustained him. The rest of the book entails God's attempt to draw humankind back into fellowship with Him and could only be accomplished by the sacrifice of His one and only son.

For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life.

— John 3:16

The word covenant is used 315 times in the Bible, so we could conclude that it is a fundamental and relevant concept. A relationship with God is impossible without one.

. . . at that time you were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope and without God in the world.

— Ephesians 2:12

To sum up this final letter, it seems appropriate to conclude with the invitation to be in fellowship (covenant) with the God of all creation. But to be in a relationship with Him, we must be cleansed from our sin. How do we get from here to there?

. . . without shedding of blood there is no remission

— Hebrews 9:22

Sin requires a payment we can't afford. A covenant with God is a life and death matter.

For the wages of sin is death but the gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.

— Romans 6:23

Through the humility of admitting one's spiritual condition of sinfulness apart from God and taking by faith, what Christ has done by giving up His own life in exchange for ours is the first step to a new eternal life of relationship with God.

For He made Him who knew no sin to be sin for us, that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.

— II Corinthians 5:21

The Gospel narratives for salvation always extend the invitation as such.

“Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand!”

— Matthew 3:2

In other words, turn from your sins and turn to God.

". . . “Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and you will be saved...

— Acts 16:31


There is one final revelation with the Hebrew Aleph-Bet.

We began with aleph a picture of our strong father with whom it all began. We end with the letter "tav," representing the established covenant through Christ.

. . . no one knows the Son except the Father. Nor does anyone know the Father except the Son.

— Matthew 11:27

The aleph and the "tav" are the "first and last" letters of the Hebrew Aleph-Bet.

“Thus says the Lord, the King of Israel, And his Redeemer, the Lord of hosts: ‘I am the First and I am the Last; Besides Me there is no God.

— Isaiah 44:6

What a way to sum it all up!

Christ is all and in all.

— Colossians 3:11

He is before all things, and in Him all things consist.

— Colossians 1:17

No matter how you look at it, He is the beginning and the end, and all that is in between.

“I am the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End,” says the Lord, “who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty.”

— Revelation 1:8

How this comes full circle is that Jesus brought us back into right relationship with the Father (aleph) through His finished work on the cross (tav)

At the very center of the very first sentence of the Bible (Genesis chapter one) is a word pronounced "et" and consists of aleph and a "tav" this word is untranslated. Could this symbolize the one and only "aleph and tav," the "alpha and omega" at the very center of it all who is untranslatable and His work indescribable?.

Thanks be to God for His indescribable gift!

— II Corinthians 9:15

© 2012 Tamarajo


Tamarajo (author) on May 19, 2018:

Hello Sham Kumar. I am glad that you found the revelation useful.

I appreciate your visit and comment!

Tamarajo (author) on January 14, 2013:

You are so right FriendofTruth that our Father is so incredible in so many multi faceted ways we will probably spend eternity discovering His goodness. I'm glad that you enjoyed the series and that God is glorified in these revelations.

Thank you for your visit and encouragement

FriendofTruth from Michigan on January 14, 2013:

This was awesome Tamarjo, I'll have to print out all of these studies that you've done on the Aleph-Bet. Not only can you learn so much from it, but it so encouraging and inspiring. It creates an excitement to know how even more awesome our Father is - there are so many facets of Him, it is indescribable! Thanks again for all of the work you put into this series!

Tamarajo (author) on November 30, 2012:

Thank you James. I find it all quite fascinating myself. God is so stunning in His wisdom, revelation, and consistency. He never ceases to amaze me in so many ways.

Love it that your church worship does the Revelation song. What a great song to worship Him by.

God bless you too James! Always blessed by your visit.

James A Watkins from Chicago on November 29, 2012:

This is fascinating stuff! I enjoyed your Hub very much. I have learned quite a bit from your series. By the way, last Sunday I played the drums in my local church to the song you provided a link to, "Revelation Song." :D

God Bless You!


Tamarajo (author) on November 20, 2012:

Hello Shelpeare, Yes I understand that Tau and Tav are the same it is a variation of pronunciation and spelling. The vav can make either the "w" or the "v" sound. and Agreed that it does indeed symbolize the cross. Thank you for the additional insight and reference to Psalm 22.

Thank you for all your feed back on this series. It has been both useful and helpful.

shelpeare on November 16, 2012:

Tau is the 22nd letter and it means "cross." That is why Psa. 22 starts off with the words of Jesus on the cross: "My God, My God, why hast Thou forsaken Me."

Tamarajo (author) on August 28, 2012:

lifegate, glad that you like the series on how even the letters of His Word testify of reveal, and glorify Him. I am finding this to be so in all that He has created as well I think that is why all will be without excuse because everything around us says that He is and pictures His plan of salvation if we really look for it.

Thank you much for sticking with the series and all your encouraging comments.

William Kovacic from Pleasant Gap, PA on August 28, 2012:

A Powerful Hub - a powerful series. Enjoyed it much. I love the detail that God includes down to the jots and tittles. Thanks for sharing, and making Scripture even more alive.

Related Articles