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Everything You Need to Know about the Ruling Planet Saturn

Andrea has been an online writer for 8+ years. She mostly writes about dating, couples, weddings, travel, interior design, and gardening.


Lessons about the Planet Saturn in Astrology

Saturn is the 6th planet from the Sun. Saturn in astrology is the ruler of limitations and restrictions. The planet's purpose is to bring structure and order into our lives.

  • The planet reminds us we have deadlines.
  • There are boundaries to our lives. You can't just do whatever you want without consequences.
  • Responsibility is a must in order to go forward.

Saturn is about dedication, self-control, and discipline. These are all things we require if we want to accomplish our goals or feel fulfilled.

If you haven't guessed already, Saturn is the ruling planet of Capricorn. The cardinal earth sign is known for structure, following laws, traditional values, prioritizing family, and keeping to obligations.

  • Capricorn rules the beginning of winter. The sign is the 10th in the zodiac. It is mature, wise, hermit-like, and is very picky about what people it brings into its inner social circle.
  • Capricorns tend to have conservative spending habits and like to uphold traditions. Capricorn's goal is to survive and have a long life.

Saturn represents history. It reminds us of our shared traditions. It is aware of old age and the lessons that come from aging. Saturn will throw a wrench in people's plans to teach lessons.

Saturn in the Natal (Birth) Chart

If you have a lot of Capricorn in your natal chart, which you can find for free online, then you are likely a more patient, stable, reliable, and diligent person. If you have Capricorn as your Sun sign or your Saturn sign, you can definitely expect these traits.

Some signs in Saturn may cause major disruptions or contradictions, like a Sagittarius Saturn. Sagittarius is known as the risk taker of the zodiac.

Saturn isn't about creativity or spontaneity. It's about picking the most practical option. The planet is about making slow and steady moves and having a long-term vision.

Saturn rewards those who study and practice. The planet punishes those who go astray and can't focus. You shouldn't rely only on luck, but on what you have carefully developed.

Saturn's influence can also make people stingy and selfish. This planet is about self-preservation, which can make for cunning qualities. Sometimes Capricorns are considered the Slytherins of the earth signs.

The planet also depicts the obstacles we face in life: enmity, disappointments, setbacks, anguish. The planet is in conjunction with your gifts and perks. Whatever we have in abundance or as a bonus in our lives, there is a direct and opposite curse to it. Saturn puts the light on what you neglect.

The planet, in the worst cases, causes stress. It can inspire self-doubt to the point of depression. The influence of Saturn might seem daunting, but don't worry. Add good self-care into your life, add structure that supports you, and don't get into self-sabotage.

When Saturn is in harmony with the other planets in your chart, the planet can become your most powerful ally. It will help you to overcome trials and tribulations. You'll find inner strength, and you'll grow your faith.

Part of the reason Saturn starts getting upset is because you are off track. The planet will force you to take a timeout to think about what really makes you shine. Saturn forces you to let go of the pieces that are holding you back.

  • If you do not take Saturn seriously and shape up, it could result in serious damage to your health. You could also find yourself in trouble with the law. You may also find your career or relationships go stagnant.

Saturn may push you to explore a new career path, get a divorce, or move to another country. Saturn isn't trying to be a monster; it comes with all the metaphorical lessons to help guide you into a path and structure that really works. You want this planet to be in harmony with other aspects of your life, not against it.

Facts about the Planet Saturn

Saturn is the second largest planet in our solar system after Jupiter. You cannot stand on Saturn. It is made up mostly of gases. Saturn is composed largely of helium.

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  • Saturn's rings are not solid. They're made up of bits of ice, dust, and rock.
  • The bits of ice could be as small as grains of sand or as big as skyscrapers.
  • There are seven rings around the planet.
  • Other planets have rings, but Saturn's rings are the only ones that can be seen from Earth with a small telescope.
  • Saturn could float in water.
  • The planet is full of wind: some winds can run at a pace of 1,118 miles per hour!
  • Saturn moves very slowly. A year on Saturn is more than 29 Earth years.
  • Saturn spins on its axis very fast. A day is about 10 hours and 14 minutes.
  • The planet has 53 known moons with an additional 29 moons awaiting confirmation of their discovery.
  • Saturn cannot support life. Its moons could potentially support life.
  • It is often in the backdrop of science fiction stories, movies, and the like. This includes: Cthullu Mythos, Wall-E, 2001: A Space Odyssey, Star Trek, and Final Fantasy VII.

Ancient Greeks on Astronomy

The ancient Greeks treated astronomy as an advanced form of math. The first 3-D models to explain the motion of planets were developed in the 4th century BC by Eudoxus of Cnidus and Callippus of Cyzicus.

Plato and Aristotle attempted to explain the reasons for the motions of the universe.

  • Plato thought the universe was a spherical body split into circles. Those circles held the planets. The circles were governed by a world soul.
  • Aristotle looked to the mathematical models of Eudoxus. He came up with the idea that the universe was made up of a complex system of concentric spheres.,, The spheres' circular motions combined to carry the planets around Earth. (Obviously, we know now that the planets revolve around the Sun and not Earth.)

Ptolemy of Alexandria's thoughts on astronomy had a lasting impact. His writings were taught and looked at as guideposts until the Renaissance. Ptolemy thought the universe was far smaller than the more realistic conception of Aristarchus of Samos four centuries earlier.

Saturn is one of the most important gods in Roman Mythology. He is associated with agriculture, peace, plenty, wealth, generations, and time. His most popular symbols are the sickle and the scythe.

Saturn is one of the most important gods in Roman Mythology. He is associated with agriculture, peace, plenty, wealth, generations, and time. His most popular symbols are the sickle and the scythe.

Saturn in Roman Mythology

Saturn in Roman times was the god of generations, dissolution, wealth, peace, agriculture, periodic renewal, liberation, and time.

Saturn's mythological reign was during the Golden Age of plenty and peace. After the Romans conquered Greece, Saturn's myths were merged with the Greek Titan Cronus.

Interesting Notes about Saturn

  • Saturn's symbols are the sickle and scythe. Those items are used for agricultural purposes and used as symbols for death.
  • Saturn's festival was called Saturnalia.
  • Saturn was celebrated on Saturday. The name Saturday comes from Saturn.
  • Parents: Caelus and Terra.
  • Siblings: Janus and Ops.
  • Consort: Ops.
  • Children: Jupiter, Neptune, Pluto, Juno, Ceres, and Vesta.
  • Etruscan Equivalent: Satre
  • Hinduism Equivalent: Shani

Saturnalia was celebrated in December around the winter solstice. It was perhaps the most famous of the Roman festivals. It was a time for feasts, free speech, gift-giving, and feats of strength.

The Temple of Saturn in the Roman Forum housed the state treasury and archives. This was for the Roman Republic and the early Roman Empire.

The genealogy of the Greek gods was transferred to Saturn. The god had two mistresses. His wife, Ops, was the Roman equivalent of the Greek goddess Rhea, which means wealth, abundance, and resources.

An earlier version of Saturn was married to Lua, the goddess of destruction, dissolution, and loosening. This makes sense because Saturn has many destructive qualities associated with him.

Saturn the Roman God

What to KnowSaturn

Popular Myths

Saturn and Jupiter battled for control of the universe. This is based off the Greek myth of Cronus battling Zeus.

Creation and Destruction

Saturn brought with him knowledge of agriculture. He is associated with the Golden Age. He has chthonic qualities and is a friend of Dis Pater.


Saturn may have been named after an ancient town or terrain. Saturn may be based on a legend of a dethroned king who gave his ideas to commoners and helped them develop.

Etymology & Origin

Saturn's name may have come from the word satus, meaning "sowing". A more likely etymology would be that Saturn's name connects with the Etruscan god Satre. The word "Saturn" could connect to the ancient town of Satria, and Saturae palus, a marsh. Both places were in Latium.

Saturn's temple was located at the base of Capitoline Hill. Columns from the last rebuilding of the temple still stand today. The temple was consecrated in 497 BC.

The god's festival likely led to his association with time. The festival was close to when the New Year was celebrated. Saturnalia was celebrated from December 17th to the 23rd. It marked a time for the harvest and sowing. It was a time to reflect on the conditions of the lost Golden Age before the rule of Saturn was overthrown by Jupiter.

The sickle or scythe of Father Time connects to the Cronus-Saturn myths. His aged appearance is a commentary on the passage of time. Later depictions of Saturn show him with wings. The Grim Reaper is an obvious allusion to Saturn.

Saturn is considered one of the most complex gods in Roman mythology. Scholars have a hard time figuring out what is original about him and what was taken from Greek myths.

  • Saturn's festival was in December. People celebrated Saturn annually to remember the consecration of his temple. Cronus was celebrated from June to July.
  • The location of his cult goes back to when Rome was more remote/sparse.

Saturn was associated with magic, power, creation, and destruction. He wielded lightning, and his son Jupiter did too. Saturn was associated with creation myths.

  • Sacrifices to Saturn were performed with the head uncovered.
  • Saturn himself appeared in images covered with a white veil and a sickle.
  • Saturn was considered severe, especially when he was conflated with the myths of Cronus. (I don't want to mention those myths here as they're pretty demented.)
It is hard for scholars to discern what is original about Saturn vs. what was taken from the Greek myths around Cronus. The lineage myth for Cronus was adapted for Saturn. As well as the myth of Cronus battling Zeus for control of the universe.

It is hard for scholars to discern what is original about Saturn vs. what was taken from the Greek myths around Cronus. The lineage myth for Cronus was adapted for Saturn. As well as the myth of Cronus battling Zeus for control of the universe.

Saturn: Possibly a Myth of a Legendary King

Saturn was considered the first king of Latium. There was a tradition that he was an immigrant god, received by Janus after he was usurped by his son Jupiter.

Saturn was seen as a king who arrived in Italy dethroned. He brought agriculture and advanced ideas to the people, and he was rewarded by Janus with a share of the kingdom. Saturn essentially turned his bad luck around by sharing his knowledge with new societies. He wasn't afraid to restart his life from scratch.

Saturn founded towns, and he brought peace with his traditions. The god brought with him new ideas on agriculture, irrigation, and time.

He also had a malevolent side: he was worshiped for bloodshed. He was honored during gladiatorial games.

  • His chthonic nature connected him to the underworld and its ruler Dis Pater, the Roman counterpart to Hades.
  • In the 3rd century CE, Saturn was recorded as receiving gladiatorial offerings. The gladiator combats would take place for ten days in December.
  • The practice of gladiatorial munera was criticized by Christians. They saw it as a form of human sacrifice.


  1. Chance, Jane (1994). Medieval Mythography: From Roman North Africa to the School of Chartres, A.D. 433–1177. University Press of Florida. p. 71.
  2. Evans, James (1998). The History and Practice of Ancient Astronomy. Oxford University Press. pp. 296–7. ISBN 978-0-19-509539-5. Retrieved 2008-02-04.
  3. Kaufman, Frederick (February 2008). "Wasteland: A journey through the American cloaca". Harper's Magazine.
  4. Macy, Samuel L. (1994). "Father Time". Encyclopedia of Time. Taylor & Francis. pp. 208–209.
  5. Mueller, Hans Friedrich (2010). "Saturn". Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome. Oxford University Press. p. 222.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2021 Andrea Lawrence

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