Dean Traylor is a freelance writer and teacher who writes about various subjects, including education and creative writing.
Don’t let the appearance of Amon fool you. Despite being a “Marque” of Hell - and sometimes appearing as a deity with a wolf’s head and a serpent’s tail - this demon resolves disputes between friends.
Being a “helpful demon” may sound bizarre. After all, aren’t demons supposed to create havoc instead of peace and harmony? Also, isn’t Hell supposed to be a terrible place, as well?
Then again, the spiritual/religious world of Demonology – in which Amon resides – is atypical. Despite its loose connection to Christianity, this spiritual belief places angels and demons alongside biblical characters. Also, these demons are not the type one would expect. They can be “evoked” for goodness as well as evil.
In the midst of these deities (72 total) is Amon: a demon believed to have been evoked by King Solomon, himself.
There are many interesting facts surrounding this benevolent deity (or malevolent in some people’s perspective). His name, origin, function and historical perspective are some of the facets that define him. Either way, Amon is an important fixture in Demonology.
Those who claim there is a connection between Amon of Demonology and The Egyptian Amon-Ra point to the similarities in appearance. Both have been depicted as having the body of a human and the head of a bird of prey.
Origin of the Name
Much can be learned by the very name of a deity such as Amon. A name will give indication to the power and importance within a particular religion or mythology. Also, it can reveal some of his/her origin.
In the case of Amon, however, this can be complex.
Firstly, Amon is also spelled as “Aemon”. The name, in either case, is believed to have been derived from the word “daemon” or “demon”, a Latin version of the Ancient Greek word of “daimon”.
The original definition of demon did not carry the negative connotation that it now has. It often referred to a spirit or an angel. In terms of Demonology, a demon was a spirit that can be conjured or controlled by those who evoke them.
Secondly, Amon was also the name of an Egyptian god, Amon-Ra, indicating that his origin is much older. But this is where it gets confusing; scholars and writers on the subject are debating the connection.
Those who claim there is a connection between Amon of Demonology and The Egyptian Amon-Ra point to the similarities in appearance. Both have been depicted as having the body of a human and the head of a bird of prey. The descriptions are often those of a raven or a falcon. Detractors of this particular theory say otherwise (which leads to another fact usually reported about Amon).
His Many Appearances
Amon doesn’t have one physical appearance. Some accounts have described him as having a falcon’s head. Others claim it’s a lion or another beast. The websites Wikipedia and Occultpedia.com describe him as having “the head of a serpent and the body of a wolf (and vice-versa).”
Both sites describe him as being able to “vomit flames” as well. This indicates he can be a very dangerous demon.
Occultpedia.com, however, includes an illustration of Amon. Again the appearance differs from what has been described in writing. He is depicted as having the torso and front legs of a wolf, a head of a raven, sharp teeth and a tail of a serpent. This particular depiction is akin to something coming straight from Hell. It’s also one of the most frightening - and suitable - versions of this demon, to date.
The varied depiction also gives rise to another influence: ancient European Paganism. Animals, plants or trees took on significant roles in their beliefs as spirits and gods and, in some cases, would take on a hybrid appearance of humans and animals. A demon such as Amon would fit perfectly in this ancient belief.
mon has several functions. As mentioned, one role is to reconcile conflicts among friends.
The Lesser Key of Solomon
However, Amon of Demonology – as well as Demonology itself – has a more modern origin. While Amon has roots that go back to ancient civilization, the demon was first described during the 17th century in an anonymously written book called The Lesser Key of Solomon.
The book was allegedly a guidebook for the conjurations needed to contact and use demons for various tasks. The writer of the book claimed much of the material was written by King Solomon; however, much of the material came from 16th century texts such as Johann Weyer’s “Pseudomonarchia Daemonum.”
The volume was divided into five sections:
♦ Ars Goetia (The Art of Goetia) – listing the 72 demons and how to conjure them.
♦ Ars Theurgia Goetia (the art of goetic theurgy)
♦ Ars Paulina (The Art of Paul)
♦ Ars Almadel (The Art of Almedel)
♦ Ars Notoria (The Notable Art)
Over the years, the book was translated and revamped. Among the most popular was the 1904 version, The Goetia: The Lesser Key of Solomon the King (Clavicula Salomonis Regis) by Samuel Liddell MacGreg“or Mathers. This particular version was described as a manual that “purports to give instructions for summoning 72 different spirits.” Amon was the seventh one named on the list.
Another translation of importance came from the most influential occultist of the 20th century, Aleister Crowley. In 1904, he wrote the English translation of the first section, Ars Goetia as the The Book of the Goetia of Solomon the King.
The book and its various translations and interpretations have become the cornerstone of modern Demonology, occultism and Crowley’s “magick”
The role of Amon
Amon has several functions. As mentioned, one role is to reconcile conflicts among friends. There are many variations of his tasks from the numerous occultists and writers who have described him. Along with helping friends there are several common traits among these accounts. They are:
1. Interprets the past,
2. Foretells the future,
3. Procures feuds,
4. Rules forty legions of Hell (or spirits),
5. Has the French ruler’s title of Marquis,Seventh most powerful demon, and
6. Procures love.
With such roles, it’s hard to believe that Amon is considered a demon (with the exception of ruling the various levels of the underworld). However, this deity can be viewed as benign in nature, despite the company of the other 71 demons he keeps.
© 2015 Dean Traylor
Dale Hyde from Tropical Paradise on Planet X on February 07, 2019:
Most informative! Thank you.