For males in the animal kingdom, attracting a female isn’t always easy.
Finding a mate in the animal kingdom and the human world is quite a big deal. In the animal world females choose the partners and the males compete over access to the female.
It is a lot of hard work for the animals but they do it because they want to make sure that they perpetuate their generation.
When females choose their male partners, it is called intersexual selection, and when males fight over access to females it is called intersexual selection.
''intersexual selection is more than just females deciding which guy is the sexiest. Females want their offspring to survive and prosper, so they want to pick a mate with good genes. By selecting a mate, the females are also picking which males get to pass on their genes. The males that get to pass on their genes are "fittest" in the sense of genetic fitness; their genes will continue on to the next generation.''-(Source-Shmoop)
Choosing a partner is not an easy task at times what with the competition and the choosy females!
In the Bird of Paradise Species :
Male bird of Paradise are known for their dance moves, they put a lot of effort into attracting females. They dances are something that is inherited from father to son and then passed on down the line , refined with time ready for mating.
''Males push their feathers up to form a sort of skirt before performing a dance for females that watch from up above''
The Dancing Bird of Paradise Scene from Our Planet | Netflix
There is no Method but to be very intelligent -T.S Eliot
In The Male Bower Species
Male bowerbirds use their intelligence to impress the females, constructing elaborate structures called bowers to attract mates. They are not on master builders, but also accomplished artists. Males of some species decorate their bowers lavishly with flower petals and sparkly manmade objects. The Satin bowerbird even paints the walls of his bower with charcoal or chewed up berries.
Male Great bowerbirds are even more remarkable. Their bowers, which are among the most complex of all, are true marvels of avian architecture. But as well as being builders and artists, males of this species are also magicians – the bowers they build are like a house of illusions, with built-in visual tricks that manipulate females' perceptions and increase their likelihood of choosing the builder as their mate.
Bowerbirds are a family of twenty species that are native to Australia and New Guinea that are renowned for their unusually complex mating behaviour.
Sneaky Jewel-Thief Birds | Spy In The Wild | BBC Earth
In the animal kingdom at large
Many male and female animals produce smelly chemicals called pheromones. The smells are meant to tell partners about their
- where they are located
- and that they are ready to mate
Insects use pheromones a lot, and they can sense the chemicals with their antennae.
The wolf way
It's normally the alpha male that has dominance over the entire pack, as well as the alpha female. This means that he's free to choose which mate he'll have. He does that by designating his lover, although he needs to sniff out her genitals to determine if the pheromone levels are high enough for mating.
Once a wolf has found a mate
, they tend to stay together for better or worse, through sickness and health, often until death due them part.
How male lions attract a mate
Male lions are distinguished by their mane, which they use to attract females, and they roar to protect their territory or call upon members of their pride
A Lioness in Heat
Much like her feline cousins, a lioness coming into heat will advertise her readiness with sent marking, calling, rubbing on objects and rolling around on the ground. She will engage in a lot of display and she will also be defensive and scrappy.
How Cats attract a mate
Cats in heat will howl loudly and constantly as they try to attract a male to mate. They may also spray walls or furniture with strong-smelling urine also in an attempt to indicate their availability to a male.
Female Cats in Heat Sounds HQ
Unlike many other species, male hunting spiders do not use chemical signals such as sex pheromones to attract a mate. Instead, they make their mark by uniquely exploiting a female hunting spider's interest in food.
Research led by Cristina Tuni of the Ludwig Maximilian University in Munich in Germany now shows that male hunting spiders wrap morsels of food in their silk and offer these as gifts to prospective mates. The study is published in Springer's journal Behavioural Ecology and Sociobiology.
Tuni and her colleagues conducted a series of experiments on around 100 spiders (Pisaura mirabilisi) to test whether the silk that male and female hunting spiders produce is an important part of mating, and if sex pheromones are always released.
The study revealed that male and female spiders do not have the same reaction to silk. Males were attracted to the draglines that females produced. According to the researchers, this suggests that there are chemical cues attached to these silk draglines, and these likely serve as a form of female advertisement. Signalling through draglines may also be a way for females to supplement their own efforts to find food, because it lures would-be gift-carrying mates.
The Secret is the law of attraction-Rhonda Byrne
In evolutionary psychology and behavioral ecology, human mating strategies are a set of behaviors used by individuals to select, attract, and retain mates. Mating strategies overlap with reproductive strategies, which encompass a broader set of behaviors involving the timing of reproduction and the trade-off between quantity and quality of offspring.
Relative to those of other animals, human mating strategies are unique in their relationship with cultural variables such as the institution of marriage. Humans may seek out individuals with the intention of forming a long-term intimate relationship, marriage, casual relationship, or friendship. The human desire for companionship is one of the strongest human drives. It is an innate feature of human nature and may be related to the sex drive. The human mating process encompasses the social and cultural processes whereby one person may meet another to assess suitability, the courtship process and the process of forming an interpersonal relationship. Commonalities, however, can be found between humans and nonhuman animals in mating behavior, as in the case of animal sexual behavior in general and assortative mating in particular.
This is courtship all over the world. The man all tongue; and the women all ears- Emily Murphy
Lust is that wild with desire stage. It is dominated by the sex hormones testosterone and estrogen. Testosterone pumps in both men and women pushing sex drive, attraction and mating tendencies. Both men and women highlight their levels of testosterone and estrogen to show off their fertility and attract a mate.
During the attraction phase couples are heady in love and are overcome with their feelings. Typically people can’t think of anything else—forgetting to eat and sleep.
Women are generally attracted to man with leadership qualities
Of course every woman is different, but some common attractive traits are:
- self respect
- sense of humor
Men prefer women with a big and beautiful smile,
- wide waist-hip ratio
- unique dressing style
- healthy-looking hair
- great sense of humor,
- smart conversations
- and appealing high-pitched voices,