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Oil Spill

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Interesting in the world and environment around us, MPanta shows how human action can impact nature in an hard way.

Oil Spill

What is an Oil Spill?

As the name turns obvious, an oil spill alludes to any uncontrolled release of raw petroleum, gas, or other oil results into a place that was not supposed to.

Due to the oil being lighter than the water, an oil spill usually stays above the water, damaging all the wildlife it reaches and impacting the environment for years, even after cleaning up.

The spreading of an oil spill

Oil Spills can contaminate land, air, or water for years. In spite of the fact that the expression "oil spills" frequently makes us consider spills in the sea and seaside waters, that is not always the case.

As an example, the obvious that happened in the sea where in 2010 during the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill in the Gulf of Mexico or the 1989 Exxon Valdez Oil Spill in Alaska.

It additionally may refer to the land oil spills, as well. Spills are extraordinarily hurtful to species that come in direct contact with the contaminated territories. Also, contingent upon the size and size of an oil spill, the recovery of the areas can take days to decades or even centuries.

Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill

Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill

What is Oil?

Oil, as we call to this kind of petrol oil, is a mixture of hydrocarbon compounds, these compounds are the product of decayed remains of marine animals and plants that died and drifted to the bottom.

These compounds get as back as 600 million years ago, it is under intense pressure and temperatures that these remains changed into complicated hydrocarbons called petroleum.

Crude Oil

The Crude oil is a mixture of gas, naphtha, kerosene, light gas, and residuals. Despite being widely used in the industry, it causes hazardous health effects if consumed by any life forms.

Are Oil Spills normal?

Oil Spills are not something normal, but they are regular and always bad for the environment.

The creation of oil based commodities goes back from more than a century, with already 500 million tons in 1950, and increasing to more than 2,500 million tons in the mid-1990s.

This huge values brought about enormous transportation and related oil spills. The number has been expanding with the expanding pace of oil transportation, maturing of oil big haulers, just as an expansion in the size of oil big haulers. Oil represents over a large portion of the tonnage of all ocean load.

Oil Spill Numbers

It is assessed that more than 500 million gallons of waste oil (crude oil) infiltrate the sea consistently, with over half originating from land seepage and waste removal.

One of the problems is the removal of used engine oil. Since it is not absorbed by almost nothing, it easily ends in the rivers and sea. Offshore drilling, oil production and oil spills or breaks from ships and big haulers regularly contribute between 5 to 10 percent of the spillage.

The other contributors are routine ships maintenance (~20%) hydrocarbon particles from inland air contamination (~12,5%) and regular drainage from the ocean bottom (~10%).

The general wellbeing is impacted and sicknesses is brought by harmful exhaust or by eating defiled fish or shellfish. In any case, there are different more subtle impacts, including misfortunes and disturbances of business and recreational fisheries, sailing, and an assortment of different employments of influenced water.

Any country or tourist destination near an oil penetrating drill or even transporting paths is at high danger of encountering breakdown and the sad and terrible natural impacts of oil spills.

Major Oil Spills

DateLocationQuantity (Tons)

2010

Gulf of Mexico

200

Dec. / 2004

Alaska

440

Nov / 2002

Spain

70

1992

Spain

74

1991

Italy

144

1991

Kuwait

1500

1989

Alaska

41

1983

Persian Gulf

600

1979

Trinidad & Tobago

300

1979

Gulf of Mexico

600

1942

US East Coast

590

The 2010 Deep Horizon

The 2010 Deep Horizon Oil Spill is considered the major disaster in marine waters and one of the largest environmental disasters in the American history.

Want to Know More about Deep Horizon?

Oil Spills and the Iraqi War

In 1991 and due to the lack of other ways for the Iraqi forces to stop the US forces, the Iraq high command left the oil pipelines and wells open and set them on fire. The fire was so massive that it begun in January and only ended after four months.

In this incident more than 200 million gallons of oil (Around 10 Oil Tankers) was thrown in “the Persian Gulf”. This oil spill incident harmed nature and the economy, from the marine species around to the a major oil reserve, thus diminishing oil availability.

Where it Spread

This oil spill not only resulted in marine water pollution around Kuwait but also fouled the coastlines of neighbour countries, damaged the fisheries, killed the aquatic life and ruined the aesthetics of the place.

The long-lasting effect was obvious on the marine life of the area. The after-effects of this oil spill were even more terrific, it took months to clear the affected area and bring it back to its "normal" condition. Such destruction caused by this disaster, became a burning issue and a matter of grave concern for almost all the countries around the world.

The outcome this incident was so harmful that maritime authorities became more careful in handling oil with the latest technical advancements.

oilspil

What can be done to prevent an oil spill?

The main responsibility should lie on the people and the government to guarantee and enforce security laws and prevention organization. Most of the sources of oil spills in the ocean is due to carelessness, rather than an accident.

The carelessness is also due to a general feeling of impunity, since the consequences are almost null.

The integration of preventive measures in an industrial process, operation, or product should be a part of the cost of daily operations.

How it should be done?

One way to do it is by before starting fueling, de-fueling or internal transfer operation, the machinery and piping systems should be properly checked for tightness and for signs of leaking glands, seals and gaskets.

Even the small procedures of changing oil or adding oil to machinery, you should take proper care and take any measure to avoid oil spills.

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