In researching my Civil War ancestor, I became fascinated by all aspects of that war. If you're a Civil War buff, check out my topics.
First-Hand Accounts of a Civil War Prison
Two years ago I visited Andersonville, Georgia. Standing on that ground where thousands died, I looked up at the stockade walls and the guard tower. Trying to visualize how my great-great grandfather might have felt being in that Civil War prison was beyond my imagination.
I've searched for first-hand accounts by Union prisoners to see more what the experience was like. I've gathered what I've found here. If you are looking for primary source material on Andersonville Prison then you just hit the jackpot. Brace yourself, as reading the memories of that horrible experience may linger unpleasantly in your mind for a long time to come.
Andersonville Diary of Lawson "Lot" Hannibal Carley - Read the diary online
He arrived at Andersonville Prison August 5, 1864. This would have been a few months after my great-great grandfather got there. Lot was transferred to another prison on September 7, 1864.
You can read his diary online.
- Lot Carley Diary - Andersonville (click here to read the diary)
The original diary is in the Iowa State Historical Society.
Aug. 20, 1864 - blazing hot sun comes down on the thousands that have no shelter
The Horrors of Andersonville Exposed in a Civil War Newspaper
Comment About the Climate at Andersonville And Illness
Michael Stephen Bryant said I could share his personal experience which is a modern day one. He wrote, "I was in the TNT Mini-Series Andersonville. It was easy to see why so many soldiers died there. During the days in October, it was 70 degrees but very hot. Every night about 4 am a cloud of mist settled on the ground and we woke up with our clothes and blankets soaking wet and cold. Nights were 40 degrees. Even though we hung our blankets up to dry in the sun all day, when we went to bed they were still damp. Our morning call time was 5: 30 AM. But we were awoken by the cold and soaking wet clothes and blankets at 4 AM. Within 2 weeks everyone had a cough so bad, I imagine it to be what whooping cough sounds like. In less than two weeks everyone was sick."
David S. Whitenack's Memories of Andersonville - Read it online
Reminiscences of the Civil War: Andersonville published in the Indiana Magazine of History
- Indiana Magazine of History - Document View
Account by two men in my great-great grandfather's company/regiment.
We were ragged and dirty and scarcely able to walk
Diary of Charles Lepley Who Died in Andersonville - Read the whole diary online
The diary begins on Jan. 1, 1864. Charles Lepley belonged to a Pennsylvania regiment. His diary is available to read on an Ancestry. com message board.
Sunday, May 22, 1864
Three or four hundred more prisoners were brought in today
Videos to Give You a Quick Overview of Andersonville Prison's History
Around 45,000 Union soldiers (prisoners of war) passed through the gates of this prison. Of those, 14,000 died during their time there.
John Bott - Andersonville
Life and death in Rebel prisons by Robert H. Kellogg - Read the whole book online at Google Books
YouTube Slide Show about Andersonville and the Suffering of the Men There
Prison Diary of Michael Dougherty - Read it online
He arrived at Andersonville on February 14, 1864. Michael Dougherty, was in company B, 13th Pennsylvania Cavalry and ended up a prisoner in several Confederate prisons, including Andersonville.
- Prison diary, of Michael Dougherty, late Co. B, 13th., Pa., cavalry.
Internet Archive BookReader - Prison diary, of Michael Dougherty, late Co. B, 13th., Pa., cavalry. While confined in Pemberton, Barrett's, Libby, Andersonville and other southern prisons. Sole survivor of 127 of his regiment captured the same time.
July 6 - Rations, one pint of meal and 2 or 3 spoonfuls of beans and 2 ounces of bacon
An Andersonville Diary by Thomas Asbury Gossett - Read excerpts from the diary online
- Wabash College Magazine - Excerpts from Thomas Gossett's Andersonville Diary
Gossett tells some horror stories but also tells of some kindnesses experienced.
Some men crossed the dead line on purpose to be killed and thus put an end to their sufferings
Civil War Memories of John S. Baisden - Preview 15 pages online
HEART OF A PATRIOT
Transcribed by Robert Nord and Linda Baisden |
Ways That Andersonville Resembled WWII Concentration Camps
Andersonville is such a sad part of this time period. The photos, diaries and videos remind us of the Nazi concentration camps. How horrible that Americans did these things to each other.
Similarities between Andersonville and WWII Concentration Camps
- They arrived after days of travel, crammed into boxcars on a train.
- The starvation of the prisoners
- Lining up daily for roll call and standing long periods of time in the heat or cold.
- The deadline around the interior of the camp.
- The use of dogs to intimidate the prisoners and track down any who tried to escape.
- Attempts to demoralize the prisoners by telling them their government had abandoned them.
- Some prisoners lost all hope, became listless and died.
- Some prisoners committed suicide rather than endure the horrible conditions any longer.
- Diseases spread quickly in the overcrowded conditions.
Ways that it wasn't similar
- At Andersonville, there was no gas chamber.
- At WWII concentration camps, overcrowded barracks housed the prisoners. At Andersonville, no shelter was provided.
- Concentration camps held civilians in WWII including women and children, mostly Jewish. At Andersonville, the prisoners were soldiers.
Read any of the diaries listed here to get first-hand details of life in Andersonville Prison in 1864 and 1865.
Read Online George W. Murray's Account of Andersonville
- A history of George W. Murray, and his long confinement at Andersonville, Georgia. Also the starvati
Background Information on Andersonville
- Rules and Regulations of Confederate Military Prisons
Transcription of Rules and Regulations for Confederate Military Prisons along with data about many civil war prisons.
Learn More about Andersonville with These Pages by Virginia Allain
- Andersonville Prison Photos
It was 150 years ago that the Civil War ravaged the United States. One particularly dark memory is the thousands that died at Andersonville Prison. These photos show it as it is today.
- Starvation at Andersonville Prison
Andersonville Prison in Georgia was notorious for the starvation suffered by Union soldiers there during the Civil War. Why did it happen and how did the prisoners survive the brutal conditions there?
- Andersonville Timeline 1864
In reading many diaries and books on Andersonville, I've created this timeline. It will help me and others trying to understand their ancestor's experience in this Civil War prison.
More to Come...
As I research further and find more first-hand accounts of Andersonville, I'll add them here. Check back or bookmark this page.
© 2011 Virginia Allain
Let Me Know That You Stopped By
MG Singh emge from Singapore on January 05, 2020:
Fascinating article about a subject that is not so well known. Thank you.
sue-scarfe-5 on June 01, 2014:
This information is brilliant...thank you very much. One of my husbands ancestors died at Andersonville...he was only twenty-two.
AnitaJax on January 14, 2014:
Thank you for this wonderful lens. We should never forget the horrors that are created by war.
Season 4 of "Who Do You Think You Are?" included an episode in which Kelly Clarkson learned that one of her ancestors had been imprisoned at Andersonville.
Barbie Crafts from United States on January 03, 2014:
Wow, what an interesting page you have put together. I want to return when I have more time.
Virginia Allain (author) from Central Florida on June 10, 2013:
@anonymous: That's exactly the reason I've been researching and reading all I can on this. Glad it helped.
anonymous on June 10, 2013:
This is so helpful! Thanks for the info. I was so desperately hoping to find as I continue to trace my great-great grandfather's steps as a soldier in the PA 103rd Infantry, Co. A
Virginia Allain (author) from Central Florida on April 14, 2013:
@siobhanryan: It is a very sad thing to read about.
siobhanryan on April 14, 2013:
Great reference and resource-Imagine that people suffered so much that they preferred to die
anonymous on February 02, 2013:
This is a wonderful resource. I've bookmarked it for future reference.
Lorelei Cohen from Canada on September 14, 2012:
We are so very blessed to live where we do and hopefully forever without war touching us. How truly sad a time for anyone to exist through.
Frischy from Kentucky, USA on July 26, 2012:
I was reading a poem last night that mentioned Andersonville & brought your lenses to mind. Back for another look.
Cassidy Wadsworth on May 14, 2012:
I remember how shocked I was when I first saw pictures and read accounts of prisoners at Andersonville prison. Thanks for including all these references for further study!
Zut Moon on December 24, 2011:
It is strange you know but I am drawn to information on the Civil War and The Alamo. It's strange because I am Canadian and should be more interested in what happened on the Plains of Abraham. Go figure .... I'm going to have to keep an eye on your lenses. There is not enough time in a day to do everything I want to do .... ggggrrrrrr ... guess that's what keeps me young (???)
artillery lm on October 20, 2011:
Great lens. Very informative. I enjoyed reading this, and thought it to be a highly original topic!
anonymous on October 17, 2011:
educational indeed, needed information, earned a 'thumbs up' so I can do my part.
peppervel on October 09, 2011:
Gosh! I have to literally hold my breath reading this article. It's a very mixed feeling reading about people's diaries... those things they gone thru as prisoners... ! That's why I love to read about the past, helps me to appreciate the present. Thanks again for a yet another wonderful lens. I think I just became your fan...^_^!
Peggy Hazelwood from Desert Southwest, U.S.A. on October 07, 2011:
Wow, this is great for history lovers. It's always more meaningful when a family member was there. Great job.
Coreena Jolene on October 07, 2011:
Excellent topic. I have looked at several things on Footnote while researching my genealogy. It is shocking when you dig deep into the details of the Civil War. It is really interesting history.
anonymous on October 07, 2011:
I've never been really interested in history until recently when i seem to have developed an interest because of the stories of people - this is a great lens
jseven lm on October 07, 2011:
What a sad war and so many deaths! Great, historical info here.
Gayle from McLaughlin on October 06, 2011:
Interesting article on one of the dark times in American History. Thanks for such a good collection of first hand resources!
Heather B on October 06, 2011:
Very interesting lens. I am looking forward to seeing how it develops as you add more accounts written by the Andersonville victims.
Nancy Carol Brown Hardin from Las Vegas, NV on October 06, 2011:
This sounds like a precursor to the concentration camps, even down to the "deadline" of the camp, using prisoners to bury the dead and the starvation of prisoners. But this happened right here in the good ol' USA...how horrible!
Ann Hinds from So Cal on October 06, 2011:
I did my high school term paper on Andersonville titled "Man's inhumanity to man". It was an appalling topic and one that has stayed with me for more than 40 years. We tend to forget (or ignore) that this is also part of our history. This is a reminder for all of us. .
Nancy Tate Hellams from Pendleton, SC on October 06, 2011:
I remember reading about Andersonville Prison when I was still in Elementary School. The whole war was so sad.