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The Historical Approach in the Study of Politics

Christopher F. Bueno is currently the Dean of the College of Education, University of Northern Philippines, Vigan City.

The evolution and origin of politics defines by the formal political description as to the historic development of the state and government. The interesting part in the study of government and state is the political rulers’ initiative to persuade and influence the subjects (people) as to the doctrine of the political power and authority to rule the society.

It is an approach in politics to present the political thought in the past as the main governmental reference to rule the state. The ability to persuade and influence to secure the political power and authority vested on the following historical grounds:

a) The divine rights of the kings and emperors to gain absolute political powers as to influence and persuade the subjects (people) to obey the rulers.

In politics, the divine rights of kings and emperors are no longer politically advocated as to influence and persuade the people to obey them. This was historical reason in the past that they revolted against the political rulers as a consequence on the suppression of the human freedom, extravagance by the rulers, and the life of the poor people became miserable.

b) The royal blood and dynastic rule has the political capability to rule the state as related to the social stratification for the nobility class has the solemn political rights to rule the society.

Even in contemporary time, the noble blood means the parents and ancestors had been the members of the royal family in the past. The concept of politics along this line provides the theoretical framework to impose the noble rights of the young generation to rule the state. There are political cases in the state and government to honor the noble blood to represent the country in case there is a vacuum of the political power in the society. This elitist principle of governance based on royal blood and dynastic blood provides the political stability of the state when extreme case of political vacuum is present within certain group of society.

c) The historical lesson of political rulers has the right to overthrow them when they corrupted the political power given to them based on the social contract theory.

The age of enlightenment in Europe has been a good example as to the application of the historical approach in politics in relation to the concern of graft and corruption, abuse of political powers, exploitation of the masses, and suppression of collective constitutional rights of the people. It simply states by the political thought of Rousseau, Locke, and Hobbes had agreed the principle of the social contract as to its moral and ethical obligation for the ruler to govern the state with utmost respect on the application of the democratic principles. In politics, when there is political tyranny then the subject have the social covenant to be forced to be free and right to resist the authority. The modern times, where able to use peaceful revolution and peoples’ revolution to apply this historical approach in politics.

d) The political development of historical thought on the social equality, human freedom, esteem and self- sustenance as to the political ideologies of democracy and communism. This is also related to the economic system as to the dichotomy of the capitalistic structure and socialistic structure of economy.

In politics, the ability to influence and persuade the sovereign electorate has to use the historical root on the political development and human freedom in order to hold the power and authority in the state. The development thrusts on the political agenda must always reflect life-sustenance, esteem, dignity and freedom. However, the historical consideration as to the political and economic development of the state reflects the kind of government in a certain group of society. For example, the communistic idealism of the China, former USSR, Cuba and South Korea. The capitalistic and democratic states such as countries in America and Europe.

The historical approach is also called traditional approach as political scientist review the chronology of events as the inter-play of political dynamics will come in to understand the insight in politics. It is here that the historical perspectives on the study of government systems, structures and processes.


These are the related SAVIOR ON HUBPAGES- FREE ACADEMIC ARTICLES AND RESEARCHES in POLITICAL SCIENCE for the COLLEGE STUDENTS to facilitate in doing their homework, assignment and research activities in the school particularly those impoverished countries of AFRICA, ASIA and MIDDLE EAST.

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Origin of State


The Forms of Government


The General Concepts and Principles of Government


Constitution : The Fundamental Law of the State and Government http://hubpages.com/hub/constitutionlaw

Definition and Importance of Political Science http://hubpages.com/hub/Definition-and-Importance-of-Political-Science

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Ruhit mundi on September 07, 2015:

What is histrocial apprococh to the study of political science ?

Demas W Jasper from Today's America and The World Beyond on April 14, 2012:

Up and Interesting. You gave this a lot of historical perspective.

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