Skip to main content
Updated date:

Types of Pollution in India


Experienced content writer, Shafqat M. writes on travel, technology, environment, and digital marketing.

Environmental Protection is Our Primary Responsibility!

Environmental Protection is Our Primary Responsibility!

India faces many environmental challenges. There is mounting pressure on natural resources due to the unprecedented increase in population, which in turn forces our dependence on pollution-generating resources such as fossil fuels.

Efforts have to be made to ensure all citizens get a fair share of basic amenities, including energy. That said, it doesn`t mean one has a license to do as one pleases.

It's incumbent upon governments to ensure sustainable development, adopt an environment-friendly developmental model, including the use of renewable sources of energy.

Different Types of Pollution in India

As regards various pollutions India is afflicted with, air pollution, water pollution, and land pollution are the deadliest. However, some experts' opinions might ease your nerve a bit to learn that India has made valuable progress to ensure a cleaner environment (from where it was in 1995 - 2010).

But (post-2018) that progress seems nowhere to be seen if we take a look at the current status of pollution in India. If anything, our environment is in shambles, our relationship with nature fast collapsing.

If at all any progress has been made, there is still a long way to go. Our efforts to strive for a cleaner and a greener environment should continue. Though hopes are high that we might be through these challenges, yet it makes sense to have a conscientious look at deadly pollution types in India.

Water Pollution in India

As a society entrenched in a tradition dating back centuries, India has a rich cultural heritage that teaches reverence for water. That sounds pretty eco-friendly! Only that it isn't!

India has been defiling its waters since ages and does nothing to prevent such barbaric onslaught of its pristine waters. Sewage produced from industrial units and municipalities goes untreated into water bodies.

As such, it doesn`t pollute rivers and streams only that are overexposed to industrial effluents but groundwater also, which is rendered unsafe for human consumption.

Delving deeper into water pollution status in India, things become uglier, hopes dissipate and fear and despair take hold of conscience. Since we've been so cruel to our water bodies, boarding any hope that they might recuperate seem utterly invalid.

Rising Water Pollution is a Cause of Concern!

Rising Water Pollution is a Cause of Concern!

Just imagine how damaging it must be for Ganges Rivers and its tributaries to have 114 cities depositing its untreated sewage, dead bodies and other industrial effluents into it.

Out of 3119 towns, only 209 have sewage treatment plants, which are only partially functioning.

As the population continues to grow, resources become scarce. As a result, resources of water face the same fate where demand for it, for drinking and other purposes, is skyrocketing.

While consumption increases, the availability remains the same. Thereby putting pressure on our already depleting water resources.

How India plans to cope with this mounting demand on one side and alarmingly rising pollution on the other, is the question we need to ask our leaders!

Air Pollution in India

India has long been battling with severe air pollution. Going by WHO reports, there remains no doubt about India reigning the charts of countries with the worst air quality in the world.

The air quality in India is so bad that it reduces the average life expectancy of more than 660 million people in India by 3.2 years.

From vehicular emissions to stubble and firewood burnings for domestic use, use of coal for electricity generation to burning of crop residues, all these acts, and more, release toxic chemicals and particulate matter into the air.

India is Worst Hit by Polluted Air!

India is Worst Hit by Polluted Air!

Its toxicity has been stretched too far, perhaps to the levels where return to normalcy seems improbable if not impossible

These circumstances make for a very bleak future. One that bears not much hope, especially when you've governments adamant on unsustainable ways.

Putting a brake on the car, halting vehicle productions and stopping the addition of more traffic to our roads, might rank as heroic deeds, ones that should win the admiration of one and all.

But that won't happen without providing masses with alternate transport facilities, without which air pollution will continue to spiral out of control. Strict legislatures, founded on scientific truth, may lend a helping hand in knocking out sources of pollution from grassroots.

Land Pollution in India

Thermal power, and our insistence on using it, proves that we are negligent of the ash it produces and what that ash or soot does to the nearby lands.

Even if it causes damage to the health of residents living nearby these plants, it doesn't matter as long our energy needs are met.

We're at the risk of losing agriculture lands, make our food toxic and damage health if we continue with our harmful ways. Just as air pollution is in its worst state in India, land pollution too isn't far behind!

More and More Agricultural Land is Turned into Waste Land!

More and More Agricultural Land is Turned into Waste Land!

Sometimes we think we are doing just the right thing but once its consequences become clear and catastrophe is imminent do we begin to take serious note of our actions and its consequences.

Nature might give us a second chance to mend our ways and rebuild what is broken to see blossoming, healthy earth again! The ball is in our court, we need to play cautiously!

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2020 Shafqat M


Liz Westwood from UK on November 06, 2020:

This article shines an important spotlight on pollution in India. It is quite shocking.

Related Articles