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Why the U.S President Has to Consult Congress Before Making Decisions Related to Foreign Affairs?

Nyamweya is a global researcher with many years of experience on practical research on a diversity of topics

Contrary to Uncle Erl’s thinking, it is very important for the President to consult Congress for crucial national matters such as sending troops to Liberia. Accordingly, I will inform Uncle Erl that though the U.S president holds executive power as the head of state, commander in chief of the armed forces and head of federal agencies, he is obligated under the constitution to seek the consent of congress when dealing with foreign policy matters.

Article 11 section 1 of the U.S constitution extends the president executive power. However, section 11 of the same article requires the president to seek consent and advice of congress when dealing with diplomatic matters (Legal Information Institute1). This may be attributed to the fact that diplomatic matters are quite sensitive and requires the input and consent from congress before execution. Otherwise, this may lead to impeachment if the rules are violated.

I will as well show uncle Erl the actual statute in the U.S law which requires the president to seek congress’ consent. The article is elaborated in the below paragraph,

Foreign affairs is a sensitive matter that require a multi-level collaboration. Article 1 of the constitution outlines the powers vested by congress regarding foreign affairs. This power includes “declaration of war” supporting and raising armies, maintaining and providing naval forces, as well as making regulations of the land and government regarding naval forces. Therefore, it will be a complex matter if the president opts to send troops to Liberia minus consulting congress, then they will be conflicts on matters of support and maintenance as well as overlooking the declaration of war obligation.

Both congress and the president have exclusive policy powers assigned by the constitution. While there are those who are shared between the two entities, others are not explicit in the constitution. However, as earlier stated, legislators are mandated to influence all forms of issues related to foreign policy including sending troops to war. Moreover, lawmakers are mandated to play an oversight role including how resources and funds are to be used. Incase congress will be against a policy that has been implemented by the president, then president will find it hard to navigate through the process. What is more, he will also receive all the blame should everything go wrong.

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