Ayaz Kakar is an undergraduate student at the Institute of Business Administration Karachi, pursuing a bachelor's degree in Social Science.
Have we ever bothered to think that why do we like or dislike something? Most probably everyone thinks that what we like, or dislike is because of some reason. There may be different reasons for which our conscience forces us to like or dislike something and for this phenomenon of reason, we use the term “interest”. To elaborate more precisely, we can say that every person is interested in something, may it be another person, nature, religion, or family. For certain interests, we use the faculty of reason. Above all, one of the important questions arises in the mind and that is why we are interested in something, why someone likes a flower but not leaves, why someone likes Europe but not America. Likewise, there are plenty of interests in every single object of the world, followed by human beings. Interest is not merely limited to human beings but also includes animals. In retrospect, animals like dogs and cats were deserted by human beings, and those animals lived in forests. Those animals were fierce in nature, they were considered hostile to human beings. Similarly, human beings dislike animals and considered them enemies for themselves. But abruptly, human beings and animals became companions and became closer to each other. Human beings stopped hunting animals that time, as human beings entered the era of enlightenment, they started loving the animals and animals felt the world of utopia for themselves. Interestingly we can ask that why human beings started loving animals, why did human beings distinguish their likings and disliking?
A more precise and rational answer to this question is that human beings have a faculty of taste in themselves.
So, what is taste?
In terms of sociology, the taste is something that emerges in animals and human beings due to love, compassion, and desire for something. Sociologists were quite ambiguous about the reason that why the different genres of tastes are found in animals and human beings. And then after a long survey by a sociologist known as Bourdieu in 1984, when he got the answer from 1217 respondents and then he concluded that taste is something that emerges in living organisms due to their origin in specific culture and society. And that is why we see that different people, communities, and countries of the world have different tastes. For example, western people are interested in fast foods whereas the people in the east are interested in their cultural food. There are unlimited numbers of traits in people due to their tastes.
Do people compromise for their tastes?
Taste is something that leads people towards their interests and those carry some reason. If we look at the diversity of this world, we can conclude that taste vary from person to person and country to country. Let us try to elaborate more precisely to explore more about taste in people and their commitment to those tastes.
Taste as a means of revolution:
There were dark ages in the world in retrospect, in which people lived a tasteless life. Those people were just accustomed to specific norms and traditions. For example, we can say that ancient men were interested in agriculture, and they never thought about the use of the wheel to invent new machines. Those farmers in ancient times never thought to amend new ways for watering the fields, they never thought to grow strawberries, apples, bananas, and mangoes in the same continent or at the same time. Similarly, those people never thought of inventing cars or bicycles by using the wheel, they never thought of bringing convenience in their lives. Those ancient men never thought of preparing diverse foods for themselves. The reason for all this deprivation is that ancient people had no taste for a convenient life.
Undoubtedly, the people of the 17th and 18th centuries were also not too advanced or having taste for change but due to the utter determination of few thinkers, philosophers, and writers; the rest of the population of 17 and 18th happened to be enough fortunate to enter in the era of enlightenment. Subsequently, we saw that those people of the 17th and 18th centuries established industries, altered their minds, and then there came the industrial revolution and industrial revolution persuaded humanity to focus on science and the scientific revolution. The mere thing was the taste that enabled humanity to change its destiny.
21st-century people and their unprecedented tastes:
The industrial revolution boosted up the standard of life of human beings. Human beings kept discovering new things and innovations. The tastes of human beings became diversified. Those tastes compelled human beings to take interest in diverse educational fields. For example, human beings had a taste to fly in the air like birds and it instigated them to take interest in introducing such gadgets that can make them fly. Over time, humanity thought of landing on the moon due to the availability of reasons, and the reasons were quite obvious that they had tools and techniques to reach the moon and subsequently the taste put the human beings on the moon.
Similarly, 21st-century people had a taste for delicious food, and that they established food factories and also introduced a thousand types of food across the world. Additionally, human beings longed for friendship with animals, and for this, they had to establish a soft corner for animals and that is how human beings brought animals from forests to their homes as pets and introduced laws for animal protection.
Aesthetic taste of Human Beings:
The word aesthetic refers to the beauty that lies in every specific matter and element of this world. And a taste is something that determines the magnitude of love and hatred ness for every element and physical matter of this world. The element may include tangible and non-tangible things. For example, some people like the physical appearance of flowers, whereas some like their fragrance. Some people love other people physically whereas some people like the character of other people. Some people have a taste for roaming around the world and have some adventure while some people like to sit in their garden and water the plant. Some people have a taste for not letting peace in the world by announcing wars and buying more and more weapons while some people and nations have a taste for establishing peace.
There are people around the world who have a good taste for religion. Those people are interested in religious rituals and norms. They render sacrifices for their religions and above all, they have their reasons for their interests in those religions. Some people give the reason for salvation after death, some people give reasons for prevailing peace through religion.
Conclusively, we can say that tastes are subjective qualities in every living body of this world, and for the sake of interests that are comprised upon their specific tastes; those living souls own reasons to achieve their interests. But sometimes to exercise reasons for the sake of achievement of certain interests, living souls forget about the rights of other’s interests and that is how chaos spread across the globe. Living souls should compromise on certain interests but should not compromise on snatching other’s rights and interests.