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Why Israel and Palestine are in Constant Conflict

why-israel-and-palestine-are-in-constant-conflict

What do Arabs and Jews have in Common?

We like to think of Arabs and Jews as being very different. But according to religious scripture, their common lineage started with Abraham, who had two sons: Isaac and Ishmael. The Jews believe that Isaac would be the Son of Promise and the Arabs believe Ishmael would be the Son of Promise. Both the Bible and the Koran have similar stories about Abraham almost sacrificing his sons to God to prove his faith in God. However, the difference in the stories is that the Jews believe God said it would be Isaac that would create a great nation called Israel and Arabs believe it would be Ishmael who would lead a great nation called Islam.


why-israel-and-palestine-are-in-constant-conflict

The Diaspora

Diaspora is a term used to describe a group of people who have been displaced and live outside the area in which they had lived for long periods of time or in which their ancestors lived. Throughout history, the Jewish people had been displaced from what they believe is their homeland of Israel. The reasons for this are many including persecution, wars and the holocaust. The following is a time line listing the major events of the Jewish Diaspora during ancient times:

722 B.C. - Assyrian King Shalmanesar V conquers Northern Israel- The Ten Lost Tribes are scattered all over the Middle East.

588 B.C. - Chaldeans invade Judea - thousands of Jews deported to the Euphrates Valley (modern day Iraq)

37 B.C. - Judea becomes a protectorate of Rome under King Herod

70 A.D. - Rome crushes Jewish uprising, destroys temple at Jerusalem

There are far too many instances of countries and societies persecuting Jews during modern history to mention the details. Suffice it to say that history includes, Christians, Muslims, the Holocaust, Russia, and the Soviet Union all played a part in some form of anti-semitisim that caused the Jewish population to be scattered and displaced throughout different countries.

why-israel-and-palestine-are-in-constant-conflict

The Zionist Movement and the Horse Chestnut

The Zionist Movement started in the 1600's and was about getting the Jewish people to consolidate into one area, preferably Palestine. During World War I, the British and French were fighting the Ottoman Empire.

Theodore Herzel was in charge of the Zionist movement at the same time. The British were in need of acetone to process cordite for their explosives. However, the acetone was made by distilling it from timbers, which were in short supply in Britain. As a result they were importing timbers from America.

At that time, there was a Jewish biochemist, Chaim Weizmann, that was part of the British Ministry and also a Zionist.. He was given the task of developing a cheap way of extracting acetone from other materials. He found that he could distill acetone from horse chestnuts by using a bacteria fermentation process. As a result, the British were able to produce mass quantities of acetone to process cordite for their explosives. Cordite is a propellant that makes artillery shells smokeless so they can't be traced when fired..

This innovation helped them win WWI. As a result, Weizmann became highly recognized by Theodore Herzel, the leader of the Zionist movement, Lord Balfour, the Foreign Secretary of Britain, and Baron Rothschild, a Zionist sympathizer with a lot of money..

It should be noted that later Chaim Weizmann was to become the first President of Israel.

Lord Balfour

Lord Balfour

The Balfour Declaration

The common interests of Herzel, Wiezmann, Rothschild, and Balfour resulted in the Balfour Declaration of 1917. The motivation for the declaration was three fold.

  • President Wilson was uncertain about being an ally to Britain, but two of his closest advisors were Zionist
  • Russia was in a revolution and they wanted to keep them in their war by being sympathetic to the Jewish population.
  • Britain wanted to attract Jewish financial resources.

The following is the text of the Balfour Declaration.

"His Majesty's government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavours to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country."

Notice it states a "national home" for the Jewish people, not a state or nation. Also in the last sentence it states that, "nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine."

why-israel-and-palestine-are-in-constant-conflict
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The Basel Program of 1897

The First Zionist Congress was held in Basel Switzerland in 1897. Theodore Herzel presented the following mission statement for Zionism.

"Zionism aims at establishing for the Jewish people a publicly and legally assured home in Palestine. For the attainment of this purpose, the Congress considers the following means serviceable:

  1. The promotion of the settlement of Jewish agriculturists, artisans, and tradesmen in Palestine.
  2. The federation of all Jews into local or general groups, according to the laws of the various countries.
  3. The strengthening of the Jewish feeling and consciousness.
  4. Preparatory steps for the attainment of those governmental grants which are necessary to the achievement of the Zionist purpose.

It is item four that is pure genius. It can be decoded to mean the Zionist and Israel will have endorsement by other countries in order to become a legitimate country. The Palestinians did not do that. The Balfour Declaration does not call for Palestine to be a legitimate country.

The British Mandate 1920 - 1947

An agreement was made during WWI between the British and the French to divide up the Middle East, after the war. France would have control of Syria and Lebanon and the British would have control over Iraq, Jordan, and Palestine. This agreement was made in secret and was called the Sykes-Picot Pact, named after the creators of the agreement.

The Sykes-Picot Pact was actually implemented after the war. The British were granted possession of Palestine by the League of Nations. With this system, colonial territories were to be administered by a foreign power until the local population was deemed ready for self-rule.

The 1920s and 1930s saw an increased immigration of European Jews into the Palestinian Territory. This was because of a rise of Zionism and ever worsening political conditions for Jews, especially in Germany.

From 1920 to 1947, there were increasing conflicts between the Jewish immigration and the Palestinians, resulting in many battles for land. The British were caught in the middle and in 1948, they gave up control of the Palestinian Territory and gave it to the newly formed United Nations.

in 1947, the United Nations proposed partitioning Palestine into two separate states. But that never happened.

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In 1948, the Arab Armies invaded the land. The map shown below is in French, but it gets the point across.

why-israel-and-palestine-are-in-constant-conflict

The Israeli Army counter attacks in 1948

The Israeli forces won the 1948 war, but they pushed well beyond the UN-designated borders to claim land that was to have been part of Palestine, including the western half of Jerusalem. They also uprooted and expelled entire Palestinian communities, creating about 700,000 refugees, whose descendants now number 7 million and are still considered refugees.

The 1948 war ended with Israel roughly controlling the territory that you will see marked on today's maps as "Israel"; everything except for the West Bank and Gaza, which is where most Palestinian fled to (many also ended up in refugee camps in neighboring countries) which are today considered the Palestinian territories. The borders between Israel and Palestine have been disputed and fought over ever since. So has the status of those Palestinian refugees and the status of Jerusalem.

As a child, I remember watching T.V. and seeing bulldozers pushing down Palestinian houses and making refugees out of the people living on their own land.

why-israel-and-palestine-are-in-constant-conflict

The Israeli Land Grab in 1948

1948 - Gaza controlled by Egypt and the West Bank controlled by Jordan

1967 - The Six Day War Israel occupies Gaza, the West Bank, and Syria's Golan Heights which are beyond the borders of the UN partition plan of 1947.

1981 - Israel annex's the Golan Heights and Egypt's Sinai Peninsula

1982 - Israel returns the Sinai Peninsula to Egypt

2005 - Israel Withdraws occupying troops and settlers from Gaza, but maintains full blockade of the territory. pushing Palestinian unemployment up to 40%.

Fatah, Hamas, Hezbollah

We have all heard of the resistance groups that are against Israel's occupation of the Palestinian territory. Here are the major differences:

  • Fatah - Associated with Palestinian politics - based out of the West Bank - predominantly Sunni Muslim
  • Hamas - Associated with Palestinian politics - based out of Gaza - predominantly Sunni Muslim
  • Hezbollah - Based in Lebanon and supported by Iran - predominantly Shia

What they do have in common is they are recognized as terrorists groups by the west and they do not recognize Israel as a nation.

American Support for Israel

The U.S. support for Israel actually started with the Zionist movement. However, it picked up real momentum during the cold war with the Soviet Union. At that time Israel was instrumental in providing intelligence about the Soviets and the Mid-East. The support today takes many forms, including financial, religious and political.

Financial - The U.S. gives Israel 3 billion per year. Seventy four percent of that must be spent on U.S. goods and service including military arms.

Religious - Some Christians believe the second coming of Christ is supposed to happen when all the Jews return to their homeland. Therefore, it is in their best interest to support Israel.

Political - American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC) is one of the most influential and powerful lobby groups in the U.S. They have the power to influence congress and presidents by donating money to those who believe in their cause Therefore, influencing the policies that benefit Israel, in their quest to secure their homeland from the Palestinians.

Analysis

After doing the research and analysis on this subject, I realized that one could write a book or a hub on each of these sub-topics. It became a challenge to encapsulate the essence of the history so that I could put all the pieces of the puzzle together in one coherent article. My analysis follows:

The Two State Solution

I don't believe there will ever be a two state solution. The Palestinians want their country back and the Israelis want as much of the Palestinian territory as they can acquire by colonizing, settlements and building blockades, and walls. This will continue on in a give and take basis forever or until one side defeats the other side. The chances of Israel being defeated by any of the so called terrorist groups is none. Israel can protect themselves with a superior military including the "Iron Dome." Here is a link to video of the Iron Dome in action.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=WgrYxtQcOCc

Palestinian Dehumanization

The Palestinians have been dehumanized by the Israeli blockades and walls that restrict their economy and quality of life. In the West Bank there are bypass roads for the settlers, but the Palestinians are burdened with a matrix of check points under military control.

Prior to the mass immigration of the Jews into Palestine, the Palestinian people were mainly farmers that toiled in their own land. When the Zionist movement started the Jewish people that settled in the country were much better educated than the Palestinians. Until this day, the Israelis have made a point of keeping Palestinians from improving their education. Palestinians are not allowed to attend Israeli schools.

The Population Density of Gaza

The resistance/terrorist groups don't help matters much as they are hell-bent on destroying Israel. The question is, do they really represent the will of the people? Gaza has a population of 1.8 million people living in an area 5 miles wide and 25 miles long who are refugees in their own country. That density population is twice that of New York City. The West Bank is also populated with scattered settlers among the Palestinian refugees.

Conclusion

After doing the research to write this piece, it has become clear to me, that the government of Israel is intent on disposing of the Palestinian people by whatever means they can exploit so that they can expand their Jewish state as far as possible. They have made life miserable for the Palestinian people. They provoke war so they have an excuse to destroy Palestinian civilians, their homes villages and buildings. Yes, Hamas has tunnel systems into Israel, but what do people do when they are held captive in their own country. This is all done under the guise of 2,000 years ago, God told the Jews they should return to their promised land.

Sources: Wikipedia Vox, If Americans Knew, BBC News, Huffington Post, New York Times, Jewish Virtual Library, Washington Post, Forbes.com, Passia Center

Comments

Mike Russo (author) from Placentia California on December 27, 2016:

In view of what is going on with Netanyahu, Trump, the UN, and Putin. I'm sharing this article that I wrote about why there is an Israeli/Palestinian/conflict.

Brad on August 30, 2015:

Mike

The same here. It has been one hot week, the nights don't usually stay that warm.

See you on your next hub.

Mike Russo (author) from Placentia California on August 30, 2015:

Brad: As I see it, the four state solution is the only answer that will bring peace to the middle east. And we have to get out of there. Hey it's been great discussing this topic with you. Stay cool.

Mike Russo (author) from Placentia California on August 30, 2015:

Chantelle: Here is the quote from Vox:

"But it's not actually clear what Israel has won. Since the conflict, there's been very little to suggest Hamas's political hold over Gaza has been seriously weakened. That means the group can resupply, much as it did after the 2008-'09 and 2012 Gaza wars. Some Israeli strategists call these repeated wars between Israel and Hamas "mowing the grass": repeated conflicts aimed at making sure Hamas never grows too strong."

Here is the link: http://www.vox.com/cards/israel-palestine/gaza-isr...

Brad on August 30, 2015:

Mike

Well we ran through the options, and we can't figure it out, so I guess Israel, and Palestine will have to figure it out without our help.

:)

Mike Russo (author) from Placentia California on August 30, 2015:

Brad: I think Egypt is aligned with Hamas who controls the Gaza Strip. You are right about the UN. I was thinking about when we place sanctions on a country, we are running the show, even with coalition forces.

Chantelle Porter from Ann Arbor on August 30, 2015:

I had not heard the term "mowing the grass' before. That is pretty horrifying.

Mike Russo (author) from Placentia California on August 30, 2015:

Chantelle: The Israeli/Palestinian conflict is like the Hatfield's and the McCoys. They are constantly feuding over the land. Palestinians have lived on that land since biblical times and so have the Israelis. However, Israel never did and never will recognize Palestine as a separate state. Therefore, they continue to settle into Palestinian territory regardless of any peace talks. I don't hate Israeli's per se. However I don't like Netenyahu, and previous Israeli leaders, because they have never been serious about a two state solution as evidenced by the continuation of settlements and blockage of travel. This latest conflict with Hamas was basically one sided as we helped build and fund the Iron Dome. Seventy three Israeli soldiers were killed while thousands of Hamas and Gaza civilians were killed. As long as Israel continues their settlements and treats Palestinians as dehumanized beings, there will never be a two state solution and the wars will continue. Israel cabinet members call it "mowing the grass." After the grass gets too high and too strong, they have to mow it down to size.

Brad on August 29, 2015:

Mike

It is not like they can extend to Jerusalem, but they could expand to Egypt. So where does Egypt stand on the plight of Palestine?

The US pays for the UN, it doesn't run it. It can't with all the opposition from China, and Russia.

Chantelle Porter from Ann Arbor on August 29, 2015:

True the Israelis put the Palestinian through a lot to get from gaza to Israel . But so do the Egyptians when Palestinians want to go into Egypt. I really don't understand why I steal is keeping them in their open air prison while Egypt is never mentioned. Neither Israel nor Egypt is required to allow anyone of any nationality enter there country if they don't want them there. I guess I'm just trying to understand where your hatred for the Israelis comes from. You've never lived there, as gas as I can tell you're not a Palestinian so why all the animus? Do you feel the same way about Hamas?

Mike Russo (author) from Placentia California on August 29, 2015:

Chantelle: This wasn't during WWII. I saw it on T.V. and possibly in theaters as well. It was even in Life Magazine. The news back then was presented much differently than it is today.

Mike Russo (author) from Placentia California on August 29, 2015:

Brad. I never said I condone any of it and I don't. I'm giving you the motivation behind their justification. The U.S. foots most of the bills for the U.N. because they run it. You are right, in my opinion, we can't even handle our problems, let alone other countries. Palestine wasn't always like T.J. The reason it looks like that now is because the Israelis have pushed them into a very tight corner of their own country by colonizing the Palestinian territory. If you look at the Gaza strip on google earth, you will see why it is such a high density living area compared to the Israeli colonization. The people in Palestine are poor farmers, who are not very well educated compared to the Israelis. Israel doesn't allow their children to go to Israeli schools. They have set up a checkerboard matrix of walls and gates to make it very difficult for the Palestinians to even travel. They have turned the Palestinians territory into a ghetto, the same way the NAZI's did to them during WWII. They want to keep them dumbed down. It's all part of their master plan. Once a cultural is dehumanized, anything can be justified. The Israelis have been very good at treating the Palestinians as a lesser class of people and making sure they stay that way.

Brad on August 29, 2015:

Mike

So that condones TERRORISM, killing 3000 people of all kinds without regard they weren't the US government. Cutting heads off, blowing up buses filled with civilians is OK because....

The US gives aid to so many countries including the Middle East which could take care of their own people from the oil money. Yet, no good deed goes unpunished.

These problems are the kinds that a United Nations was created, although it really is a lame organization where the US foots most of the bill.

We can't even solve our domestic problems, so why are we messing with the rest of the world?

Palestine is built like Tijuana, and Rio De Janero, so what compels people in Palestine to live there?

Chantelle Porter from Ann Arbor on August 28, 2015:

Are you sure you didn't see it in movie theaters? The U.S. Army embedded film makers into battle units and then played the footage in movie theaters for the masses during WWII. Maybe because you are in CA you had things we didn't?

Mike Russo (author) from Placentia California on August 28, 2015:

Chantelle: Sorry, I lived in California. I didn't mean to give the impression I lived in Israel. I watched the news on a new device called T.V. After I retired, I did a lot of research and analysis on Israel and Palestine and wrote several hubs on the conflicts. My son lives in Chicago and we are going to see him in mid-October.

Chantelle Porter from Ann Arbor on August 28, 2015:

You lived in Israel?

Mike Russo (author) from Placentia California on August 28, 2015:

Brad: In 1948, I was 10 years old and I remember seeing Israeli bulldozers pushing down Palestinian houses and making refugees out of those people. I remember seeing the refugees having suit cases and carts with their belongings walking on the dirt roads. I didn't know where they were going. But I knew that the Israelis were tearing down their houses so they could occupy the land that didn't belong to them. Later, it showed the Palestinians fighting back with rocks and Molotov cocktails and being slaughtered by Israeli soldiers.

If you were to interview every terrorist attacker that we have had from the mid-east and ask them what their motive was, they would answer, it was because of the preferential treatment that we give to Israel compared to the Arab world. You can start with Sirhan Sirhan who assassinated Robert Kennedy up until and including both times of the world trade center. The rest of the world knows this but we don't get that kind of information, because Israel has bought us out by a very rich and powerful lobbyist group called AiPAC, American Israeli Political Action Committee.

The world trade center attack was instigated by Osama Bin Laden who was a Saudi Sunni and carried out by Saudi Sunni's. Iraq was attacked because the Neocons who have affiliation with Israel wanted to take out Saddam Hussein because he was a threat to Israel. The headlines were he was a threat to his "neighbors." That's code for Israel. A Shia exile, Ahmed Chalabi, from Saddam's regime convinced the Neocons that Saddam had WMDs and it was all false information. Ahmed Chalabit thought that once Saddam was taken out, he would walk in with his troops and take over Iraq. But we did let that happen, so he was given some low level position in the ministry. We have lost blood and treasure to protect Israel from their enemies. We have done their bidding for them and continuing to do it with Iran and the Nuclear deal.

Brad on August 28, 2015:

Mike

You seem to be pretty well verse in the Middle East, but I don't understand you putting Israel the country, and its military in the same league as the terrorists that attack and kill infidels, which includes us.

My point about the Islam extremists not having a country, also means that you can't attack them as a country. While you can attack Israel. because it is a country, and they wear uniforms.

So who attacked us on 911? A country, terrorists, or ?

It also seems that you favor Islam including the extremists, over Judaism. It doesn't seem relevant whether Muslims because their is no country of Islam are run by a Caliphate, or an Imam? That was a problem created by Mohammad himself.

How does that justify killing each other, and also killing infidels?

I am getting really confused as to how we are so far apart on this hub. I guess I don't understand the issues?

Sorry