Linguist, specialized in American English and psycholinguistics; inventor of Language Mapping, a generative grammar; author and translator.
Born in Poland — and nobody ever has choice on the time and place to be born — you cannot change your citizenship, unless the President grants permission. There is Polish law to say that.
■Polish embassy in London:
The President's decision is sovereign and there is no right of appeal.
You have to write a letter and enclose numerous documents, even an autobiographical note by hand. The Polish constitution says you remain a Polish citizen unless you renounce, but the legally defined renouncement procedure requires the permission. The Polish maybe have become even world famous, for their legal absurdities.
I have never loved Poland, though I was born there. Communist Poland did not make sense, and I was only 11 years old when the martial law began. The Polish military culture began well before year 1981, and survived 1983. The region I lived stank with pollution before 1981 and after 1983 as well, Silesia. There's no way to like the industrial odor in the air. Well, there are no inborn feelings.
European Union should require that all member countries allow citizen freedom of decision on renouncement.
Abroad, the picture of Poland (that comes mostly from the Polish) is that of heroic resistance against neighbors, who would be vile and ruthless in their line of business.
For centuries, Poland was Europe's marching ground — when it was not dismembered and wiped off the map by some combination of Germany, Austria and Russia. It battled the Teutonic knights in the Middle Ages, and Hitler's blitzkrieg in September 1939 lives on, in the minds of the elderly and the imaginations of the young,
— you can read from as far away as Australia and ■The Sidney Morning Herald.
Undue influence by services
I remember Poland primarily for undue influence by Polish services, mostly military. I emigrated in year 2004, long enough after the ■Round Table to know it had not brought the changes it promised. Here is some of my picture of Poland.
Years 1991-2006, operatives of Polish Military Information Services, ■WSI, independently formed — and independently named — The Society for Utmost Irresponsibility “Roll-up” | Stowarzyszenie Najwyższej Nieodpowiedzialności “Rolowisko”.
They were seeking extra money and interfered with civilian businesses in a spirit of nonchalance as deep as showing in their emblem to imply a crowned capon for the Polish eagle.
Macierewicz report on WSI had the usual motif, that the "Roll-up" was some Russian influence. Polish operative doyens have yet always been chosen by long ancestry, Polish “z dziada pradziada”, and the “Roll-up” turned out no Russian temptation, or ordnance.
WSI was a merger of the Communist ■Internal Military Service and ■Second Directorate of General Staff. These predecessors, in activity self-appointed as well, partook in death verdicts and executions on suspected opposition to include women. The law did not assign them any such duty or right. Women never have been subject to military service in Poland.
■Wikipedia, Executions in the Main Directorate of Information:
Executed in the Main Directorate of Information
- Krystyna Mielczarek (1923 – 1946)
- Barbara Niemczuk (1922 – 1946)
Arrested in the beginning of July 1946. Sentenced to death on July 31, 1946. The execution was carried out on August 27, 1946, in the Military Main Directorate, Warsaw quarters.
The Polish military manner was beginning to take shape already then, 35 years before. The governing sentiment, or so it looked, was the noble liberty. Law was as a "holy oracle", only sarcastically: if it did not specifically ban or ordain, it "allowed".
The “little meadow”
The Polish “Łączka”, a little meadow, was a site for secret burial of people whom special services executed or tortured to death. The law was weak on the secret mien in “Section Ł” of ■Powązki Military Cemetery.
The bill of January 31, 1959, on burial of the dead, gave the right of interment to actually anyone, also persons "who willfully took on the task". Corpse transportation did not require any permit in built-up areas or their 30 kilometers range. People of no medical training could pronounce a person dead.
■ The bill of January 31, 1959, on burial of the dead
Articles 10.1; 11.2; 14.1; 23.
Polish people practiced special cruelty on Polish people. ■Adam Humer acted for the Public Security, a civilian service who closely cooperated with the military. Later, his American birth was pointed out, and at the same time he was called a Stalinist, but his sadistic acts did not result from American or Russian command. Paradoxically, if to blame Russians (Americans were not in the territory at all), it could be only for their not having controlled Humer enough.
In Warsaw alone, Polish special services had secret burial sites in,
- Służew, Wałbrzyska street, Dolinka district and Saint Catherine parish, the horse races;
- Praga, “Toledo” and November 11 street;
The picture of Warsaw city changes, to include this Polish secret conduct. My ■Google Drive has the map.
In standard Polish language, ■łączka is a place for care-free leisure or beginner exercise, as a ■"donkey little meadow" is in English. Year 2016, Polish Institute of National Remembrance announced a meeting at “Łączka”, care-free to adopt the verbal behavior by former oppressors.
Poland has not had legally overt procedures to resolve on Communist practices to compare with Germans about Stasi.
Anything was better than people with the Polish military information service. They were — sadists by a big S, and murderers by a huge M.
You are going to be an en-en, was a phrase you could hear in Poland also many years after the Round Table, if you were not inclined for Polish services. The acronym meant “name unknown”, in Polish nazwisko nieznane. It was used under Communism for bodies difficult or impossible to identify.
Year 2009, the acronym “NN” recurred for surveillance. Purportedly, it was to mean telephone “number unknown” (Polish, numer nieznany). Polish services claimed they had no idea what phone number they were monitoring or wanted to monitor. The judge granted a warrant, and the object turned out to be a politician, Janusz Kaczmarek.
The “dummy citizen”
Communist time, a Bureau B human target was nicknamed a "figurant: ― a dummy, poser, silly, someone who pretends. In colloquial Polish, a term to get along with thieves and their jargon. A surveillance task would be worded as,
Addresses, contacts, and lifestyle; observation to be continued also if the dummy departs | Adresy i kontakty oraz tryb życia; w razie wyjazdu figuranta obserwację prowadzić dalej.
The facsimile below shows a declassified document from 1969, with the word “dummy” (Polish, figurant) in a red frame. It also says the person was taken under observation based on a photograph | na podstawie fotografii.
The operative toolkit
Above, an operative toolkit from the Polish People's Republic would look capable of influencing people as well as stone. People were also “broken”, that is, forced into service. Again, the law did not have specific rules on use of objects as in the picture, and the special sarcasm did not require written command.
Where the law does not provide, the matter should remain out of government hands. Polish services yet continue with the Communist approach. There is no bill to regulate the service “intimate activity”.
“The citizen has no defense”
Year 2009, ■Henryk Piecuch, a Polish border guard under Communism, went public with his observations on the new Polish “intimate service”:
The citizen has no chance for defense. Technology is at such high standards. The matter is only in matching the victim with a proper agent.
Obywatel nie ma szans na obronę. W dzisiejszych czasach technika jest na tak wysokim poziomie. To tylko kwestia doboru odpowiedniego agenta do ofiary.
To compare Communist practices, where companions of both genders were provided for diplomats and generally VIPs, he yet evaluated service quality as “skies higher” than the Polish “tender Tom” affair of 2009.
■ Henryk Piecuch dla Wirtualnej Polski
The Communist idea was to have those companions at business talks, also under the table, and well, Communist Poland certainly was not a market success. Below, we can see the Round Table strongest single factor: rationing coupons and empty shops. The hope was in getting something from "under the counter | spod lady".
■Gromosław Czempiński, a lieutenant colonel with the Communist national police, was not as critical. He praised Tomasz Kaczmarek, the intimate special agent:
... He (“tender Tom”) carried out his tasks excellently. He made two illustrious cases, and that certainly owing to his talent, skills, and service proper training.
... Świetnie wypełniał swoje zadania. Zrobił dwie głośne sprawy. Zapewne dzięki talentowi, umiejętnościom i odpowiedniemu przeszkoleniu.
The tender professional life had been that of the "third republic" policeman, before he joined the ■Central Anticorruption Bureau.
Mr. Kaczmarek stated he was a patriot, which brought him support from the ■Law and Justice political party. “Tender Tom” joined Polish Sejm in 2011. He gave up as a parliamentary in 2015, in context of another scandal.
Intimate behavior for purposes other than consensually attained personal pleasure has a standard name that can be derived from Latin as laid out ■here. A government to subject citizens to ■defect, which is by far unnecessary, deserves the quote.
Government even in its best state is but necessary evil; in its worst state, an intolerable one; for when we suffer, we are exposed to the same miseries by a government which we might expect in a country without government; our calamity is heightened by reflecting that we furnish the means by which we suffer.
— Thomas Paine, Common Sense
Modern toolbox repertoires may use microwave technologies. Barrie Trower talks about microwave uses on human targets. I have translated some of his account into Polish and subtitled an excerpt, I believe fair use and practice.
Mr. Trower has been doubted, yet with a dose of slang of derogatory intentions, and that implies an oddly aggressive and personal attitude about someone you consider merely a madman. Opinions by mad people are thought harmless by those with the regular public.
According to his revelations, if microwaves were honestly that harmful we would, by now, have many cases of people becoming seriously ill from the dreaded fiend in disguise the sheeple know as Wi-Fi… Remember to buy a packet of tinfoil hats for the entire family, the man in the straitjacket said so! — Rational Wiki (?)
■Barrie Trower - The Dangers of Microwave Technology - YouTube
Source video, Interview with Barrie Trower.
■Sample search, Eclogue report
The link tells on Eclogue reports use.
The Wiki adds, He also claims... he "went on to teach advanced physics and mathematics at South Dartmoor College", which in practice means he was a high school teacher, as South Dartmoor College is a secondary school in Ashburton, Devon, England.
Progress with sciences and technologies has been very fast, and people may not know some of the vocabulary, works, or workings, but people cannot be required to graduate from ■Sorbonne to speak from experience.
My high school teacher of physics was Harry Pinkwart, where the teacher was the merit (how it is, if you have been in class by someone renowned), and he took up teaching after advanced professional life at physics.
Finally, if to be stubborn, there is no consensus really on the number and naming of human body parts, in which case a ■royal medical college might always agree the parts are altogether many to think, leaving the public where people always have been and lived, no absolute authority at all.
This article entire is available in Polish.
■ Republika z przyrządami — TERESA PELKA IN POLISH
Jeżeli się człowiek urodził w Polsce, a wyboru co do czasu i miejsca swojego urodzenia nikt nie ma, nie może zmienić obywatelstwa, o ile nie pozwoli na to Prezydent.
“It's a carousel”
Polish experience in year 2016 was, the services were as “on a carousel”. ■Andrzej Milczanowski blames frequent changes in staff:
For services to be able to work effectively, they need a sense of stability. Nonetheless, in many, many years, they've been a spinning carousel. Not only now. Since mid 90s, actually. The [political] left came, reaped, and put their own in. The right came, reaped, and put in their own. In such situation, our chances are low, let me say, to educate professional services.
Aby służby mogły efektywnie pracować, one muszą mieć poczucie stabilności. Natomiast od wielu, wielu lat kręci się karuzela. Nie tylko teraz. Od połowy lat 90-tych właściwie. Przychodziła lewica, kosiła, i dawała swoich. Przychodziła prawica, kosiła, i dawała swoich. W takiej sytuacji mamy niewielkie szanse, że tak powiem, na dochowanie się profesjonalnych służb.
■Andrzej Milczanowski on YouTube
Microwaved or not, people in Poland altogether would personify enormous devotion for the government, with the secrecy and intimacy. After all, one could get animated, having been painted. Pixel by pixel (Polish, pikselek po pikselku) became another verbal threat you could hear in Poland.
I have never cooperated, never intended, and never would cooperate. I do not like the modus and mentality. For what I know, Polish services used some remote technologies before I left Poland, and their manner had nothing to do with polite behavior. Maybe ■MRI scans are able to show this — I do not know.
There is not really one mentality for all people, whatever the country. Search for mentalność narodowa (national mentality) brings results over the Internet, because people happen to have associations.
To be Polish is as being some thousand years old, because in Polish, national mentality means history and faith.
■ Internet, “mentalność narodowa”
Feudalism or death in a patriotic rebel, neither looks a good idea for living. To compare Thomas Paine, the mind of France is about thinking. It is authors for intellectual progress.
It is, properly, from the elevated mind of France that the folly of titles has fallen. It has outgrown the baby clothes of Count and Duke, and breeched itself in manhood. France has not levelled, it has exalted. It has put down the dwarf, to set up the man.
— Thomas Paine, Rights of Man | Smashwords, Thomas Paine in Polish and more.
■Once Upon a Time... Man: in “the treadwheel of history”, Polish people have had little say. Feudal lords allowed no free elections, the Parliament had house only for the chosen select, and a liberum veto by one nobleman could hold up all proceedings.
■ Wikipedia: Sejm of the Polish–Lithuanian Crown
The Polish word for a parliament is Sejm. Under the crown, the upper chamber consisted of nobility high rank ecclesiastical and secular people, and the lower of nobility as well.
Below, we can see the famous Rejtan: the ■First Partition of Poland was decided by Polish nobility.
Austria was one of the partitioning powers of 1772. The praised ■Rescue of Vienna did not help Poland gain a lasting alliance, though ■Jan III Sobieski took to that ■Bald Hill with practically all Polish forces, leaving Poland to peril. It was mere luck the country didn't get raided or even conquered at the time.
The Third Commonplace Thing
The name of the country, rzeczpospolita, does not translate well into a commonwealth, and it remains confabulation, to translate it as a republic. Into Polish and back, a republic corresponds with the word republika.
The name was coined by Polish noblemen, who forwarded a story of goodness in common, whereas already in their time a phrase as pospolita dziewka meant a woman of primitive manners and low conduct. The word dziewka alone was not a term of offense. It meant a girl, potentially one of theirs.
Polish nobles' culture
Already before the First Partition, Poland had been divided with feuds. ■Forays had become a habit to raid and take hold of property, nobody to care even for a shriveled slip of judiciary legality.
In fact, there were no human rights. For a nobleman, to raid and burn a village was no crime, unless another noble objected. A peasant could be killed in a bout of anger, unless he or she was of worth to another landowner. Monarch interventions were rare, as those were noblemen to select kings and queens.
People at large had no citizen status, the class divide to run in finance and education as well. The people were of hardly any military capacity.
Polish victory over the ■Swedish Deluge is properly described as Pyrrhic:
- Lesser Poland lost 23% of population;
- Masovia 40% in villages and 70% in towns;
- Greater Poland 50% in villages and 60% in towns;
- Royal Prussia lost some 60% of its population
I. Ihnatowicz, Z. Landau, A. Mączak and B. Zientara, ■ Wikipedia, Polish losses during the Deluge
Altogether, the “nobles' democracy” brought ■three partitions, and Poland vanished from world maps until World War I:
■The Duchy of Warsaw was not sovereign, and Poland was not its name;
■Congress Poland was actually just another partition; vassal to Russia and smaller than the Duchy, the area politically was not even a freehold, under the Russian rulers Alexander I, Nicholas I, Alexander II, Alexander III, and Nicholas II — until 1915.
I have never supported royalism, having read a book on Polish history in primary school years. I can recommend the free resource below to people of that age who speak Polish.
Posters are available free as well as for purchase, ■USA Civics in Polish.
The Polish woman
The treadwheel of history would not allow a Polish man a woman as a partner. A human being of the female gender was either a peasant workwoman or kind of a mistress. Absolutely not encouraged to think, women took decisions made by whatever slipshod, but a male. None could vote.
The list of ■Polish female writers opens with years 1700, the 18th century. The women wrote poems, memoirs, and stories for children. ■Rosa Baily is an exception, as a teacher, activist, translator, journalist, history and travel writer, but she was actually French.
Intellectual progress for the Polish woman in the 19th century was envisioned in erotica. ■Zofia Nałkowska wrote,
Eroticism is not a private matter of the individual. It has its ramifications within all domains of human life and it is not possible to separate it from them by way of contemptuous disparagement in the name of morality, discretion, or yet by a demotion on the hierarchy of subjects worthy of intellectual attention: it cannot be isolated by prudery or relegated to science for its purely biological dimension.
I cannot disagree more. Before ■Marie Curie went to live and work in France, ■Stanisław “Lucky” Potocki and ■Zofia Witt née Clavone became a famous couple in their turn on the wheel, her to fan the bedroom embers for servicemen of nationalities, and him to commemorate lost connections and property. Might have been, he'd learned such a way in life.
Polish culture-bred erotic priority governed the life of ■Maria Walewska. She married a man much older than herself, ■Anastazy Walewski, and gave birth to a son, who was taken away "for upbringing", probably as by another man. Later, this remains the description, her Polish environment coerced her to have an affair with Napoleon.
■Wikipedia forwards Frederic Masson's publication of Walewska's memoir, where she says her involvement with Napoleon was sacrifice.
The sacrifice was complete. It was all about harvesting fruit now, achieving this one single equivalence [convincing Napoleon to support Polish independence movement], which could excuse my debased position. This was the thought that possessed me. Ruling over my will it did not allow me to fall under the weight of my bad consciousness and sadness (“Marie Walewska”, E. Guillaume, Paris 1897).
Napoleon never married her or acknowledged the son she begot during their affair. He gave her money and lands, and bid farewell.
The Duchy was annulled in 1815, eight years from its beginning. Walewska's relationship with Bonaparte lasted some 3 years. Polish military forces were in number even bigger than of 2018. Why the affair?
Even God was called for the alcove. Maria would have written,
Oh, what relief would that be, if you said the thing to have caused my demise was the fact that God's Providence had used me as a tool, indispensable for our dear home country's revival.
Józef Poniatowski reportedly visited Walewska in Warsaw and gave her a message:
Maria, you must go to that man [Napoleon]. It is not us, it is Poland entire to demand this of you! I am appealing to your patriotism!
■ Polityka magazine on Maria Walewska
A Polish Council wrote her a letter.
Madam! Small beginnings often have great results. As long as people are governed by passions, you are going to be one of the fiercest powers. As a man, you would have given up your life for the good and righteous cause our home country is. As a woman, you can serve it with your body. Do you believe Esther yielded to Ahasver for love? She sacrificed to save her country, and hers was the glory of the salvation.
Well, God did not let himself used.
■Wikipedia says the Duchy gave Napoleon some 200 thousand people, mostly land force (Otto Pivka, Napoleon's Polish Troops, ISBN ■9781780965499). Part were dispatched to fight the ■revolution in Haiti.
Biblioteka Narodowa says about 100 thousand Polish joined Napoleon's expedition to Russia.
Year 2018, Polish armed forces consisted of 144 thousand 142 people, a still smaller number without the air force, and there was no air force in Walewska times.
■ Wikipedia, Polish Armed Forces
An ■ethos cannot be something covert, ■sub rosa. To serve Poland as above, a woman would need to keep amorous company to foreign commanders or leaders, and even give birth. However to disdain, disparage, and loathe it, the extreme enslavement would have to be written in the parliamentary journal, to be service: "until they were registered by the Parliaments they were not operative", says Thomas Paine on bills and human rights. I cannot imagine Polish culture to make sense.
- PUBLIC DOMAIN TRANSLATION — © & CC, TERESA PELKA
Standard copyright and Creative Commons; Thomas Paine, Benjamin Franklin, and more: the French Declaration of Rights of Man.
To conclude on the "treadwheel country", the people would be literate, but much doomed to learning rote. With the much arbitrary guidance on punctuation now, you are supposed to put a comma before every "który", "iż", or "że" (English who, which, that).
I cannot think about any possible rationale. It wouldn't be for Walewska's punctuation, would it? My post on the "commatoform disorder" has more, without reference to the affair.
- The commatoform disorder
Punctuation, the comma, the dash, and other such characters, are to make the written matter clear. There is some logic to it, yet language is not a system, and there are no rules that would universally, objectively, and always apply.
The first Polish republic
Poland returned on the map in year 1918, and it was then a republic for the first time. Some people would insist to translate the Polish–Lithuanian Crown as the “First Republic”, but such translation mistakes forms of government.
Thomas Paine, Common Sense:
If we will suffer ourselves to examine the component parts of the English constitution, we shall find them to be the base remains of two ancient tyrannies, compounded with some new republican materials.
First.—The remains of monarchical tyranny in the person of the king.
Secondly.—The remains of aristocratical tyranny in the persons of the peers.
Thirdly.—The new republican materials, in the persons of the commons, on whose virtue depends the freedom of England.
A republic never is monarchical. It never has a king, queen, duke, or duchess — in short, a feudal lord or lady — for the country's head. Although the kings of the Polish-Lithuanian Crown became elective, they were not presidents chosen in free elections. They were chosen by feudal lords, and those were a class by birthright.
The actually first republic began failing soon. Monarchist sentiments were strong. The assassin of President Gabriel Narutowicz, in 1922, was Eligiusz Niewiadomski, the Prus coat of arms by the Polish-Lithuanian Crown.
The "Chief", "Naczelnik", had earned quite a renown with the ■“Miracle at the Vistula”: Russians were about to conquer Warsaw, when he resolved to attack from the south, an unexpected side then.
He yet never opened own school for strategies, and the Polish army continued to lag behind in weaponry and staffing, to compare Germans or Russians. The picture below shows the "Second Republic" military wits at Bzura, in one of initial encounters between Polish and German troops of World War II.
Suicide rather than strategy, Polish cavalry charged on horseback straight ahead, against German armored infantry tanks. It was 4 years after Pilsudski's death.
Hitler published Mein Kampf in 1925. The Polish had regular news from Germany before the War, about Hitler rising to power. President Mościcki announced mobilization as late as August 31, 1939, and still, he did not allow citizen armament.
The sad act yet befitted the myth of Poland as the ■“Christ of Europe”. In giving the world the show, the rebels did not think if the world would have “bought tickets”. ■Yalta definitely was not a standing ovation.
■Wikipedia, Warsaw Uprising, the opposing forces:
3 thousand rebel guns, against enemy 10 thousand armed force to include Luftwaffe.
“The third commonplace thing”
The national emblem of the Third Rzeczpospolita, as Poland continues to be named, is now wearing a crown, added after 1989 by the ■Contract Sejm. Citizens were not asked their opinions. There was no public vote on the matter. Poland is the only such eccentric in Europe to have Presidents with royalist insignia.
After the Second War, part of Home Army soldiers formed secret and armed anti-government partisan squads. Those mostly raided eastern border villages where people believed in Eastern Orthodoxy; murdered, robbed factories and post offices, to become the “cursed soldiers”.
There are eyewitness testimonies. The Institute for National Remembrance has evidence. Acts by ■Romuald Rajs aka Bury qualify for crime against humanity. Click here to watch ■eyewitnesses talking about Bury's crimes
Świadkowie zbrodni „Burego” — YouTube source video
Hajnówka is hometown to Katarzyna Bonda (her real surname). The Polish author ■spoke with Dziennik PL
Among people who never suffered from Home Army pseudo-strategies or assaults, there would be talk about "heroes" as "Bury", and Home Army "sanctity". Wading through sewage is not likely to become a strategy. Warsaw ■Wola massacre began on the 5th day of the Uprising, and the rebels knew about the losses.
When in primary school, I wrote critically about the Uprising, to tell my own sentiment, that of an ordinary civilian. I have not changed my mind. There has been much talk about emotion and the rebel impulse, but I think everybody should learn to cope with own affect, rather than burden or damage other people.
In year 2017, March 1st became the “Cursed Soldiers' Day”. A memorial run was organized through Hajnówka, where the “Cursed” murdered and burned people, and all Home Army backed them after. Some received distinctions from Polish president Duda.
Year 2017, Polish president Andrzej Duda defended the “Cursed Soldiers” as if feudalism never was gone.
In Poland today, very many places of power are taken by people whose parents or grandparents actively fought the Cursed Soldiers, within the framework to establish Communism: in short, who were traitors, he told ■TVP.
The dispute over the Cursed Soldiers is a historical encounter, but it also is an encounter on the “governance over souls” in our country, if the “governance over souls” is to remain in post-Communist hands. I say — No, added Duda.
It was in feudal Poland that landlords called the people “souls”. It was also the feudal time in Polish history, for treason to be viewed in hereditary terms. Another quote comes to mind.
The speech was nothing better than a formal and pompous method of offering up human sacrifices to pride.
— After Thomas Paine on the King's Speech, Common Sense
The quote is no exaggeration. Andrzej Duda wants to be the first Polish president to wear the ■royal chain of the Order of the White Eagle. King ■Stanisław August Potocki wore it, and Russian Romanovs did. Since the time Poland began own, whatsoever republican form of government, Duda would be the first.
■ Wirtualna Polska 2019, Senat zaczął prace
You can never believe all you see in movies, yet selectively a film may illustrate a context well. Andrzej Wajda's ■Kanał shows Home Army as they care only about own fame.
Future generations will worship us, is the sense of the words, Ale będą nas czcić przyszłe pokolenia, 0:50 in the ■clip here, or some 0:07:18 in the ■source video on YouTube. I've enclosed my captions, as the source omits Mokotów and Warsaw city center from translation, and Nazi damage in the areas is the context for the words.
“Blame on the USA”
Many countries and cities were under occupation during WWII, yet none had anything as unreasonable and bloody as the Warsaw Uprising. On this, a strangest of lines happens to be developed in Poland — the USA should be blamed, for the World War entire; there would not have been WWII, had they intervened.
If there is anybody to be blamed, it is the USA more than Poland. Had our information been heard, they would have gotten involved early, to oppose Hitler. They are guilty more than us.
■Lech Wałęsa blames the USA for World War II
Jeśli ktokolwiek jest winien, to bardziej USA niż Polska. Gdyby słuchano naszych informacji, to by się włączyli i szybko by się przeciwstawili hitleryzmowi. To oni mają większą winę niżeli my.
It is yet hard to trust that Wałęsa, Commander in Chief his own time, would agree on a reasonable idea to get on horseback eagerly as for Bzura, because no such reasonable idea can exist. The Polish had a defense agreement with England, before World War II. Why blame America?
In year 2017, the Polish Institute of National Remembrance stated that Mr. Wałęsa was a secret cooperative in early 1970s. True, the service did not like the USA. Did they blame America as well, for ■sovietization, or own ■coercive manners?
"Third Republic" legal standards
Year 2007, the Polish Constitutional Tribunal revealed their opinion that law was an abstraction.
The legislative authority consists in making binding norms for conduct that are abstract and general in character, stated the Constitutional Court.
Year 2015, the Law and Justice party evidently took the law for abstract, making own appointments to that very same judicial body. The party argued, the previous appointments were wrong, but European Union did not agree.
■→Constitutional Court crisis 2015 — Wikipedia
Fundamental rights — The right to live
Year 2002, ■Gazeta Wyborcza published a material on Łódź paramedics and doctors who terminated emergency patients with injections of Pancuronium, a curare mimetic, to get bribe money from a funeral company.
At that time, a funeral in Poland was about 5 thousand PLN. To get a picture on the Polish zloty in Łódź, a single bedroom flat of some 30 square meters was about 106-117 thousand PLN.
In business, money that would not calculate for investment, cannot calculate for bribes. The court gave verdicts for 5 murders and 14 cases of exposure to life threatening factors.
An amount of up to 70 thousand PLN is too much money, to promote burial for 19 bodies. There is no law in Poland to impose the funeral home, and no business would put money in, without an expectation on profit. A Swedish documentary indicated there might have been even 20 thousand victims. Wyborcza estimated the corruption scale for some 4 million PLN a year.
Polish hospitals to use Pancuronium were legally required to record the substance supply and use. Pancuronium was not allowed for patient self-administration. There had to be a medic's signature. Polish law required autopsies for bodies of people who died within 12 hours, in hospital or on the way to it.
Reportedly, all “skin hunter” victims were emergency patients injected on the way to hospital; therefore, dead within the 12-hour time span. The discovery of the dealings was yet described as a leak, as if the hospital had no monitoring for medical assets.
■ Wikipedia , Skin Hunters, Discovery
Despite inconsistencies as above, only four persons got sentenced. One paramedic got 25 years, another a life sentence, two physicians got 5 and 6 years, but both were to be allowed back in the medical profession after 10 years.
The right to property
Early February 2014, the Polish government decided to transfer about 51% of Pension Open Fund (■OFE) into the social insurance fund ■ZUS, a government pocket. The authorities took over 154 billion PLN citizen cash, to reduce the public debt.
The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union was published in 2012.
Everyone has the right to own, use, dispose of and bequeath his or her lawfully acquired possessions. No one may be deprived of his or her possessions, except in the public interest and in the cases and under the conditions provided for by law, subject to fair compensation being paid in good time for their loss — European Union Fundamental Charter, Article 17.
The Open Fund allowed money sharing between spouses, or payout after the member's death. ZUS terminated those financial entitlements.
Before they retire, Polish workers have to pay 18% income tax, 9% obligatory health insurance (even if never sick), and about 19.5% obligatory pension fund. All the pockets belong to the government, and the contributions are 46.5% in sum.
The right to integrity of person
Poland never ratified the 2002 European Convention on transplants. In 2005, the parliament passed a law to have everybody for a donor. Citizens may register their objections, yet the family have the final say. It is enough a family member states the person spoke with them on the matter before death.
In the fields of medicine and biology, the following must be respected in particular:
the free and informed consent of the person concerned, according to the procedures laid down by law — Article 3, European Union Fundamental Charter.
The right to environmental protection
The Upper Silesia Industrial Area, especially its central part, is an area of advanced environmental degradation. Benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) is proven to be cytoxic, genotoxic, carcinogenic, teratogenic, and immunotoxic, says research published by the ■Polish Journal of Environmental Studies.
In simplest of words, Silesian air infringes on human form already before birth, poisons bodily cells, damages the DNA, and plays havoc on immunity as long as the human form continues to breathe it.
A high level of environmental protection and the improvement of the quality of the environment must be integrated into the policies of the Union and ensured in accordance with the principle of sustainable development — European Union Fundamental Charter, Article 37.
When I was leaving Poland in 2004, ■Kłodnica waters were literally black and thick with industrial waste. An air monitoring research showed abundant airborne pollutants already in 1994. The cumulative risk of malicious cancer was estimated for Silesia at about 20%,