The media try to tell us that women (as of 2017) make 80.5 cents for every dollar earned by men, a gender wage gap of 20 percent. This is usually painted as women getting paid less as the same job than a man. The fact is it’s not a pay gap, it’s a wage gap.
The data cited in this gap looks only at the median earnings of salary and full-time wage workers. But it does not take into account for different job positions, past experience, education, having a family, hours worked or other jobs/careers. It has nothing if not very little to do with discrimination and everything to do with personal choices between the sexes. Men are more likely to ask for a raise, work slightly longer days than women, and choose a higher paying career path. Women should be more encouraged to engage in Stem fields if interested. Though ultimately, they should do what they are the most interested in, whether it’s STEM or something else.
Both Title VII and the Equal Pay Act (EPA) make it illegal to discriminate on the basis of sex in payment of employees. If you believe you are being paid more for the same job and the other person didn't ask for a raise, has the same education and experience that you do, then you'll want to file a charge for a Title VII pay discrimination claim. And you must do it within two to three years of the discriminatory pay practice.
Is the Difference in Work Hours the Real Reason for the Gender Wage Gap?
- The Impact of Parenthood on the Gender Wage Gap [Interactive Infographic] | Visual Learning Center b
The main source of the pay gap lies in the difference between the number of hours spent at work by women and men. On average, women work less hours after marriage and parenthood, while men work more.
Pay Equity & Discrimination
- Pay Equity & Discrimination | Institute for Women's Policy Research
Closing the gender wage gap would cut poverty among working women and their families by more than half and add $513 billion to the national economy. Women may not reach pay parity until 2059 and for women of color it's even worse: Hispanic women may
Rusty Shackleford (author) from Mount Prospect on January 21, 2019:
Sure. Most women most likely had to start at the bottom at first, and at the time you could say there was a period where there actually was a glass ceiling that would slowly disappear over time.
Though, statistically since 1986, women tend to job hop more than men do. That doesn't help when you want to grow in a company, which makes evening out the number of women in higher positions harder. Though, these and other aspects for the cause are the choices they make, and barely anything to do with discrimination, though there are always special cases with some odd "old dinosaur" thinkers who do discourage women, but there aren't too many people like that.
Brad on January 18, 2019:
Could the difference be that more men have been in the workplace as the sole income maker for a lot longer than women. And working up the ladder they have gotten farther just from being on it longer?