Forests are the world's air-conditioning system, the lungs of the planet and we are on the verge of switching it off.
The disappearance of trees
To satisfy westerners' insatiable demands for hamburgers, more and more tropical rain forests in countries like Brazil are cleared and converted into pastures, many aristocrats demand highly expensive furniture, newspapers, and other products in high quantities. It is dreadful to imagine how many trees are slain down to just produce the Sunday edition of the New York Times! nowadays people are destroying the vegetation haphazardly they are converting it to other landforms, urbanization is the rising trend where there is an enormous loss of forests. The green lushes that represent the green color of the earth are disappearing throughout time.
Primary forest loss in tropical countries 2001-19
|Country||Forest Area||Major regions|
Santa Cruz, La Paz
Many earlier civilizations, including Middle East, New Mexico, and Easter Island precipitated their own decline through deforestation. Currently, we are destroying our forests faster, and on a larger scale than ever before. Earlier in this century forests covered around 40% of the earth's total land but now it has decreased and till the end of the century, it will stand at about 25%. Its destruction causes the greenhouse effect, irreversible loss of many thousands of species of flora and fauna also a lot more animals, landslides, soil erosion, siltation of rivers and dams, droughts, and weather extremes. If it continues then it will hamper the ability of the biosphere to sustain life. Humanity can continue to fell trees, cross its fingers, and hope for the best. Or it can take hold of its future and reverse the process of deforestation.
With the industrialized world which led to advancement in nutrition, sanitation, and health the life expectancy of people elongated. Thus, for the first time in our human existence, the balance between births and deaths has been significantly disturbed. In fact, every year the world population increases by over 80 million people. When the population grows there is an increase in demands for food, the number of doctors or hospitals are often tantamount to improved quality of life, but such rise often is unsuccessful to keep up with rapid growth. Crime, ethnic conflicts, and warfare incline but also make decisive contributions to all environmental problems. They force to move into harvest, clear, burn, or cultivate tropical forests. Therefore, overpopulation affects the vegetation and forests around the world.
A huge destructive fire that spreads over an immense area of forest or woodland can occur anywhere and could harm homes, agriculture, humans, and animals in their path are referred to as wildfires. 90% of all the wildfires are started by humans also an average of 1.2 million acres of US woodland burn every year. Wildfires increases in extremely dry conditions, such as drought, and during high winds. They can disrupt transportation, communications, power, and gas services, and water supply. They also lead to air pollution and loss of property crops, resources, animals, and people. Recently in Australia 12.6 million hectares of land have been burned majorly from New South Wales around 5.4 million hectares. 33 people have been killed including four firefighters moreover tens of thousands of farm animals, mainly sheep were also killed in the fire on the island. Around 5.4 million acres of Brazilian Amazon standing rainforest burned in the year 2020, an area roughly the size of the country of Wales.
Overall, human beings and the natural world are colliding with each other, the activities done by us inflict harsh, major, and often irreversible damage on the existing environment and their vital resources. If not stopped, many of our current practices put a serious risk at the future that we intend for human society and the plant and animal kingdoms, and many so can oppose life in the manner that we know. Drastic changes are urgent if we want to avoid this unfruitful collision that our present will bring about.