Forests are the world's air-conditioning system, the lungs of the planet and we are on the verge of switching it off.
The disappearance of trees
To satisfy Westerners' insatiable demands for hamburgers, more and more tropical rain forests in countries like Brazil are cleared and converted into pastures; many aristocrats demand costly furniture, newspapers, and other products in high quantities. It is dreadful to imagine how many trees are slain down to produce the Sunday edition of the New York Times! Nowadays, people are destroying the vegetation haphazardly; they are converting it to other landforms; urbanization is rising with an enormous loss of forests. As a result, the green lushes that represent the green colour of the earth are disappearing throughout time.
Primary forest loss in tropical countries 2001-19
|Country||Forest Area||Major regions|
Santa Cruz, La Paz
Many earlier civilizations, including the Middle East, New Mexico, and Easter Island, precipitated their decline through deforestation. Currently, we are destroying our forests faster and on a larger scale than ever before. Earlier in this century, forests covered around 40% of the earth's total land, but now it has decreased, and till the end of the century, it will stand at about 25%. Its destruction causes the greenhouse effect, irreversible loss of many thousands of flora and fauna, many more animals, landslides, soil erosion, siltation of rivers and dams, droughts, and weather extremes. If it continues, it will hamper the ability of the biosphere to sustain life. Recently there have been numerous reports of herbs and tree trafficking throughout the world; the rare and highly valuable Rosewoods and timbers are the epitomai of this culture. This greed promotes deforestation and destroys many habitats of animals that this evergreen surrounds. Humanity can continue falling trees, crossing its fingers, and hoping for the best. Or it can take hold of its future and reverse the process of deforestation.
With the industrialized world, which led to advancement in nutrition, sanitation, and health, the life expectancy of people elongated. Thus, the balance between births and deaths has been significantly disturbed for the first time in our human existence. Every year, the world population increases by over 80 million people. When the population grows, there is an increase in demand for food. The number of doctors or hospitals is often equivalent to improved quality of life, but such a rise often is unsuccessful in keeping up with rapid growth.
Furthermore, crime, ethnic conflicts, and warfare incline and make decisive contributions to all environmental problems. The increasing number of people brings many empty stomachs, which will increase deforestation to create more farmlands to satisfy hunger; we need more woods and more firewood. They force to move into harvest, clear, burn, or cultivate tropical forests. Therefore, overpopulation affects the vegetation and forests around the world.
A substantial destructive fire that spreads over an immense forest or woodland area can occur anywhere and could harm homes, agriculture, humans, and animals in their path are referred to as wildfires. Humans start 90% of all wildfires; an average of 1.2 million acres of US woodland burn every year. Wildfires increase in arid conditions, such as drought and high winds. They can disrupt transportation, communications, power, gas services, and water supply. They also lead to air pollution and loss of property crops, resources, animals, and people. In Australia, 12.6 million hectares of land have been burned majorly from New South Wales, around 5.4 million hectares. Thirty-three people have been killed, including four firefighters; moreover, tens of thousands of farm animals, mainly sheep, were also killed in the fire on the island. Around 5.4 million acres of Brazilian Amazon standing rainforest burned in the year 2020, an area roughly the size of the country of Wales.
Overall, human beings and the natural world are colliding; our activities inflict harsh, significant, and often irreversible damage on the existing environment and its vital resources. If not stopped, many of our current practices put a severe risk in the future we intend for human society, the plant and animal kingdoms, and the whole food chain we know. Therefore, drastic changes are urgent if we want to avoid this unfruitful collision that our present will bring about.
On the bright side, many organizations are revolting against the harm of the environment, and plenty of afforestation programs are being launched throughout the world. In addition, the governments are taking the responsibility of protecting their nature. Still, things will never change until every citizen cooperates and realize that if not now, then the wildlife which we cherish won't survive, and it's all upon us.
© 2021 Shubham Kadariya