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Capitol under attack for the first time?
The bomber struck shortly after noon in front of a rally in Washington, killing at least four people. President-elect Joe Biden called it a "coup," while Vice President Mike Pence called the violence a "dark day in the history of American capital." But this is not the first time the building has been hailed as the symbolic heart of American democracy. From bombs to foreign aggression, the American capital has been attacked four times. Probably the most famous attack was made by the British army during the war of 1812. The British army, led by Vice Admiral Alexander Cockburn and Major General Robert Ross, attempted to burn down the Capitol building under construction after capturing Washington, D.C., in August 1814. However, rain prevented the building from collapsing. In response to the Americans setting fire to the Upper Canadian capital in York, British troops set fire to other important buildings in Washington DC, including the White House. They carried out operations in many other parts of the city. The invasion of 1814 was the only time Washington had been occupied by an outside power. In 2014, the British Embassy in Washington, D.C., tweeted 200 years after the White House was set on fire, featuring a White House-like cake with fruit trees all around. The embassy apologized. One hundred years after the British invasion, Eric Munter, a former professor at Harvard University, detonated three dynamite bombs in the Senate reception room. Eric previously taught German at Harvard. The blasts damaged the building but caused no casualties. He later said the attack was in response to US financial support from British financiers against Germany in World War I. Writing under a pseudonym in the Washington Evening Star,said he hoped the attack would "make so much noise that it would sound like a war cry." There is a sign of my appeal. A day after the attack, Mounter shot and wounded financier JP Morgan Jr. He was captured and arrested by Morgan's butler. Mounter later committed suicide. On March 1, 1954, four Puerto Rican nationalists raised their island flag in the Visitors' Gallery in the House of Representatives, chanted "Freedom for Puerto Rico," and began firing. Five members of Congress were injured in the attack. "I did not come to kill anyone, I came to die for Puerto Rico," said Lolita LeBron, the group's leader. LeBron was sentenced to 50 years in prison, while his three accomplices were sentenced to 75 years in prison. The sentence was later commuted by President Jamie Carter. His administration said the release was "an important sign of humanitarian sympathy and the international community will see it the same way." The group received a warm welcome upon their arrival in Puerto Rico after their release. On November 7, 1983, a powerful explosion ripped through the second floor of the Senate building. One minute before the blast, someone called the Capital Switchboard, claiming to be from a group called the Armed Resistance Unit, and said there was going to be an explosion. He said the attack was in response to a US military operation in Granada and Lebanon. No one was killed but many were injured. In 1988, FBI agents arrested seven members of the left-wing Resistance Conspiracy Group for various attacks on the Capitol and Fort McNair and Washington Navy Yards. The attacks took place in 1983 and 1984. In 1991, Linda Evans and Laura Whitehorn were arrested on charges of conspiracy and intentional malicious damage to government property.
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