This article throw light on Social and Political work of Great Patriot Keshavrao Jedhe. He was a struggling personality for farmers rights.
Keshavrao Jedhe is a leader who has been effective in the politics and social sciences of Maharashtra with his honest and strong leadership. During the forty years from 1917 to 1959, he participated in various social and political movements. His career has gone through various stages such as his participation in the independence movement, the strengthening of the Congress party, the establishment and functioning of the Peasant Workers Party after independence, and the return to the Congress party. He was influenced by the Bahujan Samaj because of his honesty, sincerity and hard work.
About His Family :
Keshavrao Jedhe was born on 21st April 1896 in Pune to a Jedhe family who helped Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj establish Swarajya. He had three brothers, Sakharampant, Baburao and Balwantrao. All these three brothers had allowed Keshavrao to do free social work and politics. Jedhe's family financial situation was good. These brothers had made good progress in the field of industry and agribusiness.
His work with movement :
Keshavrao was influenced by the ideas of Mahatma Jotiba Phule and Chhatrapati Shahu Maharaj. Therefore, he started working for Satyashodhak Samaj in Pune from 1917. Keshavrao Jedhe and his associates started the non-Brahmin movement inspired by the Satyashodhak Samaj. Keshavrao Jedhe was the main leader of this movement. From 1919 to 1927, Keshavrao Jedhe was the mainstay of the non-Brahmin movement. Keshavrao's brothers also contributed financially to this movement.
While establishing social equality, many orthodox upper castes in Maharashtra opposed it. The non-Brahmin movement arose to break the opposition of Sanatani Mandal to social equality and caste discrimination. Along with Keshavrao Jedhe, many youths like Dinkarrao Jawalkar, Kagal's Dinkar Mane, Palkar Bandhu, Shankarrao More and others fought hard against the Sanatani Upper caste and Tilak Group in Pune.
There were fierce struggles over Ganeshotsav fairs, Patel Beel, politics of Pune Municipality, Mahatma Phule statues etc. There were clashes between non-Brahmin youth and people from Tilak group. At this time, due to the strong support of Keshavrao Jedha, the non-Brahmin movement not only gave a successful face to the Sanatani Mandal and Tilak group in Pune, but also made its impact everywhere.
Participation in Freedom Movement :
The second phase of Keshavrao Jedhe's work is his participation in the freedom movement and the support he has given to the Congress in the rural areas. After 1920, Mahatma Gandhi led the independence movement. The movement was started under the leadership of the Congress party. Keshavrao Jedhe was influenced by Mahatma Gandhi's sacrificial life and influential thoughts.
He began to think that the independence of Hindustan was more important than the non-Brahmin movement. Therefore, after 1927, Keshavrao joined the freedom movement under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi and joined the Congress party. He appealed to his workers and thousands of non-Brahmin activists joined the Congress party. As Bahujan Samaj joined the Congress party, the Congress literally reached the village as expected by Mahatma Gandhi.
The freedom movement gained strength. Keshavrao has been instrumental in bringing the movement, which is limited to the city, to the rural areas. From 1930 to 1945, he gave the Congress party a place all over Maharashtra. During this period he worked with Congress leaders like Kakasaheb Gadgil, Shankarrao Dev, Devgirikar, V. P. Limaye, Khadilkar, Prema Kantak.
Raised the Social Issues :
In the politics of Maharashtra at that time Jedhe - Gadgil duo was very popular. He was instrumental in carrying out untouchability as per the orders of Mahatma Gandhi, spreading khadi, raising awareness of farmers, increasing the number of Congress members, along with the civil disobedience movement, satyagraha and his participation in the 'Leave India Movement' in 1942. Due to his work, he was also made the President of the Congress. He spent twenty years trying to expand the Congress. On the foundation laid by him, activists of Bahujan Samaj came forward in the politics of Maharashtra.
struggling Personality for Peasants
Work For Peasants :
The third phase of Keshavrao Jedhe's life begins as Shetkari Kamgar Paksha. Keshavrao Jedhe, Shankarrao More, Tulshidas Jadhav and other leaders of the Congress thought that independence was the second phase of Keshavrao Jedhe's work after independence.
Maharashtra had a Congress government, but Keshavrao, Tulshidas Jadhav, Shankarrao More, Bhausaheb Raut and others formed the Shetkari Congress Party in 1948 as Shankarrao Deo and his group in the Congress ignored the issues of farmers and workers. During the four years from 1948 to 1952, the leadership of this party achieved great success in liberating the party of peasant workers. However, Keshavrao did not like the leadership competition in the party and the farmers left the Shetkari Congress party and rejoined the Congress.
'Movement' was an integral part of Keshavrao Jedhe's life. Despite being in the Congress party, he participated in the Govamukti Andolan and the United Maharashtra Movement. He took part in the movement to solve whatever questions seemed appropriate. Bharat Ratna Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar had a good relationship. To support him, he participated in Mahad Satyagraha and Parvati Satyagraha. When he was elected in the Pune Municipality, he insisted that there should be a statue of Mahatma Phule in Pune. He worked hard to solve many such problems.
Evaluating Keshavrao Jedhe's work, it seems that he was a leader of Bahujan Samaj. Honestly and selflessly did the work of this movement during that time, but many times the movement was completed by making financial changes. It was once the mainstay of the non-Brahmin movement. After joining the Congress, he became a guide and sculptor in organizing and disseminating the Congress in Maharashtra. Due to him, the Congress spread rapidly.
He was the founder of the Peasant Workers Party. This straightforward, honest and selfless great leader never liked deceit and cunning in sociology and politics. So they stayed away from such a person. He did not leave the path of truth until the end of his life. Such a leader passed away on November 12th, 1959. A brilliant personality of modern Maharashtra was lost.
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