Specialized agencies of the UNO
Specialized agencies of the UN are seventeen in number as per the terms of the UN Charter. They are autonomous organisations set up to deal with specific issues. These agencies may or may not have been originally created by the United Nations Organisation, but they are incorporated into the UNO System by the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC). Specialized Agencies of the United Nations are as follows:
- Food and Agriculture Organization established in 1945
- International Atomic Energy Agency established in 1957
- International Civil Aviation Organization established in 1947
- International Fund for Agricultural Development established in 1977
- International Labor Organization established in 1946
- International Maritime Organization established in 1948
- International Monetary Fund established in 1945
- International Telecommunication Union established in 1947
- United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization established in 1946
- United Nations Industrial Development Organization established in 1967
- Universal Postal Union established in 1947
- World Bank established in 1945
- World Food Program established in 1963
- World Health Organization established in 1948
- World Intellectual Property Organization established in 1974
- World Meteorological Organization established in1950
- World Tourism Organization established in 1974
Specialized Agencies of the United Nations
|S.No.||Name of the Agency||Headquarters||Establishment||Objective|
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
To deal with the problem of food and agriculture.
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
To promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy.
International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)
To promote cooperation in air navigation and transport.
International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)
To extend financial assistance to least developed countries for increasing food production.
International Labour Organization (ILO)
To improve labour conditions and to encourage productive employment.
International Maritime Organization (IMO)
London, United Kingdom
To facilitate cooperation on maritime activities.
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Washington, D.C., USA
To promote financial and monetary stability and assist revival of international trade.
International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
To promote cooperation in use of tele-communications.
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
To promote and to spread knowledge and education and mutual understanding of people.
United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)
To promote industrial development.
Universal Postal Union (UPU)
To improve world postal services.
World Bank (WB)
Washington, D.C, USA
To provide leveraged loans to developing countries for capital programs.
World Food Programme (WFP)
To help people, unable to produce or obtain enough food for themselves and their families.
World Health Organization (WHO)
To promote highest possible levels of health of all peoples.
World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)
To promote the protection of intellectual property.
World Meteorological Organization (WMO)
To improve world meteorological activities.
World Tourism Organization (UNWTO)
To promote the development of responsible, sustainable and universally accessible tourism.
See also :
- United Nations Organization
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- UN International Organisations
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