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The type of society that Philippines most closely resembles is Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s theory. His view is concerned with how negative the introduction of society is to humans, while the state of nature is peaceful. Inequality between the people became extremely pronounced that also led to the formation of the social classes. It talks about how the social contract only favors those who are privileged in life.
Philippines had a lot of natural resources, which later became an envy to those from the foreign countries. The abundance of natural resources made it possible for our ancestors to become self-sufficient. The lands populated by the people were also scattered in different parts of the country. Basic necessities could be easily obtained, since the country was filled with lands for irrigation and different bodies of water. They had almost no need for competition to obtain their basic needs. Even after the country’s formation of their own societies, the ancestors of the Philippines still worshipped the gods and the spirits present in the environment, which made them extremely nurturing and grateful to both the plants and the animals present in their times.
As the time passed...
Different changes were brought to the way of living and society of Filipinos. There are a lot of things which had influenced this changes, such as the colonization by different countries, increasing population, changing of beliefs and values, technological developments, and many more. Instead of simply taking what is needed to survive, many people would take more by almost any means to satisfy their wants.
Despite being in a civilized society, humans had become more susceptible to greed, vanity, and inequality. In the Philippines, there is a behavior called “crab mentality” wherein the person would pull another down when they have almost finally reached the top. It is very common for Filipinos when faced with competitions. It could be competitions at school, work, or any other opportunities being offered to another, in order for them to have a better life. People would become envy of what they are striving for and they would do something that would pull the other down. Philippines lacked the opportunities for its citizens to thrive.
As the population in the country grows, many are subjected to the life of poverty. Most people living in poverty, like those on the lower social class, won’t even have the chance to improve their lives because of the competition already happening to the people of higher classes. A huge percentage of those in the lower class would even find it hard to graduate in a university due to the lack of opportunities given to them. Most people in the upper class would most likely do everything to keep their current social standing and prevent other people from taking their respective places in society. The lack of decent academic and career opportunities widens the gap between the poor and the rich in the Philippines. Those who are born in the lower class were treated unjustly by the government.
Throughout the current years...
A lot of Filipinos of higher social classes had learned to look the other way from the injustices the others are experiencing. In a way, being privilege makes people blind to the suffering experienced by others. Some privileged citizens may have even blamed those who are less fortunate for causing the country to experience crimes and poverty. The Philippine government had even established a war on drugs, which proved to be an attack on its people’s human rights.
According to Philippine Human Rights Information Center (2018), victims of extra-judicial killings are “mostly male adults within the productive age range, primary breadwinners, low- and irregular-wage earners from the informal sectors of the economy, of low educational attainment, and residents of urban poor communities.” Some victims of the extra-judicial killings were even treated inhumanely by the authorities. Those, who are not silent in their criticisms of how the government treats the unprivileged, are being targeted by the government and red tagged as terrorists by the country. The justice system in the country favors only the rich and people of high social status. Former politicians and celebrities who have done a lot of bad deeds to the country are still being treated highly, and they would be offered cozier cells, compared to the other inmates who have done lesser crimes than them (Crescini, 2014). Some would even be spared from prison due to “old age.”
Those at the top would be offered luxury and comfort, while those in the lower classes would be offered discomfort and inhumane treatments from the very people sworn to protect their being and rights as a Filipino citizen.
Crescini, D. (2014, June 1). Prison cell for Estrada, Revilla and Enrile ready for occupancy. Philippine Sentinel. https://www.philippinesentinel.org/?p=3209
Philippine Human Rights Information Center. (2018, September 22). The War on the Poor: Extrajudicial Killings and their Effects on Urban Poor Families and Communities. Philippine Human Rights Information Center. https://www.philrights.org/the-war-on-the-poor-extrajudicial-killings-and-their-effects-on-urban-poor-families-and-communities/
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