Skip to main content

Patriarchy: An Imposing on Natural Laws Determining the Leadership of Who Generates Humanity.

Gilliam Nauman Iqbal is a Brazilian Muslim, political activist, graduated in History, specialist in Sociology of Interpretations of Maranhão

Gilliam Nauman Iqbal

Gilliam Nauman Iqbal

Gilliam Nauman Iqbal


Keywords: Patriarchy, Matriarchy, Power, Humanity, Woman.

The word patriarchy has undergone, over time, a reframing. Before, patriarchy was thought of from the religious perspective of Christianity. At the end of the 19th century, the word is reconfigured as a word that literally describes what would be an ideological and social system of purely male domain and oppressive to women. However, there is a whole lot deeper discussion about this.
For a long time, it was understood that a family or a social cell headed by a man is the safe way to guarantee a society "on its axis", and this conception is totally linked to the ideas of the patriarch of the Christian religion. But, regardless of the historical context, it was also possible to perceive family "arrangements" in the mater familis mode, but always seen as a social deformism, as the male figure was always seen as something central and necessary to the maintenance of order, which implies that the woman is an agent of chaos and disorder, because she is incapacitated and needs the male "pulse". In this ideology, machismo is anchored, a behavior that denies gender equity and equal rights and duties between men and women. The consequences are the most disastrous, and are present in all spheres of female existence, ranging from family relationships to political power relations.
In order to understand the functioning of the patriarchal system within capitalism, we will make a historical discussion about its origins and how it will mold itself into the gears of capitalism. First of all, let's understand that these terms do not appear antagonistic to others that suggest the relevance of women in the world. Patriarchy can never be understood as the opposite of matriarchy. It never existed in a historical perspective, a system that gave the term matriarchy, the sense of domination. The word matriarchy refers to the idea of ​​origin, the generation of life. On the other hand, the word patriarchy refers us to the idea of ​​domination. The explanation is that before patriarchy came to power, matriarchy did not mean dominance.
The sense of dominance, appropriated by male leadership, becomes an issue among men achronically. Life begins with a woman, and would this be the main trigger of the male psyche for not accepting women's space in power relations? Since she is the origin of everything, does she not bring with her the leadership of political life and society? Let's think.
We must reflect that the feeling of command is deduced from what gives life, from where everything starts and about that, there are some productions that reflect this thought such as the power of the mother's body, the female, or the matric power discussed by Canetti - 1986, or the “maternal right” (Bachofen 1978). However, we feel that, in these analyses, there is not the burden that strains the idea of ​​domination, but that which in fact brings the power to generate, the force of motherhood so vital to nature and which proposes not only to generate a life but also, of managing an existence until it is capable of conducting itself.

Let us not understand this reflection as a system of thought that sublimates the figure of man in the genesis of life. Rather, it is known that any materiality of action is born from the fields of thought, and the man, contaminated by the sphere of domination, does not add the idea of ​​the father as an active element in the origin of life as much as the woman, but as an agent of power and domination.
To understand why the word patriarchy cannot be congruent with the meaning of the term matriarchy, it is necessary to realize that the concept of father appears in history, devoid of the meaning of the affective and physical father, the one who cares and protects his offspring. The meaning of father is consolidated in a hierarchical institutional concept, one who orders, leads in a tough and disciplined way, in light of the rules of a system that feeds on this male position in the world.
Based on this principle, the idea of ​​patriarchal domain is internalized, totally distorted from the idea of ​​the father's feeling, the one who also shapes life, giving space to the connections of domination, of leadership necessary for the order of material and immaterial things, even reaching understanding the elements at the center of human spirituality, as patriarchal figures, then one sees God with this feeling.
After reflecting on these relationships with words and their loads of feeling, what they cause us, we understand that the concept of the affective father and also the shaper of human existence, was lost and became utopian. The desire to dominate overcame the force of nature in our genesis.
The sense of domination took root and made the figure of man essential to the order of social life, to the success of political relations, to the success of economic negotiations, and often supplanted the maternal aspect of our existence, because man was assigned to replace the a woman in almost all her spaces, and she was left with just giving birth, breastfeeding, caring without managing; the natural capacity for self-management of those who initiate everything was not recognized. Perhaps - as we initially feared - for fear that this leadership is naturally feminine.
Thus, patriarchy is basically the designating expression of a system that realized that the natural power of humanity resides in those who generate it and, based on this perception, managed to distort what would be an alliance of natural power; and in an action of domination and subjugation, it disarticulated and corrupted the paternal function in human life in a sense of governance, abstracting both fatherhood and motherhood, elements that make up the material and immaterial earthly existence of man.
The patriarchal system is the deformity of a natural law, created to contain the power of those who actually have it to govern spaces. It empties men of the real content of fatherhood and imposes a society that envisions a world where women are conceived as agents of chaos and social disorder; irrationality, in the spiritual field; puts us as conductors of error, guilt and everything that is meant by sin.
Based on these conclusions, it is possible to feel the patriarchy - and its nuances like machismo - as a mechanism that not only destroys women, but victimizes men, dehumanizes them and exhausts them from their natural conditions. The objective of patriarchy is to make the "woman's body the generator of life" or a "producer and reproducing object" of minds to

molds of this system; it feeds men's sexual pleasure in a mechanized way, and thus replaces the uterus that generates life with something machinery, smothering any possibility of taking for itself the natural leadership of who gives rise to life, as we began our dialogue.
Perhaps, from a conspiratorial perspective, this explains the destruction of nature itself, the earth and consequently, humanity.
I end here my morning reflections on December 8th, worried about writing about the developments of this system, which changes in the face of capitalism, making it infinitely more perverse. I project the extension of this dialogue that proposes to discuss reactions to patriarchy, such as feminisms, and so many other human experiences that we live.

*Gilliam Nauman Iqbal graduated in History from the State University of Maranhão, post graduated in Sociology of Interpretations of Maranhão, student of Photojournalism at Cruzeiro do Sul College, President of the Institute of Studies and Solidarity for Palestine Razan al-Najjar, Muslim, feminist, member of Arab youth Palestine Sanaud.

Related Articles