Migration is becoming a very important subject for the big cities’ life. The countryside daily life facilities seem unattractive to people when cities include luxury. Educational, social, cultural and financial opportunities of big cities pull very big masses of people to big cities. When there is a big change, there will be related results. Migration affects cities on any levels such as demography, cultural structure, economic structure, social structure and people’s psychology. Unfortunately, these effects are negative and turn to problems for urban. Migration is an unplanned movement to cities so migration causes economic, social and environmental problems for the cities and citizens.
The first negative effect of migration is that it causes economic problems for the cities. To start with, migration brings about economic problems for the government. Most importantly, it leads to a decrease on the quality of workers. The portion of the migrations in U.S. is %12 in the population and %15 in the total labourer population. This worker class forms a layer which is unqualified and the lowest (“Immigrants” section). The example given above shows that immigrant workers are not of a high quality and this changes the total quality ratio of the country where they have migrated. In addition, the government suffers from unpaid taxes of immigrants, the illegal households. Fitzgerald cite Camarota who is the author of an immigration study in the U.S., as explaining, "Households headed by illegal aliens imposed more than $26.3 billion in costs on the federal government in 2002 and paid only $16 billion in taxes, creating a net fiscal deficit of $10.4 billion, or $2,700 per illegal household". Objectively speaking, one cannot deny the fact that the attitude of the immigrants on the subject ‘taxes’ causes social injustice economically. It is obvious from the above examples that migration causes economical problems for the government by both decreasing the quality of workers and leaving unpaid taxes behind.
Apart from creating economical problems for the government, it also causes economical problems for the citizens. One of these problems is ‘increasing cost of living’. In U.S. a family can reach average life standards with an eight or nine dollar per hour. Immigrants and other workers gain four or five. When immigrants prefer to have more than one worker for each family, citizens tend to have one worker. Because of immigrant’s double income, householders increase the rents because they already can pay this money and this damages other citizen’s economy.Taking all these fact into account, immigrants produce more labor and gains more so the highly colored rents are unavoidable in their capitalist system. Additionally, immigrants displace the native workers. Not qualified immigrant workers and poor educated native workers are battling for the same jobs. The crowded immigrant masses fulfill the request of lower-skilled workers, also replace some of the least educated native workers. For this reason the job facility that the government creates for the citizens are being used by immigrants. In conclusion, the negative economic impacts of immigrants on the citizens’ lives are undeniable.
Another remarkable negative impact of migration to urban is the social problems in citizens’ lives. First of all, the poor conditions of immigrants’ lives encourage them to commit crime. Primarily, it feeds the phenomenon ‘mafia’ which has been created because of social and economic poverty of distress communities. As Kapur and McHale state, “The most well-known example in the 20th century is the Italian mafia, which built its structure on a large migratory population, especially to the New World”. On account of these facts, one can say that “mafias”, the most strong illegal organizations of the world, are based on immigrant nations. Furthermore, it causes teenagers to be criminals. Imprisonment ratio was 1.4 % and then it was 1.3 % in 1980, 14.3 % in 1990 and an astonishing rate of 25. 1 % in 2000. These rates include the black male high school dropouts with the 1 to 30 years of trial. Considering the information above, one can conclude that the young population under the impact of migration is becoming criminals and the number of them is increasing day by day. It can be concluded that migration is a society movement which lead to face the immigrants with the citizens of the country where they have migrated. Of course, the citizens have socially better specialities than immigrants and the social levels create crime.
In addition to the criminal problems, cultural erosion is also a big problem. To begin with, the immigrants vary because of the new culture which they try to adapt, and this is called natural assimilation. A Mexican family realized that their children take the negative properties of American culture. “As Jacinto, who speaks only Spanish, stresses a need to maintain the family’s Mexican heritage, her eldest son, a bilingual 11-year-old who wears San francisco 49ers jacket and has a paper route, comes in and joins his brothers and sisters in the living room to watch ‘The Simpsons’ ” . The world has lost many languages whose creation took centuries. This situation brings the civilizations to the same end, losing their cultural varieties as well. Additionally, the obligatory assimilation unfortunately is another cultural erosion. Globalization explains that in Holland, a program named ‘inburgering’ was started by the government. This program includes some musts for immigrants. The rule says that an immigrant can never be a citizen until he passes the exam of a study which gives information on how to be a Dutch. Considering the information above, it can be concluded that the rules created for immigrants are defense factors of countries but these rules damage the habits of immigrants and this means their cultures are dying. Shortly, it can clearly be understood that crime and cultural erosion are the rodents of civilizations and damage both citizens and immigrants negatively.
The final consequence of migration is the environmental problems which destroy the physical appearance of the city. First and foremost, the human-made part of the cities, structural environment is becoming damaged by the migration. Most importantly, immigrants create unhealthy, illegal houses, ‘the slums’ in and around the city, because they have to shelter with their limited economies. The 23th law of constitution allows migration by saying ‘Every body has the independence of emplacement and traveling’. However, the 35th law which emphasizes that ‘using the benefit of ownership must not be crosswise to the society’s benefits’ is not enough to prevent the migration. Unplanned and unhealthy constructions, slums, negatively affect the whole citizens’ lives. Taking all these facts into account, it is clear that slums are the dark sides of the cities which are created by immigrants. Besides, when immigrants destroy the appearance of the city, at the same time, they damage the infrastructure. As stating that the highly increasing population which is caused by migration, extremely increases the value of the lands in the city and this causes illegal settlements without infrastructure around the city. For this reason, the illegal settlements should not be allowed by the government and must be checked. All these facts prove that structural environment is broken down by the immigrants either in the case of unconsciousness or in the case of pennilessness.
Aside from the problems in the structural environment, natural environment is also harmed by illegal population ‘immigrants’. One of these harms can be seen as pollution in the city. As a result of industrialization and urbanization, increase on the population and migration arised and they have been considered as the reasons for environmental problems. The immigrants became a big mass and started to consume natural resources. Since 20th century, the migration has caused increase on the population in the cities and some of the examples for this situation are the pollution in the Ren river, Haliç and Marmara sea and air pollution in London in 1952. As indicated above, it can be argued that pollution in the cities arises when the population increases and the migratory movement is one of the most important effect of the high population. Another important example of pollution is along the borders of the cities which are created by the immigrants who try to pass the borders. While trying to prevent the danger created by immigrants along the borderland, in Southwest, the security activities harm the wild life. This shows the practicality that the borderlands of the cities are threatened by immigrants. Shortly, the natural life and environment are in danger in the whole world now but this is a fact that the harming excuses go up everyday and one of these excuses is the migratory movement.
In conclusion, the cities and citizens are damaged by the illegal movement ‘migration’ economically, socially and environmentally. The immigrants have different habits and come from different geographies so they can hardly adapt to the new country, sometimes never can adapt. They cause economic problems both for the government and for the citizens. Additionally, the cultural erosion and the crime are the results of the migratory movement to the cities, which is certainly a serious social problem. Furthermore, the immigrants change the physical appearance of the city and cause structural and natural environment problems. For all these reasons, people must live where they learn the life. Every country has different socio-economic structures. But since 1990, the globalization has been spotlight and now is dominant
all over the world. Globalization will make the world monotone so the authorities who want globalization on the earth need much more researches about migration.
lillie on March 24, 2019:
thank you very much
Peter on December 06, 2017:
Karl Marx was right!
yassin asli on April 04, 2017:
thanks is wonderful subject
Jaelyn on December 14, 2014:
I cannot tell a lie, that really heldpe.
Iszail on December 11, 2014:
hello,I just wished to write to say how much I've enoejyd reading your site. I am part cherokee on my mother's side and my sister is half blackfoot on her father's side. we are half sisters actually as you can see. but anyways I love anything and everything to do with the Native American culture. I also have a friend who is always looking for new info on this as well and I am having a problem with finding information about her birth totem. Her birthday is September 13 If you could help me I'd be grateful as I say she loves Native American stuff as I do. Also I noticed you do crafts. I do too and am looking for a crochet pattern for a native american girl dress to do for a project I'm working on. If you may have any ideas or could help in any way I'd be grateful. Sorry if I've rambled I take medication due to a serious ailment which has left me bedbound. Thanks again for any and all help!!!!
David D Y Choi on September 21, 2014:
Dear Brave and Open Minded Personnel ;
Do you have any interest over the hombre, between heaven and the earth?
Basis on daily newspaper offered terminology, my experienced case, ‘hombre’, is known as follows, which I like to disclose its extraordinary case toward your side.
1. el cielo y el hombre, Dios y hombre
2. hombre, de doctrina
3. hombre, de talento, hombre, muy guapo
As I have been experienced of harsh condition since 2001,
Basis on controlling and monitoring status in homeland, S Korea,
This status makes me be eligible to apply Asylum seeker’s status toward Austria.
While residing in refugee camp in Vienna, Austria,
I experienced of strange condition similar to ‘hombre’ or more than its status.
Basis on my memory,
I did not speak Buddha or some of related word to the public site toward the camp dwellers.
On my document package which I am holding at my file from Austria,
On the sheet, given document there is the content of “Buddha Gekommen”.
While residing in camp, named detention center, chased by two local police men in there, I could barely get out of the camp via submit withdrawal from Asylum Seeker’s status in Austria. On the same day, I could experience ‘Hombre’ again.
Back to original status in homeland, S Korea,
No job, no income, encountered by financial limit not acquiring of consecutive income line, I am investing most of daily life time in searching of living cost.
Looking back of my last decade,
I experienced of strange condition repeatedly from the pre-joined work sites.
Among the pre-framed work sites,
I was in Iraq, Congo, East-Timor, Cambodia, Malaysia, in searching of living cost to survive.
I was led into conflict zone and war zone to survive during the last decade.
This makes me have joined over 45 different work sites among Koreans.
To offer my extraordinary case toward your side, I am ready to disclose.
For this matter, I urge you to visit my side and take image of my experience.
While residing in Austria, I was comma status in public site, known as parking lot, where many people were gathering.. over 3 hours at least.
Its strange status experienced at detention center, refugee camp in Vienna.
I have experienced of body floating toward the Air could look down my figure etc.
Its strange experience was not once.
I have experienced several times, repeated experience since my boyhood period.
Believing that, there.. experienced affairs were crossing the life line toward the heaven.
Its experience was very vivid.
I am eligible to tell, how its condition was connected toward the immense territory of universe
For this matter,
Its cause would be disclosed toward animation program or related personnel.
As the human being related, strange condition is highly researched, long know-how basis on significant research from a reliable site, I would urge you to come and see my case as long as I am ready to disclose my case to the public.
Why this is reasonable to the public?
While experiencing of 45 different business sites as the temporary hired status
Including of war zones and conflict zones from the Korean business owners’ sites,
I could have vivid mind to survive, even if I have been repeatedly placed at the edge of life, in dangerous sites such as conflict zone and war zone since 2001.
Its strange experience would be key asset toward the people, who pursue strict life under the Sky.
Toward the reliable anime program personnel, my harsh experience from pre-joined 45 work sites including of war zones duties and hombre 천인 (天人) experience would be disclosed. Surely, its content would be brought pivotal point among audience.
(David) Don Young Choi
e-mail : firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com,
Personal Web site : www.cdyera.wordpress.com
This is additional message toward your side ;
My harsh story was introduced on April 14, 2014 at Austria TV.
Due to have been placed at 'Government Sanction' basis on TV forum via local TV forum, my case, Asylum Seeker's case was eligible to be extended in Vienna region.
On the date of April 18, on scheduled day of first interview time,
I was chasing by two local police men.
Encountered by edge of Asylum Seeker's status,
I could barely enter Camp basis lawyer's office and let her know of my Withdrawal of Asylum seeker's condition.
Among camp dwellers, inside of refugee camp, in Vienna,
my story was key issue among the camp resident people.
I was the Korean, whose nationality is no reason to be at Asylum seeker’ status,
I had the extraordinary case of Asylum seeker's status, no mobile phone,
not have enough money, many of skin scar sites on the body…spread on time basis..
via mobile phone basis system as the extraordinary story case among camp people.
I was the sole person, who brings keen interest toward the camp dwellers.
Among the kids in detention center, I was known as frog, brave hearted character, bring positive image toward the young hearts.
I suggest you to develop my case into commercialized.
my harsh experience since my young boyhood,
its case would be brought keen interest among the potential audience.
Attached files are related information to be considered.
I am awaiting any of further and positive notice from your side.
(David) Don Young Choi
Fail on July 28, 2014:
Your arguments are incoherent and lack justification. A bunch of migrants are not the cause for environmental pollution - industrialization is. Many of your examples are stretchy and fictitious, and the article is laden with knowledge gaps so wide a hippo could fit through it.
the great mh3 on March 31, 2014:
not bad....not bad.........for writer that almost have the same conditions.
tadie mutts on February 02, 2014:
nice information really good helps unsupervised people to study thank you very much guys,you are great help to the world.you are the best
kimberly gorden on February 02, 2014:
this info has been helping me to study.thank you
kimberly gorden on February 02, 2014:
great information it helps us students to understand and research more about effects or results of human migration ,thanks buddies ,good job.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................good day to you all reading this....................................................................
lamin on December 03, 2013:
Oou Killem' on November 06, 2013:
Helpful info. Thanks soo much!!!
Lata on May 09, 2012:
I think people migrate from one country to another because of making their life more convenience.sometimes it will affect negatively on urban life.so government should take some attemts to reducing too much pressure on city life.govt also have to serve the same facilities for the rest of the district of a country.Consequently the rural people will get the same facilities as the urban people get.They will not interested to migration and the level of standard will be very rich unless they will not migrate.As a result the economic growth of a country will be healthy.The govt as well as the people will be facilitate.thank you
JQ on June 13, 2011:
Great information ,the points are valid and very well composed!!!!!!!!!!!
susannah42 from Florida on April 09, 2011:
Great information. Very good observations.
JC Auckland on April 07, 2011:
Ever wondered what the 'attraction' of town is? I never lived in a city until 20 years ago and all attempts to get out seem to fail. There was an interesting British TV programme on the other day that seemed to stress that getting out of a big town, east London in this case, was paramount for people's success in life turning around. That's interesting because the prevailing philosophy is that town is where it's at.
UltimateMovieRankings from Virginia on April 07, 2011:
Great hub....very well written...you are making very solid points in this hub...voted up
Pamela Oglesby from Sunny Florida on April 06, 2011:
This hub made a lot of interesting points that I think are correct. Thanks for the information.