Marc Hubs, author of "Reflections Of NPD" is a writer/researcher on the mind, science, psychology/psychiatry, metaphysics and consciousness.
Official sources who have confirmed chemtrails:
- UK's MoD (Ministry of Defense)
- Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
- United Nations (UN)
- Council on Foreign Relations (CFR)
- Government Accountibility Office (GAO)
- Engineering & Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)
- Natural Environment Research Council (NERC)
- Science & Technology Facilities Council (STFC)
- MIT Technology Review
- University of Oxford
- University of Cambridge
- University of Bristol
- University of Edinburgh
For anyone who believes that chemtrails do not exist and that they are pure conspiracy theory or conjecture, it should be noted that many official sources have now come forward to officially acknowledge the fact that climate engineering, also known as geoengineering, is indeed taking place in the skies of many countries and that chemtrails do exist.
Such sources have also officially confirmed that research into this incredibly controversial topic is ongoing, as is the debate amongst scientists and geoengineers as to the potentially devastating long-term consequences of carrying out such actions.
One official source to confirm the reality of chemtrails is Oxford University in the UK. According to Oxford University, geoengineering is the deliberate and intentional act of intervening in Earth's natural cycles in an attempt to counteract climate change, previously referred to as global warming. There are two main categories under which geoengineering takes place; solar radiation management (SRM) and carbon dioxide removal (CDR).
Another official source to confirm the reality of geoengineering and chemtrails is the UK's MoD (Ministry of Defense), who teamed up with universities (including Oxford) in order to carry out research as part of their SPICE (Stratospheric Particle Injection Climate Engineering) program. The research was to test the efficacy of spraying sulfate aerosols into the stratosphere via a balloon in order to counteract climate change. However, BBC News went on to report that the MoD's SPICE research was cancelled due to strong opposition from the general public.
Other official sources to confirm the reality of chemtrails and geoengineering are the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the United Nations (UN), the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) and the US Government Accountibility Office (GOA). Additionally, Italian government official, Senator Scilipotti came forward recently to openly acknowledge what he referred to as an "aerosol assault" in the skies of many countries and Bill Gates has admitted to funding research into geoengineering.
Solar Radiation Management (SRM) Methods:
- Albedo enhancement - reflecting some of the sun's heat back into space by increasing the reflectiveness of clouds or land surface.
- Space reflectors - blocking a small amount of sunlight before it hits Earth.
- Stratospheric aerosols (chemtrails) - spraying reflective particles into the stratosphere to deflect some sunlight before it hits Earth's surface.
Carbon Dioxide Removal (CDR) Methods:
- Afforestation - planting trees on a global scale.
- Biochar - burying charred biomass so that the carbon gets locked in the soil.
- Bio-energy with carbon capture and sequestration - capturing and sequestering the carbon dioxide created in the process of growing biomass and burning it to create energy.
- Ambient Air Capture - building machines to capture carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and store it elsewhere.
- Ocean Fertilisation - distributing nutrients into the seas in certain locations to increase primary production, drawing carbon dioxide down from the atmosphere.
- Enhanced Weathering - exposing large quantities of minerals to react with carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and storing the resulting compound in the sea or in soil.
- Ocean Alkalinity Enhancement - Dispersing ground up rocks such as limestone, silicates, or calcium hydroxide in the ocean to dissolve and to increase it's ability to store carbon thereby ameliorating ocean acidification.
Stratospheric Particle Injection
Chemtrails are stratospheric sulfate aerosols which are distributed into Earth's atmosphere using a method known as stratospheric particle injection. Sulfate aerosols to have been used in the process include sulfuric acid, sulfur oxide and hydrogen sulfide and others to have been proposed by Paul Crutzen for direct delivery of precursors include dimethyl sulfide and carbonyl sulfide; toxic substances which can adversely affect the health of plant and animal life (including humans).
Research into stratospheric sulfate aerosols was kickstarted after the eruption of Mount Pinatubo in the Philippines in 1991, which dispersed 20-million tons of sulfate particles into the atmosphere thereby cooling the earth by 0.5 degrees Celsius over the following eighteen months. It is now argued that we need to continue to spray such deflective aerosols into the atmosphere in order to counteract the huge amount of carbon dioxide we have already emitted and to protect against excess solar radiation if we are to survive.
Indeed we have emitted a shocking half-a-trillion tons of carbon dioxide since the industrial revolution when, in reality, if carbon dioxide levels reach double that figure then we are doomed. The industrial revolution was both the best and worst thing to ever happen to us.
According to the Council on Foreign Relations:
"One Kilogram of well-placed sulfur in the stratosphere can offset the warming effect of several hundred thousand kilograms of carbon dioxide."
Despite the fact that the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) reported in 2007 that stratospheric sulfate aerosols (chemtrails) showed no useful results and that scientists and engineers were bitterly concerned about the potential consequences, the IPCC eventually went on to report that we may have no other choice.
Noticeable Side Effects
Noticeable short-term side effects of stratospheric particle injection, according to MIT Technology Review, include:
- Causing the depletion of the O-zone layer
- Visibly affecting the appearance of the sky
- Tropopause warming and humidification
- Lower levels of sunlight
However, these are only a few of the short-term side effects. It has also been acknowledged that for stratospheric particle injection to be effective, it would have to be carried out on a global scale and once started, it would have to be maintained indefinitely.
MIT Technology Review also reported:
"most scientists worry that they [chemtrails] could have disastrous unintended consequences."
Also according to MIT Technology Review:
"The problem is we don’t know much about what that might do to the ozone layer or precipitation, among other things. And we don’t have laws to regulate geoengineering research to make sure someone doesn’t do something stupid, like doing a large scale test before we understand the impact of the aerosols, at least on a small scale, on atmospheric chemistry"
Many scientists have shown serious concern about stratospheric sulfate aerosols and have warned that the long-term dangers are unknown and that such aerosols could have devastating long-term consequences on the health of Earth and the biosphere.
Some scientists have therefore recommended that geoengineers do not rely on stratospheric particle injection and sulfate aerosols but rather, use them to supplement other geoengineering methods in order to increase their efficacy.
However, what is the point in using afforestation (planting trees globally) in an effort to fight against climate change if they are then going to spray toxic metallic aerosols into the atmosphere, thereby eliminating the carbon dioxide those trees need and poisoning them at the same time?
In March 2013, Science Mag had reported:
"attention and controversy have centered on methods to reduce incoming sunlight—for example, spreading reflective aerosols in the stratosphere or spraying condensation nuclei to increase low ocean clouds"
"Such high-leverage interventions offer the dual prospect of large benefits and harms. They may reduce climate-change risks faster than any other response. Yet they may also cause environmental harm or worsen policy failures—for example, undermining emissions cuts or triggering international conflict."
Remaining To Be Seen
First of all, by using chemtrails, we are still using fossil fuels on an industrial scale in an attempt to counteract a problem that was largely caused by using fossil fuels on an industrial scale in the first place. Given the fact that such aerosols would also cause the depletion of our O-zone layer, how would we then deal with this issue?
Further resort to spraying gold particles into the atmosphere? That would be expensive and our resources are limited and how would we also then protect our forests and wildlife from contamination from the sulfate aerosols? Resort to artificially controlling the weather? Again, that would be incredibly expensive and is even more outlandish and potentially much more devastating than the idea of spraying sulfate aerosols into the atmosphere in an attempt to control the climate in the first place.
Atmospheric sulfate aerosols would, ultimately, have a knock-on effect throughout the entire biosphere causing a myriad of further problems which we would then have to deal with...
... and what about human health?
What about those who already suffer with respiratory illnesses or those who may have allergies to the aerosols being used in chemtrails? What kind of long-term health consequences will such aerosols have on human health in the long run? How will it affect human DNA? Will it cause mental and physical deficits in the future? The list of issues to be raised is endless.
Surely, if the planet cooled by 0.5 degrees Celsius over the eighteen months following the 1991 Mount Pinatubo volcanic eruption, isn't that an indication that mother Earth is capable of cooling herself off via such methods? Should we really be intervening in her natural cycle?
Of course, we already know that there needs to be a certain amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere to cater for trees and our forests and there also needs to be plenty of sunlight for them to grow.
What benefits can there possibly be for trees and forests by using chemtrails to eliminate carbon dioxide levels, pollute the atmosphere with metallic substances which are poisonous to them and dim out the sunlight that they need?
Surely, that's the exact opposite of what we need?
You would think that scientists and geoengineers would have had the common sense to have already addressed these issues and it seems probable that they would. This then begs the question, if geoengineers realize these devastating consequences which would diminish our atmosphere more than help it (and it seems likely they would), then there must be another reason - so, what is the real reason for spraying chemtrails and why are we being told it's for our benefit?
Many people have proposed the (conspiracy) theory that chemtrails are being used to carry out biochemical warfare. Whilst the theory my seem ridiculous to some, we already know for a fact that biochemical warfare does indeed happen and that stealth is an important factor in war. The US government have been caught red-handed over thirty times spraying toxic chemicals on their own citizens. Were these incidents just a futile attempt at geoengineering, as we are being led to believe, or was there another reason?
Additionally, planes have been forced down in several other countries on suspicion of spraying toxic chemicals and many tests have shown that a variety of toxic chemicals, often associated with stratospheric particle injection, have been found in the soil and the water at many locations where aerial spraying had been taking place.
It seems outlandish that the IPCC would claim that we have no choice but to resort to using chemtrails to protect against climate change, when there is no scientific evidence that it works, that scientists are soberly concerned about the devastation it could cause and have warned not to rely on it and that the adverse consequences of such actions are so obvious.
Why would they continue to spray toxic aerosols into the atmosphere knowing fully well that it's only going to cause major problems in the future?
Surely, there must be another reason for chemtrails?
In March 2014, it was reported that Italian Senator, Domenico Scilipoti, had made a request via the Prime Minister of Italy, to publicly release declassified documents relating to chemtrails, so that the public know the truth about what's really happening in the world.
In 2002, the Italian government had signed a bilateral agreement on climate research with the US government. In 2003, authorization was granted to the US Air Force to fly over Italian airspace.
According to Scilipoti:
"For more than a decade, first the United States and then Canada's citizens have been subjected to a 24/7 365 day aerosol assault over our heads made of a toxic brew of poisonous heavy metals, chemicals and other dangerous chemicals. The US Department of Defense and military have been systematically blanketing all our skies with what are known as chemtrails (also known as Stratospheric Aerosol Geoengineering)."
Scilipoti also planned to abolish classification of documents relating to the death of Italian journalist, Ilaria Alpi, who was killed in 1994 after finding out that radioactive toxic waste was being shipped to Somalia.
In reality, according to official US Air Force documentation, the act of weather modification actually has nothing whatsoever to do with global warming (or climate change), as widely claimed by many official non-military sources.
The military documentation indicates that the claim of using weather modification in an attempt to combat climate change is most likely nothing more than disinformation perpetrated to misdirect adversaries away from the truth behind the true military applications.
Official documentation shows how research into weather modification has already been going on for several decades, that it continues to this day and that the ongoing research is planned to go on for several more decades. Additionally, the official documentation shows how research into weather modification has been carried out by the Russian government and that weather modification is being carried out purely with the intention of using it as a military weapon and nothing more.
The claim that chemtrails, or stratospheric aerosols, are being used in an attempt to counteract climate change and to eliminate solar radiation for the benefit of the planet could very well be misdirection. In reality, weather modification has officially been carried out by the US military since at least the 1960s. As early as 1957, the president's advisory committee on weather control warned that weather modification as a military weapon could become a more important weapon than the atomic bomb. Weather modification is a powerful weapon of mass destruction.
In 1966, the US military carried out Project Popeye - an attempt to extend the monsoon season leading to an increase in the amount of mud on the Ho Chi Minh trail, with the intention of slowing down enemy progress. This was achieved by using aircraft to disperse a silver iodide nuclei agent into clouds that were layered over portions of the trail, leading from North Vietnam through Cambodia and down into South Vietnam. Due to the success of this program, the operations were continued from 1967 right up until 1972.
By 1977, the United Nations General Assembly prohibited the hostile use of environmental modification techniques. The Convention on the Prohibition of Military or Any Other Hostile Use of Environmental Modification Techniques (ENMOD) banned the use of any weather modification system that could result in widespread, long-lasting or severe effects. Despite this resolution, official documentation shows how the use of such technologies has not ceased and that research into weather modification has not halted.
According to the official documentation, the only intention of utilizing weather modification is for military applications and to carry out covert warfare operations (including psychological warfare). Climate change, or global warming, is not even mentioned in the official documentation. It is believed that weather modification can be used to degrade enemy forces in the following ways:
- Flood lines of communication
- Reduce PGM/Recce efficacy
- Decrease morale
- Deny enemy operations
- Precipitation Denial
- Deny fresh water
- Induce drought
- Disrupt communications and radar
- Disable or destroy space assetts
Fog & Cloud Removal
- Deny concealment
- Increase vulnerability to PGM/Recce
- Detect hostile weather activities
Alternatively, it is believed that weather modification can be used to enhance friendly forces in the following ways:
- Improve lines of communication
- Maintain visibility
- Maintain/Increase morale
- Choose battlespace environment
- Space Weather
- Improve reliability of communications
- Intercept enemy transmissions
- Revitalize space assetts
Fog & Cloud Generation
- Increase concealment
Fog & Cloud Removal
- Maintain airfield operations
- Enhance PGM efficacy
- Defend against enemy capabilities
It also planned that in the future, UAVs (Unmanned Aerial Vehicles/Uninhabited Aerospace Vehicles) be used for weather modification purposes, rather than conventional aircraft.
The UAVs will use cloud-seeding and cloud-generation operations, dispersing a cirrus shield to counteract any enemy attempts at visual or infra-red (IR) surveillance. Cloud-seeding operations can cause thunderstorms to intensify over target areas, consequently limiting the enemy's defence capabilities.
At the same time, microwave heaters are to be used to create localized scintillation in order to disrupt synthetic aperture radar (SAR) systems. Whilst these operations were planned for the future, the proposition was originally put forth in 1996 and may very well be becoming (or already are) a reality by now.
Weather modification methods such as chemtrails, geoengineering and stratospheric aerosols do not appear to be being used for the purpose of counteracting climate change as we are being led to believe - the available evidence shows that they are probably being used as a means of carrying out various methods of covert psychological warfare.
More information is available in the official US Air Force document, Owning The Weather In 2025.
Many scientists and researchers have confirmed that tests of samples of rain, along with samples of soil, after suspected geoengineering has taken place show high levels of Aluminium, Strontium and Barium - metallic particles.
According to some researchers, the combination of materials being sprayed into the atmosphere causes a specific crystallization process and some claim that this is a form of nanotechnology, or nanobiotechnology.
Perhaps rather significantly, a study carried out by researchers at the Russian Academy of Sciences along with researchers from Moscow State Institute of Radio Engineering and Shubnikov Institute of Crystallography, researched electron microscopy of Barium-Strontium-Titanate nanostructures in the Aluminium Oxide matrix.