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Preserving Native Habitats in Louisiana

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For years, Yvonne has been developing a sustainable homestead complete with chickens, food plants, on-site water, solar power, and more.

Footprints in the Sand

Raccoon tracks in the bank of Pruden Creek show signs of nocturnal visitors to the habitat.

Raccoon tracks in the bank of Pruden Creek show signs of nocturnal visitors to the habitat.

Giving Back to Nature by Protecting Native Flora and Fauna

Scientists from all over the world, like Douglas Tallamy the author of Bringing Nature Home, are advocating using native plants in sustainable, ecologically balanced gardens in suburban and urban yards to help bring back the beneficial insects that are so necessary for a healthy planet. We have put together some tips to help you create your own backyard wildlife habitat that will provide a haven for you and our precious wildlife.

Before Hurricane Katrina, Louisiana was blessed with an abundance of native plants and animals, but in August, 2005, the storm damage and the building boom that followed destroyed thousands of acres of precious natural habitat. Today many concerned individuals and organizations in South Louisiana and all over the United States are trying to preserve and replant natural areas. We can do it, if we all try by rebuilding one habitat at a time.

Bumblebee Visits Louisiana Iris

A native iris growing in our rain garden is foraged by one of the many important native pollinators.

A native iris growing in our rain garden is foraged by one of the many important native pollinators.

Natural Habitat is Important

Habitat, Habitat, Habitat.... If you plant it, they will come. To attract wildlife to your garden you must provide the 3 major requirements for the survival of any creature:

Food - in the form of plants (nectar, berry, and nut producing) and/or feeders.

Shelter/Cover/Nesting Sites - Evergreens are especially important for wintering Hummingbirds and natives are preferred nesting sites. Nest boxes can also be a pleasing addition to the garden or dead trees and limbs can be left standing.

Water - from a large pond to a birdbath, but dripping or moving water is most appealing.

Ruby-throat Sips

Hummingbirds drink nectar from flowers, but they also eat tiny insects.

Hummingbirds drink nectar from flowers, but they also eat tiny insects.

Our property is a registered National Wildlife Federation Backyard Habitat (number 21325). We do everything possible to keep it natural and wild since natural wildlife habitats in the area are being destroyed at such a rapid pace. You don't have to have a large piece of property, even a small backyard can become a sanctuary for wild creatures.

Sharing Seed

Birds such as this red-bellied woodpecker and female cardinal eat many insects as well as seed.

Birds such as this red-bellied woodpecker and female cardinal eat many insects as well as seed.

Food

Food can be provided in a number of ways. In our habitat we plant many low maintenance native and old-fashioned plants that provide nectar, berries, fruit and nuts while also sustaining insects, another source of food. We also supplement the natural diet with a number of different feeders.

Natural Food

Here are some of the creatures favorites:

Nectar Producing for Hummingbirds and Butterflies - Salvias, Indian Pink (Spigellia marilandica), Coral Honeysuckle (Lonceria sempervirens), Black-eyed Susan family (Rudbeckia spp.), Coreopsis, Morning Glory (Ipomoea spp.). Learn more pollinator plants at Hummingbird Gardening and Gardening to Attract and Sustain Butterflies.

Berries, Fruit and Nuts - Red Mulberry (Morus rubra), Flowering Dogwood (Cornus floridia), Black Cherry ( Prunus serotina), Huckleberry and Blueberry (Vaccinium spp.), Oak, Pecan and Hickory to name a few.

Supplemental Feeders

Sugar Water - Make your own mixture, using white, granulated sugar at 4 parts water to 1 part sugar (ex. 1 cup of water to 1/4 cup of sugar). No boiling is required, just mix until the sugar is dissolved. Store extra in the refrigerator. Soak the feeders in a mild bleach solution for an hour when they look moldy. Don't soak too long or the plastic and metal parts will become corroded.

Seed - We feed Sunflower, cracked and whole corn (mostly for the birds) and Golden Nuggets (for the mammals).

Carolina wren feasts on the no-melt suet.

Carolina wren feasts on the no-melt suet.

Suet

We make our own suet. A wide variety of birds visit our suet feeder. We put it out year-round, so we make a "no-melt" kind that can take the summer heat.

Here's the recipe:

Home Made Suet

2 cups (1 block) of LARD (animal fat)

1 cup CRUNCHY Peanut butter (cheap kind)

1 cup of Oatmeal

1 cup of unbleached flour

1 cup of cornmeal or wheat germ

Melt the lard a little in a big glass bowl (30 sec. in the microwave) and mix all of the ingredients together. It gets messy so let the kids get involved, they'll love it! Line a rectangular pan with a sheet of wax paper and press the mixture in. Pop it in the freezer for an hour or so, then cut it into blocks. We find that smaller ones (4" x 2") work best because the birds eat it before it can mildew in the hot, humid weather. Store the blocks in a ziploc bag in the freezer and refill your suet feeder as needed.

The wonderfully narrated video explains how to attract and sustain winter birds.

Attracting Birds to Your Yard in Winter

Mealworms for the Bluebirds

Mealworms are the larval form of the mealworm beetle, Tenebrio molitor, a species of darkling beetle. The darkling beetle goes through four life-stages: egg, larva, pupa, and adult. Larvae typically measure about 2.5cm or more, whereas adults are generally between 1.25 and 1.8cm in length.

Mealworms are used as a food source for reptile and avian pets. They are also put out for wild birds in bird feeders, particularly during the nesting season when birds are raising their young. They can be purchased at most pet stores and are also available via mail order and the internet. Mealworms are usually sold in a container with bran or oatmeal for food. Mealworm feeders are available on-line or you can make your own. Mealworms are easy to raise and many lessons can be learned during the process.

Prothonotary Warbler Dances on His House Top

These gorgeous little birds of the wet woods are on the decline due to habitat destruction. This male is dancing to attract a mate.

These gorgeous little birds of the wet woods are on the decline due to habitat destruction. This male is dancing to attract a mate.

Shelter and Nesting Sites

A variety of tall and understory, mostly native, trees and shrubs will provide places for the birds to seek shelter. Evergreens are especially good for winter shelter during cold weather. These trees and shrubs will also be used by most birds during the nesting season. But all birds and animals do not nest in shrubs and the branches of trees. Many either drill out a cavity in a rotten area of a tree or use one that another bird made. So we leave as many dead trees up as we can. We only take them down if they endanger structures or automobiles. Many of the cavity nesting birds will also use man-made nest boxes, so we maintain a nest box trail of about 30 nest boxes of various sizes that are used by a variety of birds on our property.

Baby Cardinals

Cardinals nest in brushy areas of the yard.

Cardinals nest in brushy areas of the yard.

Water

A source of water is extremely important in a backyard habitat. Dripping or running water is best, but a bird bath will do. Today there are a variety of water features that you can add to your garden. There are even solar powered pumps and some charge batteries so that they run, even when the sun is down. Misters are great for the birds, too. In fact ours flock to any area that we are watering to take advantage of the sprinkler.

Red Buckeye by the Pond

laflora_fauna

Tchefuncte River

The Tchefuncte River is on of the Scenic rivers in Southeastern Louisiana where we live.

The Tchefuncte River is on of the Scenic rivers in Southeastern Louisiana where we live.

Slider Turtle Laying Eggs

A water feature or pond adds another dimension to the habitat by providing life giving water and places for aquatic creatures to live and proliferate.

A water feature or pond adds another dimension to the habitat by providing life giving water and places for aquatic creatures to live and proliferate.

Book Review and Commentary - Bringing Nature Home

Wilson enlightened us many years ago, as to the importance of insects in the whole scheme of things with his infamous quote:

"If humans were to disappear, the effects on the insect world would be minimal. It's unlikely a single insect species would go extinct except three forms of body and head lice. (Close relatives of the parasites could still live on gorillas.) The complex web of life would continue "minus all the species we have pushed into extinction." But if insects were to disappear, Wilson speaks of "an ecological dark age" where "the survivors would offer prayers for the return of weeds and bugs."

Tiger Swallowtail in Flame Azalea

Native azaleas attract butterflies, hummingbirds and other pollinators.

Native azaleas attract butterflies, hummingbirds and other pollinators.

Sulfur Butterfly on Turk's Cap

Turk's cap, a member of the hibiscus family has nectar rich flowers which hummingbirds and other pollinators visit. Its fleshy fruit is eaten by songbirds.

Turk's cap, a member of the hibiscus family has nectar rich flowers which hummingbirds and other pollinators visit. Its fleshy fruit is eaten by songbirds.

Now Douglas Tallamy gives us a possible solution to the ever spiraling path to destruction of the food chain that our society is moving towards, as subdivision after subdivision bulldozes our precious and crucial native plants only to replant them with inedible, unsuitable and hard to grow alien plants. According to Tallamy, "If we want to create ecosystems with diversity of animal species, we first have to encourage a healthy diversity of plants. ...I can not over emphasize how important insect herbivores are to the health of all terrestrial ecosystems." Typical subdivision monocultures of exotic turf grass, box hedges, lollipop trees and a few annuals from the big chain store will not provide food and shelter for the most important of the layers of the food chain, the Insects.

He goes on to say, "Because it is we who decide what plants will grow in our gardens, the responsibility for our nation's biodiversity lies largely with us." While many people talk about the good old days, when a kid could go outside and catch a whole jar full of Lightening Bugs in a few minutes and they mourn the loss of the birds and butterflies they continue to cut down the native trees, shrubs and wildflowers that support these wondrous creatures, only to replace them with alien species that are usually not suitable for our climate or our wildlife.

Salvia coccinea with Hoover Fly

Hoover flies are tiny pollinators that frequently visit Salvia flowers. Salvia coccinea is a favorite of hummingbirds, butterflies and bees.

Hoover flies are tiny pollinators that frequently visit Salvia flowers. Salvia coccinea is a favorite of hummingbirds, butterflies and bees.

According to Tallamy, "We need to restore the ecological integrity of suburbia in order to prevent the extinction of most of our plants and animals." The news media continues to talk about the destruction of the rain forests, and this is something that we should be concerned about. However, it is interesting to note that only 15% of the Amazonian forests have been logged, where here in the U.S. 70% of the forests along the Eastern Seaboard are gone. What we have done as a nation is fragmented suitable habitat where wildlife can thrive, thus forming habitat islands. Science has shown that habitat islands have high rates of species extinction.

Along with these problems come, what he considers the number one problem for biodiversity, paving with impervious surfaces. The second most serious blow against biodiversity is our love affair with sterile lawns. All over the world, 12% of bird species are being threatened with extinction due to habitat loss. We have taken their homes, their food and filled the world with dangerous obstacles like highways and high rise buildings filled with glass windows, to mention a few.

Hummingbird Moth and Monarda fistulosa

Monarda flowers are pollinator magnets, especially for native bees, butterflies and moths. This hummingbird moth drinks the rich nectar.

Monarda flowers are pollinator magnets, especially for native bees, butterflies and moths. This hummingbird moth drinks the rich nectar.

But Tallamy says that all is not lost if we act NOW, before masses of species are extinct. Humans can live in harmony with a variety of plant and animal species and must start to design living spaces that will accommodate both humans and wildlife in a functioning sustainable ecosystem that supports biodiversity.

Because humans have already impacted nature on almost every place on the planet, we must discard the idea of "pristine nature" and go forth with a program of "reconciliation ecology" (Michael Rosenzweig, 2003) to redesign human habitats to accommodate other species. By replacing exotic turf lawns and alien plants with food producing, insect / wildlife friendly native plants in our suburban yards we can take a giant step towards preventing the catastrophic blow to our food supply that the failure of animal pollinated fruits and vegetables would cause.

Copper Louisiana Iris (I. fulva)

Native Iris fulva is foraged by orioles, native bees and hummingbirds.

Native Iris fulva is foraged by orioles, native bees and hummingbirds.

Bringing Nature Home contains several excellent chapters that guide the reader through the process of replacing alien species with native plants including, Creating Balanced Communities, Gardening for Insect Diversity and What Should I Plant? But my favorite chapter is, What Does Bird Food Look Like? This contains beautiful, color photographs with descriptions of many of the important insects that are vital to bird survival. Appendices include: Native Plants with Wildlife Value and Desirable Landscaping Attributes, Host Plants of Butterflies and Showy Moths and Experimental Evidence.

Even though the book is written from a "northern" perspective, some southern flora and fauna are also covered. The message of this book can not be ignored. We must act now to save the insects and to save the Earth.

Biodiversity is the Key

All organisms are important, from the bacteria and fungi which break down the soil to the largest plants and animals. Each has it's link in the food chain.

Anole in Goldenrod

Green anoles devour insects in the garden. Native goldenrod attracts many pollinators.

Green anoles devour insects in the garden. Native goldenrod attracts many pollinators.

Screech Owl

Predators, such as this Eastern screech owl, are also needed to balance the environment and are an important link in the food chain.

Predators, such as this Eastern screech owl, are also needed to balance the environment and are an important link in the food chain.

Bring Your Soil Back to Life

A regular compost pile provides rich soil for the garden while providing the birds with insects and some earthworms to eat, but vermi-composting goes a step further by providing rich worm castings and many, many earthworms to till your garden and provide food for the creatures in your habitat.

Compost tea is filled with beneficial microorganisms and nutrients. It is great to use when transplanting starter plants and fertilizing vegetables and herbs. Use it and your soil will be alive again.

Make Compost Tea

Louisiana Flora and Fauna for the Children's Corner

Bringing nature home and preserving native flora and fauna can be a family affair, full of learning opportunities. Children are our future. If they learn about ecosystems and biodiversity when they are young, they will be able to make intelligent decisions when they are older. Here are some great native plant and animal books for the little ones.

A Favorite Quote

Take nothing but pictures.

Leave nothing but footprints.

Kill nothing but time.

Motto of the Baltimore Grotto

A Bugs Life Begins

© 2008 Yvonne L B

Let us hear about the native flora and fauna where you live.

anonymous on May 29, 2009:

I was checking out other sites on Louisiana and found this one. My wife loves the hummingbirds. We are in the process of putting in a backyard garden. It is our favorite living space. I will be checking back from time to time. Great site!

I just started my own site here at www.squidoo.com/Tickfaw . This is about the Tickfaw State Park just south of Springfield Louisiana.

ElizabethJeanAl on October 25, 2008:

Welcome to the Totally Awesome Lenses Group.

Lizzy

WorldTravelers916 on September 08, 2008:

great lens, keep up the good work, i love all the article!

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nilamdoc on August 30, 2008:

Nice Page and information... Please visit mine too... We love nature.. and want to preserve it...

http://www.squidoo.com/MyBeautifulWorld

Ruth Coffee from Zionsville, Indiana on August 07, 2008:

Another outstanding lens and I LOVE the postcards!

ElizabethJeanAl on July 26, 2008:

What a wonderful lens and a noble cause. Preserving our natural resources is vital.

5* and Lensroll

Lizzy

SPF on July 17, 2008:

Wow. Such great information. Another great addition to my Backyard Habitat group!!

Soulshine_Expressions on May 21, 2008:

Wow! Your lens covers a very important issue which requires a lot of attention by all. The information offered was very informative, educational and well presented. More people need to be made aware of the importance of ecological balance. Your lens shows how everyone can do his or her part in preserving natural habitats. 5 Stars

Thank you and Peace!

chickendumplinchick on May 20, 2008:

Well Hello Neighbor! Greetings from Mississippi. Just joined the Walk in the Woods group and saw your lens and thought I'd check it out.

Checked out your Cafepress store and your photos. Very impressive. I'm giving you 5 stars! My husband and I also do Cafepress although we haven't gotten into Zazzle yet. He's a fellow photographer (and member of Walk in the Woods) and quite a good one as well if I must say. Come on over and visit us on Squidoo if you get a chance. He's Soulshine_Expressions and me--well, you've got my link above.

Again, great job on the lens and your other sites. Very interesting and informative.

:) Tammy

Evelyn Saenz from Royalton on April 25, 2008:

Thank you for joining A Walk in the Woods. I enjoyed reading your lens. Thank you for opening my eyes to new information and ideas. I have added you to the Featured Lensmasters.

Please feel free to add as many lenses as relate to the theme and then add them to a plexo. If you don’t find a plexo that fits your lens just email me.

Please feel free to grab any of these plexos to add it to your lens. By adding it to your lens both our lenses will be updated each time someone adds a lens to the plexo.

More Updates equal higher lensranks

Don't forget to visit the other lenses in the group.

You can add any of your lenses that are in the Isle of Squid to the last plexo. Please remember to visit the Isle of Squid lenses and review them.

I believe that each of these connections will improve the ranks of all of our lenses.

Evelyn

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