Today, we are celebrating mahatma Gandhi Jayanti all over the world. What was his inspiration for people?
Gandhian Inspirational Life
Mahatma Gandhi's autobiography 'Satyache Prayog' is one of the most remarkable books in the world. It is also the number one most read autobiography in the world. This is because it is a book that reflects the truth of life and inspires people to live by moral values. That is why he is one of the hundreds of spiritual books in the world.
For what reasons did Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi transform into Mahatma Gandhi and become a world-renowned personality? His life, which began with self-improvement, took the lead in resisting injustice. This journey continued till Bapuji's last breath in the direction of religious, social, national reform and then the country's independence and nation building.
This adherent of family values became a symbol of vegetarianism and non-violence throughout the world. Instead of just chanting non-violence, he devised a technique to establish it in human life. His non-violent movement in South Africa combines the values of resistance, unity, dialogue, love, perseverance, struggle, service, simplicity, cooperation, sacrifice and equality.
Priests Of Truth And Non-Violence
When Gandhiji and his family were attacked at Natal, the imperialist government was shaken. When the news broke in the London newspapers, the rulers telephoned the African government to arrest the assailants. Gandhiji was summoned by the local ministers and asked to name the attackers. However, Gandhiji refused to give names. Punishing a person is not the answer to the problem, but the causes of attacks should be changed, Gandhiji had told these ministers.
Barrister Mohandas had gone to Africa to earn money for his family. But, as a defender of human rights, he challenged the local and British rulers. His battle was to change thinking, to change vision, to end inequality. In the Boer War, he helped thousands of wounded with a sense of dedication. Even when there was an epidemic, Gandhiji forgot his own safety and tried to save the poor.
When Gandhiji returned home in January 1915 after a struggle of about 21 years, he was ill. But, he always relied on naturopathy. At that time, his name and deeds were spread all over the world. There was a huge burden of expectations on his head. His speech at Kashi University changed the mindset of many people.
He then successfully experimented with Satyagraha in Champaran for the farmers enslaved by the indigo factory. Soon after, he raised his voice against the oppressive tax imposed on farmers in Kheda, Gujarat. He set an example for the workers' movement by taking care that the strike of the Mill workers in Ahmedabad would go in a non-violent way. After returning to India, khadi and village industries started and all these agitations went on for two and a half years. However, on the first day of his return, he wrote a letter to Viceroy Chelmsford informing him of his existence.
The Struggle For The People And For His Life
After 1918, three major problems arose. Relying on British assurances that Indians would be given their rights in the First World War, the Spanish flu, as well as the British government's desperate attempt to enslave Indians by imposing the Rowlatt Act on them, Gandhiji supported them in World War I. When the Indian soldiers disembarked from the boat at the port of Mumbai, they were infected with an epidemic. Through them, the epidemic spread to India and took over the population of about one and a half crore.
During the plague, ships carrying 800 Indians, including Gandhi, to Africa were anchored at sea for 23 days. The spread of Spanish flu in India could have been prevented in the same way. The motive behind allowing the ship carrying the infected soldiers to reach Mumbai was clear. On the one hand the epidemic was growing and on the other hand the exploitation of Indians was also increasing. Mahatma Gandhi's Kheda Satyagraha started at that time and at the same time the spread of the epidemic was intentional.
Gandhiji's eldest daughter-in-law Gulab and her eldest grandson died in the epidemic. Although Gandhiji did not suffer from this epidemic, his stomach ache worsened. Gandhiji, who had gone to the door of death, was healed again. Until then, the Rowlatt Act had been imposed on the people and a state of emergency had been created.
The ordeal of the Spanish flu on the one hand and the exploitation of the Indians on the other began and the combined effect was the Rowlatt Act. Along with leading the country to poverty, the British strengthened their grip on the occasion. This law led to the arrest and imprisonment of anyone without trial. Press freedom came under attack during the British rule. So no one was free to express their views. Because writing is a kind of weapon.
It was during this period that Gandhiji decided to oppose the Rowlatt Act to restore human rights, to increase pressure on the government to repeal it, and to launch a nationwide movement for it. Satyagraha Sabha was established in Mumbai in February 1999. After that peaceful protests started all over the country. Thousands of protesters were arrested. Protesters in Jallianwala were shot dead in the garden.
The government killed about a thousand innocent people. At that time, Indian society was determined to fight for its independence from government repression rather than die from the plague and handed it over to Gandhiji. For the next 28 years, India continued to carry out fearless non-violent agitation under the guidance of Gandhiji and finally got rid of the imperialist British government. The memory of their struggle is always inspiring.
© 2021 Anand