In this article, I would like to present some ideas I have for Korean unification. As you know, Korea is actually two countries, communist North Korea, and capitalist South Korea. I believe that the only way to establish peace and security is to unify the two Koreas, so they become one country. We can look to lessons of the past as a guide. Several years ago, Germany was divided into two countries. There were two Germanies, one of them was capitalist West Germany, and the other was communist East Germany. The city of Berlin was divided by a wall, and when crowds of protesters began to tear down the wall, the unification of the two Germanies was inevitable. The two Koreas should be unified, like the two Germanies were.
Another lesson from the past that we should consider comes from the events surrounding the Chinese takeover of Hong Kong. Many years ago, Hong Kong had been taken over by the British, and it became a British colony. The Chinese tolerated this situation, because the British signed a treaty with China that said the British would give control of Hong Kong back to China after 100 years. The treaty was made in the year 1897, and when the treaty expired 100 years later, in the year 1997, the British fulfilled their promise, and they relinquished control of Hong Kong. So, in 1997, Hong Kong became part of China, and it was now going to be ruled by the Chinese government, instead of the British government. Some capitalists in Hong Kong were worried that the communists would take away their profits, and force them to operate their businesses according to communist rules.
The Chinese government assured them that they could keep their capitalist system, and a new slogan was broadcast all over China and Hong Kong, the new slogan was: 'One Country, Two Systems'. This meant that China and Hong Kong were now united into one country, but they would have two different economic systems in their country, they would have a capitalist system in the Hong Kong region, and a communist system in the rest of China. The idea of 'One Country, Two Systems' will also work in Korea. After Korea is united, they will be one country with two economic systems, they will have a communist economic system in the north and capitalist economic system in the south. Eventually, there will be some mixing of the two systems, and this mixing should come by mutual agreement. The representatives of companies in South Korea would go into the north, and they would seek opportunities to open factories in North Korea. At the same time, representatives of labor unions from North Korea would go into South Korea, to seek opportunities to organize South Korean workers.
One of the first things that the two Koreas could do is collaborate on a joint space project. This is something that they could get started on right away, even before unification is complete. North and South Korea could collaborate to build a space vehicle and they could collaborate to launch it into space, together. The astronauts in the space vehicle could include two astronauts from South Korea, and two astronauts from North Korea. The space vehicle could orbit the Earth, and it may also be able to link up with the I.S.S. (international space station), which already has space vehicles from several countries attached to it. The joint Korean space mission would be a non-military mission, and it's purpose could be Earth observation, for weather forecasting, and so on. All the parts of the the joint Korean space vehicle would be built in North Korea and South Korea. The astronauts who will fly in the joint Korean space vehicle will get their training in North Korea and also South Korea.
Another aspect of unification is defense. To defend the unified Korean nation from foreign attack, they should build two new military bases. The North Koreans should build a military base in South Korea, and the South Koreans should build a military base in North Korea. To build trust, they should start building both of these bases on the same day, so they will be building the bases at the same time. After unification, the Koreans can ask the U.S.A. to remove it's troops from the Korean peninsula, since U.S. troops will no longer be needed.
As the process of unification continues, radio and television broadcasts could be duplicated on both sides. North Koreans will be able to open TV stations and radio stations in South Korea, and South Koreans will be able to open TV and radio stations in North Korea. So, for the first time, people who live in Seoul will be able to turn on their TV sets and watch news broadcast from Pyongyang, and people who live in Pyongyang will be able to turn on their TV set and watch news broadcast from Seoul. Another aspect of unification is education. Colleges in North and South Korea will be able to get students from both sides. Students who live in South Korea will be able to go to North Korea to attend college, and students from North Korea will be able to go to South Korea to attend college.
Finally, the two sides will have to decide on a common currency, for all financial transactions. This new Korean currency will have to be recognized by all the banks in North and South Korea, and all the workers in North and South Korea will be paid with the new currency. I think the most difficult part of the transition is trying to establish elections, so a new leader can be elected. The election to select the new prime minister would be held in North Korea and South Korea simultaneously, so people in the north and south will be able to choose the new leader. I assume the present leader of North Korea will step down, and at the same time, the present leader of South Korea will also step down. If they both step down, they would be replaced by a new leader who had been elected by voters in North and South Korea. Do you think I am being too optimistic?