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History of Texas Voter Suppression

Nyamweya is a Kenyan scholar who has done many years of research on a diversity of topics

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Texas Flag

Through the passing of the United States’ voter identification regulations and laws in the Texas nation, the government’s lawmakers discovered that the purpose of the laws was tackling the voter fraud challenge. Wright (2016) observed that the Texas century law legacy’s purpose was to ensure that African Americans and Latinos were excluded from the polls. Due to stringent voter identification laws in the nation, the maintenance of the laws requires the voters to provide a driver’s license, military ID, weapons permit, and a passport, documents that African Americans, Hispanics and poor Americans lack liability to them. The non-conservative courts are against the laws regarding discrimination; hence the courts are opting to strike the laws on voter suppression. Unfortunately, they observed that the provision must be affected to help the people who do not have an identification card that the laws require an aptitude in casting votes.

In accordance with Wright (2016), the laws of Byon in Texas were known in 1845. However, in the nation of Texas, the voting experience assesses the minimal voting rights from the year 1982 reveals that the operation is still incomplete, and also, the voting rights suppression of most individuals has been consistent. Also, non-complying with the act of votes has continued at the state and local levels. In 1997, after much investigation, the Supreme Court discovered that Dallas County failing to submit the rules and regulations in regards to the prejudicial poll worker practices influenced the Latino and African American voters. Moreover, in 2011, the Justice Department discovered that the disobedience resulted from the language aid provisions in the Texas counties like Hale, Harris, and Ector. Despite Texas boasting about the higher rates according to English illiteracy aimed the Native Americans and Latino voters, minority groups, African-Americans and the death of voters’ materials availability whose translation is considered an impediment for the minor voters.

In 2012, there was an earlier ruling concerning the requirements for voter IDs. The Justice Department also discovered that voter ID laws discriminated against the individuals from low-income regions and minority voters and resulted in the target of a different notable population demographic concerns. The other purpose of the voter suppression laws was to target the female gender who had undergone a divorce with the minority group members, and due to that, they changed their surnames hence being prevented from the voting operation. The laws demanded that the names on the identification document and voter registration cards be the same to prevent oppression. However, for the right reasons, the laws resulted in many complications, preventing several minority voters and women voters from casting ballots and elections.

In November 2013, at least 1.4 Texas-qualified voters could not continue with the voting operation because of a lack of an apt ID. Also, the voters faced several challenges in acquiring the ID, hence making them acquire the requirements for provision to the state. In 2014, the U.S District Judge, Nelva Gonzales Ramos, described the voting laws that Texas had enacted as being dependent on the unconstitutional poll tax, referencing racially and strong wound charged laws the voting laws whose enaction was after the post-Civil War Reconstruction epoch. The Texas intricate voting laws require taxpayer-financed and extra training to ensure that the poll employees learn the means of effectively executing the voting laws.

The current efforts aim for the minority to represent and vote for themselves and can voice the requirements that have had a turbulent and prolonged story in the past in the U.S.A. In the moment of the Reconstruction era, a period in which the African Americans received the voting rights through the 15th Constitutional murder, aggressive protest, amendment, lynching and intimidation and riots strategies that KKK led whose aim was to ensure that the African Americans could not vote. However, as years went by, the racists became very subtle and sneaky, and the laws enacted that were avoiding the African Americans from voting increased due to particular needs. Several states asked for the literacy tests that were a targeted task at the literacy lower rates among the African –American voters. The African American voters who were newly emancipated were working as sharecroppers and hence were denied the access to learn, making the tests difficult to pass. In certain scenarios, the functional ownership requirements of functional assets were suitable to the poll taxes and white males. The grandfather clause's most outstanding law allowed people whose father or grandfather would manage to vote before 1867 to dart the taxes, property requirements, and literacy tests, hence offering the poor and uneducated a pass but excluding the African American voters. Currently, it is difficult for anyone to notice the correlation between Texas and United States' suppressive voter ID laws.

Comparison to the Other States

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Currently, not only Texas but 30 other states have enacted regulations and voter repressive laws. For instance, the current case is the Crawford v. Marion county case that the law courts upheld in 2008. During the case, the Supreme Court claimed that in the aversion of the fraud cases, the Indian state had a potential voter whose aim was to identify themselves by presenting a photo identification card that the state offers before casting the ballots. The Supreme Court later rejected the notion that a massive load had been given to the potential voters who were supposed to collect several documents to get a necessary free photo Id. According to Crotty (2015), the decision of Crawford influenced the floodgates opening that eventually resulted in being an attempts waves by more than 30 investments in the demand that the potential voters have a certain kind of photo identification for them to be permitted to vote. The Crawford changes were considered the best for the entire country. As a result, the novel voter registration photo requirements proponents claimed that the new policies were effective because they helped prevent voter fraud. Moreover, the proponents of the alterations in the election laws had an assentation that some requirements are unnecessary and voter suppressive. They had an intended or unintended effect, resulting in more challenges to the African Americans and various minority groups as well as the poor to vote and choose the leaders.


References

Acharya, A., Blackwell, M., & Sen, M. (2015). A culture of disenfranchisement: How American slavery continues to affect voting behavior. The Journal of Politics, forthcoming.

Broussard, P. A. (2015). Eviscerating the Voting Rights Act and Moral Authority: Freedom to Discriminate Comes with a Price. Berkeley Journal of African-American Law & Policy, 16(2), 12.

Crotty, W. (2015). Black Empowerment in Contemporary America: The Voting Rights’ Act Decision as a Case Study.

Tamas, B., & Hindman, M. D. (2014). Ballot Access Laws and the Decline of American Third Parties. Election Law Journal, 13(2), 260-276.

Wright, G. (2016). Voting Rights and Economics in the American South.

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