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Gender Inequality in India

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Gender inequality in India

We are proud of being a 21st Century Indian who celebrate happiness on the birth of a son and if a daughter is born, it becomes settled and even a rule has not been made to celebrate any celebration. So much love for boys that in the year of the birth of boys, we have been killing girls at the time of birth or before birth, if they were not luckily killed then we should find many ways of discrimination against them throughout the life take it. However, our religious beliefs consider the woman as a goddess, but we refuse to recognize her as a human being. We worship the goddess, but exploit girls. As far as our approach to women is concerned, we are a society of dual-standards where our thoughts and teachings are different from our actions. Attempts to understand gender inconsistencies and find some solutions.


Definition of gender inequality

Gender is the 'socio-cultural term', relating to the social definition, defines the actions and behaviors of 'men' and 'women' in society, whereas, 'sex' defines 'man' and 'woman'. There is a biological and physical phenomenon. In its social, historical and cultural aspects, gender is related to the work of power between men and women, where men are considered to be women. In this way, 'gender' should be considered as a man-made principle, while 'sex' is the natural or biological characteristic of humans.

Gender inequality can be defined in general terms such that discrimination against women on a gender basis. In the society traditionally women are considered as weaker castes. He is in a subordinate condition of men. He suffers from exploited, humiliated, uncrowned and discriminated in both home and society. This strange type of discrimination against women is prevalent everywhere in the world and in Indian society, there is a lot more.


Few Types of gender inequality in India

  • Male-dominated society
  • Feeling inferior to women
  • Poor Education
  • Poor Literacy
  • Economic Independence
  • Child Marriage
  • Representation in Government
  • Political Issue

Important data for gender inequality in India:

Global Indexes:

Gender inequality exhibits poor ranking in India's various global gender indices.

  • UNDP's gender inequality index - 2014: India's position in the list of 152 countries is at 127th position. Only Afghanistan in countries related to SAARC countries is above these countries.
  • Global Gender Interval Index of World Economic Forum - 2014: India is at 114th place in the list of 142 countries in the world. This index examines gender differences in four major areas:
    • Economic Partnerships and Opportunities
    • Educational Achievements
    • Health and life expectancy
    • Political empowerment

The status of India under all these indicators is as follows :

Female foeticide

102.4 males per 108.9 in 2011

Female infanticide

103 & 107 (approx.)


The sex ratio of children (0 to 6 classes):



Sex ratio


Female literacy


Maternal mortality

178 deaths per 100,000 live births

These are some of the all the important indexes mentioned above that display the status of women in the country.

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Virgo murder and child-girl killings are the most inhuman acts and it is very shameful that these practices are widely practiced in India.

These statistics show that despite the laws (ie Prevention of Pre-natal Diagnosis) (Regulation and Abuse of Prevention) Act 1994, today even after gender tests, abortion is at its highest level. A research conducted by McPherson demonstrates that about 100,000 illegal abortions are done in India every year only because the embryo girl who has a fetus in the womb is the embryo.

Due to this, a dangerous trend during the 2011 census revealed that there is 919 child-gender ratio (sex ratio of children aged from 0 to 6 years), which was 8 points less than the previous census 2001. These statistics show that after the gender tests, the number of abortions has increased.

As far as the whole gender ratio, during the 2011 census, it was 943, which is 10 points ahead of 933 in 2001. Although it is a good sign that the overall sex ratio has increased, but it is still not entirely in favor of women.

According to 2011, female literacy is 65.46%, compared to 82.14% of male literacy. These intervals show widespread inequality with women in India and also indicate that Indian women are not paying much attention to education.

All these indicators show the resilient position of India on gender equality and the fundamental rights of women. Therefore, every year, the Indian government imposes various schemes and programs for the empowerment of women, so that their benefits may be received by women, but the ground reality is that even after the implementation of such programs there is no special change in the situation of women. These changes will be shown only if the ideas and customs pre-arranged in the mind of the people in the society will be changed, when society itself will not make any difference in boys and girls and girls will not feel any burden.


To overcome gender inequality, Indian Constitution has taken many positive steps; The preamble of the Constitution speaks about the level of equality and opportunity for all its citizens, with the aim of achieving social, economic and political justice for everyone. Women have the right to vote in this sequence too. Article 15 of the Constitution also prohibits discrimination on the basis of separation of gender, religion, caste, and place of birth. Article 15 (3) authorizes any state to make special provisions for children and women. Apart from this, State Policy Director elements also provide many provisions that help protect women from security and discrimination.

Many constitutional protective measures have been made for women in India, but ground reality is very different from that. Despite all these provisions, women are still treated as second class citizens in the country, men consider them as a means of fulfilling their sexual desires, atrocities against women are at their perilous level, dowry practice today Even in prevalence, female feticide is an ideal in our homes.


How can we stop gender inequality from society?

All kinds of discrimination or inequalities will continue to go along with the constitutional list, but actual changes can only be made when men's thinking is changed. When this thinking changes, a type of humanity begins to behave in a parallel with a woman, not to consider her as a subordinate. Even not only men but women also have to change their old conservative thinking. They must also know that they have also become part of this exploiting patriarchal system and helping men dominate themselves.

Therefore, women's empowerment is needed, where women can become financially independent and self-sufficient, where they can fight their fears and become fearless in the world, where they can take their rights out of men's pocket and for this They do not even need to ask anybody, where they can get good education and become a good future and self-proprietorship Even up to get them to the polls beyond the limits imposed by the man and his decision freedom to make their own.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2019 Upendra Kumar Singh

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