I am Proved to be a Country India Where "Mahatma Gandhi" was Born. "Experiment of Truth" give me inspiration for writing about Gandhi ji.
Today, it is difficult to find Gandhi-minded individuals, experts and fans. Those who were with Gandhiji were called 'end-resident'. There are no such end-of-life people. Bapu's greatest feature was that his popularity was so strong that he could have become prime minister if he had expected, but on the day of independence, on 15th August, when people were celebrating in Delhi and the country, Gandhiji was fasting to set fire to the communal riots in Kolkata. After Independence, he did not give any member of his family a ticket to contest or recommend any name.
Nehru and Sardar
Yes, the next generation must know those who have done the work of bringing forward Gandhiji's legacy.
One of the heirs of Gandhi's ideas was Jawaharlal Nehru. He writes that a few years ago while working at Nehru memorial museum and library, an unknown. The Tamil letter received was written to Rajaji, the Chakravarti Rajgopalachari. In the letter written in the 1950s, Jawaharlal was depicted as The Heart of Gandhiji, Vallabhbhai Patel as Gandhiji's hand, and Rajaji's head.
There were indeed differences between Jawaharlal Nehru and Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel on some issues, but in fact, they were adult leaders working together. The two leaders worked together to unify the country and achieve independence, despite disagreements on both personal and political issues.
This historian notes that if Nehru and Patel had not ended their differences at the beginning of 1948, there would be no democracy in the country today, everyone was shocked by the partition of India. Communal riots had erupted. The problem of settling millions of refugees from Pakistan was huge. The country was witnessing a rise in radicalization. The monsoon was not supporting. Foreign exchange had declined. Some foreign experts were asking if democracy would succeed in India.
But a miracle happened. The miracle was credited to Jawaharlal Nehru, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, and Dr. Babasaheb R. Some other men and women, including Ambedkar, contribute.
Rajendra Babu and Kripalaniji
Another important contribution is the contribution of the country's first President Rajendra Prasad and Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad. Rajendra Prasad did a great job as the Speaker of the Constituent Assembly of India. Maulana Abdul Kalam was a Muslim ally of Azad Gandhiji.
After Independence, some were in the real Gandhian government and opposition. One of them, J.B. Kripalani was. He knew Gandhiji more closely than Nehru, Sarkar, or Rajaji. Like Nehru and Sardar, Acharya Kripalani spent many years in jail for freedom. Unlike Nehru and Sardar, he quit the ruling Congress after independence and chose to be the voice of the opposition in Parliament. He was a staunch critic of then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru in the face of the crisis in the country due to China. He also spoke to the then Defence Minister V. K. Krishnamenon's failures were also highlighted.
Similarly, the great Gandhian C. Rajgopalachari was first in the Congress-led government and then sat in Parliament as a member of the opposition. Chakravarty Rajagopalachari Rajaji became the first Governor-General of the country and then the then Union Minister. Then madras became the Chief Minister of the state. But he was motivated to believe that the dominance of one party in such a large country was a threat to the democracy of the country.
He quit the Congress Party in 1956 at the age of 80 and formed a new political party called the Independent Party. Among Gandhiji's other notable followers was Kamala Devi Chattopadhyay. After Independence, Nehru had decided to serve the common man directly, rather than enter politics. He took over the resettlement of refugees.
Another such strong Gandhian woman was Mridula Sarabhai. Mridula was the daughter of Ambalal Sarabhai, the owner of the Calico Mill in Ahmedabad, and had raised sandbags on his head during the construction of the Sabarmati Ashram in Ahmedabad. After Independence, Mridula Sarabhai worked to bring the women who had been separated into their families. He then dedicated himself to the rights of the Kashmiri people.
Jai Prakash Narayan
Another such leader was Jai Prakash Narayan. Before Independence, Jaiprakash Narayan's wife lived in the Sabarmati Ashram in Ahmedabad but Jai Prakash Narayan was a staunch socialist. He initially considered Gandhiji a cowardly reactive, but after Gandhiji's death, he walked in Gandhi's way. When Indira Gandhi imposed a state of emergency in the country, she strongly opposed it.
One of Gandhiji's other followers was J.G. Kumarappa and Meerabehn. They entered the Sabarmati Ashram in the 1920s. Both remained close allies of Gandhiji. Kumarappa was an economist and worked towards making rural life sustainable. While Meerabehn stayed in Garhwal (Himalayas) and worked for rural stability.
Abdul Ghaffar Khan
Besides, Khan Abdul Ghafar Khan, a close aide to Gandhiji, was also present. They came from Pakistan. He was a staunch Gandhian and became known as Badshah Khan and as the Gandhi of the border. He worked for decades for justice and freedom for the Pathans. He believed in Gandhiji's principles of truth, non-violence, and love. With the same principles, he fought against the Pakistani rulers and the Pakistani army for years. He was in prison for years.
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.
© 2021 Harikrushn Finaviya