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Falsification of African history - Diop and others

Egypt and Black Africa

Falsification of Africa’s history

Many black scholars have documented this falsification since the 1800’s. Cheikh Anta Diop is a modern scholar of comparative studies between Egypt and black Africans. John Henrik Clarke, in a review of one of Cheikh Anta Diop’s book online states that, “In the chapter called, ‘Birth of the Negro Myth,’ Dr. Diop shows how African people, whose civilizations were archaic before Europe was born, were edited out of the “respectful commentary of human history”. Cheikh Anta Diop is known widely for seeking evidence to show that the civilization of ancient Egypt was built by the people referred to today as 'sub-Saharan Africans'). Diop has written a book titled Modern Falsification of History…” Diop lamented that Western historians wrote or rewrote history that put in good light people of European extraction while distorting the history of the rest of the world for a period of five hundred years.

In Kenya, this falsificationist perspective has persisted due partly to the education system that was inherited from the colonialists. Kenyan scholars have done very little to correct them. Prof. Were, (Ogot B. A. 1968) placed the Misri of Kisii and Luhya origins around Lake Rudolf – present day Lake Turkana. It is inconceivable that movement from such a short distance can be called a migration and even get stamped in memory with forklore. Clearly Ogot needed to look harder for the Misri of Kisii and Luhya traditions.

Janson (1997) and Adams (1999) have placed Egypt in the Mediterranean region, away from ‘sub-Saharan Africa.’ Duncan Clarke, in his undated book entitled African Art, (p.24) states that one, Martin Bernal “demonstrated that European scholars of the late nineteenth century sought to systematically downplay the Africanicity of Egypt…” According to the quote, Egypt’s contribution to art and culture was attributed to the Greeks and Romans in a “white Mediterranean Civilization.” Yet Boardman J., (1996, p. 18) a scholar of Greek art acknowledges that it was the other way round. Boardman gives an account of how Pharaoh Psametichos (664-610 BC) invited Greek mercenaries “to serve him against his enemies” an act which culminated in civilian Greeks migrating and doing business in Egypt. (Psametichos was a Pharaoh was in the beginning of the 26th Dynasty of the Saite period). These Greek settlers saw the monumental works of art which were bigger and “unlike their own less ambitious statuettes...” (Boardman J., 1996, p. 77). These Greeks were not only influenced but also challenged to be more ambitious.

Hobley, (1922) a colonial District Commissioner attributed the similarity of the Akamba word for spirits with the Assyrian one as pure chance. He (Hobley, 1922, p.27) found that “Curiously enough, the disembodied spirit was called Edimmu by the ancient Assyrian according to R.C Thompson in “Semitic Magic”. Hobley observed that the Assyrian word Edimmu (whose root is immu) is the same as the Kamba for the same concept. He stated that despite that similarity, there was hardly any evidence to show that the identity was “anything but accidental.” Hobley also noticed similarities of certain Kikuyu and Kamba customs to Egypt and Semitism. He dismissed them as due to ‘parallel development’ because, only the “Ba-Hima or Ba-Huma” (of Rwanda Urundi) are believed by one sir Harry Johnston to be descendants of ancient Egyptian settlers…”

J.G Frazer (Hobley, 1922, p.9) who wrote the forward to Hobley’s book however offers the reader a ray of hope by contradicting Hobley in the same book. Frazier, regarding the Semitic vestiges in the Kikuyu and Akamba supposed that,

“…recent investigations in this part of Africa, particularly with regard to the native veins of iron and gold, tend in the opinion of some competent inquiries to show that East Central Africa, including the region of the great lakes, was an extremely ancient seat of a rudimentary civilisation, the seeds of which may have been carried whether by migration or contact of peoples, to remote parts of Europe and Asia.

To support the view that African civilisations were ancient when Europe was new, Clarke H. J. (1974) in an electronic book entitled Cheikh Anta Diop and the New light on Africa, quotes Ladipo Solanke who wrote four years after Diop’s birth;

By the time Alexander the Great was sweeping the civilized world with conquest …by the time the first Aryan conquerors were learning the rudiments of war and government at the feet of the philosopher Aristotle; and by the time Athens was laying down the foundations of European civilization, the earliest and greatest Ethiopian culture had already flourished and dominated the civilized world for over four centuries and a half. Imperial Ethiopia had conquered Egypt and founded the XXVth Dynasty, and for a century and a half the central seat of civilization in the known world was held by the ancestors of the modern Negro, maintaining and defending it against the Assyrian and Persian Empires of the East. www.nbufront.org

DR. CHEIKH ANTA DIOP: The African Origins Of Humanity

In the western theory of Egyptology, Dynastic Egyptian culture has evolved into a branch of science divorced from black Africa (known as Sub-Saharan Africa). The reality is that Egypt is physically in Africa. This physical presence of Egypt on the African continent makes Egypt’s art and history a part of that of the rest of Africa. Egypt is known by East African Bantus as Misri. Several African ethnic groups vaguely mention Misri as an integral part of Bantu migrations from or into East Africa.

A possibility exists that the Kikuyu had contact with the culture of ancient Egypt. The incidences that highlight this possible contact have been stated in the Herb, Akhenaten and the Kikuyu. This is an attempt to correct the Falsification of Africa’s History that has been ably documented by scholars like Diop, Clarke D., etc.

As part of the falsification, Egypt has been removed from ‘Sub-Saharan Africa’ to down play it’s Africanicity by associating it with the Greeks and Romans in a white civilization. It cannot however be overstated that Egypt is squarely in Africa.

Dr. Diop refers to the Southern African origins of the people later known as Egyptians. Diop gets some support from another group of neglected writers. In his book Egypt, Sir E.A. Wallis Budge says: "The prehistoric native of Egypt, both in the old and in the new Stone Ages, was African and there is every reason for saying that the earliest settlers came from the South...There are many things in the manners and customs and religions of the historic Egyptians that suggests that the original home of their prehistoric ancestors was in a country in the neighborhood of Uganda and Punt." (Some historians believe that the land of Punt was in the area known on modern maps as Somalia. There exists today the breakaway republic of Puntland)

Dr. Diop has the following gems that should set you thinking:

1. "The history of Africa will remain suspended in air and cannot be written correctly until African historians connect it with the history of Egypt."

2. "The African historian who evades the problem of Egypt is neither modest or objective, nor unruffled, he is ignorant, cowardly, and neurotic."



  1. Boardman, J., 1996, Greek Sculpture- Archaic Period, Thames and Hudson, London.
  2. ben-Jochannan, Y., 1971, Africa: Mother of Western Civilization, Alkebu-Lan Books Associates, New York, New York.
  3. Clarke, D., (n.d.) African Art, Saturn Books, London.
  4. Clarke, D., 1998, African Hats and Jewellery, Chartwell Books, London.
  5. Hobley, C.W., 1922, Bantu Beliefs and Magic, H.F&G Witherby, London
  6. Janson, H. W., 1997, 5th edition, History of Art, Thames and Hudson, New York.
  7. Lambert, H. E., 1956, Kikuyu Social and political Institution , International African institute – Oxford University Press, London.
  8. Ogot, B.A., editor, 1974, Zamani, a Survey of East African History, East African Publishing House, Nairobi.
  9. Ogot, B.A., editor, 1976, Kenya Before 1900, Eight Regional Studies, East African Publishing House, Nairobi.
  10. Clarke, John Henrik, 1974, Cheikh Anta Diop and the New light on Africa.
  11. Winters, C. A.(2006 c), The structure of Africalogical social science Revolutions: The case of ancient Afrocentric Historical Studies.
  12. http://www.kemetway.com/guide.html -This site has several titles by Cheikh Anta Diop and others on the topic covered in this hub.


Emmanuel Kariuki (author) from Nairobi, Kenya on August 17, 2017:

Hi Wanjeha - I totally agree that a lot of research needs to be done and it must be multi-disciplinary. The DNA route is one that subscribe to, though it would be quite expensive.

Wanjeha on January 22, 2016:

I like the attempt to connect the Kikuyu people to the Egyptians, but the similarities are just to few to reach a diffinitive conclusion.

For instance we have more in common with the majority of the Bantu speaking tribes of central and Southern Africa than the Northern and southern tribes of Sudan and Ethiopia. Though I do believe during the great migration we trekked through the center of Congo along the northern side of the mighty Congo river east wards towards the plains of Sudan and Ethiopia picking up many of the culture and cultural values.

The Kikuyu language still remains Bantu in nature with a few injections of words to suggest the path they took was more close to the tropical environment.

We have no words to suggest that the Kikuyu migration was from the arid areas of the continent even the mythical history suggest a central, east through parts of Sudan and possibly the southern part of Ethiopia and finally following the Great Rift valley south to the present area.

The Kikuyu would have to many tribes to interact with that the language would have picked some of the Ethiopian hundred or so languages between Egypt and the current area.

More research is needed not just on path the Kikuyu migration followed but the development of the language as they walked to their present home.

Maybe a DNA route can clear the way to a better conclusion of where the Kikuyu migrated from.

I for one would like that history written for the books.

pramodgokhale from Pune( India) on March 05, 2015:


You are right. Shak, Cushan had entered India via central Asia.These were martial race and assimilated with Hinduism.

Unfortunately since independence India was governed by Anglophiles like Nehru and Indian bureaucracy so what we do?


Emmanuel Kariuki (author) from Nairobi, Kenya on March 05, 2015:

Hello pramodgokhale,

Thanks for your comment.

It is true that History has been falsified to boost the morale of those in power at any given time. For example African freedom fighters were called terrorists, but when the colonialist realized they were losing the war, they made a negotiated settlement with the same people. The third world has remained poor due to the plunder of resources that took place during colonialism, not to mention that the people were made to feel worthless and therefore to be reliant on their masters.

To be emancipated, we must first re-write our history. I have heard of people called the Kushana from Asia. I understand that they came from Africa, the part that was called Cush. How many people know this? Let's keep the search for truth alive.

pramodgokhale from Pune( India) on March 05, 2015:


In India we have same problem because our History was written by British authors and now difficult to rewrite. Recently i have come across on book written by Indian author about Churchill --- secret wars ---

In first world war they shipped wheat and rice and other items to UK to save their people.Indians died in millions in state of Bengal and British

plunderers told the world that there was worst famine in Bengal but it was false.Bengal is fertile state, grow huge quantity of rice and other food products but was showed in history as devastates state.

We third world people should unite to search truth of history and rewrite history how we were tortured and looted.


Emmanuel Kariuki (author) from Nairobi, Kenya on December 10, 2014:

Che Rogers

Thanks for your encouraging comment. We must tell our progeny the truth. This will not only instill pride but also encourage them to delve more into our rich past. Black people have given more to the world than the world has given back.

Che Rogers from Los Angeles, CA on August 16, 2014:

I love this article. I appreciate you taking the time to research and write about the true history of our existence. I wrote a similar article just recently after reading books by Dr. John Henrick Clarke, Dr. Anta Diop and Ben Yosef Jochannon. When looking at the larger picture as to why we have been giving so much false information about our past and see the social economic position african and african american people have in this world, one begins to put the pieces of the puzzle together and see this has been an active attack of african people all over the world. The culture and ancient knowledge that they left us has been raped and rewrapped with european doctrine and culture. They have the average African American only tracing their identity back to slavery times and hating their ancestors spiritual practices deeming it "pagan". Yet all of the worlds religions stem from ancient Kush and Kemet (Ethiopia and Egypt). I am proud to come across writers such as yourself. It means people are waking up. Anuk Ausar my brother.

Emmanuel Kariuki (author) from Nairobi, Kenya on July 12, 2011:

Thanks Lorraine. There's even irrefutable proof that Africans were in the Americas long before Columbus. There is art, linguistic connections and religious practices that have led researchers to that conclusion.

Lorraine on July 11, 2011:

@American Romance - You asked what difference does it make now on the ethnicity of the Kemetians(Egyptians)??? How would you feel if a people took your culture, your name and even your god, claimed it as their own and gave you a false history of self? It would make a hell of a difference to you now wouldn't it?! Furthermore, if it didn't make a difference what color the Kemetian (Egyptian) royal family was, then why did the Europeans, Asians and now the Arabs said that these were their people? You see how many lies they put out there. The kings and queens of Kemet (Egypt) cannot be all of these different nations and there is no such thing as a brown race. There are only Black, Red, Yellow and White. As you should know Arabs are mixed with Black and white. So, do Black history research and some more white history research and see where your people came from and learn where Black people came from before you make an opinion.

Emmanuel Kariuki (author) from Nairobi, Kenya on March 02, 2011:

You are right about the pharaohs. I hear one of the Roman Emperors was black but that too has been suppressed. I will research on that. Dr. Krapf - that's the first white missionary to see Mt. Kenya. But the Kikuyu called it Kirimara or Kirinyaga and the Kamba called it Kiinyaa. The Maasai called it Oldonyo Kare and the rest of present day Kenyans must have had a name for it. History is always seen through western lenses and we must now show the true side. Everybody will gain from the truth.

Nefertiti Kamore on February 28, 2011:

Everybody knows that ancient Egyptians were black folks.We have the mummies and the ancient art as proof.They can not believe there are things that Africans did and they have no clue how they did it.See how they've pushed Egypt onto Asia even tho it is in Africa.They can deny it all they want but Facts never change.The great Pharaohs were Africans.Everything else is debatable.It's up to us to rewrite history for our future generations.Dr who what's his name did not discover Mt Kenya.Kenyans lived and saw that mountain on a daily basis long before the missionaries saw it.

Njenga on January 14, 2011:

@ American Romance, it makes a big difference, because the reason African nations are reliant on external forces is because of the lack of knowledge that we are a great people...this offers an opportunity to get people's minds right

Emmanuel Kariuki (author) from Nairobi, Kenya on December 06, 2010:

Caucasians, Mongolian and Negroid races have always existed side by side. In all cases, one will be the majority. In the case of ancient Egypt, the Negro race was in the majority. Correction of history is the same as correcting an injustice. There is a saying that 'if you know where you came from, you will better plan where you are going. If for instance Egyptologists accept East and Central Africa's role in ancient Egypt, Some riddles like where Mentuhotep and Akhenaten disappeared to would be solved sooner.

American Romance from America on December 03, 2010:

I always thought Egyptians were brown skinned, neither white nor black, and besides..........what difference does it make now?