Faiza has worked as a volunteer in the flood relief campaigns for the flood victims in Pakistan, gained insights of crisis faced by locals.
Earth is getting warmer day by day due to greenhouse gas emissions and deforestation. The greenhouse gas effect traps the sun's heat into the earth's atmosphere, resulting in elevated temperatures of the earth. Cutting down trees, which takes in carbon dioxide, is leading to an imbalance in the atmospheric temperature. As a result, deadly floods are occurring more and more, whereas heat waves are also becoming common. This human-driven system is destroying the earth's weather more rapidly than was estimated.
Floods in Pakistan, India & Other Countries
Monsoon rains in South Asia are radically affected by human inflicted climate change. On account of geographical stature, unusual monsoon storms are turning into deluges in this region.
In the month of June, heavy and prolonged spell of rainfall has caused catastrophic flooding in Pakistan. Unprecedented flood swathe wide area of Pakistan, which has demolished infrastructure of three of its provinces. Nearly, 1500 people have died and several have been misplaced. This devastating flood has affected over 33 million people, swamped houses and destroyed crops. The damage is so enormous that even after days of its occurrence, people are obliged to live under tents by the side of highways.
Flash flooding and an event of land sliding happened in India's northern state in May 2022, which was triggered by a heavy rainfall. Around 244 people have died and some are missing after the onset of the event. Severe monsoon spell hit the country one more time in august, which submerged Indian states into flood and has caused an increase in the death toll across India.
Disastrous flooding struck Darchula, Nepal in September, after an excessive rainfall caused the Lasku and Mahakali rivers to overflow. This deluge destroyed houses, damaged locality and caused five causalities.
Flash flooding has also been observed in Afghanistan and Sri Lanka that has caused destruction and has affected over 15000 people till now. The recent spell of monsoon in South Asia is proved to be horrific as it has caused extreme floods in several countries of the region. It has done enormous damage to the infrastructure of the region and killed many valuable lives.
Repetitive occurrences of such events are a sign of irreversible damage to the earth's environment caused by global warming. It is believed that the monsoon rains will intensify in the upcoming years, which will increase the possibilities of high-scale floods in South Asia.
Why Global Warming is Causing Floods?
Link behind global warming and extreme flood events is simple. Earth's atmosphere is becoming warmer because of human-made greenhouse effect. Human-driven climate change has a widespread destruction effect on the planet. Glaciers are melting, ice sheets are diminishing, geographic ranges are shifting, and even some animal species are becoming extinct.
Hazardous effects of greenhouse gases make atmospheric air warmer. Experts associate extreme weather events directly with the elevated earth's temperature. Warmer air makes the sea temperature rise, making monsoon downpours intense and frequent in South Asia. This is the reason global warming is attributed to high-scale floods.
The signs and consequences of global warming have already started appearing. Human beings are experiencing extreme weather events in different parts of the world. Deadly floods, intense heat waves, droughts, blizzards and tsunamis are occurring more often than ever before. Consequences from human-driven climate change can be more dreadful if not ceased.
Can We Prevent Future Extreme Weather Events?
Burning fossil fuel, carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases is causing extensive and irreversible damage to the earth's atmosphere. It is happening at an accelerated pace than was estimated by the experts. The temperature of the earth's atmosphere will keep on increasing if excessive use of greenhouse gases and deforestation will not cease. The surge in recurrence of extreme weather events can only be averted by taking preventive measures.
Stop Greenhouse Gas Emission
In order to prohibit climate change, we need to stop the emission of greenhouse gases. The production cycle of every household item, from its manufacturing to waste, releases up to 20% of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Countries have to take strict measures to prohibit factories and plants from producing greenhouse gases. At an individual level, people can play an active role in the overall reduction of global warming by taking the following steps:
- Use less electricity, especially if the source of electricity is burning coal or gas.
- Generate renewable energy by using sources like solar panels, wind mills, waste energy and hydro power.
- Stop using processed food and meat from farm animals.
Reduce Traffic Pollution
Use of fossil fuel including gasoline and jet fuels are involved in our day-to-day commutes. These fuel vehicles produce up to 14% of pollutant gases in the earth's atmosphere. Shifting to use electric cars or bicycles as a method of commute will reduce a big portion of traffic pollution from the planet.
In order to reduce carbon dioxide gas from the air, we need to plant more and more trees that take in carbon dioxide gas and release oxygen. Protect existing forests and grasslands as they act as carbon sinks by pulling out carbon dioxide from the air. Several countries have already imposed a ban on deforestation and other countries need to take a lesson from them so that they can also lend a hand in reducing global warming.
This content reflects the personal opinions of the author. It is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and should not be substituted for impartial fact or advice in legal, political, or personal matters.
© 2022 Faiza faraz