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Dialogue About Different Green Technologies for Hydrogen Production

Renewable Gas provides information about renewable gases. Such as hydrogen, biomethane, ammonia, synthetic gas.

Energy revolution

We are now seeing a complete transformation of the energy sector and the pace of change can only be compared to the speed of development of the IT sector. At the moment, this evolution is mainly seen among people in the energy industry, or consumers investing in photovoltaic panels, heat pumps, or buyers of electric cars. However, this process can certainly be called a revolution that will encompass every aspect of our lives. And depending on the region of the world, the energy transition will begin to be visible to everyone. Literally - for everyone.

Changes are happening very quickly and it is useful to look for areas that may indicate broader threats. Threats that are economic, technological but also political. These threats, if not recognized early on, can lead to a reduction in the competitiveness of specific economies.

One such area is the gas sector, where competition between different types of gas is increasing. And in the gas sector, we can see an example of a problem that is little discussed and in the long run can potentially lead to large economic losses.

Intergas competition

As it was said, one of the areas of change is the gas sector. This is an area where the role of traditional natural gas will be decreasing in favor of hydrogen, ammonia, and biomethane.

These changes will affect both the economics of countries currently importing or exporting natural gas and geopolitics. Because of the current technological development, especially the economic aspect, this is a long-term perspective. However, if the main directions of the energy transition do not change, the impact of green gases on the identified areas will be strategic.

New green gases will compete with each other and one of the areas is the competition between hydrogen produced using different technologies. Consequently, there will be competition between hydrogen created using natural gas and hydrogen from renewable energy sources.

Moreover, one more area of competition can be identified. It is a question of producing hydrogen using biomethane or using the traditional production models and electrolyzer systems. Which means competition between different green ways of producing green hydrogen.

Competition among green hydrogen production technologies

In order to reduce costs, initiatives can be found to create centers that aim to make hydrogen production more economical. In Europe, such centers can be found e.g. in Belgium (the Hyve consortium), UK (Pembroke Net Zero Centre). In Asia, such centers are in Korea (a hydrogen equipment safety test center with North Jolla Province). In Australia, funding for projects to make renewable hydrogen a more businesslike product is handled, for example, by the Renewable Hydrogen Deployment Funding Round. There is no doubt that there will be more and more such centers and funds in more countries.

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These centers deal with different aspects of the hydrogen business but for hydrogen production, one of the key challenges is reducing storage and transportation costs.

One of the questions is what is better: regional hydrogen production and distribution solutions, or traditional production models and electrolyzer systems.

As informed on low-carbon gases news portal Agaz.info, adopting a regional hydrogen production and distribution model reduces unnecessary costs, storage and transportation, leading to a much lower carbon footprint compared to traditional production models and electrolyzer systems.

A broader dialogue is needed

However, there is a lack of broader discussion about competition among green hydrogen production technologies, both at the expert, academic, and political, and business levels.

It can be stated that the lack of such dialogue can lead to decisions at the political level dictated by fashion or on the basis of a louder lobby of one technology.

As a result, this can lead to a business-unjustified advantage in receiving subsidies and regulatory incentives by the favored technology.

Conclusions

In conclusion, it can be said that the current situation is not optimal. Analysis of the benefits of island centers for green hydrogen production (ex. using biomethane) is an unpopular area of analysis. It is worth working to change this situation and promote a broader discussion of the benefits of different hydrogen production technologies.

It should also be added that the hydrogen example is only part of a broader problem of the lack of comprehensive discussion of the technologies chosen by different regions and countries in their strategic energy policy documents.

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