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Cultural Marxism: The Frankfurt School

James A. Watkins is an entrepreneur, musician, and a writer with four non-fiction books and hundreds of magazine articles read by millions.

The New Left: Cultural Marxists

The New Left that emerged during the late 1960s was the brainchild of a group of atheist socialists known as the Cultural Marxists of the Frankfurt School. Their raison d’etre was to overthrow Western Civilization—to subvert it from within. They planned to capture control of the institutions that shape and transmit ideas and values—newspapers, magazines, television, film, public schools, and universities. Propaganda would undermine personal responsibility, morality, tradition, community, patriotism, unity, language, and the big one: belief in Christ Jesus. Their first move would be to saturate the country with hedonism, a message of instant gratification.

Nearly all of the horrible hokum we suffer today can be traced back to this movement. The list includes the sexual revolution, political correctness, multiculturalism, ‘tolerance,’ ‘diversity,’ feminism, special rights for sexual perverts, libertinism, rampant divorce, cohabitation, abortion, atheism, occultism, social justice, historical revisionism, and even Ritalin. And now ‘Woke.’


The Frankfurt School & Antonio Gramsci

The Frankfurt School was founded in Germany in the 1920s. It was a think tank set up to plot the corruption and overthrow of capitalist countries by systematically perverting their cultures, a strategy known as Cultural Marxism. When Hitler came to power in 1933, the Frankfurt School, whose members were predominately Jewish, fled to the United States, where they quickly found employment at Columbia University. In other words, they were invited to poison America from within New York City. To kill the country that had given them refuge became their purpose.

They would soon develop a new weapon: Critical Theory. It was the instrument to 'deconstruct’ America, particularly the patriarchy, free enterprise, and patriotism. The freest and most prosperous human beings in history must be brainwashed to think America—the only country that has made the average person so free, flourishing, and affluent—is evil, oppressive, and unworthy of love.

The Italian communist Antonio Gramsci (1891-1937) would launch the campaign by pronouncing that the Christian faith was the obstacle to a worldwide communist revolution. To capture the West, it first must be de-Christianized. Prison Notebooks was his blueprint of how to demolish Western Civilization. Gramsci prescribed “a long march through the institutions,” meaning that atheist socialists should infiltrate and take over schools, colleges, the arts, cinema, radio, theatre, and the news media. These transgressors would politicize those institutions to sabotage the culture.


Georg Lukacs

Georg Lukacs (1885-1971), a Hungarian Comintern agent for the Soviet Union, helped found the Frankfurt School. He defined his own ideas as “demonic.” Lukacs saw “the revolutionary destruction of society as the one and only solution … a worldwide overturning of values, the annihilation of the old values and the creation of new ones.” He instituted sex education in Hungary to teach children how to have sex and all about the joys of promiscuity. Lukacs invented the famous term for it: free love.

His teachings were that religious virtues were irrelevant, monogamy old-fashioned, parental ideas about sex backward. He hoped to weaken the traditional family and organized religion, which he said conspired to deprive Man of pleasure. He urged students to rebel against any sexual constraints. Lukacs' idea was to promote licentiousness among women and children to destroy Western Civilization, with totalitarian communism as the ultimate goal.

Georg Lukacs

Georg Lukacs

Wilhelm Reich

One of the Frankfurt School's big guns was a protégé of Sigmund Freud, Wilhelm Reich (1897-1957), an atheist socialist. As a little boy, he fantasized about having sex with his mother. He humped the family's maid as if she were a dog when he was four. At eleven, little Wilhelm was having regular intercourse with a servant girl. By the time he became an adult he was a full-blown pervert. Reich was an excessive masturbator, and a regular at the local brothels, who habitually engaged in sadomasochism and bestiality.

In 1922, Reich had gone to work for Sigmund Freud. From then on, Reich would lead a life of debauchery and serial adultery, leaving behind a trail of broken homes, abortions, suffering, and suicides. Naturally, he joined the Communist Party and became friends with John Dewey, The Father of Modern American Education.

Reich's big idea was to fuse Marx's ideology with Freud's psychology. That fusion is what became known as Cultural Marxism. To set man free, he must be relieved of morality. For that to happen he must become free of conscience; a man yielded to his primary biological impulses. What was Reich’s rationale? “If you get people involved in deviant sexual behavior, the whole idea of God just disappears automatically.”

In his view, a man was nothing more than an erotic impulse. Thinking is the problem; thought is a disease that nullifies our primal urges. The ideal man is, therefore, he who has satisfied his strong libidinal needs. The family must be annihilated because think how it restricts freedom!

Reich decided that the Frankfurt School should use sexual immorality to bring down Western Civilization, using 'comprehensive sex education' in our public schools for the indoctrination of the young. Reich coined the term Sexual Revolution, a revolution that, he predicted, once it started, “no power in the world could stop it.”

Thus, Reich laid out long ago what the new culture of the 1960s would do to our nation's youth. Radicalize them. Teach them to reject authority, accepted customs, and traditional conventions. Persuade them to take drugs to 'expand their minds' and to define their very own existence by creating their own belief system, lifestyle, and culture. But the topper was this: Never judge what anyone else does.

Sexual promiscuity, free love, the rejection of morality, and making pleasure the primary pursuit of life, was his philosophy. Reich saw how to eradicate the family by appealing to women with the idea that they had somehow, without realizing it, been enslaved by a mysterious, nefarious thing called the ‘Patriarchy.’ Men were the enemy!

The family had to go because it was through the family that men dominated women. Fathers were superfluous; children did not need parenting. Reich believed little children should be encouraged to have sex. “A right to natural love,” he called it. He wanted to liberate children because fathers and families had suppressed their sexuality.

Reich taught that monogamy was a load of crap because the same partner could satisfy no one for an extended period. He condemned premarital abstinence and created the idea that the New Left radicals would chant in the late 1960s: Smash Monogamy!

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Being such an expert on human nature and thus qualified to prescribe such strange medicine, one would hope Mr. Reich had personally found the happiness he promised was awaiting all who would follow his prescriptions. Alas, in his autobiography, Reich opens the curtain to unveil himself as a pathetic person, eternally frustrated and wracked with strange phobias. The ordinary things we all do with ease every day made him sick with worry. He was unable to form bonds with other human beings whatsoever. He acknowledged, “The most constant presence in my life was fear and anxiety.”

Wilhelm Reich

Wilhelm Reich

Lewin, Horkheimer & Adorno

Kurt Lewin (1890-1947) was one of the Frankfurt School Freudian Marxists. A founder of Social Psychology, he invented sensitivity training to fight against what he called religious and racial prejudice. That was to become the tool today's Left uses to force students and employees to accept the leftist worldview and deem traditional values and biblical beliefs unacceptable. Lewin was the father of the indoctrination we now see in the government schools.

Two other members, the infamous Max Horkheimer and dastardly Theodor Adorno, had the insight that America could be sent to the dustbin of history through the psychological conditioning of schoolchildren. This conditioning was to overcome parental authority—an authority that predates the state—by teaching kids that their parents' ideas about the world are wrong. Children would be taught that their parents are racist, sexist, and homophobic. Therefore, parents' social and moral beliefs must be rejected in favor of ideas implanted by the public school. Adorno added a cockamamie notion that conservative people are mentally-ill fascists, even though Fascism was a decidedly left-wing ‘progressive’ ideology.


Herbert Marcuse

The new leader would become Herbert Marcuse (1898-1979), the guru of student leftists during the counterculture revolution. He convinced many of the Sixties Generation, the most privileged people in the world, that they were living in an intolerable hell. He would harness resentment and turn it into a rage. Since the 1960s, the most effective weapon of the Left, itself filled with hatred, has been to brand their opponents haters, an idea birthed by Marcuse.

He argued that American society was sick from having too many sexual hang-ups. What we needed to do was revert to what he called infantile sexuality and progress to “polymorphous perversity,” in which our “very being is essentially the striving for pleasure.” He argued that sexual deviants should be the heroes of our new society; they will lead us to utopia.

Marcuse fomented a cultural revolution to kill the Christian faith and its moral codes. He knew that an immoral society, fixated on sex, would be an easy target for totalitarian communists to conquer. His famous book Eros and Civilization was called the ‘bible’ of the 1960s counterculture. In it, he lays out his plan: The body, in its entirety, would become an instrument of pleasure. What we needed was to eliminate the repressive order of procreative sexuality and enjoy “primary narcissism” for the “redemption of pleasure.”

What is the purpose of all this? Besides sexual pleasure, we get that part loud and clear. “This change in the value and scope of libidinous relations would lead to a disintegration of the monogamous and patriarchal family.”

This man was enormously popular among college radicals of the Sixties. He was their master and told his acolytes to extinguish faith in God. Eros and Civilization was all about hatred of America, the middle class, marriage, capitalism, and Christianity.

Marcuse deemed any sexual restraint 'sadistic' because nothing should stand in the way of the gratification of lust. The only way to be free was to explore ever stranger sexual adventures, with no limits. That is radical hedonism, trying everything at least once, separating sexuality from any notion of biological reproduction, with the homosexual as the standard-bearer for the new sexual liberation.

The Baby Boomers knew neither hardship nor war when they first arrived on campus in 1964. They were living a life of ease, comfort, and luxury. They were spoiled, affluent, confident, carefree, and bored. The answer? Sex, drugs, and learning to hate your country. Marcuse would provide the hippie movement with a steady stream of propaganda to sanctify their rebellious impulses. He invented the slogan of the young, ‘Make love, not war.’

What Marcuse labeled, liberating tolerance, he defined as “intolerance against movements from the Right but tolerance of movements from the Left.” The new ‘tolerance' is only tolerant about sex, pornography, filthy language, bad manners, obscene art, idolatry, sacrilege, and blasphemy.

Movements from the Left included the activism of various groups that Marcuse encouraged to self-identify as oppressed. He called for a coalition of blacks, feminists, immigrants, sodomites, atheists, socialists, criminals, and Third World ‘people of color,’ to see themselves as victims. Victims of systematic, institutional discrimination, bigotry, and oppression, hell-bent on overthrowing white male power, thereby tearing down capitalism, the country, and the world.

Marcuse made no secret that he was willing to stamp out academic freedom to see “the withdrawal of toleration of speech and assembly from groups and movements” that were conservative. He argued for “the cancellation of the liberal creed of free and equal discussion.”

The university atmosphere we see today, with its vigilant policing of ideas and politically driven censorship policies, was given its intellectual legitimization by Marcuse. His views have formed the intellectual foundation for the academic Left, and for the machine of political correctness that drives much contemporary media bias. The Left does not tolerate opinions with which it disagrees, as we all know. The Frankfurt thinkers set in motion the trend of silencing opponents rather than to engage in dialogue with them.

Herbert Marcuse

Herbert Marcuse

The Long March Through American Culture

The result of the Long March of Cultural Marxism is a generation of people who have no guardrails, no standards of right and wrong. That leads to moral anarchy. All they have to guide them are their feelings. The media readily manipulates such people. Marketing is the application of the knowledge of human psychology to the task of persuasion. Not to persuade the intellect of people; to sway them emotionally.

The New Left now calls its believers ‘progressives.’ They long for a world with less and less European people, no traditional families, and no religion. They promote degeneracy, ugliness, and false history. Progressivism is societal rot; it eats away at the foundations of society until it falls in on itself. What are left are the decayed remnants of a once-great civilization, the one time envy of the world.

The Cultural Marxists unleashed a tide of spiritual darkness that has crept over America. They believed in nothing except tearing down what others held as cherished beliefs. These men fled Nazi Germany and were saved from the gas chamber when given sanctuary by America. They repaid our country by making their primary work to defile all that is sacred to us. It was President Franklin Roosevelt and the Rockefeller Foundation that brought them to America.

In their view, Christianity was the towering obstacle to humankind ‘evolving’ to a higher state, ‘progressing’ to a marvelous future by annihilating God's moral laws. Part of the plan was to reduce the human race to the level of beasts in our minds. And to blur the lines between masculine and feminine. It was a program to rework the human psyche so that we would be devoid of thought and logic, only operating on feelings and emotions.

All of these men shared a hatred of the middle class and its values, the repudiation and annihilation of which justified every form of rebellion. Our middle class, or ‘bourgeoisie’ as they called it, was the envy of the world. It was admired for its order, safety, social continuity, goodness, love, faith, hope, discipline, literacy, education, stability, trust, worship, devotion, honor, respect, charity, trade, prosperity, freedom, law, and individual rights—especially the right to private property.

The Frankfurt School invented ‘cultural repudiation’ and Political Correctness to ban all that is true, first from the university, then gradually from all of society. They worked for Lucifer, all the while claiming to be liberators empowering the oppressed. Consider this; for their arguments to be right, there must be such thing as ‘right.’ But denying the existence of right and wrong is at the heart of their ideology!

The progressives would take Satan's advice and use sex as a weapon to ruin marriage, morality, and faith in the Bible. The godless Left had failed to sell humanity on economic Marxism, and so sought a new strategy to ruin capitalism and Western Civilization. Mass brainwashing was employed to convince the young they were imprisoned by the Christian moral code and needed liberation—to make sex the center of their being, indeed, their very identity.

This is an excerpt from my book, The Devil’s Matrix.



James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on February 08, 2021:

Pamela Oglesby ~ I share your concerns 100%. And I thank you for appreciating my work.

Pamela Oglesby from Sunny Florida on February 07, 2021:

James, my concern is my children and grandchildrn. I am not sure what kind of world they will have to live in. I alwys appreciate your articles.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on February 06, 2021:

Pamela Oglesby ~ You are quite welcome. Thank you for coming by to read my article. I like your new profile picture! :-) Like you, by the time the diabolical plans of the evil Left come to fruition, I will be gone. But like you, I have children and grandchildren, and I worry about what kind of world we are leaving for them. All we can do is pray, and work to shed the light on truth into the darkness that is our culture now. If enough people see the light, change for the better will come.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on February 06, 2021:

T ~ You are most welcome. Thank you for reading my piece. I totally agree with your comments. Perfectly put. If only.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on February 06, 2021:

Oscar Jones ~ You are welcome. Thank you for taking the time to read my article. I appreciate your interest in my book.

I started writing on HubPages 12 years ago. I had no writing experience before that, to speak of, other than writing songs, marketing materials, and business plans. I told a friend I wanted to become a writer and he suggested one of these, at the time new, content platforms that make it easy to put it together and feature an in-house community of writers that critique each other's work. He told me I should use it for practice until my writing improved enough to write books. After hundreds of articles published on HP, I did proceed to write four books, and have two more in the oven now. Once and a while I like to drop into HP and write articles for a while. I enjoy it.

I appreciate your thoughtful insights. I am especially moved by this that you wrote: "liberal break-away from conservative tradition family thoughts ... served to bond you to their new doctrines of blended truths. Our parents and grandparents knew it as "the World". Don't give into the world son, daughter.. that's sometimes the best that they could say in trying to preserve their belief in morality."

Pamela Oglesby from Sunny Florida on February 04, 2021:

I find this article to be somewhat frightful.. Georg Lukacs was surely an evil man. I do appreciate everything you worte in this article, James. I just wonder where do we go from here? Sometmes I am glad I am an older woman, yet I have concern for my grandchildren. Thanks for this information, James.

T on February 04, 2021:

Thank you James for this enlightenment!

The substance of your article should be taught in every public school in the nation. Teachers should demand that their students learn of and understand that “the world” is no friend of America, capitalism or Democracy! God forbid that the next generation of potential patriots be shown exactly what they are up against.

Oscar Jones from Monroeville, Alabama on February 04, 2021:

.. and as time went on, the middle class American family began to fall apart and now even it could be labeled as a façade of " The American Dream". and while their rebellious youth went to either college, prison or even military, they were indoctrinated with liberalism and free-thinking. I encountered liberal break-away from conservative tradition family thoughts at Bible College because it served to bond you to their new doctrines of blended truths. Our parents and grandparents knew it as "the World". Don't give into the world son, daughter.. that's sometimes the best that they could say in trying to preserve their belief in morality. thank you for this presentation. I will consider getting your book. I have heard of it before. I'm surprised you choose to write on this rather primitive site. It does stand to be a positive force here!

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