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Climate Change and the Paris Agreement

My game plan is to research, condense my findings, and translate it into everyday language for busy people.


What is the Paris Agreement?

This is not a drill. We are going extinct and it is not a Hollywood film. On April 22, 2016, an agreement called the Paris Agreement was signed that was within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change that addressed environmental issues of greenhouse gas emissions, mitigation, adaptation, and economical factors. What this means is that they were trying to tackle the issue of global warming or the fact that our planet is getting hotter and hotter by the minute. The main goal of this agreement was to try to keep the temperature from raising to below two degrees Celsius or 3.6 degrees Farenheit on a permanent basis so the risks of climate change would be reduced. The fact there is global warming or that the planet keeps increasing in temperature puts our whole planet and its inhabitants at risk. By February of 2020, 196 members of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change signed the agreement.

Three Main Goals of the Paris Agreement

  • Making sure the increase in global average temperature is kept to below two degrees Celsius
  • Increase climate resilience and low greenhouse gas emissions development while not threatening food production and increasing adaptation to the effects of climate change
  • Using economic resources to move towards lowering green house gas emissions and developing climate resilience

What is Global Warming?

In the past fifty years the average global temperature has gone up at the quickest rate in all of history. The reason this is happening is because carbon dioxide along with other air pollutants and greenhouse gasses collect in the atmosphere. Then, they absorb the sunlight and solar radiation that rebound off the Earth's surface. These pollutants absorb the heat for centuries and this causes the Earth to get hotter. This is called the Greenhouse Effect. The main source of these pollutants within the United States is the burning of fossil fuels to make electricity. Every year two billion tons of carbon dioxide are produced. The second largest source is transportation. This causes around 1.7 billion tons of carbon dioxide emissions a year. In the past few years, China has been the biggest producer of global warming pollution. However, the United States is only right behind them. The Untied States makes up four percent of the world's population yet produces 16 % of all global carbon dioxide emissions. The Obama administration signed the Paris agreement. However, Trump pulled the United States out of it in 2017. He claimed he wanted to eliminate "harmful and unnecessary policies such as Climate Action Plan".

How to Combat Global Warming

The ways that scientists combat global warming is by creating energy- efficient technology and cleaner fuels. The modernization of power plants that generate cleaner electricity and using less gasoline while driving also will help in combating global warming. Speaking out against global warming is also something that people can do to help eliminate the problem.One of the most famous activists is Greta Thunberg. When she was fifteen, she would spend her school days sitting outside Swedish Parliament calling for stronger action on climate change while holding a sign that said "School Strike For Climate". Other people copied her and started protesting. In 2018 she gave a famous speech at the United Nations Climate Conference making her a household name.

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Effects of Global Warming

  • The likelihood of wildfires in the American West will be increased along with extreme water shortages, severe droughts, glaciers that are melting, and early snow melt.
  • In Florida as well as the Gulf of Mexico rising sea levels will cause coastal flooding.
  • In cities, forests, and farms there will be bothersome new pests, heat waves, extreme downpours, and more flooding. Every single one of these factors will destroy fisheries and agriculture.
  • Many plant and animal species will be driven to extinction by the disruption of habitats like coral reefs, etc.
  • Higher levels of Ragweed and air pollution along with favorable conditions for pathogens and mosquitoes will create more allergies, asthma, and outbreaks of infectious disease.

You say you love your children above all else and yet you are stealing their future in front of their eyes."

— Greta Thunberg


In conclusion, global warming is a very serious issue with very serious consequences effecting the world and future generations to come. We need to start finding ways to decrease the amount of carbon dioxide that is released into the atmosphere and increase funds for environmental protection. Trees and natural habitats need to be protected and we need to elect leaders who are willing to protect the planet and the environment not just for our time but also for future generations.

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Shafqat M from UK on November 22, 2020:

This is a great piece of information on the Paris Agreement. We all know how important it is, however, the US leaving the agreement has been a shocker to many of us.

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