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Challenges of Refugees Host Countries


Challenges of Refugees Host Countries

Third World Economies have the highest number of refugees migration amongst themselves. Countries like Sudan, Somalia, Ethiopia, Rwanda, are grouped as the Horn of Africa. Others are: Uganda, Kenya, Zimbabwe, Burma, Yemen, etc. They move to their neighbouring countries as refuge centre thus making their host to live in more abject poverty conditions and thereby making the refugees to be the poorest of the poor. Hosting of tens of thousands of refugees has economic disadvantage on the nations economy because of the additional number of persons that had never being budgeted for had joined the budget of the country thereby affecting the “Gross Domestic Products” and also stretching the infrastructures of the host countries (Gill,1993). Like the Malawian example, where the Gross National Product per capita is USD170, one in every ten person is a Mozambican refugee in Malawi.

Most countries doesn’t rush in accepting refugees because they can easily pollute the traditional, customs and beliefs of their host country and could easily increase the host minority group which can be considered as a threat to national security. In Africa, refugees that leave their comfort zone as a result of arms insurrections most likely trace host countries that have lingual, religious and cultural affiliations, which means they easily cohabitate and assimilate to a tribe or an ethnic (Time Magazine, 2007). The host nations are also afraid of refugees population influx. And they also have the fear that the refugees can destroy political relations thus they are considered an endangered species.

The locals used to say that, “… the refugees distorts their economy because they don’t pay taxes, they wreck the roads, they engage in aforestation which destroys the forestry thereby making them vulnerable to the effects of global warming or climate change. They use up our water, electricity, etc.; utility bills we paid via our hard work. No, we don’t want them again because of the stretch they are putting on the economy” (Awake Magazine, 2002). Some of the hosts from the Great Lakes region of Africa says that: “The refugees have destroyed our food reserves, destroyed our fields, our cattle, our natural parks, caused famine and spread epidemics…And they benefit from food aid while we get nothing. In fact, the refugees have become an instruments of warfare and military strategy.

In conclusion, refugees problem have become a national and international issue with no solution in sight rather the records of refugees are increasing everyday because of global insecurity and lack of peace. People have been forced out of their original places of stay due to arms insurrection such as civil wars and conflicts which makes them to seek for safety elsewhere. Since mass movements is considered as an instruments of warfare and military strategy, the refugees sometimes had ill-treatments from the host military officials. Due to these socio-economic and political reasons the refugees does not have a permanent residence even if asylum status is requested rather they kept them separate from the host nations conventional population. The refugees rely on international aids and after long period of stay and they were later resent to their countries of origin when a gainful peace had been achieved post-wars and conflicts.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2021 Opuene Kingsley Inowei

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