Skip to main content

Child Labour - Causes and Effects

Child Labor – A Challenge the World is Facing

Childhood is the most innocent stage in a human life. It is that phase of life where a child is free from all the tensions, fun-loving, play and learns new things, and is the sweetheart of all the family members. But this is only one side of the story. The other side is full of tensions and burdens. Here, the innocent child is not the sweetheart of the family members, instead he is an earning machine working the entire day in order to satisfy the needs and wants of his/her family. This is what is called 'CHILD LABOUR'. There are various causes and effects of child labour. Eliminating child labour is one of the biggest challenges that the whole world is facing.

Child labour includes working children who are below a certain minimum age. This practice is going on since long and is one of the worst forms of child exploitation. Child labour not only causes damage to a child’s physical and mental health but also keep him deprive of his basic rights to education, development, and freedom. According to statistics provided by UNICEF, there are an estimated 250 million children aged 5 to 14 years employed in child labour worldwide and this figure is continuously increasing.

Child labour is not only affecting under-developed and developing countries, but developed countries are also facing this though the rate is comparatively very less. Child labor in Asia accounts for the highest percentage of child labour (61%) followed by Africa (32%). According to International Labour Organization (ILO), if child labor will be banned and all children gets proper education, world's total income would be raised by nearly 22% over 20 years, which accounts for more than $4 trillion. Banning child labor will help in boosting the economy of a country.

Child Labor

Child Labor

Child Labour

Child Labour

Causes of Child Labour

The main causes of child labor include poverty, unemployment, and excess population. Among these, poverty is the primary cause of child labour. You must have observed that poor families have more number of children, so it becomes very difficult for them to survive on the income of only one family member which is also quite less. So they make their small children their source of income. They make their children work in factories, shops, even selling items on streets. Some parents even carry infants on the streets to earn money from begging. Some percentage of child labour also comes from harassment by parents, step-parents or relatives.

There are many cases of child labor where a child has to work against the repayment of a loan which was taken by his father who was unable to pay it off. This is called as 'bonded child labour'. Bonded child labor normally happens in villages. Such children work like slaves in order to pay the loan taken. Not only poor families, but some well established business families also put their children into business at a quite young age instead of making them complete their education.

Effects of Child Labour

There are very bad effects of child labor for our society, which forces some children to steal things from others in order to satisfy their daily living. Many small girls are even made to indulge in prostitution. A recent case of child labor came into picture where a 10 year old kid was beaten to death because the innocent kid was slow at things. The cruel owner went angry and threw the child across the room resulting in the most extreme punishments. It was not only the cruel owner who was at the fault, but the parents of the child were also equally involved in this incident. They took $10 as advance and sent their child to work for the sake of getting some monthly income. May be even the parents would never have thought that a little sum of money could lead to such horrible incident.

There are various organizations which are fighting against child labour by helping children and imparting education among that part of society from where majority of the child labour comes. Poor families should be given knowledge about family planning/control so that they are not burdened by children. It would be advisable not to keep small children at home for taking domestic help in daily household chores. Let us all take some step in this direction so that we can bring smiles to many faces and make this world a beautiful place for a child to live in.

Join HubPages to get updates about new articles and to write your own views and expertise.


Athul on June 16, 2018:

Oh great.Hands of to u all

jyoti kedar on August 04, 2017:

lt's lnformance lusses child labour in projec is very nice thank you

sravan ms on June 16, 2016:

your article helped me for write a goood essay.thanks

viru on March 13, 2016:

Very nice

Scroll to Continue

Ajanta Bhattacharjee on December 17, 2015:


divya on October 28, 2015:

i like the child wood article nice and good job

Aman on August 19, 2015:

Sit everything you is mind blowing & knowledgeable

Thanks for providing this useful information

binilsajeev on August 16, 2015:

marvellous job.............

great job...

have a great time

navya on July 29, 2015:

very nice without any gramitcal mistakes any way thanks for helping me in project

dariyus on July 22, 2015:

I like dt child labour article

i am happy dt every corner on the world will receive thiz article

and they will do some thing for the small children

anmol on July 20, 2015:

If every starts thinking like u then this problem will come to some end and innocent children will enjoy their life to the fullest.....or post was awesom

dIa on June 07, 2015:

i likedt the child labor article thanx for help

Mukul Yadav on May 15, 2015:

very beneficial as well as important topic you have posted. Got maximum out of it..!!

mahmoud on April 26, 2015:

Your essay is very important and nice in the same time . i like it . good

Florence Das on February 18, 2015:

really this article is good

granthali on January 28, 2015:

You have written very nice

ved prakash mishra on August 21, 2014:

Thank you,your article is very useful for me. New genration is the future of our country

I hope that oneday all children will be freefrom child labour.

Anuj Agarwal (author) from Noida on July 12, 2014:

Thank you Kuldeep for your kind words. If everyone of us simply try not to hire kids and oppose to get the services if it involves child labour, then also it can be of great help for the society.

Kuldeep on July 12, 2014:

Dear Anuj

I read your column now and feeling that u r d rt pers who can touch heart with words, realy this is one of the biggest malaise exist on our planet. I am also deeply concern but don't hv word like u. Anuj i hope one day Mr. Modi govt. will consider on ur feelings. Thanx.

Sha-sha Bangsoy on February 09, 2014:

This should be stop because its feel like they are really having hard time for themselves.. i feel pity and sorry for them :(

JUDY MWANGOSI on January 27, 2014:


richa on January 11, 2014:

child labour is a big crime. stop doing child labour please stop ...............

mohdeep on October 18, 2013:

your information is helping me a lot in my project


Rainy on July 29, 2013:

Anuj u r dng really really gud work......i appreciate u...

Ekta on July 24, 2013:

NICE GOOD JOB DUD..........!!!!!

Hitansh on June 13, 2013:

Thankzzz for this i was searching for this type since 2 days

Anuj Agarwal (author) from Noida on June 12, 2013:

I'm glad to know that the content present here on child labour was helpful for you. I will appreciate if you will also do your bit to stop child labour.

sruthi on June 12, 2013:

thankzz for posting this one ............its sooooo good i got a speech in this in which i got 10 marks ....thankzzzzzz for this

nathalie on May 30, 2013:

this has helped me to make a speech bout poverty while one of m subjects were child labor keep making more of these i will definitely be checking them out this website is listed to my favorits

siddanna9@gmail on May 27, 2013:

thanks anuja u are fight against child labour that is u r good work

Anuj Agarwal (author) from Noida on May 06, 2013:

It is not just the government but as an individual, we should make ourselves responsible to take proper steps.

Anuj Agarwal (author) from Noida on May 06, 2013:

Good to know it was useful for your research paper but people really need to take steps to eliminate child labour.

kanika shakya on May 04, 2013:

I thing government should stop child labor it is the cursed against the humanity it is to much we should really think for this or we should stand up amass movement for this

sparks on May 01, 2013:

Amazing article it actually hit home for me. I didn't really mind it child labor until I read this article. I feel bad for all those kids out there. This article also helped a lot on my research paper. Thank you so much.

Anuj Agarwal (author) from Noida on April 26, 2013:

Lizan, you have pointed out some interesting points. I think what the government can ensure is that first they completely ban child labor and carry out raids to find if they are involved in laborious work. Generate employment opportunities for the adults, create awareness programs to showcase the ill effects of child labor on society and promote education.

Lizan on April 25, 2013:

good article but I was wondering how can governments in developing countries can work to abolish child labour??or does education contributing to child labour or education policy work in any countries?

Anuj Agarwal (author) from Noida on March 06, 2013:

@Jenney: Though, it is hard to believe but child labour do exist and just not only in developing countries but also in developed countries. There are various organizations that certainly do their bit to help the children but it is not so easy to eliminate it completely unless we as an individual also do something about this. We should not hire any child and help them and their families educate so that they will understand the importance of education and ill effects of child labor.

Jenney on March 06, 2013:

Thank you for ur article very useful . I didn't know that child labour still exists because Ive heard from some people that child labour is not exists because it has been gone , but it was hard to belive .Do you know what other orgaination like The United Nations for Children and ILO do so far for these children ? Are they help these children?

Anuj Agarwal (author) from Noida on February 08, 2013:

It is good to see that many people around the world wants to eliminate child labor but still we do not contribute much as we simply think it is Government's job to eliminate child labor. It would be great if we as an individual do not hire any child for our work and encourage them to get education.

Daniel Mangulu on January 14, 2013:

Its a pitty that a great number of people in this moden world still think and treats children in such horrified manner to satisfy their interests. Please let us work together to eliminate child labour as a lot of innocent children are denied their rights. Many thanks for the article as it highligts the plight of children are facing across the global.

samar on January 12, 2013:


write atleast 10 causes and 10 effects

Verna E MacKay from Delray Beach, Florida on December 19, 2012:

Thanks for your article. There so many children in our world who are being exploited by the very same people who are supposed to take care of them. Your article brings out points that many of us never consider and sometimes the clothes we wear are made by children who should be in school learning but are deprived of the basic rights of going to school. Please check out my article on hub pages regarding the evils in this world and how they affect our children. Thanks. I hope you don't mind me posting a link to my article in this comment section. If you do please let me know. Thanks.

JUSTIN on August 21, 2012:


MARIYA on August 21, 2012:

HI Anujagrawal how are you .Thanks for this post.You have done a great work . I realy appreciate your post . It is very heart breaking post I THANG YOU FOR THIS

AMAN AHLAWAT on July 12, 2012:


Neelam on July 08, 2012:

you have done a great work.I really appreciate your work.It have helped me a lot to frame my views.You have deep understanding of this social issue.

manan on June 30, 2012:

Hats off to the person who wrote this.This article is amazing.Keep it up the good work

homa on June 19, 2012:

what could i say... this article shocked me, well anujagarwal where evr you get this or how you get this just keep it up. Maybe tell us even more shocking news and how we could help

Satish Tarenia on May 27, 2012:

It's an awesome writing about child labour.Very nice n great post.

Anuj Agarwal (author) from Noida on May 22, 2012:

Thank you Susan for appreciating the article. The most shocking fact is when a child is forced to work to pay back some bad loan instead of educating a child.

Susan on May 20, 2012:

That was a very heart breaking article that truly brought the problem of child labour into the light. What child labour fact strikes you as the most shocking? Thanks and keep up the great work!

mani on March 13, 2012:

i agree that we need to stop the CHILD LABOR !!!

Anuj Agarwal (author) from Noida on January 30, 2012:

Though, Government must take better steps to ban child labor but it is also the responsibility of each individual to stop hiring kids just for the sake of saving little money.

clauiz on January 22, 2012:

getting rid of child labor is never been easy and obviously it is a long process. i am not fully persuade that the government is doing the best it can, and if it is...they must think or come-up with a new approach right now.

htodd from United States on January 21, 2012:

Child labor is a global issue,We need to get rid of this ..Thanks for the nice post

bhavitha on January 12, 2012:

by reading this many people would come to know about the custody of peple making children to work............

tarundeepsingh on January 10, 2012:

I Hope This Powerful Information Should Reduce Child Labour

chinanty on October 13, 2011:

what a great information .....

may i ask you something ???? what is the impact of child exploitation also what is the ways of protecting children before they been exploited

sandeep sachdeva on September 19, 2011:

Its a great step to stop childlabour .

New generation is the future of our country

& if they are in darkness then imazine the future of

our country

good job my brother ********** this stars for u as my pleasure

Anuj Agarwal (author) from Noida on September 18, 2011:

Thank you Prajakta for the appreciation. I hope everyone will do their bit to fight against child labour.

prajakta on September 18, 2011:

you are doing a great job by giving this information.i think everyone should be against chidlabour ,it is direct violation of childrens right for education.

lovely on September 05, 2011:

hi anuj, im doing a term paper regarding child labor too, and ur ideas was so great and impressive, so may i ask some information from this to finish my term paper? and, ill credit u ofcourse.

im lovely from phil. thank u and more powers

Anuj Agarwal (author) from Noida on September 05, 2011:

It is good to hear that there are many people around who also protest against child labor.

Mubasshira Tabassum Alisha on September 05, 2011:

your article was very effective and helpful for me. i also protest against child labour. this article says and expresses everything in details. i hpoe that one day all children will be free from child labour and they will be our bright future1

ARYAN on August 27, 2011:

Child break labour should be break off.

governmen should pass strict laws to stop the child labour.

Tanvi on August 21, 2011:

I really liked the information. It was awesome.. This should be shown to the whole INDIA...

Gatluak Wiyay Manye on August 20, 2011:

Poverty as a major factor of child labour has devastated most of the developing countries especially the Eastern and Southern world.Measures to eliminate such a chaos is undefined.

drishti on June 25, 2011:

hi anuj u r absolutetly right. we hav to work against child labour. and thank u this article has helped me in my project.thanxx once again

Vasu on June 24, 2011:

hi anuj

u r right we really hav to eliminate child labour.ur article is very informative too.ur article has been very helpful.i hope child labour is eliminated frm dis world

SAASHA on May 19, 2011:


jhorry canta on May 03, 2011:

your article is informative bec. someone would directly understand about the real condition of children through the clear words you have wrote..

Michael on April 25, 2011:

Learning about this in school and its really said feel bad for the kids:[

OBED on April 19, 2011:

Infact, your article has been very helpful in my term paper at the Masters level. I love the dichotomy in the introduction to show the two sides of the coin. Thanks Man

Sam on March 31, 2011:

hey Anuj,

the reason why I want to know is because i have to cite my references in MLA format and since i am citing certain part of your text I need the date. BTW this is very helpful for my paper, thanks!

Anuj Agarwal (author) from Noida on March 31, 2011:

October 2009.. well I'm wondering why you want to know this?

Sam on March 31, 2011:

hey Anuj, which year did you post this?

Joe on March 26, 2011:

thnx for helping with my homework due to this hub

Anuj Agarwal (author) from Noida on March 08, 2011:

It seems you take child labor in a wrong note. It does not mean opposing a child to work but to provide the basic rights of the children like education, that he/she must get in order to build a better and corruption free nation. The link mentions prices of goods will go up but it may be just a temporary increase in the price, imagine the world when these children will also have a job and then the buying capacity of the families will certainly increase and none will feel such pressure. STOP Child Labor!

Oddball on March 08, 2011:

I am for child labor, you really have no idea what those kids would get into if they didn't have a job, their family may die of hunger, even them, and they may sell themselves for prostitution, here's a really nice article to read:

Swapnil on February 27, 2011:


I am spell bound with your short owesome essay on child labour

sehrish batool on February 25, 2011:

u hv rellay written very well n ur writing will help me in getting good marks in my assignment.

sara on January 23, 2011:

hi anoj, this is very impresed, and i have an essay about childlabor and this can help me a lot and i can score better grades, thanks!

mayuri on January 11, 2011:

hey u r so nice. ur article is so valuable for evry poor family.this article must be posted in newwpepar.

sefiamor on January 10, 2011:

this is horrible and unfair. keep on doing this research. but can you comment on the hazards as well? please send me information on the hazards of child labour to

Anuj Agarwal (author) from Noida on December 24, 2010:

@snowflake: The source of statistics are already mentioned wherever required. Thanks for dropping by.

snowflake on December 23, 2010:

I'm also doing a term paper on this subject and I was wondering to what point your statistiques were reliable??

Where did you found them??

tinni on December 17, 2010:

we need more people like you.keep up the good wishes and love..

Anuj Agarwal (author) from Noida on December 12, 2010:

Thank you everyone to find it useful. I hope all of you will certainly do your best to educate the society about this sad issue.

ravi on December 12, 2010:

hey man... u rock.. ths article must be posted in every newspaper so tht ppl realize who really students are..

and thnx fr the article.. it was very helpful fr my project!! :)

ananya aggarwal on November 25, 2010:

great article.very heart touching . brought a tear in my eye

Haneef on November 24, 2010:

I think it is a very useful matter 4 everyone who search in internet about these matters. Keep going n all d best!!!

Anuj Agarwal (author) from Noida on November 16, 2010:

Thank you everyone for the appreciation.

ramandeep pathak on November 16, 2010:


Andrea on November 14, 2010:

this is amazing information, good to know you care. thank you!

Mira Khanal on October 29, 2010:

Thanks a lot . It's really a serious problem especially for developing countries.I enjoied reading this article

Anuj Agarwal (author) from Noida on October 24, 2010:

Thanks Semekor for finding the article useful. Wish you all the best for your studies.

Semekor on October 23, 2010:

Dear anuja,i am a student of maria montessori school in ghana. iam final year student about to write my b.e.c.e thanks to your article iwas able to write article formy teacher thaks alot

moussaid houssine on October 23, 2010:

for me it's a shame that children in underdevolopped countries act as men . they shoulder a huge responsibility instead of being at schools'learning and devolopping their educational and social level as a free citizens

lashana on October 11, 2010:

These words & paragraph are helpful to me being a cxc/gcse exams Iappreciate your time and energy .I LOVE IT !!!

Anuj Agarwal (author) from Noida on October 11, 2010:

Thanks Abbie for the appreciation. Glad it helped you.

Related Articles