Updated date:

Brexit Survival

Author:

RoadMonkey did risk management in her career and also as part of her Ph.D studies. Brexit is a risk that we each need to manage personally.

Brexit Latest

This Hub takes no side on any of the Brexit options, listed below. It is totally non-partisan and will stick to assessing (as far as possible) the risks that may be around with a no-deal Brexit, the actions that individuals can take to minimise those risks for themselves (survive) and presenting facts, as far as they are known.

This Hub covers What Brexit Is, Risk Assessment, A Brexit Survival Journal and what to stockpile for a no-deal Brexit.

February 2020

The UK passed the legislation to leave the EU in December 2019, shortly after the Tories won the General Election on 12 December with a large majority. The EU passed the legislation agreeing that the UK could leave on 31 January 2020.

Currently, negotiations on a trade deal are underway, however, the UK has passed legislation stating that it will leave the EU on 31 December 2020, whether a deal has been agreed or not. This means that a "no deal Brexit" is still possible, some people would even say, likely! A paragraph on what this may mean has been added.

December 2019

At the start of December, the country is gearing up for a General Election. A paragraph on that and how this could affect Brexit has been added.

It does not tell you what you must do, it presents the risks and the options, so you can make your own decisions on what you will and will not do to prepare for Brexit, if anything.

Brexit Position February 2020

While the UK and the EU have both passed legislation agreeing that the UK is no longer part of the EU, the final break will not come until 31 December 2020. Currently negotiations are taking place on a trade deal between the two entities. This may, or may not, result in a deal. So the UK could still leave the EU via a "no-deal Brexit".

Michael Gove

Michael Gove MP is the Government Minister responsible for Brexit. During February 2020, he told the freight industry that they needed to prepare themselves for import controls being imposed by both the UK and the EU from 1 January 2021. He said that the freight industry needed to prepare itself because new bureaucracy and taxes would be imposed on both sides of the border and this would lead to delays, as duties and taxes were levied and safety of goods checked.

General Election 2019

Update 17 December 2019

The United Kingdom went to the polls on Thursday 12 December 2019 and the Conservatives won a large majority. This means that the United Kingdom will leave the European Union on 31st January 2020. This will not be the actual "leave" date, that will be negotiated during 2020 with (at the moment) the likely actual leave date being 31st December 2020, provided negotiations go smoothly. There is still a possibility of a no deal leave at 31st December 2020, if negotiations do not go well, however, that seems less likely now.

Pre-Election Notes

It is currently 4 December 2019 and the United Kingdom goes to the polls (votes in an election) on Thursday 12 December 2019. This election was called because the last Parliament was what is called a "hung" Parliament. This means that the Government did not have a majority for passing its legislation. A General Election was called to try and find a way through Brexit which was paralysing Parliament.

Political Parties

In the United Kingdom, there are two main political parties, the Conservatives (also known as the Tories) and Labour. The Tories would be roughly equivalent to the Republicans in the USA and Labour would be roughly equivalent to the Democrats in the USA.

There are a number of other parties too, the Liberal Democrats (LibDems), the Green Party (Greens), the Brexit Party and some parties that organise only in certain parts of the country, including the Scottish National Party (SNP in Scotland), Plaid Cymru (Plaid in Wales) and the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP in Northern Ireland). There are many other smaller parties too.

While the Tories and Labour are the two biggest parties, the smaller parties can have a lot of influence by forming coalitions with the bigger parties if the larger parties do not have a big majority. The LibDems formed a coalition with the Tories for one Parliament some years ago. In the last Parliament, the Tories had only a very small majority of 3 at the start of the Parliament, which reduced to zero over time (deaths, resignations). They formed a "confidence and supply" agreement with the DUP to support them. The 10 DUP MPs agreed to support the Tory government in exchange for additional funds allocated to Northern Ireland. This is different from a coalition, as the DUP were not able to form part of the Government, unlike the LibDems in the previous Parliament.

Possible Election Results And Brexit Outcomes

1. A Conservative (Tory) Win Outright

The last Prime Minister, Boris Johnston, has said that every conservative candidate running in the election has promised to support his Brexit deal. If the Tories win an outright majority, this means that the Brexit deal negotiated by Mr Johnston during Autumn 2019 will be passed and the United Kingdom will leave the EU no later than 31 January 2020.

2. A Labour Win Outright

The leader of the Labour party, Jeremy Corbyn, has said that if Labour wins, he will negotiate a Brexit deal with the EU within a period of 6 months and then, a referendum will be held, giving the UK electorate the opportunity to choose between the Brexit deal negotiated by Mr Corbyn, or staying in the EU.

3. A Liberal Democrat Win Outright

The leader of the LibDems, Jo Swinson has said that the LibDems would repeal Article 50. This would stop Brexit altogether.

4. A Hung Parliament

It is possible that no one party will win an outright majority. There are a number of smaller parties in the election and some of those may win or lose seats that they currently hold. There is a movement in the country to ask people to vote a different way from what they have normally voted and some parties have removed their candidates from the elections in various seats, to give other parties a better chance.

Likely Coalitions And Alliances

If there is a hung Parliament, and polls being held daily currently suggest this may happen, then some parties may naturally form alliances with others to try and form a Government. There is also the possibility of a minority Government but that has happened only once, many years ago and not in circumstances like these.

Believing The Polls

Pollsters and survey companies have lost a lot of credibility recently. Their predictions for the last General Election were wrong. Some polling organisations have been suspected of working of behalf of political parties instead of being neutral. Also, polls and surveys are expensive, so even reputable survey companies take sample polls and extrapolate the results. The problem is, that so many people are worked up about Brexit, so many people are changing their vote and so many people have decided to register to vote for the first time, that it may well be impossible to extrapolate correctly from samples.

One other way of checking how the wind blows could be to look at the odds offered by the gambling organisations and by how the stock market is moving and the exchange rate for the pound.against the dollar and the euro.

The GBP is currently at $1.31, which is considerably up from some weeks ago. It is also up against the Euro. The gambling organisations appear to show a Tory win.

But then, while the favourite often wins the horse race, it isn't always guaranteed and that's what makes betting highly attractive to many people. It's what will make the election results unmissable television on Polling day!

First results will come in the early hours of Friday 13th December and by early morning on 13th December, the United Kingdom should know what their next Government will be like, if it is a majority, though there may still be uncertainty if there is another hung Parliament.


Risk Is Part Of Life

The Possibility Of Risk Turning Up

The Possibility Of Risk Turning Up

What Is Brexit? A Short Introduction

The United Kingdom of Great Britain, and Northern Ireland (UK) is currently (November 2019) a member of the European Union (EU). In 2016, the UK held a referendum on whether to leave the European Union or stay. Those who voted were split almost 50:50 with a small majority in favour of leaving. The UK and EU have held discussions on the method of leaving but nothing has been finally agreed.

An original date of 29th March 2019 was set for leaving the EU (Article 50). This was extended by a few weeks and then a third date for leaving the EU was set at 31 October 2019, with the new Prime Minister, Boris Johnston, stating when he was appointed in July 2019 that this Brexit date was final and the UK would leave on that date, agreement or no agreement. Parliament did not agree with the UK leaving the EU without a deal and a further extension to the leaving date was agreed with the EU for 31st January 2020. A General Election has since been called for 12th December 2019.

There has been a lot of acrimonious debate since the referendum result was announced, with arguments covering the full spectrum from

  • leaving the EU with no agreement (no deal Brexit);
  • leaving the EU with a deal, even if that means postponing Brexit again;
  • holding a second referendum on a deal to be negotiated;
  • scrapping Brexit;
  • holding a General Election

There are other flavours within these, notably around what is called the Northern Ireland backstop - which would guarantee no hard border between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland, as set out in the Good Friday Agreement.

Brexit Divorce

British Exit From The EU

British Exit From The EU

Brexit Meaning

The word "Brexit" was coined after the referendum result in 2016. It is what is called a "portmanteau" word, where two words are combined into one. The "Br" portion comes from "British" and it is added to "exit" to form "Brexit" - meaning British Exit from the EU.

Your Views On Brexit

Brexit Risk Assessment

It doesn't matter whether you voted to leave or remain in the referendum in June 2016, or whether you have now changed your mind, nor what you think should happen next - second referendum, people's vote, general election, no deal Brexit or a managed Brexit for instance. Everything may or may not change after the General Election on 12th December 2019.

The government put billions of pounds into preparing for Brexit on 31st October 2019 but much of that preparation was wasted, as Brexit did not happen. For instance, millions of leaflets were printed and distributed, commemorative 50p coins were created and will now have to be melted down again but some of that planning will remain, such as 3 months stock of food in warehouses. Until the result of the General Election on 12 December, it is not known whether different plans will be needed or even none at all! While politicians will continue to argue, it is important for ordinary people to prepare for whatever happens. To do that, you need to know what the risks are.

Financial

Economically, financial exchange rates can change, affecting the prices of imported goods, especially oil. For instance, the exchange rate for the pound against the dollar and the Euro after the referendum result was announced led to the pound weakening. This meant imported goods and oil become more expensive and the cost of foreign holidays increased. On the other hand, it also meant that British goods were cheaper and could sell better abroad. Currently the exchange rate has strengthened considerably since no deal Brexit was removed, at least until 31st January 2020 or possibly 31st December 2020.

Political Disturbances

There will be people upset with the situation, whatever happens with Brexit. When people are upset with politics - disturbances and commotion can happen and that can lead to shortages of food, medications and fuel: and power cuts even if only in small areas. If you are in one of those areas, life may become uncomfortable for a while.

Shortages Of Goods

The UK imports about 70% of its fresh food, including almost all of its fruit and many vegetables, especially those out of season. It has been suggested that Brexit, especially a no-deal Brexit will create delays at ports, affecting goods coming into the UK, especially food.

Take These In Turn

In paragraphs further down the page,each of these will be discussed in turn.

Risk Assessment

This is looking at a situation, whether in work or at home or anywhere else, and thinking about:

  1. what MIGHT happen; and.
  2. how LIKELY it is to happen.

Back in 1987, there was a famous weather situation in the UK, in which the weather forecaster (Michael Fish) stated categorically that no storm would happen. Of course, it did: people died, trees were uprooted and there was a great deal of damage. Assessing the risk doesn't mean you can stop a storm happening but it means you can prepare for it and alert people and businesses so they can prepare themselves ahead of time.

A storm of this magnitude would have been looked at as something that MIGHT happen but probably UNLIKELY to happen, although it would have severe consequences if it DID happen. This is the sort of situation where you draw up plans and put them on a shelf (and check them out regularly), so that when the weather forecast says that what was considered unlikely is now very likely to happen, you have plans ready to put straight into action.

A more everyday type of situation is one of worn or damaged tyres on your motor car. If you use your vehicle regularly, then the tyres WILL wear and it is something that is very likely to happen. This means that to prepare for this, you regularly check your tyres and change them when necessary.

Damage And Injury Severity

The consequences of a storm or damaged tyres can be high, possibly with fatalities. Some risks may be likely but even if they happen the consequences are likely to be very small or negligible.

Risk Assessment

Risk Assessment

Financial Risks

I am not a financial expert and this is NOT about investing or savings. This capsule is about the financial risks that ordinary people MAY encounter with Brexit. Remember, we are looking at Brexit from a risk assessment point of view. Nobody knows exactly what will happen. Everything may just go on as normal, as if nothing had happened or total chaos may happen. It will probably be somewhere in between those two extremes but that is the the risk - no one knows.

What Could Happen Financially?

Risk 1: The exchange rate for pound against the dollar could weaken further. Currently it has strengthened as Brexit has been postponed til 31st January 2020 at the earliest.

Likelihood: Very likely especially if there is a no-deal Brexit

Consequences: Imports, including fuel and heating oil will be more expensive. Foreign holidays will be more expensive and you will get less foreign money for your pound. Exports will be cheaper, so businesses may be able to sell more abroad, provided no extra Tariffs are applied.

How To Lessen the Risk Or The Consequences: Ordinary people cannot affect the exchange rate, all you can do is prepare ahead where possible. If you think a no-deal Brexit is likely, then consider whether you should stock up your oil tank and keep it topped up; and top up your car's fuel tank and keep it topped up. If you are going abroad you may wish to obtain your foreign exchange early but this is a risk in itself, as there may NOT be a no-deal Brexit OR it may go so well that the exchange rate recovers.

Risk 2: There may be power cuts if fuel imports are reduced.

Likelihood: I would have said low, until the huge power cuts in England and Wales on 9 August 2019.

Consequences: In those power cuts, trains were stopped, traffic lights went out and there was chaos. That would be apart from not being able to cook dinner, freezers defrosting, service station pumps not operating (no petrol /diesel for your car) and ATMs not operating, so you couldn't draw any money out. You are also unlikely to be able to use a debit or credit card in a power cut.

How To Lessen the Risk Or The Consequences: You may wish to keep a stock of cash in the house against being unable to use a card for purchases. If you are really dependent on electricity, for instance a sick person needing equipment, you may wish to purchase a generator. If you want to be sure you can eat or boil water, you may wish to buy a camping stove.

Political Disturbances

There have been many marches both for and against Brexit since the referendum in 2016. Some have turned violent. Whatever happens or doesn't happen with Brexit, it is likely that some people will be upset and may protest.

Risk 3: There may be local disturbances

Likelihood: This is highly dependent on WHAT happens with Brexit after the General Election in 12th December 2019 and in which area you live.

Consequences: Political disturbances can be nasty and may result in a few people having to leave their homes. Hopefully, this will not be widespread but it's a worrying and concerning time for anyone affected.

How To Lessen the Risk Or The Consequences: Have a written plan ready of local and more distant places to go for safety, where your family can meet up. Have a "go" bag ready packed for each family member that you can grab and go, containing washing stuff, some light snacks and water, a change of clothes and some cash. Keep the meeting plan inside the bag.

What Should I Stockpile For Brexit

This is the big question. The UK is very much a "services" country and does not manufacture a great many items.

Food

The UK has a temperate climate, so while it is probably pretty well self sufficient in potatoes and turnips - most fruit and many other vegetables are imported, especially out of season. Many tinned items are also imported, such as fish, including salmon, tuna and sardines. Baked beans, a traditional UK stand by are also imported from the EU.

Risk 4: Food Imports May Be Affected By Brexit

Likelihood: How you assess this probably depends on your views on Brexit. Many politicians are stating that food imports will not be affected, even if there is a no-deal Brexit, as no tariffs will be applied. Others are pointing to firms that import goods and food and pointing out that they are worried about keeping the lorries moving and that the government is making arrangements to turn motorways near the ports into lorry parks.

Consequences: Empty shelves, no fruit, few veg, maybe bread and other staples affected.

How To Lessen the Risk Or The Consequences: Stock up on foods in tins and jars that you normally eat or drink, like baked beans or coffee.

Risk 5: Non Food Items May Be In Short Supply

Likelihood: Again, this depends on whether you think Brexit will stop or reduce the flow of goods into and out of the country.

Consequences: Many items you need every day or every week may be in short supply, like medications, hygiene items, contraception, nappies, shampoo, soap, pet food, etc.

How To Lessen the Risk Or The Consequences: Again, buy one or two extra items each time you shop and stash them away in a cupboard, to build up a store that will carry you over lean times.


Brexit Survival Journal

If you want to prepare ahead for Brexit, whatever you think or hope will happen, then there is a Brexit Survival Journal available, with lists of things to think of to stockpile for yourself and your family. It does not suggest buying up the whole shop, just stocking up on things you NORMALLY use, so that there will be no waste and no unnecessary expenditure.

It provides check lists of items plus space to add your own items, to ensure you have what you need.

It also contains some blank pages to add recipes that you have printed out and want to save for simple meals that you can prepare if cooking facilities are reduced or you are cooking on a coal fire.

Brexit Survival Journal

Brexit Survival Journal Website

Surviving Brexit Day by Day

Just to help you to break down the different areas to think of prior to Brexit, there are hashtags you can use to allow you to focus on one area at a time.

#MedicationsMonday - do you need regular medications? Stock up your first aid box

# TinsTuesday - stock up on canned items, especially those you could eat cold if necessary, like baked beans, tinned tuna, sardines, etc.

#WashingWednesday - stock up on soap, washing powder, hand gel, etc.

#ThirstyThursday - if you drink a lot of bottled water, stock up now or buy an extra large pack. If you prefer not to buy bottled water, find and clean some containers, preferably glass and fill them with water. Get some water purification tablets.

#FoodFriday or #FreezerFriday - stock up on foods that will last a while, such as pasta and rice and that can substitute for fresh food, such as frozen fruit and veg.

#SpecialsSaturday - items that you and your family need or are planning for and that are not covered here.

#ShelterSunday - hopefully, everyone will be able to stay in their own home but just in case, prepare a note of places to meet and telephone numbers and a "go" bag.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2019 RoadMonkey

Comments

RoadMonkey (author) on October 19, 2020:

Thank you very much M G Singh. Now we need to start preparing for a no deal Brexit at the end of December 2020, not far away now.

MG Singh emge from Singapore on October 18, 2020:

Just read this article. Very informative.

Robert Sacchi on October 18, 2020:

You're welcome.

RoadMonkey (author) on October 18, 2020:

I will definitely do that, Robert, thanks.

Robert Sacchi on October 17, 2020:

Do keep us posted and stay well.

RoadMonkey (author) on October 17, 2020:

Not yet, because the main force of Brexit has not yet hit. Quite possibly the pandemic has distracted people's attention away from Brexit, however, if there is no deal (as currently looks possible) there is likely to be at least 3 months of food and goods disruption at British ports at the start of next year!

Robert Sacchi on October 17, 2020:

Do you think Brexit has hurt the UK situation in the pandemic?

RoadMonkey (author) on October 17, 2020:

Yes, we are surviving very well thanks. I personally am not taking a lot of notice of it and certainly not letting fear run my life! Brexit is coming closer and at present, a no-deal Brexit is being talked about. That could mean a 3 month disruption in food supplies for a start! I hope you are keeping well too. I see you are certainly keeping busy!

Denise McGill from Fresno CA on October 16, 2020:

I do hope you are surviving through the pandemic on top of everything else.

Blessings,

Denise

RoadMonkey (author) on August 06, 2020:

It is totally surreal. While this time was set aside for negotiating the Brexit exit plan because the UK WILL leave the EU on 31st December, they have not done very much about it because of coronavirus. Oh, they have bought a large piece of land near one of the main ports, so they can use it as a lorry park for vehicles queueing to get out of the UK or for checking vehicles coming in. IT will apparently hold 2,000 trucks!

Denise McGill from Fresno CA on August 05, 2020:

I hope you are well and still surviving the Brexit countdown. It seems surreal that you are having to survive on the things you set aside for the end of the year but it was good forethought to have it there and reading for the unknown. Who could have predicted all this at the beginning of the year?

Blessings,

Denise

RoadMonkey (author) on April 07, 2020:

No, but Brexit by the end of this year (December 2020) is in legislation, whether any agreements are reached or not, so it's possible we could drop out with a no deal Brexit! Thank you for visiting and commenting.

MG Singh emge from Singapore on April 07, 2020:

Very exhaustive article on Brexit. But with Boris Johnson in ICU, not many will be thinking of Brexit. Hope you are taking care.

RoadMonkey (author) on April 06, 2020:

No one is thinking about Brexit now, it's all Coronavirus. Yet the items I prepped for in case of a no deal Brexit are certainly coming in handy for Coronavirus and staying home! I just hope I will have some left for the end of the year and the final Brexit, provided we all survive that long! Thanks for visiting.

Denise McGill from Fresno CA on April 06, 2020:

How is it going now that we are into April already? Do you see any dire differences yet? Or is the Covid 19 thing dominating everyone's thinking at the moment?

Blessings,

Denise

RoadMonkey (author) on February 23, 2020:

Thank you for your comment. The government now has a majority to implement their choice. The legislation has been passed for the UK to leave the EU on 31st December 2020 with or without a deal, so a no deal Brexit is still possible. Even with a deal, there may be shortages and delays at least for a while.

Denise McGill from Fresno CA on February 22, 2020:

Your hub makes it much easier to understand what you are all going through and what you may face. I guess it is a done deal now although it hasn't been implemented yet. I hope it hasn't been too stressful.

Blessings,

Denise

RoadMonkey (author) on January 22, 2020:

Some difficult questions. I am glad I do not have to answer them, however, if the government gets it wrong, we will all suffer!

MG Singh emge from Singapore on January 21, 2020:

With ˜Boris's victory, Brexit to me appears sealed and done. I also feel that England, in the long run, will be better off and thrive. I find Europe getting a little stale, so I feel ˜Brexit is a good thing. The EU must also remember that the economy alone does not make for a great power without the military. Here in case, the US withdraws where does it leave the EU?

RoadMonkey (author) on January 21, 2020:

Your comment is valid. The report on interference in the Brexit referendum has still not been released and those who were found guilty of breaking electoral law in relation to the Brexit referendum have not been called to court. What happens after the fact? Who knows?

JC Scull from Gainesville, Florida on January 21, 2020:

I understand. The point is that this information should have been released prior to the election. Now the information is a mute point since the people of Britain have voted for Johnson's party which will go ahead with Brexit. But shouldn't have the people known about the fact that Russia interfered in their election and that Brexit plays right into Putin's hand? It is obvious this information is an embarrassment to Johnson and other Brexit supporters in the government. I am sure they are not going to release the information anytime soon.

RoadMonkey (author) on January 21, 2020:

JC Skull, both of those articles are dated November 2019. I do not know whether they have yet been published, however, that was from before the election (12 December 19)

JC Scull from Gainesville, Florida on January 21, 2020:

Here is another one:

https://www.voanews.com/europe/pressure-mounts-bor...

JC Scull from Gainesville, Florida on January 21, 2020:

https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2019/nov/06/r...

RoadMonkey (author) on January 21, 2020:

Yes, Brexit at the end of January 2020. One MEP from the Brexit party (June Mummery) has just posted that she had just left the last but one meeting of the fisheries council that the UK would be involved in and asked who would now put the UK's case, while the EU still controlled UK waters, which will happen until the deal is negotiated by the end of December 2020. And legislation will not allow that date to be extended, so there could still be a no deal exit at the end of December. I had not heard about the refusal to release the files on Russian Interference in the election.

JC Scull from Gainesville, Florida on January 21, 2020:

It seems Brexit is going to happen at the end of January with the promise of a deal to be negotiated between now and the the end of 2020. It also seems Johnson will not be releasing the files on Russian interference on the Brexit election. Another win for Putin.

RoadMonkey (author) on January 11, 2020:

I certainly hope that cool heads will prevail and a reasonable agreement negotiated.

Denise McGill from Fresno CA on January 07, 2020:

Wow. I have not understood what all the noise is about because it doesn't affect me directly but this has helped me to learn that it could be serious for a lot of people. I pray it doesn't go as badly as the risk assessment but no one knows what the future will bring.

Blessings,

Denise

RoadMonkey (author) on December 29, 2019:

Yes, we will need to wait a year and see what actually happens. I won't be putting my Brexit survival journal away just yet!

Robert Sacchi on December 28, 2019:

I'll add that to my list of things that are supposed to happen in 2020.

RoadMonkey (author) on December 28, 2019:

Yes, this time next year, IF things go as the government plans, the UK will be getting ready to leave the EU, with or without an agreement.

Robert Sacchi on December 27, 2019:

Thank you. We'll see how things are a year from now.

RoadMonkey (author) on December 27, 2019:

I think the EU most definitely wants a deal, because then the UK will have to pay towards things it had already been involved with.

Robert Sacchi on December 26, 2019:

Interesting. Do you think the EU prefers a BREXIT deal or a No Deal Brexit?

Luis G Asuncion from City of San Jose Del Monte, Bulacan, Philippines on December 18, 2019:

No worries. As I check my notification here and needs to read and do some comment for updates, no time wasted to read.

RoadMonkey (author) on December 18, 2019:

I certainly hope so. Thank you for visiting and commenting.

Luis G Asuncion from City of San Jose Del Monte, Bulacan, Philippines on December 18, 2019:

It is my pleasure and happiness that you've updated this hub. Hope so, whatever will be the decision of your country will be a good side in your country and your people.

RoadMonkey (author) on December 16, 2019:

You're welcome. Thank you for visiting Nikki.

RoadMonkey (author) on December 16, 2019:

Yes, here in the UK, we are living history at the moment . Thanks for visiting Luis.

Luis G Asuncion from City of San Jose Del Monte, Bulacan, Philippines on December 16, 2019:

With the comments that I am reading right now, I am learning a lot with UK history.

Nikki Khan from London on December 15, 2019:

Let's pray for the good. Thanks, RoadMonkey.

RoadMonkey (author) on December 15, 2019:

Thank you for visiting and commenting Nikki Khan. Let's hope the country can heal after the last three years. I think it will take a while. Merry Christmas to you too.

Nikki Khan from London on December 15, 2019:

So, Conservative party won!

And Boris is doing Brexit. Personally, I do like their policies as they aren't too much on benefits side. Labour is otherwise. Hopefully the healing process would start after Brexit is done.

Let's hope for the best in 2020.

And Merry Christmas in advance my dear!

RoadMonkey (author) on December 10, 2019:

Thank you for reading and commenting.

Umesh Chandra Bhatt from Kharghar, Navi Mumbai, India on December 09, 2019:

Exhaustive and detailed. Thanks.

RoadMonkey (author) on December 08, 2019:

Thank you for visiting and commenting. It appears that many people want Brexit for different reasons: to avoid tax, to reduce immigration, to weaken environmental and employment laws, etc. Some say that they want Brexit in order for the UK to become a sovereign nation again. I have my doubts that any of those reasons are the true ones. I am not sure we will ever (at least in my lifetime) know the true reasons behind the Brexit push. If Brexit occurs, it is possible that there will be a period of turbulence, while imports of goods are sorted out. I sincerely hope these will be brief and of little significance, however, it is always best to be prepared.

RoadMonkey (author) on December 08, 2019:

Thank you for commenting. Brexit is a mess, total nightmare as you say. They certainly found billions to spend on it, even though they could not find money to ease austerity. I will be voting, based on the policies of the parties.

Nikki Khan from London on December 08, 2019:

This is such a nightmare for everyone who voted either for leave or to remain. Nothing is accomplished so far. Tories are continuously lying to the people. Jeremy isn't strong enough to make a decision or lead through Brexit.

I am going to vote neither tories not labour. Third choice is Liberal Democrats in our area as Chuka Ummuna has suggested. God knows where we are heading on the 12th of December.

Let's just hope for the best for our country.

Blessings my dear!

MG Singh emge from Singapore on December 08, 2019:

Brexit is certainly a gamble. However I feel it's inevitable and there are historical reasons for it. The UK cannot play second fiddle to Germany after being a standout leader for centuries.

RoadMonkey (author) on December 08, 2019:

I am going to vote on policies by looking at which policies (for the long term) match most closely to my beliefs about how the country should be governed.

I am glad that our form of government allows us to elect a party who then go on to elect a prime minister and the Prime Minister can be booted out if the Cabinet agree and the party or Parliament agrees. It allows us to have a different Prime Minister without having to go through another election.

Of course, there are some policies that are so divisive that they cut across party lines and produce a hung Parliament like the last one. Let's hope there isn't another policy like that brought forward for many years, if ever.

Nell Rose from England on December 07, 2019:

It's a nightmare isn't it? I voted, well I mentally voted out, but couldn't get there. Then I decided it was a bad idea, and now for the life of me I have no idea! lol! But I do know who I will vote for. One is highly intelligent but a buffoon, the other one is a horrible little man who I wouldn't trust with my grandma! LOL!

RoadMonkey (author) on December 02, 2019:

I certainly hope it works out for the best, whichever way it goes. Currently, we are in an election period and the result is likely to determine what will happen, unless there is a hung parliament again - that is, no party has a clear majority.

Bill Holland from Olympia, WA on December 02, 2019:

I have been following this on the news, of course, and it is fascinating. It's a huge political decision, with huge ramifications for everyone. Hopefully it will all work out for the good.

Luis G Asuncion from City of San Jose Del Monte, Bulacan, Philippines on November 20, 2019:

Ok. I am learning UK history now

RoadMonkey (author) on November 20, 2019:

Hi Luis, the UK will be affected if it leaves the European Union. Exactly HOW much remains to be seen. There is an election underway at the minute and the result of the election will determine whether the UK leaves the EU or not and also under what terms.

Luis G Asuncion from City of San Jose Del Monte, Bulacan, Philippines on November 19, 2019:

Do your country will be affected to Brexit?

RoadMonkey (author) on September 02, 2019:

Thank you. I also certainly hope there is no chaos, however, I am preparing just in case.

Thelma Alberts from Germany and Philippines on September 02, 2019:

Very interesting and informative article. I just hope that the best will happen and no chaos at all. Thanks for sharing.

RoadMonkey (author) on August 25, 2019:

Thank you for visiting. The exchange rates dropped straight after the Brexit vote and they have stayed pretty low since. Being prepared is useful. It doesn't have to be for Brexit. Something else could come along.

Mel Carriere from San Diego California on August 24, 2019:

It sort of reminds me of the Y2K scare. I am betting that if the Brits could survive the buzz bombs, they will pull through Brexit. It doesn´t hurt to be prepared, however.

Brexit affects everyone worldwide. When Brexit first passed it drove our interest rates crazy, over here across the bond.

Best of luck during this troubling time, and great hub!

RoadMonkey (author) on August 15, 2019:

Thanks. I hope not but am stocking up in case.

DreamerMeg from Northern Ireland on August 15, 2019:

Very thorough article. Hope everything goes OK and there are no shortages!