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Air Pollution in India [Essay]: Causes & Consequences

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Experienced content writer, Shafqat M. writes on travel, technology, environment, and digital marketing.

Pollution kills. This line is familiar to most of us who are affected by rising air pollution. We've become so used to living with it that it hardly evokes any response from us to deal with it strictly.

So much so, it no longer surprises, inspires prompt and strict reactions, neither from administration nor from the general public. Like a background score, it just hums along as we watch pollution wreak havoc in its wake.

The purpose of writing about the state of pollution in India is a hopeful yearning that one-day people will wake up to their senses and see dire consequences of their nonsensical attitude towards the environment, especially air pollution.

Keeping that in mind, here is this article devoted exclusively to the status of air pollution in India cities.

Air Pollution in India Kills 10 Lakh People Every Year!

Air Pollution in India Kills 10 Lakh People Every Year!

More than a million people in India die because of the worst air quality.

— The Lancet Report

10 Lakh People Die Due to Air Pollution in Indian Cities

Because of our collective negligence in tackling the menace of air pollution in India, pollution has reached its threshold and the air quality has so degraded it's no longer fit for human consumption.

It's not to say that we stop breathing. It's not even an option. Even if the air is polluted, we've to breathe, and bear the brunt of its degraded quality all too violently as on an average two people in India die every day due to polluted air.

The Lancet report is worth mentioning here because it has some astonishing data to share. Not only did it reveal that more than a million people in India die because of the worst air quality.

One of the most horrific revelations of the report has been its statistic data, which includes two deaths per minute as directly been an outcome of air pollution. It also connotes that time it takes to write a sentence or two, we lose two human lives during the same time.

Apart from the loss of human lives, it also causes severe damage to our economy. World Bank has put the figures at $38-billion. Needless to say, but it's a reality that air pollution in India is the worst and deadliest of all pollutions, which is taking a heavy toll on life, economy, and health.

Be it premature deaths or any such disaster, air pollution scripts the main role, causing worldwide deaths round about 18,000 every year.

Contributions from coal-based power plants towards air pollution is over 50 per cent.

— The Lancet Report

Patna and New Delhi Emerge as Worst Polluted Cities in World

A team of leading environmental scientists recently conducted a study and concluded that two cities both of which are in India are also the worst polluted cities in the world. These cities are Patna and New Delhi because the particulate matter levels in these cities were recorded at PM 2.5.

Coal Power Plants are Major Contributors to Air Pollution in India!

Coal Power Plants are Major Contributors to Air Pollution in India!

50% of Air Pollution in India can be Attributed to Coal Power Plants

The Lancet report sheds further light on the status of air pollution in India and reveals that coal power plants of India are its major contributors. According to their study, contributions from coal-based power plants towards air pollution is over 50 per cent.

COVID-19 Virus Being Particularly Damaging to Lungs may Aggravate Effects of Air Pollution in India!

COVID-19 Virus Being Particularly Damaging to Lungs may Aggravate Effects of Air Pollution in India!

Astonishing Revelation Made by Anil Madhav Dave

During a 2017 Parliament session, Anil Madhav Dave, then Environment, Forest and Climate Change Minister in the Centre, revealed that the Indian government spends 7 crore rupees annually on air pollution monitoring.

It's astonishing given the enormity of India, both in terms of size and population that so small an amount is allocated to as grave a concern as air pollution, which causes 10 lakh deaths every year and causes economic loss to the tune of $38 billion.

While the government has enough money to spend thousands of crores on statues, it claims penury when it comes to more vital and graver concerns as pollution.

They just watch while young children have their lungs damaged due to the poor air quality. And with contagious COVID-19 virus being particularly damaging to lungs, air pollution in India is likely to aggravate and worsen the situation.

The poor in India cannot even afford to stay indoors because they have a family to feed. To make their ends meet, they have to remain outdoors most of the time, fully exposed to dangerous air, which is harmful to the lungs and heart. In the end, it's these common people who pay the maximum price with the loss of their lives.

Maybe the callous attitude of the government is because of the poor of India suffering the most. For governments what matters are interests of big corporations and industrialists since they are their cash cow when it comes to electoral bonds.

More than once, it has come to fore that taxpayers pockets are emptied to fill coffers of big corporations and industrialists.

Call to Action

A clean environment is our right and to fight for it, our duty. Time calls for us to join hands and raise our voice to snatch air from the clutches of pollution. Kindly share your thoughts on the current state of air pollution in India, and let us know your opinions in the comments section below!

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2020 Shafqat M

Comments

Liz Westwood from UK on November 01, 2020:

You make some important and extremely valid points in this article. It is very sad that, through polution, mankind is causing death.

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