The first thing that comes to mind when you hear the word energy is the idea of unlimited amounts of gas, oil, coal, and nuclear power.
But what if I told you energy is not this way? What if energy is about more than how much of one type of resource you have?
1) Solar Power
2) Wind Power
3) Hydroelectric Power
4) Biomass Power
5) Nuclear Power
1) Solar Power:
Solar power is a green energy source that directly converts sunlight into electricity using photovoltaic cells.
The Sun is a source of energy that humans have known and used for thousands of years. But before 1900, almost all human uses of solar power were indirect, and indirect controls require a lot more energy.
Indirect Uses include walking or driving to The Sun, burning fuel to make electricity, or transporting the electricity.
Solar energy for direct conversion has come in two Major forms. In older systems, it focused sunlight onto a heat-absorbing material. That material then releases its heat and released electricity in a generator, the same way a fossil fuel power plant does.
Solar electricity is becoming more and more common, but the cost of photovoltaic cells is still high. For solar power to be economical, the price of photovoltaic cells must decline.
The second form of direct conversion is photovoltaic cells themselves. In these systems, electricity has extracted from sunlight directly. Photovoltaic cells directly convert sunlight into electricity. These cells have been in use for decades and have increased inefficiency and cost steadily.
2) Wind Power:
Wind power is one of the most popular forms of green energy. The cost of wind has decreased significantly over time, making it an appealing option for companies looking to save money on their monthly power bills.
The wind is nature’s way of creating energy. It blows all the time, and the wind is blowing somewhere. The wind is unpredictable, so most electricity companies store up enough energy to last them through the night when the wind is at its strongest.
Wind turbines turn the wind into energy. These turbines comprise a rotor and one or more wings. The wings act like fan blades, and the rotor turns like a propeller. To turn a turbine the wind must push the wind blades. But the wind is stronger at the tips of the Blades, so it thrust them first.
Then spin the rotor, which turns on the generator, which turns alternating current into direct current, the direct current has been sent into the power lines.
It sent the alternating current back into the house.
A wind turbine can be large or small. The Larger wind turbine has more powerful blades and a larger rotor.
The smaller wind turbine has fewer blades and a smaller rotor. A smaller turbine is cheaper to build, but a Larger turbine is easier to control.
Wind turbines are most efficient when the wind is blowing at a consistent speed. It set most wind farms up along rivers or on hills. They can also set wind farms up in large, open spaces, like deserts or fields. These wind farms provide steady energy for nearby homes and businesses.
3) Hydroelectric Power:
They generated hydroelectric power from damming a body of water and using its potential energy. Hydroelectric power, also known as hydropower, is one of the most commonly used green energy sources.
Hydroelectric power is the use of the energy of moving water.
For humans, This energy can be tapped by damming a body of water and collecting the energy stored in a reservoir behind the dam.
This “reservoir” has filled with water from a stream, river, or lake.
Turbines convert the energy stored in the reservoir into electricity.
Hydropower is a reliable, non-polluting energy source. It is renewable and environmentally friendly and can be built anywhere. However, hydroelectricity comes with the cost of building dams.
The reservoirs behind dams can hold water for long periods, and hydroelectric dams do not release the water until they have collected enough energy. It means that hydropower must build near sources of water.
Hydropower can create power for millions of homes. The amount of energy produced by hydropower is highly variable, however. It ran most hydropower plants 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.
Hydropower is the most widely used green energy source. Worldwide, hydropower provides about 8% of the world’s electricity.
A majority of the world’s hydropower comes from China, Brazil, the United States, and Europe.
The electricity produced by hydropower is both renewable and environmentally friendly.
Burning fossil fuels produce carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas. Burning hydroelectric power does not release carbon dioxide into the air.
First, it ran hydroelectric plants 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. It means that hydropower plants are producing energy.
Second, hydroelectric plants do not release the water into the environment until they are producing enough energy. It means that hydroelectric plants do not release any carbon dioxide into the environment.
4) Biomass Power:
Biomass power, or biogas energy, refers to energy derived from plant materials. Biomass power is a green energy source because its production doesn’t release greenhouse gases into our atmosphere.
Biomass power is distinct from biofuels, which come from sources other than plant materials.
For example, they distill ethanol from corn., and they liquify biodiesel from soybeans. Each biofuel has advantages and drawbacks.
For example: Is cleaner and more efficient than gasoline, so vehicles can run on biodiesel for later periods before expiring. But biodiesel is produced in nearly plentiful enough quantities to be a workable alternative to the petroleum-based fuel that powers most vehicles today.
Biomass energy is unique. It’s derived from agricultural and forestry residues. Energy crops—such as corn — are sometimes used, but they harvest the energy crops after they’ve produced their crop, not before. It grows specifically ethanol to produce fuel.
Most of the US’s biomass power comes from wood. Wood and other plant matter, such as dried leaves, and grasses have burned to produce heat. For electricity generation, it burns biomass in engines that are like those used in conventional vehicles.
Biomass power and biofuels are competing technologies. Biofuels generate more greenhouse gases per unit of energy produced than biomass power. But they can produce biofuels in higher quantities than biomass power, and biofuels are more efficient in terms of the amount of fuel provided. It takes more fuel to supply a unit of energy with biofuels than biomass power.
The 2000 energy plan inspects biofuels. The plan suggests using biofuels only when they produce lower greenhouse gas emissions per unit of energy produced than biomass power.
This plan considers they can provide the fact that biofuels are in higher quantities. Biomass contains less energy.
5) Nuclear Power:
Nuclear power is one of the more controversial forms of green energy production because of its radioactive byproducts. However, it could use to emit no carbon dioxide into our atmosphere.
Nuclear power, like most energy technologies, has pros and cons. The advantages are:
• It is clean
• It is predictable
• It is reliable
• It is safe
• It is scalable.
The disadvantages are:
• It is expensive
• It requires A Large initial investment
• It requires long-term liability
• It requires massive infrastructure
• It requires expensive (and often poorly designed) waste disposal and handling.
We have not yet decided which of these disadvantages are worth the advantages.
Nuclear power has, so I have tried far only in a few small, isolated locations.That’s changing: plans for the first new reactors in thirty years are underway.
The nuclear industry is trying to persuade us that this is a good thing., the point out that the same folks who run our power plants run the reactors, so it’s easy and familiar. And they point out that nuclear power can use with seawater, so the nuclear waste doesn’t have to be stored on site.
It’s easy to be swayed by these things. Let’s go with the facts.
Nuclear power is great at one thing: generating electricity.
A nuclear reactor is a very specialized device.
It generates electricity.
That’s it. It doesn’t (produce heat-produce fuel- produce the raw material).
They needed electricity to produce all those things and more.
(The fuel that goes into the reactor isn’t the same as the one that comes out.) So, power plants with nuclear reactors must burn gasoline, natural gas, coal, or oil as fuel. Those burn carbon, which causes global warming.
In our world, we have a lot of options for energy. However, the most common one is still fossil fuels.
We use fossil fuels in nearly every single aspect of the world., They’re not going anywhere soon.
There are other options like wind and solar power that can supply energy for the future.
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.
© 2021 Ahmed Ezz