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Meaning and Definition of Financial Administration

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Helna is a postgraduate in commerce who is working as a manager. She loves sharing informative information with her readers.


Financial Administration

Finance is the lifeblood of every business. As personnel and materials which are necessary for the functioning of any office or an industry, an enterprise made available and function through money. Hence, finance fulfills a significant role in business. Socioeconomic forces unleashed by the industrial revolution have given a new meaning and dynamic content to financial administration.

Meaning of Financial Administration

The term Financial Administration consists of two words. 'Finance' and 'Administration'. The word 'administration' refers to the organization and management of collective human efforts in the pursuit of a conscious objective. The word 'finance' refers to the monetary resource. Financial administration refers to a set of activities that are related to making available money to the various branches of an organization to enable it to carry out its objects. Whether it is a family, business or a government department, its day to day activities depend on the availability of funds with which financial administration is concerned.

Definitions of Financial Administration.

According to L. D. White "Fiscal Management includes those operations designed to make funds available to officials and ensure their lawful and efficient use."

According to Jaze Gaston "Financial Administration is that part of the government organization which deals with the collection, preservation, and distribution of public funds, with the coordination of public revenue and expenditure, with the management of credit operations on behalf of the State and with the general control of the financial affairs of the public household".

Even though these definitions cover some important aspects of fiscal management, it fails to project a comprehensive scope of financial administration. G. S. Lall states that financial administration is concerned with all the aspects of financial management of the State. Since public administration is more and more concerned with public affairs and public interest, the frontiers of financial administration are expanding and therefore there is a need for a comprehensive definition of financial administration. As an attempt towards this direction, the following definition is presented:

"Financial Administration includes all the activities which generate, regulates, and distribute monetary resources needed for the sustenance and growth of the members of a political community."

Importance of Financial Administration

The importance of Financial Administration was not considered till the industrial revolution. When social life became more complex as a result of the industrial revolution, the role of the government increased manifolds. Further, the welfare of the state has caused a phenomenal increase in-state activity. The governments have entered into new areas that were kept out of the preview of the State. In this changed context, financial administration has gained more considerable significance for exploring ways and means to generate resources to meet the ever-increasing public expenditure.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2010 Helna


Arindom Kashyap on September 19, 2019:

it is too helpful for evry commerce student .Thankyou soo much .

Nikhil sharma on April 28, 2016:

Its very nice thanku so mich

Shubham Negi on June 06, 2015:

Scroll to Continue

it outstanding

lima on March 28, 2013:


Onoja EneBB on July 08, 2012:

Its splendid,but can the ways of improving financial administration be added to this page? Thanks.

ekobay benard on June 15, 2012:

please could you help us with the problems of financial administration

Haphy Monad on April 04, 2012:

Incredible work

merit on March 31, 2012:

very good

damber karki on March 19, 2012:

no any comment.

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