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Mediaeval Gardening Organically for the Benefit of Wildlife

Working with nature is a key aspect to my method of growing nutritional healthy fruit and veg for the family.


Working With Nature

Growing your vegetables medieval style, akin to the original Elizabethan English Cottage Gardens, can be easier than conventional gardening practices in that you're working with nature rather than against it, and its fun. This is especially so if you incorporate a wildlife pond (as opposed to a fish pond) into your gardening scheme, and then sit back and observe as the eco-systems find their own natural levels.

Gardening organically is eco-friendly; its good for the wildlife, its good for the environment, and its good for you and your family if the vegetables picked fresh from the garden (and packed with nutrition) are prepared and served healthily. Best of all, fresh fruit and vegetables from the garden are packed with flavour that you just don't get from supermarket bought produce.

Mediaeval Gardening

AKA English Cottage Garden

Across the known world the Middle Ages, also known as the Medieval period began with the fall of the Roman Empire in the 5th century and continued until the Renaissance which slowly rolled-out across Europe from the 14th to 17 century.

When the Romans left Britain in 410 AD we declined into the Dark Ages and didn’t join the Middle Ages proper until the Norman Invasion of 1066; and then the Medieval Period continued in England until the beginning of the reign of Queen Elizabeth I in 1558.

The style and principle of what we think of as an English Cottage Garden was first practiced in England during the Roman occupation 2,000 years ago and abandoned when they left in the 5th century; not to be revived again until the beginning of the Agricultural revolution in the 16th Century. So it’s in this context that the concept of English Cottage gardens didn’t emerge until the Elizabethan period (at the end of the Middle Ages). Although there is speculation that its roots stem back to the Black Death of the 1340s when out of necessity labourers utilised what little space they had in small personal gardens to grow much needed food and herbs. And it’s these peasants of the medieval period I’m thinking of when I refer to this gardening technique style so as not to confuse it with traditional Renaissance gardening which is far more formal and grandeur.

Cottage gardens of English origin are typically random and carefree in form. Originally, these gardens were created by the peasants (workers) who lived in village cottages to provide themselves with food and herbs, and flowers planted in for decoration (companion planting).

The more common flowers in cottage gardens, in addition to flowering herbs, were hollyhocks, delphinium and daisies. The method of planting closely packed plants reduced the amount of weeding and watering required.

Today, a cottage garden is often primarily flowers and completely free-form in nature. Many gardeners attempt to use traditional varieties of plants in their cottage gardens to preserve the antiquity of the method.

Foxglove in Medieval Garden

Foxglove in Medieval Garden

Companion Planting

Flowers and Vegetables Working Together

In the Medieval Style vegetable plot companion planting vegetables with flowers is an essential component in mediaeval gardening. The flowers, if well chosen, can transform a vegetable plot to make it more attractive and pleasing the eye while at the same time help to project your vegetables from pests; pot marigolds because they repel aphids and poppies because they attract the aphids predator (the ladybird) as two prime examples.

Some companion flowers, including pot marigold, borage and sunflowers, as well as being attractive and making a fine display in your vegetable garden also provides for an excellent addition to your herb collection. The petals of pot marigold and borage are edible and if picked fresh adds great colour to your salads. You don’t use the whole flower for pot marigolds, just pull the petals off and use fresh when required; just gently pulling on the centre of the blue borage flower and the whole flower comes away from the plant in one piece. ‘Sunflower seeds’, if you can separate the seeds from their husks which is an art in itself, are rich in vitamins and therefore provides an excellent nutritional food source for adding to your recipes.

Other benefits of companion planting includes camouflage, weed control and moisture retention. If you have your cabbages hidden by flowers they are less of a target from the air for cabbage butterflies (white in colour) than if you have then laid out in neat rows with nothing around them other than bare soil. Also, growing flowers between and around your vegetables makes it more difficult for weeds to take control and helps to keep valuable moisture in the ground during hot dry spells.

And above all for the benefit of wildlife bees love companion plants.

Companion Planting

Companion Planting

Organic Gardening

For the Benefit of the Wildlife

Organic gardening aims to sustain and enhance the health of ecosystems and organisms from the smallest in the soil to the wildlife and to humans. Wildlife benefiting from Organic practices in the garden includes foxes, hedgehogs, squirrels, and birds, all of which can help with pest without the need for the use of chemicals.

Organic pest control involves the cumulative effect of many techniques, including:

  • Allowing for an acceptable level of pest damage.
  • Encouraging predatory beneficial insects and animals to flourish and eat pests.
  • Encouraging beneficial micro-organisms.
  • Careful plant selection, choosing disease-resistant varieties.
  • Planting companion crops that discourage or divert pests.
  • Rotating crops to different locations from year to year to interrupt pest reproduction cycles.

Organic gardening also helps to reduce pollution, is healthier for the soil, aids water conservation and can extend the growing season all of which is beneficial to wildlife.

Bee on Hibiscus

Bee on Hibiscus

Wildlife Gardening and Wildlife Ponds

Toads, Frogs, Newts (But No Fish)

Wildlife gardening aims to create an environment that's safe for and attractive to native wildlife such as birds, amphibians, reptiles, insects and mammals.

A wildlife garden is generally informal, often wild, and will usually contain a variety of habitats that have either been deliberately created by the gardener such as:-

  • Ponds to attract frogs, newts, toads and dragonflies
  • Nesting boxes for birds and hedgehogs
  • Log piles which can provide shelter for lizards and slow worms
  • Dry-stone walls for frogs during the winter months and
  • Native plants to attract 'beneficial insects' such as ladybirds; in America known as ladybugs.

Wildlife Pond and Water Features in Action

Night Lighting and Fun with My Wildlife Pond

A short video clip I made of our wildlife pond and its water features showing the pond during the light of day and the pond lighting at night. This video was made shortly after we had a BBQ party and a neighbour humorously left a family of yellow plastic ducks in the pond to keep the pond wildlife company.

Wildlife Pond Lighting Revamp

During the winter months (while the wildlife were in hibernation) I recently replaced the old halogen pond lights with waterproof LED RGB strip lighting, placing it around the back of the pond, and concealing it with decking screwed to the back wall.

The default setting (as shown in the video below) is to cycle between green, red and blue; albeit with the remote control you can get it to cycle through seven colours of your own choosing, or set it to auto where the lights do their own thing randomly.

LED RGB Lighting Suitable For Wildlife Ponds

Raised or Terraced Beds

Favours Plants over Weeds and Extends the Growing Season

A raised bed is a planting area above ground level to a convenient height. The sides can be made from many materials durable enough to hold in the soul, wood or stone (bricks) are frequently used.

Raised beds have a number of benefits, in particular they extend the growing season because they are warmer and offer good drainage, they reduce the need to rely on poor soil and if properly designed can reduce weeds.

Natural dry stone walling raised beds can be particularly beneficial for wildlife as it provides them with additional natural habitat, and during the winter months provide a protected place where toads, frogs and newts can hibernate in safety.

Robin Redbreast (The Gardener's Friend)

European Robin (Erithacus rubecula)

As any British gardener well knows the Robin being relatively unafraid of humans is a friendly bird that likes to come close when the soil is being dug, in order to look out for earthworms and other food freshly turned up. And when the gardener stops for a break the robin is known to use the handle of the spade as a lookout point. In this photo the Robin stayed within a few feet of me, sometimes only a foot away, while I was clearing and tidying up parts of the garden, and was more than happy to pose for the camera.

Robin Redbrest

Robin Redbrest


Herbs in the Mediaeval Garden

In the newly built raised back border, and in containers by the wildlife pond, herbs are being grown to add to the diversity of the garden and for kitchen use. The herbs include Mint (black peppermint, lemon mint, Indian mint (Satureja), Sage Icterina, Parsley, Bronze Fennel, French Marjoram, Feverfew, Laurus Lobilis (Bay Tree), Lemon Balm, Rosmarinus (a trailing form of Rosemary) and Thyme including Doone Valley and Thyme Silver Posie.

Culinary uses of wild Dandelion and Nettle, and making herbal teas from the garden are also covered in the Herb Garden.

Details of these and other herbs can be seen in my 'The Herb Garden' article on HubPages.

Borage herb

Borage herb

Hanging Baskets

Rather than just use hanging baskets for summer bedding plants I use them for herbs and alpine plants instead, in a novel approach to using hanging baskets, in an attempt to work with nature.

Working with Nature in My Medieval Organic Garden

For the Benefit of Wildlife

Many organic gardeners being sympathetic to the philosophy of wildlife gardening will often incorporate some aspects of the wild garden into their own gardens to both act as a means of biological pest control, and for its value in promoting biodiversity and generally benefiting the wider environment.

Some exotics planting may be included but the wildlife garden will often feature a range of native species and managed in a way that enhances rather than damages the natural eco-system.

As with other forms of gardening, aesthetics plays a central role. Wildlife gardens involves working with nature rather than against it and are therefore generally water-wise gardens achieved by using plant species native to the area and by adopting other good practices to improve the micro-climate and reduce the dependence on watering e.g. ground cover plants, growing plants close together and mulching.

The Frogs on Patrol in the photo are welcome inhabitants of the wildlife pond which is an intregal part of my medieval style organic garden.

Frogs on Patrol

Frogs on Patrol

Automated Lawn Maintenance

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2007 Arthur Russ

Your Say - Add your gardening tips or comments here

Raja Adnan Afzal from Rawalpindi, Pakistan on August 10, 2019:

This is brilliant you have given life to wildlife. A great work I watched the video.


Arthur Russ (author) from England on August 10, 2019:

Thanks Raja. Also, I find that seeing all the wildlife in our garden is very rewarding; just in the past few weeks, as well as all the usual animal and bird visitors to our back garden, I’ve been pleased to see a slowworm, dragonflies hovering above our wildlife pond and a large number of ladybirds on our vegetables; all good signs of a healthy eco-system (environment).

I’ve also started to film some of the animal and bird wildlife in our garden, and having recently got a second wildlife camera I hope to capture some interesting footage over the coming months and years.

One of my recent wildlife recordings in our back garden:-

Wildlife Camera (Wildlife Pond): Birds Foxes and Cats: https://youtu.be/E-HDLZe6eQI

Raja Adnan Afzal from Rawalpindi, Pakistan on August 08, 2019:

@Arthur Russ first of all, very well written article and to the point. Secondly, what you are doing is a great job that is no only protecting the wildlife but also in favor of the environment. All of us must start this at the places we own. And this is our contribution that is going to save us all from the emerging issue of Climate Change.

Brilliant job

Arthur Russ (author) from England on June 13, 2017:

Thanks to everyone for all your feedback and comments.

Cynthia Hoover from Newton, West Virginia on February 18, 2015:

Very informative and inspiring! I look forward to testing my green thumb and trying many of the things I just read about!

Felicitas on August 06, 2014:

You have your own wildlife oasis. Absolutely beautiful. Just looking at the pictures from a computer screen gives me a sense of peace. It must be wonderful to be surrounded by it, for you and the amazing little critters. I especially like the wildlife pond. And, of course, your Guardian Statue.

RinchenChodron on July 31, 2014:

Wow I have garden envy! You have a lovely healthy beautiful garden. Here in dry Colorado we have to grow differently due to being arid. What a fabulous lens!

Paula Hite from Virginia on April 11, 2014:

Cool Lens! It'll be featured on our Facebook page on 4.12.14.


ashleydpenn on September 24, 2013:

Some very sound advice here. Working with the natural layers of vegetation in a forest garden can greatly increase the productivity per acre.

Mary Norton from Ontario, Canada on September 22, 2013:

I was attracted to read on with your putting a bit of history. I am now reading a book and am at the Norman rule in what was to become London. Love the garden, too.

Anthony Altorenna from Connecticut on September 21, 2013:

Your garden is beautiful, and I really enjoyed visiting. Our gardens a mixture of flowers, veggies and herbs, and we share willingly with the local wildlife.

Rose Jones on September 20, 2013:

Really enjoyed my time visiting your gorgeous lens and daydreaming. Linked as related to my own lens: https://hubpages.com/politics/landscapingwithfruit... and pinned to my board Backyard Birds and Wildlife. I really enjoyed the historical focus.

anonymous on September 20, 2013:

Great lens, saw this featured on Editor for the Day: Bakerwoman Shows Us Some Great Garden Wildlife Habitat Lenses

Ellen Gregory from Connecticut, USA on September 20, 2013:

I could use tips, more than I can give them. I learned a lot from this article. The idea of encouraging wildlife appeals to me. I love it when I see something scampering across my year.

Peter Messerschmidt from Port Townsend, WA, USA on May 26, 2013:

Lots of useful information here... we're working on "developing" a largely unattended garden the previous owners left... and we're going with a natural/organic plan. Bookmarked this for later reference.

JimHofman on May 17, 2013:

A wealth of good information here. Another great organic gardening lens!

jayavi on March 19, 2013:

I love Organic Gardening. Thanks for sharing.

LadyDuck on March 19, 2013:

Congratulations on your lens; beautiful photos. I live robins, they really are the gardener's friends. I have one in my garden that like to hide in my gardening tool basket, it's so cute!

drcarl on March 08, 2013:

@drcarl: HmmmI guess html can't go into the comments? Here is a link (as if you can't find it - there's only one - lol - http://www.squidoo.com/garden-hose-water-filter

drcarl on March 08, 2013:

Cool Lens! I replaced the plants I had to mow with those I am happy to EAT! The bugs and birds LOVE our garden now....it's really natural....some call it overgrown, oh well! I filter my garden water so that I'm not adding lean or burning the plants with chlorine. Check out my very first lens HERE

hntrssthmpsn on March 05, 2013:

Your organic garden is incredibly beautiful! Love all your pictures!

Beverly Lemley from Raleigh, NC on February 25, 2013:

A terrific guide to gardening organically, with great picts! I have featured your lens on mine, Create a Healthy Garden ~ Squid Angel Blessed! B : )

getupandgrow on February 18, 2013:

What a gorgeous lens. And beautiful photos, too. I learnt a ton-many thanks for putting this together!

cmadden on February 05, 2013:

I enjoyed your garden!

carocwn on February 01, 2013:

Nice garden and a great lens.

ismeedee on January 24, 2013:

Some great stuff here- I like the info about marigolds and poppies! I wish you could come and give me more advice. I've got a tiny garden, more of a yard than a garden and I want to start doing some container gardening this year for veg, but I'm keen that it will be organic and I'm frightened of it all getting eaten up, esp by those dreaded slugs!

CreativeGal on January 18, 2013:

An excellent site! I'm bookmarking it! Will return often as I put some of your ideas into practice!

savateuse on January 11, 2013:

Nice lens, love the Robin photos!

poppy mercer from London on December 17, 2012:

Great topic. A good reason for sourceing older varieties of plants is that they tend to be more helpful to wildlife. The more a plant gets bred to be fancy, with extra petals, unusual colours, etc. the less access the flower offers to pollinators. I fpersonally find the older varieties generally are hardier as well, and somehow, however plainer than their fancy decendants, far more beautiful.

Carolan Ross from St. Louis, MO on December 17, 2012:

Very interesting "medieval garden" info, was not familiar with that term so had to check it out. Had this vision in my mind of knights in shining armour digging in dirt, planting seedlings & weeding. I also noticed two different spellings here 'medievil' and 'mediaeval' and had to scratch my head on that, but maybe intentional since both were repeated.

anonymous on September 15, 2012:

I have a very small garden of herbs at my parents, since i don't live in a house. All the herb plants are BIO, since I often use them for my cookies (like lavender cookies etc ...). Loved your lens.

LaurenIM on September 08, 2012:

Medieval gardening lol that's great! It must be a sight to see people dressed up in medieval garb mowing the lawn with the geeky Robo Mower!

VicPalombo on September 06, 2012:

I love gardens and orchards, and I know a couple of secrets about the wise use of herbs that help control pests. Your lens has made me think of sharing. Thanks!

KandDMarketing on July 16, 2012:

Great lens! It's given me some ideas for around our gardens.

Helene-Malmsio on June 01, 2012:

Just loving this lens! I am a huge fan of organic gardening, and my own little 1/4 acre is doing a good job of helping wildlife and the environment while it feeds my body and soul!

anonymous on January 25, 2012:

I love your mediaeval gardening ideas and taking care of the wildlife is certainly a benefit well worth the extra work involved...the results speak for themselves in beauty, blessed!

anonymous on January 25, 2012:

I love your mediaeval gardening ideas and taking care of the wildlife is certainly a benefit well worth the extra work involved...the results speak for themselves in beauty, blessed!

Vicki Green from Wandering the Pacific Northwest USA on April 01, 2011:

What a lovely garden and made so much more fun and interesting by the presence of all of the wild creatures! Blessed by a Squid Angel

myraggededge on February 19, 2011:

I am very impressed with your lenses. Have another blessing!

anonymous on February 01, 2011:

Great lens very informative, i really enjoy reading , looking forward for more lens of yours.

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Carol Fisher from Warminster, Wiltshire, UK on September 25, 2010:

Informative and beautifully illustrated lens - blessed by an Angel.

teakbenchesqtb on August 27, 2010:

nice lens....learned so much from it.


get the perfect teak furniture for your garden and dining room

davemin on May 20, 2010:

wounderful lens, nice picture of the beautiful little robin that visits your garden, love your wildlife pond such a great idea to have in the garden,

poppy mercer from London on March 12, 2010:

I love it when the robin hops around my feet or sings so sweetly from the bushes nearby. Carry on spreading the organic good news.

roamingrosie on June 09, 2009:

Great lens! Lots of really nice photos, too.

religions7 on June 02, 2009:

Great lens - you've been blessed by a squidoo angel :)

Medicinemanwriting1 on May 15, 2009:

I don't garden, but it seems to me that the purpose of gardening is to raise quality food. So chemicals would be out of the question.

Robin Forlonge Patterson from New Zealand on April 15, 2009:

Rosebud and lily, pinks and Sweet Willy

The country gardens come to town!

That's the version my mother's choir used to sing. Many decades ago. She was organist, pianist, and conductor at the Roslyn Presbyterian Church in Dunedin, New Zealand. She has her own page on the Genealogy Wikia now. Linked to mine, of course, and to Dad's page and her parents' pages, all very easily, as you may find from my easy introduction lens. I think Nathanville has more relatives on that site than I have.

But I digress. My mother was a great gardener too. And talking of Robins, we have related birds in New Zealand. I've used a picture of the North Island Robin, with incontrovertible logic, to illustrate my user page on the New Zealand Wikia and on the Birds Wikia.

Carry on gardening, Arthur, keep it all shipshape and Bristol fashion!

medicinewoods on November 17, 2008:

This is a great lens. I love learning more about gardening and found your article very informative and well written. Thank you!

Granuaile on November 09, 2008:

This is a wonderful lens! Thanks so much for all this fantastic info.. I sure plan to put it to use here in West Virginia!

anonymous on September 08, 2008:


The tips that are described about organic gardening are wonderful.Thanks for the valuble info.

Feel free to visit my pestcontrolaid blog

lhiller on July 16, 2008:

Your lens is very informative. I love the English Cottage look and am trying to work towards that in one area. The English robin is beautiful. Thanks for all your work.

dannystaple on July 13, 2008:

I find that even in a window box garden, it is worth staying organic. However, where you are trying to attract Robins, I would like to attract Ladybirds. Never underestimate the effect of predators as organic pest controls. As FrugalWench points out, things have gone full circle, from chemicals being desirable right around to traditional organic methods being the better trend.

Spook LM on July 09, 2008:

I have a diploma in agriculture, so am more into the use of chemicals, especially when doing things on a large scale, but am open to your suggestions and I also enjoyed reading your lens and a different point of view. Keep up the good work and the best of luck

pyngthyngs on May 11, 2008:

What a great resource your lens is; I am inspired to try organic gardening this spring.

Snowrose LM on April 28, 2008:

Great Lens! Organic Gardening Lots of work but results are worth it!


ElizabethJeanAl on March 17, 2008:

As a birdwatcher, I understand the need to limit the use of chemicals. Its not good for the birds or for us!

anonymous on March 12, 2008:

Very nice info. All medieval gardens were organic, because that was all they had. Of course, they had a lot of manure around in those days. I'm about 80% organic. I have to use chemicals to kill ants, especially fire ants, or I'd never be able to work in my yard. Also, weeds are a HUGE problem where I live, so chemicals help during the lush growth in summer. Other than that, I'm organic. My city just started letting us have compost piles, so I'll be starting one this summer.

Margaret Schaut from Detroit on March 08, 2008:

wow, this page has really gotten better and better! Wonderful job on a terrific lens!

Evelyn Saenz from Royalton on March 07, 2008:

There is a new group being formed in Squidooville. It’s called A Walk in the Woods. Because you have done such a nice job with your Medieval Garden lens Whitefoot the Wood Mouse is inviting you to join him in this new venture. The exposure that your lens gets by joining will boost your lens rank and add to the number of web pages linking to your lens. Come take A Walk in the Woods.

Laraine Sims from Lake Country, B.C. on February 29, 2008:

Beautiful! 5 stars, favorite & lensroll.

Tiddledeewinks LM on February 20, 2008:

Hi~ Check out my new lens on garden catalogs! www.squidoo.com/seed-and-garden-supply-catalogs

Tiddledeewinks LM on February 03, 2008:

I LOVE to garden! Great lens!

Debt_Man on January 02, 2008:

Nice lens, I love hedgehogs lol, come check out my wildlife scene eteched glass lens

Clairwil LM on November 22, 2007:

Fantastic lens- Thanks so much for joining the green/veggie group. *****

groupie on November 11, 2007:

Well done! Nice design and photos. 5*

SPF on October 31, 2007:

Just stopping by to say hi and see what's new in the world of medieval gardening. I love the robin picture. Did you take it? Take care!

KonaGirl from New York on October 08, 2007:

I am an organic gardener myself. Love this lens. 5 stars.

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DogWhisperWoman1 on October 07, 2007:

5* WOW so much stuff I have never heard of. I will be back. Dog Whisper Woman

Gatsby LM on October 07, 2007:

5* will recommended this to a friend of mine. Best Natural Dog Food

kateblogs on September 23, 2007:

Great lens! I totally agree, organic is *the* way to garden.

KSamuel-Stevens on September 03, 2007:

Nice job on the lens. Organic is the way to go.

TriviaChamp on August 31, 2007:

Loved your articles. I'm going to try to apply some of your advice with my own garden. Thanks!

Best Wishes ~Jane

Mona Lisa

containergardening on August 20, 2007:

Hey Nathan,

Wow, this lens is awesome I had to add it to my favorites, rate it, and I even added you to my lensroll. I sure hope that's okay with you. Let me know if you would be interested in a link exchange somet too


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KimGiancaterino on July 28, 2007:

One of my favorite topics. I've just finished 3 hours in the front yard and tomorrow will be another 3 in the back. We use manure, but absolutely no chemicals.

Petee on July 28, 2007:

Another great lens on organic gardening.

CliveAnderson LM on July 18, 2007:

Such a great lens, full of some top information, help and advise. It's definitely the way for gardening to be. Love all the different styles and options. Top Marks, 5 stars... Many Thanks. Clive Anderson.

The O'Floe Sisters on July 13, 2007:

Wow 5* to you, lots of useful information, nice to meet a fellow organic gardener.

Casey van B on July 09, 2007:

A big 5 star applause - and an invitation to join and grab an IMAD badge from I Make A Difference

joshman lm on July 08, 2007:

Hi I'm Joshua Ficarro and I'm learning how to make a website and my dad is helping me. i was wondering if you can tell me how you got high ranked?

Karendelac on July 06, 2007:

Congratulations on a well designed site.

This was most informative.

Best wishes,


Karen at Karens

Kinkade Art Store

brookehudson on July 06, 2007:

Nice presentation on medieval and organic gardening. Valuable not only to the body but to the spirit. Very inspiring and informative lens. Great job. 5 stars

GrillGirl on July 02, 2007:

Neat lens. I try to do organic. The people before me planted invasive wisteria, bamboo and privet hedge. There's also some awful grass that goes underground and eats up my garden.

Robin S from USA on July 01, 2007:

Great lens! 5 stars!

SPF on June 29, 2007:

Just stopping by... Thought I'd say hi..."Hi!"

Nicegoogoo on June 28, 2007:

great lens on organic gardening.I love the lens and rated this 5 stars.

You can visit me at anger management technique and rate it.

frances lm on June 28, 2007:

Enjoyed your lens and your website. Thanks - and five stars! I also lensrolled you as this lens seems relevant to sundials.

anonymous on June 23, 2007:

I am getting back into gardening from a 10 year breakk because of my special needs kids, I could not garden as much as I wanted. So I need a lot of help I have lost all of my notes.I never had any books.

Kathryn Grace from San Francisco on June 20, 2007:

Excellent lens, Nathanville! I especially appreciated the Ground Under Overtown vid--well worth the nine minutes to watch. It's a miracle, how gardens can bring people together, how they feed us and nurture our souls at the same time. Thank you, and five stars.

tbfrascone on June 15, 2007:

Hi! Great lens. We love square foot gardening.

religions7 on June 04, 2007:

What a great idea to do a lens on midiaeval gardening.

anonymous on May 17, 2007:

Very stimulating reading-will read again in more depth. Thanks! Perhaps you ought to get a job as a professor at university with your computer,visual,communicative skills, or as a visiting lecturer on your favourite topics. Eddy

ank on May 15, 2007:

Hi Nathanville , great lens . I really enjoyed articles on it. I'd love it if you would take a look at my lens on Container Gardening Tips!check out t

Click Here.

greengecko on May 10, 2007:

Really interesting lens! I read recently that organic methods result in 20% bigger crops in drought conditions because of the increased retentiveness of the soil. That will doubtless become a very relevant factor if climate change really kicks in!

Check out my lens: "Why Organic". Please rate!

SPF on May 03, 2007:

Keep up the great work. I've added a section on flowers to my southwest garedning lens that you might find interesting. Love your lens.

giddygabby on April 26, 2007:

Another superb 5-star lens, Arthur. I nominated it for the April By Invitation Only Contest. Hope you get lots of votes!

Classic LM on April 25, 2007:

A warm and friendly welcome to my group Nature and Environment! I voted 5*s for your lens, please visit my lenses if you think you can spend 5 minutes on that, and rate them! Please keep this good stuff coming! Classic

oddsend03 on April 23, 2007:

organically fun lens Wonderfully done 5*

MeganCasey on April 23, 2007:

fascinating stuff. thanks!

one SquidAddict on April 23, 2007:

Welcome to the Group! I have rated you 5*

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