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Shaped Wooden Pelmet
Decide on the size of the pelmet, and cut panels of board to shape for the front and sides. Cut out the lining and interlining to the same shape, but 1.5 cm larger all around the panels.
To make a shaped pelmet, you will need a thin board, the curtain and lining fabrics, interlining, curtain rings, cord, fabric glue, tape and the basic sewing kit.
1. Attaching Interlining Lay the front board panel centrally on the interlining, and clip the edges of the interlining all around the curves and corners. Spread fabric glue along the edge of the boar, and fold the edges of the fabric onto the glue, pressing down firmly with your fingertips. Fix the interlining to the two side panels in the same way.
2. Cutting Fabric Taking into account the alignment of any pattern and the straight grain of the fabric, lay the panel in position, interlined side face down, on the wrong side of the fabric. Cut out the fabric 3 cm larger than the panel all around. Repeat this procedure for the side pieces.
3. Attaching Fabric Clip fabric edges at the curves and fold them over at the interlined edges. Pin in place, stretching taut the fabric and laying it square on the panel. Secure fabric edges to the panel with glue, and press. Cover side pieces in the same way.
4. Preparing Lining Lay out the lining fabric for the front and the side panels. Clip the edges around the curves and fold all edges under to the wrong side by 2 cm. Mitre the corners, and press.
5. Attaching Lining Lay the lining fabric right side up on the back of the prepared front panel. Slipstitch it in place along the edge, leaving a section at one end unstitched. Repeat for the two sides, leaving the front edges open.
6. Edging Front Panel Measure around the edge of the front panel and cut the cord to this length. Starting at the opening in the lining seam, tuck the ends under the lining. Slipstitch the cord to the edges of the front panel, stitching through the open section to close it as you attach the cord.
7. Edging Side Measure around the top, back, and bottom edges of each side piece, and cut cord to size. Slipstitch the cord to the three edges of the sides, tucking in the ends and closing the opening for the front panel. Slipstitch the lining to the fabric along the front edges.
8. Fixing Rings Fix small screws into the top of the pelmet board. Sew curtain rings in place in the back of the front and side panels, below the cord, to align with these fixings. Hang the panels on the board by the rings.
The Finished Pelmet
Simple Valance with Bound Edge
For this technique, you will need fabric, lining fabric, bias strip, heading tape, valance rail, fixings, and the basic sewing kit.
Decide on the heading tape and estimate the fabric width (the valance should have more fullness than the curtain).
For joins, centre the largest panel of fabric, joining panels with plain flat seams. Decide on the valance length and cut out the valance fabric, allowing 2.5 cm for side turnings and 4 cm for the heading turning.
Cut out the lining fabric 2 cm smaller all around the fabric. Place the fabric and lining right sides together, aligning the bottom edges.
Pin, tack and sew both side seams. Press seams open and turn right side out. Press flat, centring the lining so that seams lie on the lined side, 2 cm in from the folded edges.
Fold the top 4 cm of fabric down over the lining, and press.
1. Attaching Heading Lay the heading tape on the valance to align it with the top edge, Pin, tack and sew the tape in place for the curtain heading
2. Binding Edge Make up bias strip to the length of the bottom edge of the valance. Attach the bias strip. Gather and secure the heading tape, fit the hooks, and hang the finished valance on the separate valance rail.
The Finished Valance
You will need a tube-lined curtain without heading tape, fabric, fringe, binding, heading tape, and the basic sewing kit.
Cut the fabric to the curtain width, plus 11 cm for turnings and joins. For the length, allow one-sixth to one-fifth of the curtain drop, adding 1.5 cm for turnings: Cut lining 8 cm less in width and to the same depth.
Cut a fringe strip to 5.5 cm less than the length of the valance hem edge. Attach fringe to the right side of fabric, 1.5 cm from the hem edge, facing away from the edge.
Lay lining and fabric right sides together, aligning top edges. Sew a 1.5 cm seam at the sides.
Press seams open and turn right sides out. Fold fringed edge allowance to the wrong side and press.
1. Attaching Lining Turn the bottom edge of the lining under by 1.5 cm. Press the turning and slipstitch it in place along the back of the fringed edge.
2. Attaching Valance Lay the curtain right side up on top of a large flat surface. Lay the valance right side up on it. Align the top edges, and pin and tack the valance to the curtain along the heading edge.
3. Fixing Binding Cut bias strip to the length of the curtain heading edge and valance. Lay the strip along the curtain top edge and valance and align raw edges. Pin, tack and sew the binding. Trim seam allowance to 3 mm.
4. Stitching Binding Fold the bias strip over the raw edges of the valance, curtain and pin. Slipstitch in place along the seam line on the lined side of the curtain.
5. Attaching Tape Pin, tack and sew the heading tape to the curtain just below the bound edge, sewing through all the layers of fabric. Gather the heading tape, fit the hooks, and hang and dress the finished curtain.
The Finished Valance
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.
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