Varieties of Potatoes
What are the different types of potatoes?
Potatoes are one of the world's most important food crops, with literally hundreds of varieties all over the world. While, this hub doesn't document every single variety of potato, it does take a look at a few of the more popular varieties, as well as, some of the not so well known varieties of potatoes.
Potatoes come in a wide range of colors, textures, and sizes. Potato growers typically classify potatoes into three types: First Early, Midcrop, and Main Crop, based on when in the season they are planted and harvested.
Yukon Gold Potatoes
The Yukon Gold Potato is classified as a "First Early" potato and is one of the more common potatoes found in your major grocery retailer store.
The Yukon Gold Potato is one of the larger sized potatoes, with thin yellowish or golden skin, and a brighter yellow flesh. The Yukon Gold potato tends to be sweeter, almost buttery in flavor.
How to Cook a Yukon Gold Potato
The Yukon Gold Potato is one of the more versatile varieties of potato and can be boiled, baked, fried, roasted, or grilled. Because of its versatility it can be substituted for any recipe calling for a traditional white potato.
Russian Banana Fingerling Potato
What is a Fingerling Potato?
Fingerling potatoes get their name from their finger-like shapes and their small size. They are part of the Heritage potato family. Some people confuse Fingerling Potatoes with New Potatoes because of their small size, but New Potatoes are potatoes that are picked early before they are fully mature. Fingerling Potatoes are a small size when they are fully matured.
Type of Fingerling Potato
The Russian Banana is one of the more popular Fingerling Potatoes, partly because they are resistant to scab. The Russian Banana Fingerling Potato is a smaller variety of fingerling potato and a slightly nutty flavor when cooked.
How to cook a fingerling potato
Fingerling potatoes are best boiled, baked, or roasted.
All Blue Potatoes
The All Blue Potato is one of the best varieties of blue potatoes. It has, both, a deep purple flesh and skin color. It gets its color from anthocyanin, which is an antioxidant.
The blue potatoes are a Main Crop variety, which is planted later in the season. The All Blue Potato has a smooth texture and a rich flavor, and stores very well.
How to Cook Blue Potatoes?
Blue potatoes are perfect for mashing and make great potato salad, not only for their flavor but for their vibrant unique coloring.
Red Sangria Potato
The Red Sangria Potato is another variety of potato that is classified as a "first early" potato because it is planted and harvested in early spring. The Red Sangria potato provides a decent size yield and also stores very well.
The Red Sangria potato is a red skin and a pure white flesh.
How to cook Red Potatoes?
The Red Sangria potato and other red-skinned potatoes are best cooked boiled or made into potato salad.
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twitteringbird from Kerala, India on August 09, 2012:
Nice hub , we are getting only Yukon gold potatoes only. interesting to see other types also.
Novel Treasure (author) from US on August 06, 2012:
I've actually heard of the King Edward variety though I don't think we have it in the states. I'd love to trade recipe an beggar knowledge across the pond.
Imogen French from Southwest England on August 06, 2012:
We don't get any of these varieties in the UK, so it's interesting to see what else is out there - I have never even heard of a blue potato before! I guess, like you say, there are hundreds of different varieties that are suited to different climates, locations and regional tastes.
We grow Foremost or Charlotte potatoes for new or early varieties, Pink Fir Apple as an interesting and tasty second early (they look like a pink version of your fingerling potatoes), and King Edwards, Maris Piper or red Desiree potatoes as our maincrop.