About Roseville Pottery
The Roseville Pottery Company, founded in 1890 in Roseville, Ohio, started producing simple wares like flower pots, umbrella stands and stoneware. It was not until 1900 that the Roseville Pottery Company produced its first art pottery with a line called Rozane. It was the first high quality art pottery produced by Roseville. By 1904, more art lines were introduced to the Roseville line by new head art director, Frederick Rhead. Under his dictation, the art pottery lines Fudji, Crystalis, Aztec and Della Robbia were produced. These fine art potteries were produced in limited quantities and are scarce. It is a rare and expensive find to come across a Roseville art pottery in these editions.
The late 1910s prompted the Roseville Pottery Company to produce more commercial pottery since there was a demand for it. Popular patterns such as Sunflower, Blackberry, Cherry Blossom and Wisteria were produced for the commercial market. In 1935, the pattern Pinecone was introduced. Pinecone is the most popular commercial pattern produced by the Roseville Pottery Company. In the colors blue, brown and green, over 75 shapes of Pinecone Roseville were produced. This includes ashtrays, trays, bowls, vases, baskets, umbrella stands, candle holders and bookends just to name a few.
Roseville produced another round of patterns in the 1940s around the time of World War II. The patterns brought forth by the Roseville Pottery Company in this era were Fuscia, White Rose, Cosmos, Zephyr, Lily, Columbine and Bittersweet. For a commercial Pottery, these were the best specimines on the market during this era. Unfortunately, the quality of the pottery did not keep it in business and the Roseville Pottery Company closed its doors for good in 1954.
Roseville Pottery is highly sought after today and with good reason. There are over a hundred patterns that were produced. The colors and glazes range from neutral to earthy to bright. Blues, greens, browns, pinks are common while black and reds are more rare but do exist. There is a pattern and color available for everyone interested in collecting Roseville Pottery.
Although the Roseville Pottery Company closed in the 1950s, demand for the pottery remains consistent. The baby boomers of the 1970s and in the late 1990s to early 2000s, mission style revival, both have kept the demand steady and prices high.
When buying Roseville it is important to consider the pattern and the piece. A sugar and creamer set of a common pattern might fetch $40 while a jardiniere in the same pattern may sell for over $1500 because it is a larger piece that was produced in two sections. The jardiniere would be more rare than the sugar and creamer set.
Roseville pieces from the fine art pottery line of the early 1900s will costs thousands of dollars per piece. An extremely rare Roseville Rozane Olympic Vase can fetch $7,000 to $8,000 in today's market.
Because of the multitude of patterns of Roseville on the market today, it is important to educated yourself about patterns and what is to be expected from that pattern. Study the glazes, shapes and markings of a Roseville pattern that your are particularly fond of and intend on collecting. Remember that chips or cracks bring down the value considerably. If you are a first time collector it is important to know that there are fakes on the market because Roseville is so popular. Buyer beware when it comes to Roseville Pottery. There are two great sites online for viewing the hundred or more patterns of Roseville. Visit Just Art Pottery.com and Roseville Pottery.net for style and marking guides.
Marks for Roseville Pottery pieces vary from a fully enlarged signature stamp to small initial only stamps or wafers. No one mark is common to all Roseville Pottery Pieces so doing a little research and homework is well advised.
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How to Clean Your Roseville Pottery
Depending on the dirt or stain that you are trying to clean, there are several ways to clean and care for your Roseville Art Pottery. Cleaning is necessary due to having a roseville vase or ashtray being stored incorrectly. Sometimes, when you first purchase a piece of antique pottery, you buy it soiled and must take it home to clean it. Cleaning up a prized piece of pottery is easy and the solutions here avoid harsh chemicals and abrasives. Remember that you do take a risk when cleaning pottery so you may want to test a spot on your favorite vase before cleaning the entire surface area.
Dirt and oily grime can be removed with hot water and ammonia. Pour one cup of ammonia into 2 gallons of hot water. Allow the piece of pottery to soak for 24 hours. Remove the piece and dry thoroughly with a lint free cotton cloth.
Calcium and lime build up is often a result of the pottery being used often to contain flowers or other plants. Mineral build up can be removed by soaking the vase in undiluted white vinegar. This soaking may take a day or two depending on how severe the stain is. Check the stain often and re-soak if it has not been completely removed. After the soaking process it is necessary to wash the pottery with mild detergent and warm water. Rinse well with cool running water until the vinegar smell dissipates. Dry well with a lint free cotton cloth.