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The Rose Flower Structure, Uses and Symbolism with Pictures

Radhika owns a big flower garden in her native place in Kerala where her family has planted several species of flowers.

Roses are one of the beautiful creations of God onearth. A bouquet of rose flowers can brighten up minds with its own unique beauty and fragrance. Bright color, compact arrangement of petals and fragrance is what differentiates it from other flowers. The rose belongs to the family Rosaceace and most species are native to Europe, North America and Northwest Africa. A rose is a woody perennial with the stem stuffed with sharp prickles. Roses range in size from small, miniature to climbers that can reach up to 7m height.

Commonly seen colors of roses are pink and white. They are easily hybridizing and can produce flowers of varying colors. We may come across red, pink, white, blue, violet, yellow, orange, purple and several other colored flowers in a garden of roses.

Structure of rose

The rose plants are erect shrubs, climbing or trailing with stem lined with thorns. Thorns are technically prickle outgrowths of the epidermis. They help roses to climb over other plants by giving a hold while growing. Prickles are probably an adaptation to reduce browsing over its body by animals.

The leaves are long and borne alternately on the stem with leaflets. The shape of the leaf is serrated with some small prickles underneath it. Most roses are deciduous, but a few ever-green.

The flowers of most species of roses have tightly packed petals with each petal divided into two distinct lobes of white or pink. Beneath the petals, we can see 4 or 5 sepals woven loosely. The fruit of the rose is a berry-like structure called a rose hip.

Rose bush

Growing a rose bush may seem to be a perplexing task. The right kind of soil, watering, pruning, pest control and winterizing are essential for growing rose bushes. Rose gardens host different colored rose bushes that can ornate the border.


In the past, roses were considered to be the symbols of love, beauty and purity. The Greek Goddess of Love, Aphrodite is associated with rose flowers. In Egypt, Goddess Isis is worshiped by offering rose flowers to her. Also in funerals, the ritual of keeping rose flower wreaths on the tombs is popular.

Today, roses are sent by lovers to convey their love towards each other. Roses are considered to be the best gift on a Valentine's day.

Rose Meaning

Uses of roses

Roses are always used to ornament any special occasion. Hybrid varieties are bred for making different colors and some are grown for their scented foliage. Some species of roses such as rosa moyesii is cultivated for its showy fruit, rose hip.

1. Cut flowers

For both domestic and commercial purposes, roses are popular crops for cut flowers. Generally, they are harvested and cut during its bud form. Then under cool conditions, they bloom and are used for display.

2. Perfume

Rose oil and attar of roses are the main sources of rose perfumes. Steam distilling the crushed petals of roses, rose oil is obtained.

3. Rose water

This is another product used in cooking, medicine and religious occasions. During bath time, sprinkling some rosewater in the tub can give a scented bath and great refreshment. After the bath, rubbing with almond oil and rose water keeps the body clean and healthy. Rose water can also be used as a natural cleanser.

Rose syrup, the extract of rose petals is used to make rose scones and marshmallows in United States. In India, the crushed petals of roses are used to make "gulkand", a sweet preserve.

3. Rose hips

Many home-made treats are possible with rose hips to make use of its high Vitamin C content. Rose hip syrup and rose hip seed oil are some products made out of rose hips.

4. Medicine

The fruits of some species are used in making food supplements. Herbal and folk medicines make use of roses, especially Chinese traditional medicine.

Rose pictures

Roses have been portrayed as the main theme in many paintings and art. They are featured in illustrations, stamps and ornaments. As roses are symbols of purity and love, greeting cards of rose pictures is preferred for wishing in many occasions. Indian Mughal emperors were fond of rose flowers and had built many rose gardens. Rose pictures always allure everyone as the design and color of these flowers stand out.

Rose blooms

Rose tattoos

Even if the color of roses are assigned different meanings symbolically, the main purpose of wearing a rose tattoo is to express love. The prickles in a rose tattoo reveal that love passes through a journey of many obstacles. To be in love can be easily possible, but to succeed is not that easy.

Please vote!

© 2012 Radhika Sreekanth


Radhika Sreekanth (author) from Mumbai,India on October 10, 2012:

Thank you IntegrityYes!

IntegrityYes on October 06, 2012:

That is terrific and I definitely voted up. You certainly have an amazing way with words.

Radhika Sreekanth (author) from Mumbai,India on August 04, 2012:

Hi Thelma Alberts,

The beauty of rose flowers can even heal minds and transform the day into a bright one. Thank you for visiting this hub and thanks for the votes too. Take care and have a nice day!

Thelma Alberts from Germany on August 03, 2012:

I love roses. You have captured the beauty of different roses. I can smell them right before my closed eyes. Voted up and awesome!

Radhika Sreekanth (author) from Mumbai,India on May 21, 2012:

Rose flowers elicit love, gay and peace and so they are liked by everyone. You're blessed with such a loving son because you're fond of rose flowers. I'm glad that you found this hub beautiful and thanks for the pretty nice comment and votes.

Dee aka Nonna on May 21, 2012:

Like many people, I love roses. The yellow rose is my absolute favorite. Whenever I visit my oldest son at his home in New York he always have a vase of yellow roses in my room. They bring a smile to my face any time I see them and of course my son knows this. Voted up, beautiful and because you brought out so much about the flower....interesting.

Radhika Sreekanth (author) from Mumbai,India on February 23, 2012:

Yes, I want to make you happy. Roses always brighten up our minds with their beauty. Thanks for the visit and for the compliment.

Deborah Brooks Langford from Brownsville,TX on February 23, 2012:

Oh wow what can I say? I love want to make me happy? Give me a wonderful hub...thank you so much for sharing..have a blessed day...debbie

Radhika Sreekanth (author) from Mumbai,India on February 05, 2012:

Dear Deb ~ So sweet of you for making such a great compliment. Myths are those that are heard from people's sayings, not directly experienced. Some believe them, some not. Yes, roses are always the symbols of love and beauty. Glad that you became interested. Have a nice day.

Debby Bruck on February 05, 2012:

Dear Radhi ~ A very well written hub on roses, which are STILL sent on the occasion of LOVE, it is not a myth of the past! So, I believe the most roses of the year will be sent on Valentine's Day in America. Many good and interesting facts given. Blessings, Debby

Radhika Sreekanth (author) from Mumbai,India on January 12, 2012:

Welcome RedElf and thanks for the compliment.

Thanks for the warm welcome on Hubpages.

RedElf from Canada on January 12, 2012:

You have chosen some lovely photos. Welcome to HubPages.

Radhika Sreekanth (author) from Mumbai,India on January 10, 2012:

Welcome Phyllis Doyle to this hub! Rose flowers are the "king of flowers" in all aspects. Thanks for making such a nice comment.

Phyllis Doyle Burns from High desert of Nevada. on January 10, 2012:

Great article and wonderful pictures! The pictures are so lovely I can almost smell the glorious fragrance emanating from the roses.

Radhika Sreekanth (author) from Mumbai,India on January 02, 2012:

Glad that you liked it. Thanks for the nice comment.

Katina Davenport on January 02, 2012:

I love roses! This hub just puts my perception of roses into perspective. Beautiful! Great hub!

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