Faruk is an Electrical Engineer working in the Power sector in Bangladesh after the job reading and writing are his main field of interest.
Heaven of Mangoes:
Mango is a juicy and delicious fruit. And the value of Rajshahi mangoes is different. Rajshahi is famous as the original capital of mangoes. The history and tradition here are mixed with mangoes. A large part of the farmers here depend on mango cultivation. The people of Bagha, Charghat, Puthia region of Rajshahi believe that the Fazli mango produced in their area is not only Bangladesh but the best in the world. The unsurpassed Fazli mango in sweetness, taste, and aroma dates back to the British era. And their confidence level is very high about Nak Fazli mangoes produced in certain areas of Naogaon.
Mangoes are found in all countries of the Asian continent. The mango tree is a very large tree with fragrant long leaves and the shade of the mango tree is very comfortable. Mango flowers come in late winter and mangoes begin to ripen in the middle of the rainy season.
Ripe mangoes come in different colors like green, yellow, and red but unripe mangoes are almost all green in color. There are many varieties of mangoes and the size and weight of mangoes vary according to the variety. Along with eating mango as fruit, many delicious food products such as jellies, amsatwa, sherbet, etc. are also prepared from mango.
Raw mangoes are sour to eat, so pickles, chutneys, amchurs, etc. are made with raw mangoes. Raw mangoes contain vitamin C and ripe mangoes contain vitamin B and other minerals, so mangoes are a very beneficial fruit for human health.
The demand for Bangladeshi mangoes has increased in different countries across the country. Various varieties of mangoes, including Himsagar, Langra, and Amrapali, which are unique in taste, are being exported to Middle East countries including the UK, Italy, Germany, France, Sweden, Canada, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, and Qatar.
Mango economy in Bangladesh:
In the last 10 years, there has been a wonderful revolution in mango cultivation in Bangladesh. Production has doubled. 10 years ago, mango production in the country was 1.2 million 55 thousand tons. And in 2018-19 it increased to 2.3 million 72 thousand tons. Annual per capita consumption has increased with the increase in mango production. Mangoes are unmatched in taste, aroma, and nutritional value. That is why mango is called the king of fruits. Mango has a close relationship with the history and heritage of Bangladesh and the great liberation war. The sun of independence of Bengal, Bihar, and Odisha that set on June 23, 1757, at the Amr Kanan of Palashi, rose again on April 17, 1971, at the Amrkanan of Baidyanathala, Meherpur.
Mangoes provide a large portion of the country's fruit nutritional needs. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, mango cultivation has grown at the highest rate in the world in the last 18 years. Per capita consumption has doubled in 10 years as production of the fruit increased at a rate of 16 percent per year. 10 years ago, Bangladesh was ranked 10th in mango production in the world. In 2018, Bangladesh ranked seventh in mango production due to the development of new high-yielding varieties of mango, expansion of cultivation across the country, tireless efforts of farmers, and use of modern technology.
Cultivation of mango:
Mango trees have been cultivated in Bangladesh since ancient times. There is hardly a house in rural areas without the odd mango tree. Mango trees are usually born from the stem of a mango. But it takes four to five years to get fruit from this tree. The tree is also very big. At present, a type of tree is being cultivated by making a pen on the branches of the mango tree. A-trees are small in size and yield early. At present, the cultivation of pen mango trees has increased commercially. There are many types of mango trees in Bangladesh. The shape of each variety of mango tree is different. Notable among them are Fazli, Langra, Amrapali, Shai, Gopalbhag, Kishanbhag, etc. Fazli mango trees grow very large, much like banyan trees. Mango trees bud in the month of Phalgun-Chaitra. Then the surroundings are filled with the smell of buds. From the beginning of the month of Baisakh, mangoes begin to grow from buds. Mango ripens in the first month. Ashad month comes to ripen a variety of mangoes. It is called Asadhi Mango.
Utilities of mango tree:
The mango tree not only gives us fruit, its wood, leaves, and roots – all are useful to us. Mango leaves are used as fodder for cattle. House pillars, doors, windows, furniture, and boats are made from mango wood. The slender stems and leaves are dried and used as fuel. The shade of the mango tree is very cool. Mangoes are playing an important role in our national economy. The mango tree is our national tree.
There is a mango research institute in Rajshahi. Research is being done there on the production and maintenance of quality mango seedlings. According to the soil quality and environment of different regions of the country, research is also going on which trees are suitable for cultivation in which region. Experiments are also underway on how to make mangoes more palatable and nutritious. Attempts are being made to develop a tree that will produce mangoes in all seasons. As a result of the invention of mango trees, mango trees are now being cultivated in the courtyards of cities and villages.