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The Meaning of Flowers

Jo has been an ITU nurse at the London North West NHS Trust for 14 years. She obtained her RN at University College London Hospital.

Example of a 'Perfect Flower' (Crateva religiosa)

Blooming Lovely Flowers

A flower is described as “the seed-bearing part of a plant, consisting of reproductive organs (stamens and carpels) that are typically surrounded by brightly coloured corolla (petals) and a green calyx (sepals)." The above description defines a flower in the physical sense, but it does not come close to the real meaning of flowers.

Our love affair with flowers goes back a long way. In a prehistoric site in Israel, archaeologist found evidence of sage, mint and various plants in graves around 14,000 years old.

The ancient Romans often laid out their tomb to emulate a garden so that the spirits may wander and enjoy the scenery. Our love affair with flowers is apparent in the way they are represented in our everyday lives and various cultures. Some of the most popular girl's names are associated with flowers. Lily, Rose, Poppy, Ivy, Iris, Daisy, Hyacinth, Tulip, the list goes on.

We use Petal as a term of endearment. We give tokens of flowers to those we love; we give them to say, congratulations, well done. We offer flowers to say happy birthday, happy anniversary, to say thank you, and to express our love for each other.

Every bride must carry the perfect bouquet of flowers on her wedding day. When the time comes to leave this life, we bid goodbye to our friends and loved ones by saying it with flowers. We remember our dead by placing flowers on their graves.

The analogy of a flower is apt to describe the things we love the best. We display floral arrangements in our homes; they cheer us up when we're feeling down, but they can represent both joy and sadness.

Flowers are a feast for the eyes and food for the soul. They are nature's gems, from the humble buttercup, the ingenious dandelion to the magnificent orchid. For me, it's near impossible to choose a favourite flower; each one holds a special place in the heart. Some are special purely for their rarity, others, for their association with memories, good or bad.

We love nature's blooms for their various colours and fragrance. In the case of spring flowers like daffodils, bluebells, and snowdrops, they are loved not only for their beauty but also for what they represent. Springtime wouldn't be half as special without a host of golden daffs signalling the end of winter and the beginning of spring. Flowers mark the reawakening of dormant nature and the hope of summer sun.

The £3 million David Austin rose, debut at Chelsea Flower Show 2006.

the-meaning-of-flowers

Lisianthus also known as Eustoma

This delicate beauty is trumpet shaped, it comes in white, purple, cream, pink, lilac and bi-coloured flowers often  mistaken for a peony or rose. Also called praire gentians or Texas bluebells.

This delicate beauty is trumpet shaped, it comes in white, purple, cream, pink, lilac and bi-coloured flowers often mistaken for a peony or rose. Also called praire gentians or Texas bluebells.

New Hydrangea Revolution

the-meaning-of-flowers

List of some of the world's most Fascinating and some of the most expensive blooms.


  1. The Juliet rose, also known as the "£3 million rose" made its debut at the Chelsea Flower show in 2006. The elegantly beautiful flower with its light fragrance was named the £3 million rose due to the enormous amount of money it took to produce the flower over 15 years of intensive breeding by famous breeder David Austin.
  2. Lisianthus ($10 -$35 per bundle)
  3. Lily of the Valley ($15 - $50 per bundle) one bunch or 10 stems online can cost as much as $89.99
  4. Kadupul Flower (Priceless) This shy ephemeral bloom is priceless, the lack of a price tag is mainly because it cannot be picked without sustaining damage. The Kadupul is a type of cactus which only bloom at night and emits a beautiful and calming fragrance. Sadly; the flower dies within hours of being picked.
  5. Hydrangea, often used in wedding bouquets can be quite expensive when sold by the stem
  6. Shenzhen Nongke ( $202,000 per plant)
  7. Rothschild's Orchid Paphiopedilum Rothschildyanum ($5,000 per plant)
  8. Gloriosa, or fire lilies
  9. Saffron Crocus, Crocus sativus ($1,200 – $1,500 per pound)
  10. Gold of Kinabalu Orchid ($6000 per piece)
  11. 17th Century Tulip Bulb Semper Augustus (10,000 guilders or ($ 5,700 during the 17thcentury)
  12. Hibiscus
  13. Venus Flytrap
  14. Orchid, now a major worldwide market where buyers bid large amounts of money on new hybrids and various improved varieties. Orchids are hugely popular, currently one of the most sought after flowering plants on the market.
  15. Flame Lily
  16. Bird of paradise
  17. Bleeding Heart Flower
  18. Passion Flowers
  19. Torch Ginger
  20. Sea Poison Tree

Bee Orchid

This Orchid, emit allomones that attracts certain species of bees, male bees have been observed attempting to copulate with the orchid.

This Orchid, emit allomones that attracts certain species of bees, male bees have been observed attempting to copulate with the orchid.

List of flowers and their meanings, origins, myths and legends

BloomMeaning and SymbolismOriginMyths and Legend

Plumeria (Frangipani)

A symbol of life and birth, used by the Mayans to celebrate the birth of a child. Also known to symbolize cohesion friendship and love in Hawaiian culture, often given to visitors as a welcoming gesture on arrival to the ialand

Generally believed to be native to South & Central America, also said to be native to the Caribbean, taken to America by Spanish priests.

During WWll, sailors shipping overseas from Hawaii would toss a plumeria (frangipani) lei into the water as the ship passed Diamond Head. If the lei floated ashore, the sailor will return, if the flower floated toward the ship, the sailor would not return. In Mexican myth, the gods were born from frangipani flowers. In Malay folklore the scent of the frangipani is associated with vampire, the pontianak. In Vietnames myth, ghosts lives in trees with white frangipani flowers.

Roses

The word "rose" is Latin for Rosa. Meaning of rose dates back to ancient civilizaion,

The origin of the rose is believed to be Crete, Greece where it grew wild in the hill side, many years before the birth of Christ. The Egyptian and the Chinese cultivated and grew roses over 5000 years ago. Roses are emblems of England and New York City.

Petrified roses were found in ancient Egyptian graves. Rose fossils has been found in Europe, dated before humans. Religious documents referred to roses as a symbol of the blood of the martyr. To the Romans, the rose is a symbol of love, secrecy and beauty. In Greek mythology, Aphrodite created the rose when shedding her tears, also the blood of her lover Adonis

Amaryllis

Pride, timidity and splendid beauty, determination,

From the Greek Amarysso meaning to sparkle

Sprang from the blood of a shy timid love sick nymph, Amaryllis

Chrysanthemum

The name chrysanthemum, is derived from the Greek Chrysanthos, meaning "golden flower." Symbolism associated with this flower are, Abundance, Wealth, Cheerfulness, Loyalty, innocent, Optimism, Truth, Hope, Rest, Friendship and Love

In Italy Chrysanthemums are Symbolic of death

Japanese emperors sat on the chrysanthemum throne. A single Chrysanthemum petal is placed on the bottom of a wine glass for a long and healthy life in Japan

Orchid

Symbolism associated with Love, Beauty, Refinement, Many children, Thoughtfulness and Mature charm

Name derived from the Greek word "orkhis" meaning testicle, due to the shape of the plant's tuberous root

In Greek Mythology, Orchis the son of a nymph and a satyr, he attempted to rape a priestess and was torn apart by wild beasts, later metamorphosed into the the amazing flower.

Water Lily

Symbolism associated with beauty, enlightenment, emotions. In ancient Egypt water lily depicted unity of the people in the country. In Bangladesh, the lotus flower (water lily) is a national flower, used in every religious ceremony. In Western culture, the water lily symbolise eloquence, gracefulness and estranged love.

May have been discovered in the 17th century by a botanist travelling in the jungle of South America

 

Peony

Represents wealth and honor, romance and love

Native to Asia, Southern Europe and Western North America

Named after Paeon, a student of Asclepius, the Greek god of medicine and healing. Asclepius jealous of his pupil whose ability soon surpassed that of his master, the student was saved by Zeus, who turned him into the peony flower. The peony was crowned the king of flowers, the tree peony was anointed national flower of China over 2000 yers ago.

Cyclamen

Throughout history, cyclamen has represented true and sincere feelings. Also associated with resignation and goodbye. Cyclamen comes from the Greek word for circle.

Originated from the Middle East. Cyclamen persicum grows naturally in countries like Palestine, Syria. Israel, Greece, Turkey and some Mediterranean islands.

The bulb-like underground stem of the cyclamen europaeum plant was said to have medicinal properties. The Roman physician and botanist, Dioscorides, mentioned its use as an aphrodisiac. English farmers are known to refer to cyclamen as "stag-truffle" or "sowbread" after observing pigs and deer digging and eating the roots.

Bluebells (hyacinthoides non-scripta)

Symbol of the Botanical Society of the British Isles.

Frequent in ancient woodland. Native to western parts of Atlantic Europe, from north-western Spain, Portugal to the Netherlands and the british Isles. Blue bells are widely distributed, but it is found with greater density in the British Isles where the species is protected.

According to Celtic legend, the bluebell was known as a fairy flower, which was dangerous and associated with Celtic heroes, Merlin and King Arthur, who remain asleep in a cave, to one day awake when Britain needs them.

Snowdrop

The Snowdrop flower is the symbol of hope.

Snowdrop the harbinger of spring is native to a large area of Europe.

Legend has it, when Adam and Eve were thrown from the garden of Eden, Eve was about to lose all hope that the winter would end. An angel appeared, transformed some snow into snowdrop flowers, as proof that winter will eventually give way to spring. Thus hope

Dahlia

 

Native mainly to Mexico but also Central America and Colombia

Before the discovery of insulin, diabetics were given a substance known as Atlantic starch made from dahlia tubers. The first dahlias from Mexico were planted in the Empress Josephine's garden at Malmaison. During this time, a good dahlia could be traded for a diamond.

David Austin's Just Joey Rose

Just Joey is a David Austin rose. A strong bushy grower with large frilly edged blooms.

Just Joey is a David Austin rose. A strong bushy grower with large frilly edged blooms.

The Meaning of Rose

We use flowers in some of our best-loved poems and songs. Flowers are fascinating, beautiful and inspirational. People are prepared to pay an exorbitant amount of money to possess rare species. However; while flowers can evoke a smile from the hardest of hearts, some blooms that can fire the imagination like no other.

The rose is one of the oldest flowering plants, in existence, and although it is native to the northern hemisphere, it is now cultivated by growers worldwide. The Ancient Greeks printed an image of an open flower believes to be a rose on coins dating back to 500 B.C.

The rose was a symbol of wealth and luxury by the time of the Romans. Roses have evolved from their wild origins through mutation and adaptation over centuries, and more recently, through the ingenuity of rose breeders such as David Austin. A technique of hybridisation is used to produce even more spectacular flowers to meet our modern gardening needs. Some of these blooms can be outrageously expensive to produce. Nevertheless, they are still much sought after.

There are many types of roses such as Hybrid Teas, Floribundas, Climbing Roses, Ground cover roses, Shrub roses and English roses. Roses come in a myriad of colours, each with its own special meaning. The rose has its own international society known as the World Federation of Rose Society and its own hall of fame.

Purple is one of the new colours added to the ever-increasing numbers of colourful offerings from breeders of roses. Purple rose means; Unveiling the facts, enthrallment at first sight. Purple rose is given to someone who simply blows you away at first glance, capture your heart and enthrals you.

Flowers in bloom,'Tuscany Superb' rose cultivar was discovered in 1837.

Roses Come In A Myriad of Colours, Each With Its Own Meaning

Colour Of RoseMeaning 

Pink

Friendship

 

Red

Passion, Love, Romance, Beauty, Courage, Respect, Sincerity, Congratulations.

 

White

Purtity

 

Yellow

Joy, Friendship, New beginnings, Platonic love

 

Orange

Desire and Enthusiasm

 

Peach

Appreciation, Sincerity, Gratitude, Modesty

 

Blue

The unattainable and the impossible

 

White Rose Bud

The Symbol of girlhood

 

Black

Death and Farewell

 

The Red Rose Universal Symbol for True Love

This classic bloom,  was selected as "world favourite rose" in 2000 by the World Federation of Rose Society and is listed in the rose hall of fame.The hybrid tea rose "INGRID BERGMAN"  named after the Swedish actress, is moderately fragrant.

This classic bloom, was selected as "world favourite rose" in 2000 by the World Federation of Rose Society and is listed in the rose hall of fame.The hybrid tea rose "INGRID BERGMAN" named after the Swedish actress, is moderately fragrant.

Black Tulip

Black tulips are rarely black, more of a deep purple, this hybrid flower Symbolises many things, some say power and strength, others say, death cheating and darkness.

Black tulips are rarely black, more of a deep purple, this hybrid flower Symbolises many things, some say power and strength, others say, death cheating and darkness.

Frangipani (plumeria) Tropical flower

The Frangipani (plumeria) is totally tropical. The flowers of the Frangipani tree evokes the feel of the tropics like no other. .

The Frangipani (plumeria) is totally tropical. The flowers of the Frangipani tree evokes the feel of the tropics like no other. .

White Tulip (Tulipa)

Origin Asia to China. Grown by Persian growers   since the 12th century. The tulip flowers were introduced to Europe in the 1500s. Tulips and white tulips in particular symbolise emotions, era in Turkish history and stock market speculation bubble.

Origin Asia to China. Grown by Persian growers since the 12th century. The tulip flowers were introduced to Europe in the 1500s. Tulips and white tulips in particular symbolise emotions, era in Turkish history and stock market speculation bubble.

Calla Lily, not a true lily, but more beautiful than a goddess

Lilium

Lilies are dedicated to the goddess Hera, wife of Zeus. According to Greek legend, Zeus fathered Hercules with a mortal woman named Alceme. But the god also wanted his son to maintain a measure of divinity. To this end, Zeus drugged Hera and had the baby Hercules placed at her breast to suckle her milk, but while the baby nursed, Hera awoke. In her surprise, she flung the infant from her, thereby spilling her milk across the heavens to form the milky way, a few drops of Hera's milk fell to earth, and from those drops, sprang the very first lilies.

In Roman legend, when Venus rose from the sea-foam, she saw a lily, the beauty and whiteness of the flower, filled her with jealousy and envy. In anger; Venus saw the lily as a rival to her beauty and caused a large pistil to spring from the centre of the lily. The Lily has since been associated with Venus and the Satyrs, the personification of lustful ardour.

Lilium or true Lilies are herbaceous flowering plants with large prominent flowers that are grown from bulbs. The name" lily" is commonly used for many different species of plants, but true lilies are of the genus Lilium and include:

Lilium candidum known as the Madonna lily produces an abundance of pure white trumpet-shaped flowers with a delightful fragrance in June.

Asiatic lilies are popular with landscape gardeners; they are early bloomers that produce flowers in late May or early June, available in most colours, except blue.

Water Lily, known as one of the world's prettiest flowers

There are two types of water lilies. Hardy waterlily that only blooms in daylight, and the tropical water lily which blooms any time, night and day. French painter Claude Manet is said to have painted over 250 paintings of water lilies.

There are two types of water lilies. Hardy waterlily that only blooms in daylight, and the tropical water lily which blooms any time, night and day. French painter Claude Manet is said to have painted over 250 paintings of water lilies.

The Lotus Flower (water lily) Symbolises detachment in some Asian countries

The Lotus Flower (water lily), in some Asian countries symbolises emotional detachment  due to its ability to rise above muddy waters and produce beautiful immaculate flowers.

The Lotus Flower (water lily), in some Asian countries symbolises emotional detachment due to its ability to rise above muddy waters and produce beautiful immaculate flowers.

The Lily, also popular in Ancient Christian Religion

 Popular in ancient Jewish civilization. Mentioned in both the old and new testament. In the Christian religion, the lily became closely related to chastity and virtue and the Virgin Mary.

Popular in ancient Jewish civilization. Mentioned in both the old and new testament. In the Christian religion, the lily became closely related to chastity and virtue and the Virgin Mary.

Day lily also known as the perfect perennial

Triple flower Day lily

Spring Bluebells, Britain's Favourite wild flower

Summer SunFlowers

Dahlia Woodland Merinda

The Dahlia was declared the national flower of Mexico

The Dahlia was declared the national flower of Mexico

Helebores; a must for the winter garden

Cyclamen, some species will bloom in winter

Cyclamen hederifolium and cyclamen purpurascens  bloom in summer and autumn. Cyclamen persicum and coum bloom in winter and cyclamen repandum bloom in spring

Cyclamen hederifolium and cyclamen purpurascens bloom in summer and autumn. Cyclamen persicum and coum bloom in winter and cyclamen repandum bloom in spring

© 2014 Jo Alexis-Hagues

Comments

sumit patial on October 10, 2017:

Nice flowers Love These Flowers...................Thanks

Jo Alexis-Hagues (author) from Lincolnshire, U.K on September 04, 2017:

Hi Deborah, Yes, some growers do pretty well. Thanks for stopping by, much appreciated.

Deborah Minter from U.S, California on September 02, 2017:

Nice article! I didn't know some species of flowers were worth so much.

Jo Alexis-Hagues (author) from Lincolnshire, U.K on July 05, 2014:

OldRoses, thank you for taking a look, much appreciated and I've learned a few things from your hubs also. :)

Take care and my best to you.

Caren White on July 05, 2014:

I love the history and meaning of flowers. This is a great hub, I learned some new things about flowers. Thank you! Voted up!

Jo Alexis-Hagues (author) from Lincolnshire, U.K on June 18, 2014:

Lurana, I'm so glad you enjoyed the hub. The Victorian made using flowers to communicate an art. I'm sure there were times when they got their wires crossed. I had a lot of fun doing this, thank you for reading and commenting, much appreciated. My best as always.

MrsBrownsParlour on June 18, 2014:

Excellent, enriching article! The cultural value of flowers is fascinating. I've always been interested in this topic---I've had a book called "The Language of Flowers" since childhood, about using flowers as symbolic messages especially in Victorian times. I learned so much from this piece, thank you! Well done, Jo. Voted up.

:-) Lurana

Jo Alexis-Hagues (author) from Lincolnshire, U.K on June 03, 2014:

Hi Jo, so... you were a spring baby! Your parents could have named you 'May' :). I adore lily of the valley. Did you know that they were also known as Our lady's tears? According to the legend, when Mary shed her tears at the cross, it turned into lily of the valley flowers. Isn't that beautiful? Thank you for stopping by always appreciated, take care and my best to you.

Jo Alexis-Hagues (author) from Lincolnshire, U.K on June 03, 2014:

Lady Guinevere, So sorry it took me such a long time to respond to you wonderful comment, time just seem to pass me by these days. thank you so much for stopping by, I really appreciated your visit and comment. I know exactly how you feel about the flowers, I want every flower I see, In my previous garden we also had a deer problem, I love watching the wild life but those Muntjac used to be a real problem. I love bearded Iris, they are elegant and comes in such a wide range of colours. You'll have to make your garden deer-proof, it will be a pity to lose all those beautiful flowers.

Take care and my very best to you.

Jo Alexis-Hagues (author) from Lincolnshire, U.K on June 03, 2014:

Nadine, I apologise for taking so long to respond to your generous comment, it's been a pretty hectic few days for me. I'm so glad you enjoyed the hub, I love looking at those photos of acres of tulips growing in Holland, makes me want to burst into song, " When it's spring again I'll bring again Tulips from Amsterdam." Shame about the voice. :)

Have a wonderful day and my very best to you.

Jo_Goldsmith11 on June 03, 2014:

Just a beautiful selection of flowers. I didn't know what some of these flowers mean. It was a really interesting and fascinating read. :-)

My birth flower is Lilly of the valley. In my opinion they are right up there with carnations and roses. Shared, up for the beauty and awesome job in presentation. :-) Shalom

Debra Allen from West By God on June 02, 2014:

I love this hub. All those pretty flowers, I want them all. I have had black Tulips before and they are gorgeous. I like Black flowers for some reason. Funny though that I do not have any in any of my gardens now. LOL Most of them the deer around here would feat on though so I can't have all of them. I have Bearded Iris's though and they seem to not to bother them as well as Daffodils. I also voted this up and useful, interesting and beautiful.

Nadine May from Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa on June 02, 2014:

What a great hub on one of my most favorite topic. Our nature kingdom with its flowers. I have several flowering pot plants at the moment in my lounge. Loved reading about the tulip that was introduced in Europe during the 1500. Holland has greatly explored that flower and created a whole industry around them. Lovely photos. Awesome.

Jo Alexis-Hagues (author) from Lincolnshire, U.K on June 01, 2014:

Marcoujor, a joy to see you on this lovely Sunday. This is a hub of pure indulgence, I love nature and thoroughly enjoyed doing this hub. I'm so glad you enjoyed it. As nurses we love to nurture, gardening is just another outlet for our natural instincts. :)

I hope you're having a great weekend, take care and my best to you.

Maria Jordan from Jeffersonville PA on May 31, 2014:

This is a fascinating and visually gorgeous piece of writing.

I can tell you are a nurse with your attention to detail and organized approach.

Voted UP and UABI. Have a peaceful evening, Maria

Jo Alexis-Hagues (author) from Lincolnshire, U.K on May 23, 2014:

Suzettenaples, how lovely to see you! I'm glad you liked the article, there are so many beautiful flowers in the garden this time of the year I was spoilt for choice.

Thank you for stopping by, it's always a pleasure to see you, I hope all is well.

Suzette Walker from Taos, NM on May 22, 2014:

What a beautiful article. The photos are gorgeous and the information so interesting. I love the meaning of flowers and you have explained it so well.

Jo Alexis-Hagues (author) from Lincolnshire, U.K on May 22, 2014:

Hi Theresa, thank you for stopping by, glad you liked the hub, it was certainly a pleasure to do, my little indulgence. :)

The week is moving so fast I don't know where the time goes. Take care now, my best as always.

Jo Alexis-Hagues (author) from Lincolnshire, U.K on May 22, 2014:

Hi Tanja, thank you for taking the time, much appreciated, so glad you enjoyed the hub.

Take care and my best to you.

Jo Alexis-Hagues (author) from Lincolnshire, U.K on May 22, 2014:

Hi Michelle, the Juliet rose is an exquisite flower, it took fifteen years and a lot of money to produce this little gem, now that is dedication. But i guess we can't put a price on beauty. Lovely to see you, I hope all is well, my best as always.

Theresa Ast from Atlanta, Georgia on May 22, 2014:

Jo - Amazing pictures and amazing research. I learned a great deal and reading this hub was simply pure aesthetic pleasure. Hope your week is going well. :) Theresa

Tanja Trkulja from Serbia on May 22, 2014:

I love this! Great hub! :)

Liked, tweeted, voted up, followed :)

Michelle Liew from Singapore on May 22, 2014:

My gosh, you've got quite an assortment here! My favorite is the Juliet Rose.

Jo Alexis-Hagues (author) from Lincolnshire, U.K on May 18, 2014:

Hi Prasetio, lovely to meet you! Glad you liked the hub, I loved sharing.

Have a wonderful Sunday and my best to you.

Jo Alexis-Hagues (author) from Lincolnshire, U.K on May 18, 2014:

Hi bethperry, a pleasure to see you! I'm thrilled to know that you've enjoyed the hub, your visit and great comment is much appreciated.

Have a wonderful weekend and my best to you.

Jo Alexis-Hagues (author) from Lincolnshire, U.K on May 18, 2014:

Hi Nell, thank you for stopping by and for the lovely comment, vote and share, you're very kind and it's much appreciated.

Take care and my very best to you.

prasetio30 from malang-indonesia on May 17, 2014:

This is wonderful hub. I love flowers as well. Thanks for sharing with us. Beautiful pictures. Voted up!

Prasetio

Beth Perry from Tennesee on May 17, 2014:

Awesome Hub! I love the fascinating info and the lovely photos!

Voted up.

Nell Rose from England on May 17, 2014:

Hi Jo, what an amazingly beautiful hub! And the info about the Rose was great! all these flowers and so much history behind them, I thoroughly enjoyed reading this! voted up and shared all the way!

Jo Alexis-Hagues (author) from Lincolnshire, U.K on May 17, 2014:

Hi Jamie so wonderful to see you! Thanks for the lovely comment and for stopping by. How is life at uni, have you actually started?

Best wishes to you all, have a great weekend.

Jamie Lee Hamann from Reno NV on May 16, 2014:

This is a seriously beautiful hub, the pictures are fantastic and so much information on incredible flowers. Good job. Jamie

Jo Alexis-Hagues (author) from Lincolnshire, U.K on May 16, 2014:

Vellur, nice to see you and so glad you enjoyed the article, those beautiful flowers can be very inspiring. Thank you for stopping by, always a pleasure.

Nithya Venkat from Dubai on May 16, 2014:

A great hub with interesting information about flowers. Enjoyed reading and voted up.

Jo Alexis-Hagues (author) from Lincolnshire, U.K on May 16, 2014:

Hi Meisjunk, thank you so much for visit, the vote and the wonderful comment. Glad to know you enjoyed the hub.

Have a lovely day and my best to you.

Jennifer Kessner from Pennsylvania on May 15, 2014:

So much information! Very well put together; voted up, useful, and awesome. =)

Jo Alexis-Hagues (author) from Lincolnshire, U.K on May 15, 2014:

Hi Genna, both you and Faith are exceedingly generous. Thank you for the wonderful comment, it means a lot.

Have a lovely day, my best to you.

Genna East from Massachusetts, USA on May 14, 2014:

What an amazing hub, Jo! I agree with Faith...it is phenomenal. Very detailed, and stunning in its beauty. The photos are simply breathtaking! Voted way up and sharing. :-)

Jo Alexis-Hagues (author) from Lincolnshire, U.K on May 13, 2014:

Hi Quildon, I read your wonderful comment late last night, and made a mental note to respond first thing in the morning, unfortunately, the morning flew by so quickly, this is my first chance get online. Thank you so much for taking the time, I'm glad you enjoyed the hub, flowers do give us a lot of joy and pleasure, happy gardening.

Take care and my best to you.

Angela Joseph from Florida on May 12, 2014:

You chose the most gorgeous pictures to complement this very informative hub. Flowers are very dear to my heart, and reading this hub brought me a great deal of joy. Voted up and beautiful.

Jo Alexis-Hagues (author) from Lincolnshire, U.K on May 12, 2014:

Hi Graham, lovely to see you!

I'm so glad you enjoyed the hub, thank you for taking the time to read, comment and vote, much appreciated.

Take care and my best to you.

Jo Alexis-Hagues (author) from Lincolnshire, U.K on May 12, 2014:

Hi MsDora, I'm just happy to know that someone care enough to sent me flowers. :)

However; I suppose knowing your flowers, can help to prevent potentially embarrassing faux pas socially.

It's always good to see you, I hope all is well and my best to you.

Graham Lee from Lancashire. England. on May 12, 2014:

Hi Jo. A brilliant hub as brilliant as you flowers and photo's. First class research and info' Well done.

Voted up and all.

Graham.

Dora Weithers from The Caribbean on May 12, 2014:

Very interesting and informative--and the pictures are beautiful. It helps to know what flowers stand for when we give or receive them. Thank you.

Jo Alexis-Hagues (author) from Lincolnshire, U.K on May 11, 2014:

Hi Pamela, lovely to see you, thanks for the visit and the wonderful comment. I've really enjoyed doing this, I found the various myths and legends fascinating, it would seem that flowers has been enchanting mankind for a very long time. Take care and my best to you.

Jo Alexis-Hagues (author) from Lincolnshire, U.K on May 11, 2014:

Travmaj, I could not imagine a world without flowers, I'm so glad you enjoyed the hub, so please, browse to you heart's content. :)

Thank you for taking the time and for the wonderful comment, it's always a pleasure to see you, take care and my very best to you.

Pamela Oglesby from Sunny Florida on May 11, 2014:

This hub was delightful. I loved leaning all the meanings of the flowers, and the picutures are gorgeous. Rated up - awesome, beautiful, useful and beautiful!

travmaj from australia on May 11, 2014:

This is fascinating, I thoroughly enjoyed reading and re-reading all the information and the photo/video beautiful. Made my day to wake up to this. What a dull world it would be without flowers in all their glory. Now I'll browse again - thank you and voting.

Jo Alexis-Hagues (author) from Lincolnshire, U.K on May 11, 2014:

Hi Frank, on this side of the pond we celebrated Mother's Day a few months ago, but it's a pleasure to dedicate this to all those wonderful mothers every where. Thank you for the lovely Mother's Day wish, unfortunately, after years of paediatric nursing I took a pass on the joys of motherhood and settled for being an aunt instead. However; I must say, I have nothing but respect for all those brave mums out there. Thanks again for stopping by, take care and my best to you.

Jo Alexis-Hagues (author) from Lincolnshire, U.K on May 11, 2014:

Hi Rebecca, the world would be a much duller place indeed, without those glorious colours. I'm so glad you enjoyed the hub, thank you for taking the time, much appreciated and my very best to you.

Jo Alexis-Hagues (author) from Lincolnshire, U.K on May 11, 2014:

Hi John, very nice to see you! Many thanks for the visit, comment and vote. I already knew you appreciated the beauty of flowers, glad you liked the hub and I hope you're enjoying your Sunday.

Jo Alexis-Hagues (author) from Lincolnshire, U.K on May 11, 2014:

Devika, many thanks for the visit, wonderful comment and the vote,I'm glad you enjoyed the hub. Hope all is well with you, my best as always.

Frank Atanacio from Shelton on May 11, 2014:

Tobusiness what a wonder share on flowers, actually fitting for these days and Mother's day.. anyway Happy Mother's day to all the mothers in your life.. and if you are one.. Happy Mother's day to you Bless you

Rebecca Mealey from Northeastern Georgia, USA on May 11, 2014:

What a lovely hub on flowers, their meanings, photos and the meaning of rose colors. I really enjoyed this. The world would be so dull without flowers!

John Hansen from Queensland Australia on May 11, 2014:

What an interesting hub with stunning images. Well done Jo. Voted up

Devika Primić from Dubrovnik, Croatia on May 11, 2014:

Extraordinary! I like flowers and the photos here are so beautifully put together. I enjoy having a lovely garden and you the true meaning of flowers. Voted up. useful, interesting and beautiful.

Jo Alexis-Hagues (author) from Lincolnshire, U.K on May 10, 2014:

Hi Bill, I'm betting you'll know exactly which one of those beauties will put that extra sparkle into your Bev's eyes. :)

Always a pleasure.

Jo Alexis-Hagues (author) from Lincolnshire, U.K on May 10, 2014:

Hi Jackie, I understand all to well, I photograph everything and I still get pleasure from the smallest wild flower. Thank you for taking a look at this, always great to see you, take care and my best to you.

Bill Holland from Olympia, WA on May 10, 2014:

Very nice research, Jo. I now know about 100% more about flowers than I did ten minutes ago.

I hope you are having a wonderful weekend my friend.

Jo Alexis-Hagues (author) from Lincolnshire, U.K on May 10, 2014:

Hi Ruby, if I remember correctly, the black tulip was from my neighbor's garden, she have some real beauties and she lets me take the odd photo, I'll have to get some bulbs from her. Thank you so much for stopping by and for the wonderful comment, always a pleasure, take care and my very best to you.

Jo Alexis-Hagues (author) from Lincolnshire, U.K on May 10, 2014:

Hi Flourish, purple flowers are lovely indeed, but it's so hard to choose a single favourite. Thank you for taking a look, I'm so glad you liked the hub. Some of the stories associated with the flowers are really fascinating, I guess those beautiful blooms has been wowing us since time immemorial.

Always good to see you, I hope all is well, take care and my best to you.

Jo Alexis-Hagues (author) from Lincolnshire, U.K on May 10, 2014:

Hi Faith, I'm glad you've enjoyed the hub, it's a good way to use some of my gardening pictures. Lily is such a beautiful name, as lovely as your little granddaughter, is she the little darling who helps in the garden? :)

I couldn't imagine a world without flowers either, I get all excited when I see a new variety. Always a pleasure to see your smiling face, and the wonderful comments, take care and blessings to you also.

Jackie Lynnley from the beautiful south on May 10, 2014:

Great hub and gorgeous photos! I spend so much time photographing flowers and they still wow me. ^+

Ruby Jean Richert from Southern Illinois on May 10, 2014:

I enjoyed reading the history surrounding the flowers. I have many in my garden. I would love to have a black tulip, i've never seen one. I especially love day lilies and roses. Interesting story about tossing the lei. I also enjoyed watching the beautiful gardens of the world. Lovely presentation Jo, thank you..

FlourishAnyway from USA on May 10, 2014:

I loved not only the gorgeous I ages but also the stories, history, and symbolism you present here. My favorite color is purple, so any purple flower is amazing to me. Hyacinths are one of my favorites, as well as lavender roses. Great hub!

Faith Reaper from southern USA on May 10, 2014:

Dear Jo,

This is an over-the-top phenomenal hub here! I really enjoyed reading all of the fascinating history associated with the flowers. I could not image living in a world without flowers ... thankfully we do not have to do so!

One of my granddaughters is named Lily.

I read with great interest your list there of the most fascinating and expensive blooms.

I love all of your video choices and how amazing is that huge flower! My goodness that is incredible.

Voted way up and away.

Blessings always.

Jo Alexis-Hagues (author) from Lincolnshire, U.K on May 10, 2014:

Hi WiccanSage, many thanks for taking a look and for the vote and comment, I'm so glad you enjoyed it.

My best to you.

Mackenzie Sage Wright on May 10, 2014:

This is beautiful, your pictures are amazing and I really enjoyed the garden video. Thanks for sharing, great hub, voted up.