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Some Indian Flowers and Garden Soil Preparation

As an experienced online writer, Vivian brings you the beauty of life in a neat package, easy to read and follow. Here is one more.

Get Your Flowers to Blossom

Every garden should have some flowers. In this article, you can read about some Indian flowers and also about garden soil preparation. Flowers give zest to otherwise limp backdrop of green. Putting some color into your garden patches means selecting the correct flowering plants. Here are some facts about common Indian flowers.

Flowers and Pollination

Bright colored flowers attract insects and butterflies that help pollinate

Bright colored flowers attract insects and butterflies that help pollinate

Indian Flowers

Did you know that each state in India has a separate flower? This certainly stirred up a lot of interest and it was not long before more flowers were unearthed. Here is the lowdown. Many flowers are common to more than one Indian state.

i) Parrot tree – adopted by Madhya Pradesh and Jharkhand

ii) Lady’s Slipper – common to Meghalaya and Arunachal Pradesh

iii) Lotus – of course it is the national flower, it is also state flower for Haryana and Karnataka

iv) Rhododendron – Nagaland, Jammu and Kashmir, and Himachal Pradesh

Flowers for Your Garden

About Indian Flowers and Their Appearance

Of the South Indian states, Kerala has the most exotic flower of them all – Golden Shower. Tamilnadu too has something wonderful, the Glory Lily. Here are some more flowers that make India such a fascinating place.

a) Mountain thistle: This pale pink summer Indian flower grows well in the shade. The leaves of this flowering plant are spindly. It is good for growing near the fence or borders between sections in the garden since they grow up to 1.75m in height and 62 – 67 cm width.

b) Frangipanis: Sweetly fragrant and rugged survivors, frangipanis succeed in enticing bees and insects to pollinate them through their aroma alone. They do not have nectar.

c) Ganges Primrose: This plant will grow well in heat but does not tolerate cold conditions too well. The flowers of Ganges Primrose are cream colored. They grow one or two feet in height.

d) Gladiolus: “Gladius” means sword in Latin and Gladiolus has many, in its leaves. Sword shaped leaves with orange, pink and blue flowers this popular Indian flower is sometimes bicolored. It is a favorite flower for bouquets.

e) Golden Iris: Golden Iris plant grows up to 3 – 4 feet in height. This grows only in Kashmir and size of the flowers are 12—15 cm. Leaves are sword like and long.

f) Honesty: Honesty belongs to the mustard family. It also goes by the name of money plant and Silver Dollar because of the color of its seeds. The flowers are bright purple and fragrant. It also makes a good dried flower.

g) Kiss me over the garden gate: Called Machoti in Hindi, this is also called Prince’s Feather and Oriental Pepper. This pink Indian flower blossoms in pepper like clusters up to 30 cm in length.

h) Crossandra: This violet or orange flower is popular in South India and goes by the name of Kanakambaram. As a hair flower, Crossandra gives stiff competition to Jasmine.

i) Floss flower: Purple urchin shaped flowers grows 2 –3 feet in height and spreads rapidly. These cluster flowers may be pink, purple or blue.

Color your Garden with Bright Flowers

Floss Flower

Floss Flower

Honesty flower

Honesty flower



Golden Iris

Golden Iris



Flower Color Garden Flowers

Purple, Blue or Violet Red, Orange or PinkWhite, Cream or Yellow




Bachelor's Buttons


Little Henry Sweet Spire



Bridal Wreath Spirea



White Alyssum

Red Flowers bring Vitality to Your Garden

Brighten up your garden space with these lovely flowers

Brighten up your garden space with these lovely flowers

Top Tips for Novice Gardeners

  1. You do not have to plant everything in the ground. Some flowering plants will grow better if you hang them up in baskets or pots.
  2. You can create shelves in your kitchen garden so that you can grow more leafy vegetables and spices.
  3. Create an incubator for plants that will not stand cold, by putting boxes together and keeping a cover on top.

Choose a Good Flowering Species for Your Garden

Many kinds of Indian flowers exist. Some are fragrant while others are spectacularly brightly colored. Before planting your flowers, make sure that they will grow well in your garden soil type. If you are not sure what this means, take some soil to the soil testing laboratory and check to find out how alkaline or acidic your soil is. Further, once you have established the chemical composition, you can get directions for maintaining the soil fertility. Make sure that the soil is well aerated, break up clods so that there is air space between the soil particles.

More Flowers the Merrier

Every garden must have bright decorative speckles of flowers

Every garden must have bright decorative speckles of flowers

Plant Flowers in Your Vegetable Garden

Fertilize Your Garden

Maintaining the fertility of gardens is routine affair for most gardeners, but for novice gardeners it may be a big uphill battle. The idea is to allocate a portion of your garden to the creation of a compost heap. While heap may become smelly after a while, a compost pit will keep the odor within tolerable limits.

Prepare the Soil

Just dig up your garden, especially the flowerbed area where you will be sowing the flower seeds. Use a pickaxe to break the hard soil up to ¾ feet in depth. Now, lay another layer of prepared soil, 6 inches thick on top. This prepared soil will consist of nitrogen rich soil that has been prepared in your compost pit. One small thing you should be careful about is that the compost soil has to be dried thoroughly before use.

Indian Kitchen Garden and Flowers

Indian flowers thrive well in subtropical conditions but are put out by the chill. Flowers help with pollination. Choose flowering plants for your garden that have bright flowers since these will help pollination efforts. Pollination is very important aspect of good garden growth. Some Himalayan flowers grow well in cold too, but do not do so well in Southern India where the temperatures are appreciably higher. Throughout India, the soil is very fertile, since there are numerous rivers through the length and breadth of the land. Garden soil preparation is thus not a problem and growing Indian flowers in a kitchen or home garden is easy. Many kitchen garden owners grow fragrant hair flowers alongside their vegetables.

Share your thoughts

Vivian Sudhir (author) from Madurai, India on October 05, 2014:

That is fantastic teaches 12345. May your flowers bloom and grow forever. It inspires me a lot to see your encouraging words.

Dianna Mendez on October 04, 2014:

I love seeing flowers in my yard. I used to have 35 rose bushes when I lived up north and they certainly add to a day's enjoyment. Thank you for the lovely post. I loved the chart on meanings of flowers.

Vivian Sudhir (author) from Madurai, India on September 30, 2014:

Thank you very much AudreyHowitt, I am happy you like it.

Audrey Howitt from California on September 30, 2014:

Beautiful examples of flowers! This is a lovely article!!

Vivian Sudhir (author) from Madurai, India on September 29, 2014:

Thanks so much Ms Lynnley, glad you like it.

Vivian Sudhir (author) from Madurai, India on September 29, 2014:

Great billybuc ha ha. Here is to more vegetables and flowers!

Jackie Lynnley from the beautiful south on September 27, 2014:

Very beautiful!

Bill Holland from Olympia, WA on September 26, 2014:

If I had my way, there would be no green lawns in the world...only flower and vegetable gardens. :) Beautiful pictures.

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