How to Plant a Fruit Tree - Essential Steps
The location of the tree is an important first step to consider before buying a tree. Power lines may not be an issue while the tree is still small, but can become an issue as the tree grows. If planting a tree that will be tall, make sure to place them where they won't interfere with power lines.
Septic systems are a hidden obstacle that can cause future problems when tree roots interfere. If a septic system is used on a property, take note of where it's at before planting trees. Even those without a septic system need to consider what is underground. Water lines and gas lines can be damaged by digging or by the tree roots.
Tree wind break location
Planting fruit and nut trees for wind breaks is not common because the trees usually loose their leaves during fall and winter seasons. However, they do serve as good wind breaks during the rest of the year. In general, trees are planted to the south and west of existing structures. This is usually the direction that most winds come from. If living in an area where the winds travel a different direction, plant accordingly.
Many people prefer planting trees used for wind breaks in a straight row. This becomes a problem unless the trees will spread out when mature. When using smaller trees, it may be more beneficial to cluster in groups or to have more than one row to block the wind. Spacing should be based on how large the trees will be when mature unless you plan on thinning the trees out when they are larger.
Backyard Fruit Tree Basics
Fruit and nut trees for shade
Planting fruit and nut trees as shade trees works out well. These trees usually grow new leaves in spring and maintain them through the summer months. This helps to keep the home cool during the warm months of the year. During the cooler months the trees loose their leaves and allow the sun to shine through.
Placing a tree on the west side of the structure is best for shade. It keeps the warm afternoon temperatures about 10 to 20 degrees cooler. A tree can also be placed on the east side of the structure to help reduce the summer heat in the mornings. A great place to put a dwarf or miniature tree would be close to the air conditioning unit. This helps keep the air conditioner cooler so it doesn't have to work as hard. If using a swamp cooler, the water run-off can water the tree so nothing is wasted.
Fruit trees for dry climates
Pomegranate trees are a good fruit for hot, dry conditions. They can be planted in the spring or fall. Other types of trees that also do well are apricots, peaches, plums, nectarines and figs. There are more exotic fruits that people may try planting. However, these are the types that usually do the best in dry climates.
Pistachio Trees Load For Harvest
Nut trees for dry climates
One type of nut tree that works well in hot climates is pistachios. Pistachios need at least 2 or more trees for pollination. Some varieties can reach 25 to 30 feet in height. Almonds are another good tree for hot climates. Almonds also need at least two trees in the same area for cross pollination. Pecans grow well in hot climates but they do require more water. They grow to a height of approximately 70 feet at maturity.
Growing fruit and nut trees in dry climates can be a challenge. How well they grow depends on how much rain and water are available. Everything needs some moisture to survive under any condition. Some do better in hot climates better than others. Plant trees that have the fruit and nuts you want to eat. Trees take a lot of work and time to grow. Therefore, make sure it's something you will enjoy for years to come.