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How Does the Delonix Regia or Royal Poinciana Tree Represent Cultural Significance?

Archana is an admirer of nature. She likes to see its wonderful creations—flora and fauna, mountains, sky—and put her thoughts on paper.

Flame of the forest flower | Archana Das

Flame of the forest flower | Archana Das

Flame of the Forest: a Member of the Fabaceae Family

Royal Poinciana is a species of flowering tree; a member of the Fabaceae family, also known as Delonix regia. The ornamental tree spreads beautifully and looks like a crown. Its subfamily is Caesalpinioideae, a native to Madagascar. It is one of the most spectacular flowering trees in the tropical world. It is famous for its fern-like leaves and charming display that pleases the eyes.

The Royal Poinciana carries orange-red color flowers during summer. When the blooming begins, they reflect a miraculous charm throughout the tree.

It is famous as an ornamental tree, also known as the flame of the forest.

Meanwhile, whenever I see this tree in its bloom, I go stunned, thinking about how nature can be so generous and astonishing. I love to see them for hours because the flowers bring a broad smile to my face.

However, the flowers of Royal Poinciana are huge, with orange-red petals. The petals are large, up to 8 cm long, and we know the fifth upright petal as the standard. The upright petals are a little larger and are often spotted with white and yellow colors. I wonder if there is no artist like nature. It is perfect, in its imperfectness, indeed. There is no comparison between people and nature.

They appear in corymbs along with their stunning branches. Another variety is Flavida (known as Radhachura in Bengali), which has yellow flowers.

The pods are in green color and flaccid when young and turn dark brown and woody in old. They can grow up to 60 cm long and 5 cm wide, and their seeds are small.

The tree looks breath-taking when it blooms in full-fledged. Its appearance is feathery and beautiful.


This charming tree is famous as Gulmohar in India. It can survive and tolerate drought conditions. It likes to spread in an open area, with free-draining in loamy or sandy soil.

Propagation of Flamboyant Seeds

The seeds of the flame tree are commonly propagated for the plantation. It gets collected and soaked in warm water for a minimum of 24 hours, and then planted in moist soil in a sheltered place. However, before planting, you must pinch seeds with a small scissor so that it can allow moisture to penetrate the tough outer layer. The seed grows swiftly and can reach 30 cm within a few weeks.

Tropical condition

You can stand under its shade in tropical conditions because it grows up to 5 meters and spreads widely. Its dense foliage offers you full shade.

In the dry season, it sheds its leaves. However, in other seasons, it is virtually evergreen.

Nature is perfect with its imperfectness.

— Archana Das

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A full-fledged bloom | Archana Das

A full-fledged bloom | Archana Das

Blooming Season

The Royal Poinciana is an evergreen tree with colorful leaves. However, it is in full bloom in different months in different countries.

  • Australia: from November to February
  • Brazil: from October to February
  • Canary Islands: from May to September
  • Caribbean: from May to September
  • Congo DR: from November to December
  • Bangladesh: from April to May
  • Bermuda: from May to August
  • Egypt: from May to June
  • South Florida: from May to June
  • Dominican Republic: from July to September
  • Hawaii: from May to June
  • Indian subcontinent: from April to July
  • Israel: from May to June
  • United Arab Emirates: from May to July
  • Vietnam: from May to July

Cultural Significance

In Kerala, India, D. Regia is known as kaalvarippoo, the flower of Calvary. In the state, there is a belief among Saint Thomas Christians that when Jesus was crucified, a small flame tree was there near his Cross. It is believed that they shed the blood of Jesus Christ on the flowers, and therefore, flowers of the flame of the forest got their sharp red color.

However, in Bengal, India, it is famous as Krishnachura and offered to Lord Krishna and Goddess Kali during the worship. There we believe the flower is in the shape of a Peacock feature having a blue and blood-red color that Krishna likes to carry in his head like a crown.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2020 Archana Das


Archana Das (author) from New Delhi, India on December 15, 2020:

Thank you Arindam for Reading the article

Archana Das (author) from New Delhi, India on December 15, 2020:

Thank you Linda for Reading my article.

Arindam on December 14, 2020:

Amazing ❤️❤️

Linda Crampton from British Columbia, Canada on December 14, 2020:

What a beautiful tree! Thank you for sharing the lovely photos and the facts.

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