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The greenhouse effect is the process in which the infrared radiation emitted by the atmosphere warms the planet’s surface. The name comes from an analogy with the warming of air inside a greenhouse compared to the air outside the greenhouse. On the other hand, it can also be explained as “the greenhouse effect is the global phenomenon in which the temperature of the earth’s atmosphere is radically increasing due to the activity of greenhouse gases. The greenhouse gases, discovery of greenhouse effect, its concept, mechanism, sources as well as importance is discussed in a very authentic manner.

Gases of Greenhouse effect

The following are the gases which causes the greenhouse effect.

  1. Carbon dioxide
  2. Methane
  3. Nitrous oxide
  4. Benzene
  5. Chloro Floro-Carbons

Greenhouse effect's Discovery

The greenhouse effect was discovered by Joseph Fourier in 1829 and first investigated quantitatively by Svante Arrhenius in 1896. In addition to Earth, Mars and especially Venus have green house effects.

Conceptual knowledge of greenhouse effect

Greenhouse are used to grow plants, especially in the winter season. The Greenhouses trap heat from the sun. The glass panels of the greenhouse allow light but do not allow heat from escaping. This phenomenon results in the heating up of greenhouse, much like the inside of a car parked in sunlight, and keeps the plants warm enough to live in the winter.

Mechanism of Greenhouse Effect

Greenhouse gases in the atmosphere behave much like the glass panes in a greenhouse. Sunlight enters the Earth’s atmosphere, passing through the blanket of greenhouse gases. As it reaches the Earth’s surface, land, water, and biosphere absorb the sunlight’s energy. Once absorbed, this energy is sent back into the atmosphere. Some of the energy passes back into space, but much of it remains trapped in the atmosphere by the greenhouse gases, causing our world to heat up.

Sources of Greenhouse Gases

There are following major sources of the greenhouse gases.

  1. Burning of fossil fuels, for instance coal, oil and gas provide us the greenhouse gases.
  2. Furnaces, which emit smoke and other pollutants
  3. Motor vehicles, which are responsible for emission of smoke with poisonous gases.
  4. Greenhouse gases are exhausted from automobiles and it is one of its main contributor.
  5. These gases can also be obtained from combustion of coal and wood.
  6. Agricultural fertilizers as well as toxic insecticides are also providing these gases.
  7. On the other hand, rotten plants are contributing a large amount of greenhouse gases.
  8. Garbage and industrial exhaust also provide these gases.

Importance of Green house effect

The importance of greenhouse effect also has greater importance which is as follows.

  1. If a greenhouse effect is not performed then the Earth will not be warm enough for the human being to live there.
  2. Without greenhouse gases, heat would escape back into space and Earth’s average temperature would be about 60o F colder.

Acid Rain


In simple, acid rain can be defined as “The rain water which contains a large amount of poisonous acids like sulphuric acid, sulphurous acid, Nitric acid, Nitrous acid and other pollutants is known as the Acid rain. Acid rain’s causes as well as its effects are explained in the following.

Causes of the Phenomenon of Acid Rain

There are many causes of Acid rain which are explained as follows.

  1. Motor Vehicle exhaust
  2. Burning of fossil fuels like Coal, Petroleum and Natural Gas which emit poisnous gases in the atmosphere.
  3. Industrial revolution which occurred in 1750 has caused 28% increase in the amount of Co in the atmosphere.
  4. Industrial exhaust contains sulfur dioxide, hydrogen sulphide and nitrous oxide has greatly contributed to the acid rain.
  5. A huge amount of methane is produced by agricultural practices. Rice fields produce approximately 116 million tons of methane every year.
  6. The men of transportation like vehicles, airplanes, ships etc. has greatly contributed towards acid rain because they utilize fuel which ultimately releases CO, CO2, nitrous oxide, lead benzene into the atmosphere, and contribute in acid rain.

Some bad effects of Acid Rain

The major effects of acid rains are explained as follows.

  1. It kills flora and fauna
  2. It damages the buildings.
  3. It causes skin cancers and other serious melanomas.
  4. It increases the acidity of the soil and render them unclutivable.
  5. Acid rain is so poisonous that it kills fish and other aquatic animals.
  6. It pollutes the water of lakes, dams, ponds and oceans.
  7. It causes spotting of green leaves of plants, for which the leaves fall off.
  8. Acid rain has damaged trees in forests of Germany, Britain and other European countries.
  9. Acid rain causes corrosion of metals, painted surfaces and even stone buildings and monuments.

Acid Rain, its effects and solutions

Greenhouse effect briefly discussed


Tahir maqsood on April 01, 2019:

Nice and interesting for reader

Miebakagh Fiberesima from Port Harcourt, Rivers State, NIGERIA. on March 28, 2019:

All are welcomed with honest comments.

Faizan majeed on March 27, 2019:


Ali on March 27, 2019:

Very good

ali on March 27, 2019:

concept clear after reading this

Faisal Maqsood (author) from Lahore Pakistan on March 27, 2019:

Thanks larry slawson.

Larry Slawson from North Carolina on March 27, 2019:

Very interesting article! Thank you for sharing!

Miebakagh Fiberesima from Port Harcourt, Rivers State, NIGERIA. on March 27, 2019:

Hello, Faisal, good to know, and that's great. Whenever you earn, it will be shown, and thank you. Have a nice time.

Faisal Maqsood (author) from Lahore Pakistan on March 27, 2019:

Dear Miebakagh Fiberesima...In my earning page setting on hubpages it is showing that configuration of google adsense account is active

Faisal Maqsood (author) from Lahore Pakistan on March 27, 2019:

In my earning page setting it is showing that it is active and configuration is also active.

Miebakagh Fiberesima from Port Harcourt, Rivers State, NIGERIA. on March 27, 2019:

Hi, Faisal, if you have Google's AdSense account, have you configured it with HubPages?

Faisal Maqsood (author) from Lahore Pakistan on March 27, 2019:

Friends tell me how hubpages pay a writer on hubpages and also tell me i have google adsense account hubpages is not showing ads of google adsense. I requested google adsense to show ads but they told me your hubpages site is not allowing ads. Please tell me the solution

Miebakagh Fiberesima from Port Harcourt, Rivers State, NIGERIA. on March 26, 2019:

Hi, Faisal, not at all. And, good day.

Faisal Maqsood (author) from Lahore Pakistan on March 26, 2019:

Thanks Umesh sir for your complement

Faisal Maqsood (author) from Lahore Pakistan on March 26, 2019:

Thanks Meibakagh

Umesh Chandra Bhatt from Kharghar, Navi Mumbai, India on March 26, 2019:

Very informative article. Thanks.

Miebakagh Fiberesima from Port Harcourt, Rivers State, NIGERIA. on March 25, 2019:

Hello, Faisal, this article is very informative. When I was a boy in my secondary school, I do not get all this information. This is very useful and helpful in updating my present data bank. Thanks, for sharing, and good day.

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